Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

KOMPETENSI PENYULUH PERTANIAN DI TUJUH KECAMATAN DI KABUPATEN BEKASI, JAWA BARAT

Ridwan Kurniawan, Amri Jahi

 

Abstract

 

Agricultural Extension agents must acquire certain competencies so as to perform well in doing their jobs. Competencies were the combination of knowledge, skills and abilities. Competencies both had intellectual as well as practical dimensions that were served as the bases of the agents’ professional expertise, especially in promoting their clientele well being. As knowledge, technology and work environment changed, the Agricultural agents should also adjust their competencies. In this conjunction, the Agricultural agents’ working environment in the seven sub-districts in the district of Bekasi had tremendously changed in the last thirty years. A vast area of well-irrigated rice fields had been converted into industrial as well as urban estates. This in turn created a lot of small and land less farmers who no longer practice rice cultivation as before. Consequently, the agents’ client profiles were subsequently changed as well. The research question then, “What were the Agricultural Agents’ needed competencies so as to serve these people well?” To address this question, a descriptive study was implemented in those sub-districts. Twenty-six Agricultural Agents were interviewed. The obtained results pointed out that the agents perceived that: (1) Extension Program Development, (2) Promotion of Farmers’ Participation, (3) Conducting Education for Farmers, (4) Organizing Farmers, (5) Agricultural Information, (6) Socio-economic aspects of Agriculture, (7) Agricultural Subject Matter, and (8) Communication, as the competencies that they needed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2089

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN DIAKUINYA SESEORANG SEBAGAI PEMIMPIN OPINI DAN MANFAATNYA UNTUK KEGIATAN PENYULUHAN

Abdul Hanan, Ismail Pulungan, Richard W.E Lumintang

 

 

Abstract

 

Opinion Leader at a certain areas, highly contributes to diffusion and adoption process, and has certain effect to social system whether the farmers rejected or accepted to a innovation. The research identified existence and function of Opinion Leader in an areas and analyzed correlated factors of recognition of Opinion Leader. Respondent were farmers of Floating Net Fish Culture at Coklat Area, Cirata Dam, District of Cianjur, West Java Province. The survey conducted since February until May 2005.The result showed that the farmers population, there were eight persons who considered by the respondents as sources of innovation and opinion. Futhermore internal characteristic had a positive value correlation among factors toward recognition level of Opinion Leader, but external characteristic showed negative correlation. Specially, the function of Opinion Leader those were strong correlation toward recognition farmers level to Opinion Leader.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2090

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

PERSEPSI PEMANDU/PETANDU TERHADAP PEMBENTUKAN KELOMPOK IPPHTI, JAWA BARAT

Cliffon R Bonzo, Amri Jahi, Rama B. Radhakrishna

 

Abstract

 

IPPHTI (Ikatan Petani Pengendalian Hama Terpadu Indonesia) nasional berawal dari kegiatan-kegiatan terkait dengan Sekolah Lapangan (SL). Tujuan studi ini adalah meneliti persepsi pemandu/petandu IPPHTI berkaitan dengan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pembentukan kelompok IPPHTI, Jawa Barat. Profil demografik dari survei menunjukkan mayoritas laki-laki (partisipasi wanita 30%), bersuku Sunda, berpendidikan SD dan telah menamatkan SL. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pembentukan kelompok IPPHTI adalah tersedianya sumberdaya manusia (SDM) dan adanya jaringan organisasi-organisasi. Kategori ilmu dan pengetahuan membuktikan ada kaitan dengan keinginan tahu dan hak-hak asasi manusia khususnya hak milik tanah. Jenis kelaminan, kesukuan, status kepemimpinan, dan penggarapan atas tanah tidak membuktikan adanya perbedaan berarti dalam persepsi antara berbagai status pendidikan dan pembentukan IPPHTI. Meskipun demikian, terdapat perbedaan berarti dalam persepsi antara berbagai status pendidikan dan pembentukan kelompok IPPHTI. Para pemandu/petandu siap berdiskusi dengan pemerintah setempat dan Dinas Pertanian terkait mengenai hasil survei ini. Hasil dari survei, yang dilaksanakan April 2004, sudah dilaporkan ke responden (IPPHTI, Jawa Barat). Diskusi yang berlangsung meliputi tiga pertanyaan: 1. Mengapa status pendidikan mempengaruhi hasil survei? 2. Apakah dasar dari korelasi antara pengetahuan yang diperoleh dan hak milik tanah? 3. Mengapa SDM lebih bernilai daripada bantuan ekonomi dalam mengembangkan IPPHTI? Pendapat yang muncul dari diskusi-diskusi adalah apabila pelatihan SDM tersedia, maka sumberdaya ekonomi dari pemerintah dan swasta serta penelitian universitas akan lebih baik dimanfaatkan yang dilatih SL. Memperoleh informasi yang secara konkret dapat memperbaiki penghidupan petani selalu menjadi tujuan utama dari IPPHTI.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2092

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

PERSEPSI ANAK JALANAN TERHADAP BIMBINGAN SOSIAL MELALUI RUMAH SINGGAH DI KOTAMADYA BANDUNG

Sr Tjahjorini, Margono Slamet, Pang S Asngari, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

The street children has become an important phenomenon in urban areas. Most of the children spent their time on the street or in other public areas. Government throught Social Welfare Departement developed an transit house program which providing social guidance fo ther street children, but the budget can not cover all of the children. Many of the children are still on the street that cause them to be out of control and easily trapped in juvenile delinquency. The study tried to understand perception of the children on the social guidance of the transit house program, since there are not enough information about the issue. The study used quantitative and qualitative data and analized in non parametric statistic. Bandung was selected as location of the study since the city is one of cities in Indonesia that has street children problems. Population of the study are street children of 6-18 years old. Stratifield random sampling technique was used to get 60 respondents. The data was collected through interview schedule, field observation and desk study. The research fond that the perception of the respondents toward social guidance program is negative in terms of physical, mentality, social and skill. But, the respondent that involved in the program less or equal to 6 months is better than whose that involved 7-12 months and more than 13 months, especially in terms of mental and skill guidance. Based on the finding, a reorientation of the program is needed throught in form of guidance and councelling package that short in time (less than 6 months), relevance with interest and talent of the children, emphasize on developing the children skill, but still concern with physical, mental and social development.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2094

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

PEMBERDAYAAN PELADANG BERPINDAH: KASUS KABUPATEN KUTAI KARTANEGARA, KABUPATEN KUTAI TIMUR, DAN KABUPATEN KUTAI BARAT DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN TIMUR

Jawatir Pardosi, Pang S. Asngari, Rudy C. Tarumingkeng, Djoko Susanto, Sumarjo .

 

Abstract

 

Shifting cultivations (SC) who rely on their livelihood of forest resources are empowerless mainly caused by the low quality of human resources an the pressures of the forest resources utilization which covering the cultivation areas by companies. The study was aimed to formulate a model of the empowerment of SC through extension program. The respondents involved we composed of 36 extension agents and 288 shifting cultivators. Data analysis used the descriptive analysis technique such as Chi Square, Rank Spearman, and Path Analysis. The Study results showed ah: (1) factors related o empowering SC through extension that consisted of 13 variables were low; (2) applications of forestry extension in Kutai Katanegara District, East Kutai District, and West Kutai District were not able to empower the SC to realize sustainable forest; (3) the activities needed by SC are he activities, aimed to solved the SC problem, such as (a) he qualified extension about the permanent cultivation, (b) the availability of infrastructure, (c) the insurance for shifting cultivation activities, (d) the availability of specific local technology, (e) production apparatus, (f) production increase, (g) income increase, (h) market, (i) cooperation, (j) capital credit, (k) business development, (l) new business alternative; and (4) the effectively extension model hat might be able to empower the SC is the extension that became their own program and applies (a) a digging finding, and developing science and technology model, (b) interactive/convergent communication, (c) extension substances based on SC need, (d) adult learning process, and (e) community based forest management.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2095

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK PETANI DENGAN KOMPETENSI AGRIBISNIS PADA USAHATANI SAYURAN DI KABUPATEN KEDIRI JAWA TIMUR

Rini Sri Damihartini, Amri Jahi

 

Abstract

 

Pembangunan agribisnis berawal dari kualitas petani sebagai pelaku utama. Kualitas petani berhubungan dengan karakteristik yaitu: pendidikan formal, luas lahan, pengalaman, motivasi dan modal berusahatani. Petani yang berkualitas merupakan wujud kompetensi yang dimiliki. Untuk itu, penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) Mengetahui distribusi karakteristik petani; (2) Menganalisa kompetensi agribisnis yang harus dikuasai petani dan (3) Menganalisa hubungan antara karakteristik dengan kompetensi agribisnis petani. Penelitian dirancang sebagai penelitian survey, jumlah responden 50 petani cabai, diambil secara Propotional Random Sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan tiga bulan dari bulan Juni sampai dengan Agustus 2004. Lokasi penelitian diambil secara purposive sampling. Analisa data dipergunakan uji Konkordasi Kendall W dan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian, mayoritas petani berpendidikan formal SMA, memiliki lahan sempit, cukup berpengalaman, motivasi sedang dan memiliki cukup modal. Aspek pengetahuan dalam kompetensi agribisnis memperoleh nilai skor tertimbang rata-rata 75, sikap 3,2 dan ketrampilan 3. Hal ini artinya, petani umumnya menguasai pengetahuan dan ketrampilan agribisnis yang harus dikuasai dan bersikap positif terhadap agribisnis yang diusahakan. Hubungan karakteristik petani dengan kompentensi agribisnis pada umumnya memilki kesepakatan tinggi. Namun, ketiga aspek pengetahan, ketrampilan dan sikap tersebut saling bebas dalam memberikan penilaian berbagai bidang agribisnis. Kesimpulan, masih ada bidang agribisnis baik pengetahuan maupun ketrampilan yang kurang dikuasai petani dan ada beberapa kegiatan penunjang kompetensi agribisnis dianggap kurang penting. Saran penelitian adalah perlu diadakan penyuluhan secara intensif mengenai pengetahuan tentang agribisnis dan pelatihan ketrampilan bagi petani.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2097

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

BAGAIMANA RESPON PETANI MISKIN DI DUA DESA TEPI HUTAN, DI KECAMATAN UJUNG JAYA, KABUPATEN SUMEDANG PADA PRESENTASI AUDIO-VISUAL TENTANG CARA MEMBUAT KANDANG DOMBA YANG SEHAT?

Amri Jahi

 

Abstract

Menentukan respon para petani kecil, yang miskin, yang berdiam di desa-desa tepi hutan di Kecamatan Ujung Jaya, Kabupaten Sumedang pada presentasi audio-visual tentang cara membuat kandang domba yang sehat, perlu dilakukan. Hal ini penting untuk menentukan strategi pembelajaran yang tepat guna membantu para petani itu meningkatkan kapasitas mereka dalam mengelola sumberdaya alam di daerah itu. Penelitian ini merupakan bagian dari aktivitas penyuluhan untuk mengembangkan domba Garut di desa-desa tepi hutan itu. Penyuluhan bertujuan untuk mengembangkan sumberdaya manusia — para petani — agar supaya tahu, mampu dan mau bertindak secara arif dalam mengelola sumberdaya alam ditepi hutan untuk kemaslahatan hidup mereka. Domba ialah ruminansia kecil, yang hidup dari rumput dan daun-daunan yang banyak di daerah tepi hutan. Para petani yang memiliki cukup banyak domba akan memiliki cukup penghasilan, sehingga tidak perlu merambah hutan. Tahap awal beternak domba ialah membuat kandang yang memadai, kokoh dan sehat bagi domba. Kandang menaungi domba dari terpaan hujan, angin dan sengatan matahari. Kandang juga melindungi domba dari serangan predator. Kemudian, kandang menjadi tempat domba berkembang biak. Selanjutnya, pengandangan memudahkan petani memelihara dan merawat ternaknya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menumbuhkan kesadaran para petani tentang pentingnya kandang yang baik, yang terbuat dari bahan-bahan setempat, yang berharga murah, untuk domba mereka. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan para petani itu tentang subyek penyuluhan ini. Untuk mencapai tujuan itu, sebuah program audio-visual berupa film slide bersuara didedahkan kepada dua kelompok petani pada saat pelatihan. Para petani itu dites sebelum dan sesudah didedahkan pada film slide bersuara itu. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa kedua kelompok petani itu mendapat manfaat dari pendedahan itu. Pengetahuan mereka tentang berbagai aspek kandang domba dan cara membuatnya meningkat, walaupun secara statistik tidak nyata. Demikian juga dengan peningkatan pengetahuan kedua kelompok petani itu, tidak berbeda nyata. Hal ini terjadi karena ada persaingan stimuli audio dan visual dalam pengolahan informasi aural dan visual di benak para petani itu, yang menimbulkan efek saling tidak mengukuhkan. Namun demikian, para petani itu masih reseptif pada informasi tentang kandang domba yang baik, yang dipresentasikan pada mereka.

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2099

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

MASALAH-MASALAH PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN

I Gd. Setiawan AP.

 

Abstract

 

Ibarat orang buta yang sedang menduga-duga seekor binatang yang bernama Gajah, maka suatu objek amatan dapat diinterpretasikan bermacam-macam sesuai sudut pandang dan kemampuan orang tersebut. Apabila yang dipegang oleh orang buta tersebut adalah belalai si Gajah, maka ia menyimpulkan bahwa Gajah adalah binatang yang bulat panjang, dan tidak bisa diam. Apabila yang dipegang kebetulan adalah salah satu kakinya, maka ia dapat menyimpulkan bahwa gajah adalah binatang yang kokoh bagaikan tiang listrik yang biasa mereka pegang dipinggir jalan. Demikian seterusnya. Sama dengan analogi orang buta memegang gajah, maka masalah-masalah penyuluhan pertanian yang dihadapi bangsa kita akan beragam sesuai dengan sudut pandang dan dasar keilmuan yang ditekuni. Menemukan masalah-masalah penyuluhan bukan sarana untuk mendebat bahkan menyalahkan orang lain, tetapi mencari solusi demi perbaikan kegiatan penyuluhan di Indonesia. Berikut akan diuraikan masalah-masalah penyuluhan yang telah terjadi dan sedang terjadi ditinjau dari kacamata Ilmu Penyuluhan Pembangunan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2101

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

PEMAHAMAN DIRI, POTENSI/KESIAPAN DIRI, DAN PENGENALAN INOVASI

Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

 

Abstract

 

Konsep yang akan disajikan pada bahasan ini adalah sekitar pemahaman diri, potensi/kesiapan diri, dan pengenalan suatu inovasi pada individu petani. Konsep ini ditulis berdasarkan kajian ilmiah dan hasil abstraksi pemikiran setelah penulis berhadapan langsung dengan petani.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2103

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 1, Nomor 1 (2005)

 

MEMBANGUN KELEMBAGAAN PERTANIAN YANG TANGGUH BERDASARKAN NILAI-NILAI TRADISIONAL

I Gde Pinata, I Gede Setiawan AP.

 

 

Abstract

 

Masalah kelestarian/keberlanjutan subak dan pertanian Bali dalam konteks perubahan situasi global yang sangat struktural, merupakan main issue dalam kumpulan tulisan ini. Berbagai tulisan yang terhimpun, langsung ataupun tidak langsung, membahas kaitan antara subak, sebagai lembaga tradisional di Bali, dengan isu globalisasi yang semakin pesat lewat sistem perdagangan bebas yang dikembangkan oleh WTO. Subak, sebagai lembaga sosial-religius yang lebih banyak berorientasi centrifugal, mau tidak mau harus berhadapan dengan situasi global dengan kekuatan cengtripetal yang dahsyat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v1i1.2104

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

STRATEGI PENATAAN KAWASAN PETERNAKAN DI KABUPATEN BLITAR

Eliezer Ginting

 

 

Abstract

 

The research result shows that the zoning of KINAK is based on the critical and even less productive field for planting. Furthermore, several factors have significant effect on KINAK arrangement social norm system of the local society as well as general and specific layout plant of Blitar regency. The effort of matching KINAK with the availability of potential circumstance and transportation bring about advantages to marketing crops and climate. There has been no change in location enterprise policy. There were two types of work patterns in terms of social-economy such as horizontal and vertical. Horizontally, the work pattern was created among farmers. Vertically the work pattern was built in such a way that farmers have relation to some local poultry shop and Extension Service who are regarded as technical assistant. In addition to it consequence, the arrangement of KINAK has both increased the number of farmer and poultries being raised, and exceded social stratification that is regarded as social honor by people around KINAK.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2135

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

Faktor-Faktor Penentu Tingkat Kemampuan Petani Dalam Mengelola Lahan Marjinal Kasus di Desa Karangmaja, Kecamatan Karanggayam, Kabupaten Kebumen, Jawa Tengah)

Tanti Kustiari, Djoko Susanto, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Ismail Pulungan

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of the study are: (1) To explore the capability of the farmers to carry out land-use of marginal or dry land; (2) To analyse factors which relate to farmers’ capability in managing marginal land. The study was carried out in Karangmaja village, sub District of Karanggayam, the District of Kebumen Central Java. As many 100 farmers were selected by proportion random sampling as respondents. Data were analyzed using Rank Spearman non parametric method. Important results show that the capability of the farmers to manage marginal land is categorized as sedentary. Internal factors such as: motivation and participation of the farmers to joint farmers’ group, interaction which information sources and dependency on land have significant correlation to the capability of the farmers to manage marginal land.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2136

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN SISWA SUPM KOTA TEGAL (JAWA TENGAH) MELALUI PENYEBARAN INFORMASI TENTANG TRANSPORTASI UDANG HIDUP SISTEM KERING MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA FILM BINGKAI BERSUARA

Mei Dwi Erlina, Nendah Kurniasari

 

Abstract

 

This research aims to know influence of dissemination of picture form, influence of music type attendant of frame film narasi voice, and influence of interaction music type attendant of narasi and dissemination of form draw to improve knowledge of target. Sample determined by purposive to 117 student of SUPM Tegal Central Java with clauses have never followed shrimp transportation technique subject live dry system. This research is quasi exsperimental with factorial device 2×2. Free variable compose from 1) Type music factor attendant of narasi two-level that is populer music and dangdut 2) Factor presentation of picture of comparison of foto frame amount: line picture = 75 : 25% and comparison of photo frames amount : line picture = 25 : 75%. Not free variable are the make-up of knowledge of student. Result of research indicate that 1) Usage of pop music as attendant of narasi in presentation of frame film voice more effective to submit information concerning shrimp transportation live dry system to student of SUPM Tegal; 2) Make-up of knowledge of student of SUPM do not influence by difference of presentation of form draw in frame film displaying voice; 3) frame film voice with comparison of photo picture frames amount : line picture = 75 : 25% and accompanied pop music (MPGF) is treated group of combination which most effective in disseminating innovation of transportation of life shrimp dry system. The respondents of sound film frame of MPGT get the biggest score in increasing knowledge compared to the respondents of treated sound film frame of MPGG, MDGF and MDGG;. 4) Sound film frame can be used to disseminate and enhance of diffusion of innovation on transportation of life shrimp dry system, especially to the SUPM students and the people at large.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2137

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

HUBUNGAN MOTIVASI KERJA DENGAN PERILAKU NELAYAN PADA USAHA PERIKANAN TANGKAP

Helena Tatcher Pakpahan, Richard W. E. Lumintang, Djoko Susanto

 

 

Abstract

 

Community of fishermen is one of social segments who considered as having daily life worse than other social segments, such as farmers, factory labourers, etc. Certain efforts can be done to improve the level of life of the fishermen, i.e to increase their production of fish. The way which can be done is by improving the unit of productive assets so that it can increase motivation of the fishermen for better behavior. Recently fishermen are not able to go out from their miserable socio economic situation, mainly due to (a) bargaining position weakness, (b) lacking of capital, (c) low level of knowledge and skill, (d) lacking of supervision, (e) no guarantee of promising market. Based on those evidence it is worth to study the relationship between fishermen motivation and their behavior to increase production of fish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2138

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

PERSEPSI PETANI TENTANG KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH DAERAH DALAM UPAYA PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS SAYURAN

Awaludin Sofwanto, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Djoko Susanto

 

 

Abstract

 

The regional government policies on vegetables agribusiness development is carried out through agropolitan area development program. The aims of this study are : (1) To get informations on perception of vegetables farmer’s towards the regional government policies in the efforts of vegetables agribusiness development, (2) To get informations on the vegetables farmer’s efforts to increase vegetables agribusiness through agropolitan area development program, and (3) To analyze the correlation of farmer’s perception towards the regional government policies in the efforts of vegetables agribusiness development with the farmer’s efforts to increase vegetables agribusiness. The method of this study is using descriptive correlation. Some important results of this study are : (1) The vegetables farmer’s perception towards the regional government policies in the efforts of vegetables agribusiness development is high, (2) Vegetables farmer’s effort to increase vegetables agribusiness is high, and (3) There is significant correlation between vegetables farmer’s perception and the efforts of the vegetables farmer’s to increase vegetables agribusiness, such as : partnership with the entrepreneurs, on-farm management, and marketing management. The supporting sub-system merit such as : the micro financial institutions, agricultural education and training, agricultural extention, faciliting of regional governments to provide market places at main market in Jakarta should be increased.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2139

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

DINAMIKA PETANI DALAM BERAGRIBISNIS SALAK (Kasus di Kabupaten Karangasem Provinsi Bali)

I Gede Setiawan, Adi Putra, Pang S. Asngari, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

 

Abstract

 

Bali salak is germ plasm of Balinese salak which has good potency for economic development, but not been handled to the seriously agribusiness system. The objectives of this research: (1) to describe internal factors of salak agribusiness farmers, (2) ) to describe external factors of salak agribusiness farmer, and (3) to analyze the relationship among internal and external factors and farmer’s dynamic in agribusiness of salak. This research used descriptive correlation method. The result of this research showed that factors, which influence the farmer’s dynamic in salak agribusiness, were: (1) internal factors are in low and middle category, (2) external factors are in middle and high category, and (3) internal and external factors had relationship with the farmer’s dynamic in agribusiness of salak.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2140

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

PEMBERDAYAAN PEJABAT STRUKTURAL KEPEGAWAIAN PEMERINTAH TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA YANG BERMUTU: Kasus dalam Bidang Kepegawaian di Provinsi DKI Jakarta dan Provinsi DI Yogyakarta

Djoko Sutrisno, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Pang S Asngari, Soedijanto Padmowihardjo, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

The civil service management was changed of paradigm to some extent, that is appointment of the personnel of government structural officials (PSOG) is carried out based on profesionalisme principle. Although in implementation, work achievement of the personnel of goverment structural officials (PSOG) indicate is still unsatisfying. This research objectives are: (1) to evaluate the level of empowerment, internal characteristics of organization, motivation, and competency of PSOG; (2) to decide the determinant factors that influence the empowerment, competence, and motivation of PSOG; (3) to formulate the model to increase competency of the personnel of government structural officials (PSOG). Location of the research are in DKI Jakarta and DI Yogyakartaof which 14 government offices were selected as study sites From the analysis of data obtained the scores as follow: (1) Level of empowerment, attitudes, motivation, and competency with category good. Level of non formal education (seminar, discussion and workshop) and organization technology with category good. Level of works experience with category not good; (2) The factors of non formal education (seminar, discussion and workshop), attitudes and organization technology is significantly influence the empowerment of PSOG; (3) The factors of empowerment and motivation of PSOG significantly influence competency; (4) The factor of empowerment of PSOG is significantly influence the motivation of PSOG.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2141

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

Kepapaan dan Perekat Sosial

Djoko Susanto

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Dalam majalah FORBES ASIA yang terbit tanggal 28 Nopember 2005 terdapat satu halaman artikel menarik yang patut dicermati dan ditulis oleh Ferguson, salah seorang wartawan majalah itu. Ferguson mengangkat beberapa hal penting berasal dari wawancara eksklusif dengan Bapak Presiden Yudhoyono pada tanggal 8 Nopember 2005. Salah satu hal penting yang dikemukakan adalah bahwa dewasa ini terdapat sekitar 20% atau angka tepatnya 42 juta orang yang terlibat di dalam usaha kecil dan menengah (baca: ‘small enterprises) yang berperan sebagai ‘sabuk pengaman’ (safety belt) ekonomi nasional, yakni tatkala beberapa perusahaan besar nyaris atau bangkrut pada akhir tahun 1990, yang dampaknya menam-bah semakin bengkaknya angka pengangguran sebagai akibat pemutusan hubungan kerja.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2142

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

Penyuluhan Pendamping Partisipatif

Soedijanto Padmowihardjo

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Penyuluhan pertanian adalah proses pemberdayaan petani, bukan lagi sebagai proses transfer teknologi kepada petani seperti pada masa Revolusi Hijau yang lalu. Pemberdayaan atau empowerment berasal dari kata empower yang makna sebenarnya adalah “to give official authority or legal power, capacity, to make one able to do something.” Dengan demikian pemberdayaan dapat diartikan sebagai suatu proses kapasitasi atau pengembangan kapasitas SDM. Dengan kapasitas seseorang akan memiliki kemandirian, tahan uji, pintar, jujur, berkemampuan kreatif, produktif, emansipa-tif, tidak tergantung, pro-aktif, dinamis, terbuka dan bertanggung jawab dalam mengatasi semua masalah dan menjawab tantangan untuk mencapai kemajuan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2143

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

Memperkecil Kesenjangan Gender Melalui Kebijakan Pengarusutamaan Gender (PUG)

Dyah Retna Puspita

 

 

Abstract

 

Buku “Negara dan Perempuan –Reorientasi Kebijakan Publik” merupakan hasil refleksi perhatian Penulis -yang ditakdirkan berjenis kelamin laki-laki dalam waktu yang panjang, yakni 13 tahun, melalui kedekatannya dengan tugas-tugas yang terkait dengan issue (Penulis menggunakan kata „isu‟) gender. Pertanyaan besar yang diangkat dan dibahas Penulis adalah seberapa „mesra‟ hubungan antara negara dengan penduduk/ warga negara perempuan. Artinya, bagaimana perempuan diberi tempat atau mengambil tempat dan memberi warna dalam kehidupan bernegara, dan dari sisi sebaliknya, bagaimana negara memosisikan dan memperlakukan perempuan. Ini tercermin dari pikiran dan perilaku para negarawan dan birokrat publik serta dari kebijakan-kebijakan yang diproduksinya. Dalam hal ini, panggung negara masih didominasi oleh politisi dan birokrat laki-laki . Konsekuensinya, kebijakan yang dihasilkan dapat berpotensi meminggirkan perempuan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: ttp://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.2144

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 1 (2006)

 

MEMPERKECIL KESENJANGAN GENDER MELALUI KEBIJAKAN PENGARUSUTAMAAN GENDER (PUG)

Muhadjir M Darwin

 

 

Abstract

 

Judul Buku : Negara dan Perempuan – Reorientasi Kebijakan PublikPengarang : Dr. Muhadjir M. Darwin, MPAPenerbit : Media Wacana Yogyakarta.Tahun Terbit : 2005Jumlah halaman : 313Buku “Negara dan Perempuan –Reorientasi Kebijakan Publik” merupakanhasil refleksi perhatian Penulis -yangditakdirkan berjenis kelamin laki-laki dalamwaktu yang panjang, yakni 13 tahun, melaluikedekatannya dengan tugas-tugas yang terkaitdengan issue (Penulis menggunakan kata„isu‟) gender.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i1.9944

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

PEMBERDAYAAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KOMPETENSI PEJABAT STRUKTURAL PEMERINTAH: Kasus di Bidang Kepegawaian di Provinsi DKI Jakarta dan Provinsi DI Yogyakarta

Djoko Sutrisno, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Pang S Asngari, Soedijanto Padmowihardjo, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

 

Abstract

 

The civil service management had to change its paradigm in appointing the structural goverment officials (SGO)’s so far the work achievement of goverment structural officials was still low. In conjunction with this, the objectives of this research were: (1) To evaluate the level of empowerment, internal organization characteristics, motivation and competency of SGO; (2) To determine the factors that influence the empowerment, competence and motivation of SGO; and (3) To formulate the model for increasing the structural geverment officials (SGO) competency. This research was accomphlished in DKI Jakarta and DI Yogyakarta. This research was a census, 163 government structural officials were interviewed. The research results pointed out that: (1) The levels of empowerment, attitudes, motivation and competency of every officials interviewed were good. Additionally, their nonformal education and organization technology was also good. (2) The non formal education, attitudes and mastering of organization technology were related to the SGO empowerment; (3) The empowerment and the motivation of SGO were significantly related to their competencies; (4) The SGO empowerment was related to the SGO motivation. Based upon these fundings, it could be concluced that all factors investigated were related to the empowerment, and on the other hand the empowerment was related to the SGO motivation and competency.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2121

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT MELALUI PENDEKATAN KELOMPOK (Kasus Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Miskin melalui Pendekatan Kelompok Usaha Bersama (KUBE)

Joyakin Tampubolon, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Margono Samet, Djoko Susanto, Sumardjo Sumardjo

 

 

Abstract

 

Department of Social affairs implemented several empowerment programs to eradicate poverty. KUBE was one of these poverty eradication programs. KUBE was infended to over-come the group weaknesses through mutual and cooperative efforts. In this relation there were some factors affecting the KUBE dynamic i.e., member characteristics, empowerment patterns, and the KUBE social environment. To optimize the KUBE empowerment, the KUBE productive business activities were classified into three categories, namely daily income, monthly income and annual income earning activities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2122

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

MODEL KETAHANAN KELOMPOK TANI PADA WILAYAH DAN KOMODITAS YANG BERBEDA DI JAWA

Zaim Uchrowi, Amri Jahi, Bunasor Sanim, Sumardjo Sumardjo

 

 

Abstract

 

The Green Revolutions failure caused many farmer groups to cease their activities, even though they had to fulfill many needs. This situation created a need to develop a model for group survival. With those afore mentioned background, this research was conducted. Data was collected in September and October 2005 involving rice, soybean, corn and vegetables farmer groups in the east, central and west Java. The research findings pointed out that there was a relationship between the group survival and their adaptation, goal attainment, integration and latency functions. The group survival rates were higher in central and east Java than in west Java. Additionally, the vegetable and rice farmer group survival rates were higher than the soybean and corn farmer groups. The adaptation, the goal attainment and the integration functions were more strategic for farmer groups in the west and east Java and also for vegetable farmer groups such as soybean and corn group wereas the strategic function were adaptation and integration.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2123

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI ADOPSI INOVASI POLA KEMITRAAN AGRIBISNIS SAYURAN DI JAWA BARAT

Ninuk Purnaningsih, Basita Ginting, Margono Slamet, Asep Saefuddin, Soedijanto Padmowihardjo

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research was: to understand the farmers decision-making process in accepting the agribusiness joint venture company, to explore the factors relating to the farmers decision-making, and to analyze changes in farmer companies’s performances and a co-operative in Bogor, Cianjur, Bandung, and Garut. The population of the study was 285 farmers. The dissemination of Farmers decision to get involve in joint venture companies occurred through farmers to farmers interaction, and through their familyties. Some encouraging factor that affected farmers to joint the joint venture companies were guaranteed marketing, supply of seeds, manure, and pesticide, high vegetable productivity, extensiion agent’s technical assistance, and following other farmers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2124

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK PETANI TEPI HUTAN DENGAN PERILAKU MEREKA DALAM MELESTARIKAN HUTAN LINDUNG DI 12 DESA PROPINSI LAMPUNG

Pitojo Budiono, Amri Jahi, Margono Slamet, Djoko Susanto

 

 

Abstract

 

Farmers living in the near by forest villages fullfilled their living needs mainly through exploiting the forest resources. Controlled forest exploitation created serious forest degradation. The annual forest degradation rate was 2 to 6 million hectares. In this relation the objectives of this study were to asses the relationship of farmer’s characteristics and their competencies in forest conservation. The population of this study was four hundreds farmers living in 12 village near the national forest park. Data was collected from may to october 2005. Data obtained were analized by Kendall W Concordance procedure and SEM. The result pointed out that farmers lacked competencies in both farm and forest conservation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2128

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

HUBUNGAN SEJUMLAH KARAKTERISTIK PETANI METE DENGAN PENGETAHUAN MEREKA DALAM USAHATANI METE DI KABUPATEN BOMBANA, SULAWESI TENGGARA

Syafruddin Syafruddin, Amri Jahi, Richard W.E. Lumintang

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this study were: (1) To determine the distribution of cashew farmer in a number characteristics, (2) To assess the farmer’s knowledge in cashew farming and, (3) To determine the relationship of the cashew’s farmer characteristics and their knowledge in cashew farming. Ninetyone cashew farmers were interviewed in this study. Data were collected in July to September 2005. Data were analyzed by Kendall W Concordance procedure. The results of the study were as follows: The mean of the farmer‘s age was 41, the farmer’s formal education was secondary school, the farmer’s experience in cashew farming was 14 years, their motivations were high, their income was Rp. 5.4 million rupiahs per year, their farm size was 3.3 ha, their cashew trees was 467, their family size was 4 persons, their media consumtion was high, their cashew production was 2.9 ton per year, their contact with extension agent was good, and they did not have any prior training. The mean score of the farmers knowledge was 75.58. Knowledge that the farmers need were: (1) Agriculture technology, (2) Labour aspect, (3) Integrating cashew farm and livestock, and (4) Capital formation. There were high correlations between the farmer’s characteristics and the farmer’s knowledge in cashew’s farming.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2130

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERKAITAN DENGAN PERILAKU KEWIRAUSAHAAN PEDAGANG KAKILIMA (Kasus Pedagang Kakilima Pemakai gerobak Usaha Makanan Di Kota Bogor)

Sapar Sapar, Richard W.E. Lumintang, Djoko Susanto

 

 

Abstract

 

The study was carried out in Bogor in June through September 2005. The objectives of the study were : (1) to identify the external and internal factors of street food peddler, (2) to identify entrepreneurship behavior of the street food peddler, and (3) to analyze the correlation between the internal and the external factors and entrepreneurship behavior of the street food peddler. The study was a descriptive correlational method. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Spearman Rank correlation. The results of the study showed that: (1) The internal and the external factors were significantly correlated with the street food peddler entrepreneurship behavior, (2) The street food peddler entrepreneurship behavior were categorized high and medium.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2131

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

Penyuluhan Pertanian Indonesia di Tengah Isu Desentralisasi, Privatisasi dan Demokratisasi

Subejo Subejo

 

Abstract

 

Isu-isu strategis yang dihadapi dalam proses pembangunan di berbagai negara termasuk di dalamnya pembangunan pertanian dan pedesaan antara lain mencakup desentralisasi, liberalisasi dan privatisasi serta demokratisasi (Nauchatel, 1999). Suatu konsekuensi logis bagi penyuluhan pertanian sebagai salah satu pilar utama dalam pembangunan pertanian adalah perumusan strategi menyikapi isu strategis tersebut. Konsekuensi serta strategi baru tersebut semestinya mendapat perhatian dan pemikiran yang mendalam sehingga penyuluhan pertanian tetap memiliki komitmen kuat memberikan pelayanan terbaik pada client dengan sasaran akhir peningkatan kesejahteraan petani.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2132

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

Mengembangkan Kapasitas Masyarakat Pedesaan Dalam Berswasembada Energi Melalui Pendidikan: Pengembangan Energi Hijau (Green Energy) sebagai Energi Alternatif

Yayuk Siswiyanti, Amri Jahi

 

 

Abstract

 

Ketika berbicara tentang pedesaan, hal pertama yang terpikirkan adalah kehidupan masyarakat yang sangat sederhana, tergantung pada alam dan miskin. Mereka mengalami kesulitan memenuhi kebutuhan hidup sehari-hari, bergantung dan terpinggirkan (termarginalkan). Mereka tidak memiliki akses dan mengalami kesenjangan struktural (lack of structure), sehingga dalam jangka panjang kreatifitas mereka terbonsai. Padahal mereka hidup di lingkungan yang mempunyai potensi alam yang demikian luar biasa kaya, seperti yang dituturkan guru ketika kita belajar di tingkat dasar bahwa nusantara ini adalah hamparan permadani hijau dan mutu manikam, dilengkapi iklim tropis yang memungkinkan tongkatpun tumbuh bila ditancapkan seperti lantunan berbagai syair lagu

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2133

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

Investasi Sosial

M.O Royani

 

 

Abstract

 

Di tengah keterpurukan negara miskin dalam berbagai bidang sebagai warisan paradigma pertumbuhan ekonomi, dan menafikan kesejahteraan sosial, dengan hanya alokasi berdasarkan tetesan ke bawah yang kemudian hari terbukti tetesannya sangat sedikit dan tidak memadai, kalangan pemikir yang mencemaskan kelangsungan hidup rakyat dunia ketiga, mulai merumuskan paradigma baru yang dapat mempertemukan dunia industri dengan rakyat, yaitu dengan mengajukan usulan orientasi industri dari semata profit menjadi profit, people dan planet – keuntungan, kesejahteraan rakyat, dan kelestarian lingkungan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2134

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

PENGGUNAAN BUKU BERGAMBAR TENTANG CARA BETERNAK DOMBA UNTUK MENGEMBANGKAN KAPASITAS PETANI MISKIN DI DUA DESA TEPI HUTAN DI KECAMATAN UJUNG JAYA, KABUPATEN SUMEDANG, JAWA BARAT

Amri Jahi

 

 

Abstract

 

Building the capacity of the poor farmers that were living in two near-forest villages in Ujung Jaya sub-district, District of Sumedang, West Java was one of the activities accomplished to help such farmers raise indigenous Garut sheep. These activities included on site farmer training, monthly farmer meeting, supervision and other backstopping supports. These support services were provided before and after the sheep provision to the cooperating farmers. In this training, copies of an illustrated sheep raising manual covering several aspects of sheep rearing from feeding to marketing were tested with the participating farmers and were later given to them as reading materials. In this conjunction, two farmer groups from Palasari and Sukamulya villages were involved in the training sessions. At the opening session, the two farmer groups were tested to determine their prior knowledge about sheep rearing. After the pretetst, all participating farmers were individually given a copy of the sheep raising manual and was asked to read the manual for about 25 minutes. Next, they were asked to close the books and were given posttests. The results pointed out that the participating farmers improved their knowledge about sheep raising, though statistically not significant. Other tests accomplished on the data obtained, showed that the participating farmers’ education correlated positively with their knowledge gains regarding sheep raising; whereas their ages and number of years since graduation correlated negatively with their knowledge gains about sheep raising.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2183

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

PENGARUH BAHASA BOOKLET PADA PENINGKATAN PENGETAHUAN PETERNAK SAPI PERAH TENTANG INSEMINASI BUATAN DI KELURAHAN NONGKOSAWIT, KECAMATAN GUNUNGPATI, KOTA SEMARANG

Sriroso Satmoko, Harini Tri Astuti

 

 

Abstract

 

A research concerning the effect of booklet’s language on the dairy farmers knowledge gain regarding artificial insemination had been accomplished in Nongkosawit Village, Gunung Pati District, City of Semarang on April 3 to June 3, 2004. The objective of the research was to determine whether such an extension booklet language created an effect on the dairy farmers’ knowledge regarding artificial insemination. Fourty dairy farmers were selected purposively for this research. They were divided into two groups, with 20 members each. The first group was exposed to the first version of the booklet written Javanese, and the second group was exposed to the second version of the booklet written in bahasa Indonesia. One-way analysis of variance was used to analyze the data collected. The results pointed out that the effect of the booklets’ languages on the dairy farmers’ knowledge gains about artificial insemination was not significant at alpha equal to 0.05.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2184

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

PERILAKU NELAYAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN WISATA BAHARI DI KAWASAN PANTAI LOVINA, BULELENG, BALI

Siti Amanah, Hamidah Nayati Utami

 

 

Abstract

 

Fishermen living around the Lovina Beach Tourism Area had other productive activities besides catching fishes. The fishermen living in coastal villages of Lovina offered services such as guides for tourists who were interested in diving, snorkeling, and watching dolphin’s attraction in their habitat. The objectives of this research were to portray the fishermen’s behavior in managing the tourism services and to determine the variables correlated to the fishermen behavior and the tourist satisfaction. The research showed that the fishermen’s competencies in managing the tourism related activities need improvement, especially in the management of coastal resources and services. Furthermore, all of the fishermen’ variables, whether internal or external, were positively and significantly correlated with their coastal tourism management behavior and the tourists satisfaction. It was recommended that along with the purposes of promoting tourism and the fishermen quality of life, learning programs that were developed based upon the fishermen’s problems and needs were required. The programs could include hospitality training, eco-tourism, and tourism management. Additionally, coordination amongst the fishermen groups, local government, non government organization, and private sector involved in these activities was needed to improve the performance of the tourism service.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2185

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

PEMBINAAN WANITA PENGOLAH IKAN ASIN DI PESISIR MUARA ANGKE JAKARTA UTARA

Nayu Nurmalia, Richard W.E Lumintang

 

 

Abstract

 

Women who were involved in processing salty fish at Muara Angke, north of Jakarta, had significant contribution to their salty fish business. So far, they had never been involved in any empowerment program offered either by government institution or by non government organization. Men were mostly involved in such empowerment activities. In this conjunction, the objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the skills of the women involved in salty fish processing, (2) to identify both the internal and external factors related to the women’s skills in processing salty fish, and (3) to determine the relationship intensity of the women’ skills in salty fish processing and their productivity in processing such fish. The findings of the study were: the women productivity in salty fish processing was significantly related to their skills in getting qualified fresh fish, in processing and drying salty fish, in book keeping and accounting, and in getting information on marketing system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2186

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

KINERJA PENYULUH PERTANIAN DI BEBERAPA KABUPATEN PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

Ani Leilani, Amri Jahi

 

Abstract

 

A research on the relationship of several selected characteristics of Agricultural Extension Agents and their performance had been conducted in July through September 2005. The Objectives of this study were: 1) to determine the distribution of Agricultural Extension Agents on several selected characteristics, 2) to identify the performance of Agricultural Extension Agents based on their official main duty, and 3) to determine the extent of relationships between the agricultural extension agents’ characteristics and their performance. One hundred Agricultural Extension Agent respondents were selected randomly to meet the objectives. The respondents were from Bogor, Sukabumi, Bekasi, Majalengka, and Subang districts. A closed end questionnaire was developed to gather needed data. The collected data were then analyzed descriptively. Kendall W Concordance procedure was used to determine the extents of relationship among agents’ characteristics and their perceived performance. The research results showed that: (1) some of the agents’ characteristics were correlated significantly with their performance, (2) the agents’ performance in accomplishing their official duties was mostly good, (3) the official duties that they considered as important was Extension Program Development, (4) while the ones that they considered as less important was professional development, evaluation, reporting their monthly duty, and preparing extension materials.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2187

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PARTISIPASI KONTAKTANI DALAM PERENCANAAN PROGRAM PENYULUHAN PERTANIAN (Kasus WKUPP Nyalindung, Kabupaten Sukabumi)

Herawati Herawati, Ismail Pulungan

 

 

Abstract

 

The main objective of this research was to determine the extent of contact-farmer participation in agricultural extension program planning i.e., in collecting data, in compiling the data collected, in attending meeting, in discussing and in giving suggestions, and in authenticating the program and activities that followed. To meet this objective, 30 contact-farmers registered in the Contact-Farmer Association (Gapoktan) in Rural Extension Unit at Nyalindung Subdistrict, District of Sukabumi were interviewed. The research results showed that both the contact-farmers’ internal and external factors were highly correlated with their participation in planning Agricultural Extension program and activities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2188

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PROSES BELAJAR DAN TINGKAT KECAKAPAN HIDUP REMAJA (Kasus Pengrajin Sandal Desa Cikaret Kecamatan Bogor Selatan)

Miskat Ramdhani, Sumardjo Sumardjo

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were: (1) to study the relationship between learning process, adolescence characteristics, family roles, and environment, (2) to study the relationship between the youths’ life skill level and their learning process. The research took place at Cikaret Village, South Bogor Sub-District. Sixty 60 respondents were involved. Data was gathered on September-November 2005, by interview and observation. Quantitative data were analyzed by Spearman-Rank correlation procedure. In this research, the youth’s life skills were correlated to their characteristic, to their family role, to their environment and learning process. Some important results of this research are: ( 1) the life skills were correlated with the learning process within the conditions of learning and the experimental learning, ( 2) the learning process of the adolescence were related to the family role, the environment role and the adolescence’s characteristics, and ( 3) improvement of the quality of the adolescence’s life skills were needed together with effort to increase their quality of life, including their family, environment and learning process.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2189

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

Perubahan Sosial

Jelamu Ardu Marius

 

 

Abstract

 

Dinamika peradaban manusia dalam sejarahnya selalu tumbuh dan berkembang secara dinamis sejalan dengan perubahan-perubahan yang terjadi dalam setiap sejarah kehidupan manusia itu sendiri. Sebagai makhluk yang terus mencari dan menyempurnakan dirinya, manusia senantiasa berusaha dan berjuang memenuhi kebutuhan hidupnya untuk tetap eksis dan “survive” di tengah kebersamaannya di tengah manusia lainnya. Perjuangan memenuhi kebutuhan hidup ini telah memotivasi manusia untuk menggunakan akal budinya secara maksimal di manapun manusia itu berada. Karena tuntutan pemenuhan kebutuhan naluri kehidupannya, maka manusia sebagai makluk yang berakal budi (rational animal) selalu berpikir untuk bagaimana ia menghadapi tuntutan-tuntutan naluriah itu.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2190

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

Petani Tuna Kisma

Ibrahim Saragih, Djoko Susanto

 

 

Abstract

 

Tahun 1983 rumah tangga buruh pertanian di Indonesia sebanyak 5 juta kepala keluarga dari jumlah petani 19,5 juta kepala keluarga. Tahun 1993, rumah tangga buruh pertanian di Indonesia berjumlah 9 juta kepala keluarga dari jumlah petani seluruhnya 21,5 juta kepala keluarga (BPS, 1993:8,70). Diperkirakan, buruh pertanian pada tahun 2003 meningkat + 13 juta kepala keluarga. Peningkatannya kurang lebih sama pada tahun 1983 dan 1993, yaitu sebesar 30%. Buruh tani yang tidak mempunyai lahan, dan yang juga rendah pengetahuan maupun keterampilannya, hampir tidak memiliki peluang untuk bekerja di sektor yang lain. Satu-satunya usaha yang dapat mereka lakukan hanyalah bekerja sebagai buruh tani.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2191

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 2 (2006)

 

Farmer Led Extension: Concepts and Practices

Suwignya Utama, M. Nur Sangadji

 

 

Abstract

 

Sekitar sebelas tahun lalu, Juli 1995, di Filipina lebih dari 70 orang dari berbagai negara, yang memiliki latar belakang profesi beragam, berkumpul untuk sebuah workshop bertaraf Internasional dengan tajuk Farmer Led Extension. Lokakarya yang diselenggarakan oleh Overseas Development Institute (ODI), International Institute for Rural Reconstruction (IIRR) dan World Neighbors di Filipina, bertujuan untuk “berbagi pengalaman dalam pelaksanaan penyuluhan.“

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i2.2192

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 3 (2006)

 

BEREKSPERIMEN DAN MENGAMBIL RESIKO: Belajar dari Kesalahan dan Kesuksesan

Dwi Sadono, Bambang Uripno, Erwiantono Erwiantono

 

 

Abstract

 

“Ketika orang tidak membuat kesalahan, saya sebagai pemimpin tidak terlalu puas karena itu
berarti mereka tidak berusaha dengan keras dan tidak tumbuh”
(Dikutip dari Frank J. Ruck)
Disarikan dari Buku: “The Leadership Challenge”, oleh James M. Kouzes dan Barry Z. Posner.
1991. Jossey-Bass Publisher, Oxford.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i3.11438

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 3 (2006)

 

Persepsi dan Partisipasi Masyarakat Sasaran dalam Program Pengembangan Usaha Kelompok Kecil (Kasus Program Pengembangan Masyarakat PT Aneka Tambang, UPBE Pongkor di Desa Bantar Karet dan Desa Kalongliud, Kecamatan Nanggung Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat)

Ahmad Fauzi, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Abstrak
Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis persepsi dan partisipasi masyarakat dalam
Program Pengembangan Usaha Kelompok Kecil (PUKK) sebagai salah satu program
pengembangan masyarakat PT. Aneka Tambang UPBE Pongkor. Tujuan Jangka Panjang
program PUKK diharapkan dapat mampu meningkatkan kemadirian masyarakat dalam
pengembangan usaha di Kecamatan Nanggung pasca penambangan. Penelitin ini dilakukan
di Desa Bantar Karet dan Kalongluid, Kecamatan Nanggung sebagai dua contoh lokasi
pelaksanaan program PUKK. Jumlah responden adalah masyarakat sasaran penerima
program PUKK sebanyak 27 orang yang berasal dari 19 kelompok sasaran penerima program
PUKK. Masing-masing kelompok diambil secara acak sebanyak dua orang sementara
apabila anggotanya hanya satu orang, maka diambil satu responden. Pengumpulan data
dilakukan dengan metode survei dan wawancara terstruktur dalam bentuk kuesioner.
Persepsi masyarakat sasaran terhadap manfaat Program PUKK terdiri dari sepuluh indikator
diranking berdasarkan skornya yang terdiri dari: (1) meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat
sasaran, (2) sesuai dengan kebutuhan masyarakat, (3) dapat dilaksanakannya pelatihan
kewirausahaan, (4) program PUKK merupakan bentuk pinjaman lunak sebesar 4% per tahun,
(5) mengatasi masalah permodalan usaha kecil di desa, (6) keberadaan konsultan dan
pendamping dalam PUKK berguna sebagai transfer pengetahuan dan informasi bagi
masyarakat sasaran, (7) mampu mengembangkan perekonomian desa,(8) PUKK secara tidak
langsung dapat menciptakan lapangan kerja (9) menciptakan hubungan harmonis anatar
perusahaan pertambangan dengan masyarakat setempat, (10) dapat membantu dalam
pemasaran usaha kecil. Secara keseluruhan persepsi masyarakat sasaran terhadap manfaat
program PUKK tergolong tinggi. Menurut responden, program PUKK sebagai implementasi
program community developmentUPBE Pongkor, berupaya untuk menciptakan pertumbuhan
ekonomi rakyat dan pemerataan pembangunan melalui perluasan kesempatan berusaha bagi
usaha kecil masyarakat dan lingkungan sekitarnya, diindikasikan dengan peningkatan
pendapatannya sehingga mampu menggerakkan perekonomian masyarakat Kecamatan
Nanggung secara umum.
Partisipasi responden dalam penerapan program Pengembangan Usaha Kelompok Kecil
(PUKK) yang diprogramkan oleh UPBE Pongkor, PT. Aneka Tambang, meliputi tahap
perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengawasan (evaluasi). Tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam
program PUKK sebagian besar termasuk dalam kategori rendah.Rata-rata partisipasi
responden pada tahap perencanaan masih termasuk tinggi. Tingginya partisipasi responden
JURNAL PENYULUHAN
Agustus 2006, Vol. 2, No. 3
pada kegiatan perencanaan berhubungan erat dengan tingginya persepsi mereka terhadap
manfaat program UPKK.
Partisipasi masyarakat sasaran dalam pelaksanaan PUKK tergolong rendah dibandingkan
dengan rata-rata partisipasi. Sebagian besar usaha yang dijalankan oleh sasaran tidak sesuai
dengan proposal yang diajukan ke tim PUKK UPBE Pongkor. Banyak sasaran yang beralih
usaha lain, namun banyak usaha yang dijalankan oleh masyarakat sasaran mengalami
kegagalan. Hal tersebut menurut responden disebabkan oleh pinjaman permodalan yang
diperoleh dalam UPBE Pongkor rendah dibandingkan dengan kebutuhan usahanya. Selain
itu,tingkat pengembalian pinjaman UKK juga tergolong rendah yaitu sekitar 10 %.Partisipasi
masyarakat sasaran dalam evaluasi/monitoring yang meliputi kehadiran dan aktivitas dalam
pertemuan evaluasi program PUKK dan peran evaluasi serta saran bagi program PUKK di
tahun mendatang juga tergolong rendah.
Karakteristik individu responden yang berperan dengan persepsinya dalam program PUKK
adalah tingkat pendidikan dan tingkat pendapatan. Sementara karakteristik umur dan
pengalaman berwirausaha responden tidak berperan dengan persepsi terhadap manfaat
program PUKK.Partisipasi responden dalam program PUKK dipengaruhi oleh karakteristik
individu yaitu: umur, tingkat pendapatan dan pengalaman berwirausaha responden.
Sementara partisipasi responden juga dipengaruhi oleh faktor eksternal yang terdiri atas
penilaian responden tentang peranan tenaga konsultan, peranan pemerintah dan sarana
prasarana yang diberikan oleh UPBE Pongkor dalam pengembangan usaha responden.
Persepsi responden berhubungn nyata dengan tingkat partisipasinya dalam program PUKK.
Responden yang memiliki tinggi cenderung memiliki tingkat partisipasi yang tinggi pula,
sebaliknya responden yang termasuk dalam kategori persepsi rendah cenderung mamiliki
partisipasi yang rendah pula.
Partisipasi responden dalam program PUKK berhubungan nyata dengan perkembangan
usahanya. Terdapat perbedaan diantara dua kelompok kategori partisipasi terhadap
perkembanga usahanya. Responden yang berpartisipasi tinggi memiliki presentase
perkembangan usaha yang lebih maju dibandingkan dengan responden yang tingkat
partisipasinya rendah.
Rekomendasi kebijakan bagi perkembangan usaha kecil di Kecamatan Nanggung anatara
lain: (1) perlu peningkatan partisipasi masyarakat terutama dalam pengambilan keputusan
perencanaan PUKK, masyarakat sasaran yang diberikan kesempatan seluas-luasnya dalam
pengambilan keputusan yang menyangkut kebijakan pelaksanaan PUKK, (2) perlu
dibentuknya forum masyarakat sasaran sebagai media masyarakat sasaran menyalurkan
aspirasinya dan sebagai kontrol bagi pelaksanaan program PUKK, (3) perlu adanya
pembinaan yang sistematis dari berbagai stakeholder (UPBE Pongkor, pendamping, dan
pemerintah) bagi perkembangan usaha kecil di Kecamatan Nanggung dalam bentuk:
pemberian akses bahan baku usaha kecil, pelaksanaan pelatihan keterampilan yang relevan
dan manajemen usaha kecil, perlu adanya tenaga pendamping sebagai mediasi transfer
pengetahuan, penyediaan permodalan yang memadai dan akses pemasaran produk yang
dihasilkan.
Kata kunci: persepsi, partisipasi, UPKK, UPBE Pongkor

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i3.11439

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 3 (2006)

 

Kajian Relevansi Kurikulum SMK dengan Kebutuhan Pengembangan Teknologi Masa Depan di Indonesia

Pudji Muljono

 

Abstract

 

Upaya pembaharuan pendidikan harus dilakukan secara terus-menerus sejalan dengan perkembangan ilmu
pengetahuan dan teknologi, tuntutan ekonomi, dan perubahan dalam masyarakat. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji
relevansi kurikulum pendidikan sekolah menengah kejuruan (SMK) terhadap kebutuhan pengembangan teknologi
masa depan yang sesuai bagi bangsa Indonesia. Metode kajian yang digunakan, selain melalui studi meja dan diskusi
dengan pakar, juga dilakukan analisis data sekunder untuk mendapatkan peta program-program keahlian yang ada di
sekolah kejuruan. Hasil kajian antara lain menunjukkan bahwa jurusan bisnis dan manajemen merupakan program
keahlian yang paling banyak yaitu 2.239 unit; sedangkan program keahlian yang paling relevan dengan arah
kebijakan pengembangan ristek adalah jurusan atau program keahlian teknologi informasi yaitu sekitar 2.904 unit.
Kata kunci: sekolah kejuruan, kurikulum, teknologi masa depan

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i3.11440

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 3 (2006)

 

Dampak Iklan televisi Terhadap Sikap Konsumtif Ibu Rumah Tangga Masyarakat Adat (Kasus Kampung Naga, Desa Neglasari, Kecamatan Salawu, Kabupaten Tasikmalaya Propinsi Jawa Barat)

Fetry Zulbeatri, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui variabel-variabel apa saja dari karakteristik ibu
rumahtangga mempunyai hubungan dengan pola menonton iklan televisi, menganalisis sejauh mana
peranan iklan televisi dalam menumbuhkan sikap konsumtif ibu rumahtangga Kampung Naga dan
mengidentifikasi aturan adat yang dipegang masyarakat tersebut yang dapat mengontrolsikap
konsumtif ibu rumahtangga Kampung Naga.
Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kampung Naga, Desa Neglasari, Kecamatan Salawu, Kabupaten
Tasikmalaya, yang merupakan salah satu kampung adat yang ada di Jawa Barat. Pengumpulan data
dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan cara melakukan wawancara tertutup
dengan kuesioner sebagai instrumen utama kepada sejumlah 42 responden.Analisis data yang
digunakan untuk melihat adanya keterhubungan antar variabel yaitu uji rank Spearman dan uji
statistik Pearson.
Faktor-faktor karakteristik ibu rumahtangga yang berhubungan dengan frekuensi menonton televisi
adalah usia, kepemilikan televisi, status dalam adat, tingkat pendidikan dan tingkat pengetahuan.
Variabel karakteristik ibu rumahtangga yang berhubungan dengan durasi menonton televisi adalah
usia, kepemilikan televisi, tingkat pensisikan, dan tingkat pendapatan. Karakteristik ibu rumahtangga
yang berhubungan dengan waktu menonton televisi hanya kepemilikan televisi., sedangkan variabel
yang berhubungan degan frekuensi memperhatikan iklan televisi adalah semua karakteristk ibu
rumahtangga kecuali status dalam adat.
Pada perubahan sikap konsumtif kognitif, waktu menonton televisi, waktu menonton televisi dan
frekuensi memperhatikan iklan yang tinggi. Perubahan sikap konsumtif afektif dipengaruhi oleh
seluruh variabel pola menonton iklan televisi, untuk perubahan sikap konsumtif tingkat konatif, tidak
satupun dari pola menonton iklan televisi berhubungan. Perubahan sikap mayarakat adat tidak ada
hubungannya dengan keterikatan mereka terhadap aturan adat.
Kata kunci: televisi, iklan, sikap konsumtif, ibu rumahtangga

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i3.11441

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

THE RELATIONSHIP OF SELECTED VEGETABLE FARMERS’ CHARACTERISTICS AND THEIR KNOWLEDGE ABOUT VEGETABLE FARM MANAGEMENT IN KENDARI, SOUTH-EAST SULAWESI

Sukmawati Abdullah, Amri Jahi

 

Abstract

 

Should the vegetable farmers’ knowledge be improved when their productivities did not meet the community expectation? This question led to the to the following research objectives: (1) to determine the vegetable farmers’ distribution on selected characteristics; (2) to identify their current knowledge on vegetable farm management; and (3) to assess the extent of relationship amongst the farmers’ characteristics and their perceived knowledge on vegetable farm management. To meet these objectives, This research was designed as a descriptive-correlation study. The independent variables of this study were the farmers’ characteristics and the dependent variable was the farmers’ perceived knowledge on vegetable farm management. The population of the study was 517 vegetable farmers that resided in six sub-districts in the city of Kendari; whereas the sample was 99 farmers selected randomly from the obtained stratified population. They were interviewed in February through March 2006. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Kendall Concordant W procedures. The study concluded that: (1) most of the vegetable farmers observed in the study: were old, had primary school education, had long farm experiences, had relatively wide vegetable farms, had sufficient working capital, had enough family members, consumed enough media, had frequent contact with Extension agents, were aware of market information, had several farm tools and equipments, had high income, and husband mostly made farm decisions, (2) considered marketing of farm produce, use of farm technologies, and constraints and opportunities for farm produce development as the three most important knowledge, (3) farmers mostly agreed to the rank order of the nine vegetable farm management knowledge fields.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2108

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

THE EXTENSION WORKERS’ COMPETENCY IN DEVELOPING SMALL AGRIBUSINESS CAPITAL IN THE DISTRICT OF BOGOR, WEST JAVA

Fini Murfiani, Amri Jahi

 

 

Abstract

 

Extension agents had to develop their competencies in promoting small agribusiness capital. They needed this new skill so they could assist small farmers to develop their agribusinesses. Every enterprise – what ever its scale — needed capital. In conjunction with this, the objectives of this research were: (1) to describe the distribution of extension agents on selected characteristics, (2) to identify the agents’ competencies in promoting small agribusiness capital, as well as (3) to analyze the relationship of the agents’ characteristics and their competencies in promoting small agribusiness capital. Data were collected through interviews with the agents. The obtained data were analyzed by using qualitative as well as quantitative procedures. The research results demonstrated that: firstly, the Extension agents mostly indicated their generic competencies in Agricultural Extension, and lack in specific competencies in farm management, especially in small agribusiness capital formation. Secondly, agents considered promoting the small farmers self-help capability, facilitating the promotion of village financial institution, and evaluating extension program as the three most important competencies, and thirdly, regardless of their characteristics, most of the agents interviewed agreed to the rank order of nine competency areas.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2110

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

THE MASS MEDIA ROLE IN DISSEMINATING AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION TO VEGETABLE FARMERS IN LAMPUNG

Sumaryo Sumaryo

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to describe the role of mass media, especially television in disseminating agricultural information to vegetable farmers in sub-urban and rural areas. The sample of the study was 55 farmers, who were randomly selected from a 550 farmer population. The findings pointed out that farmers in general were not interested in the broadcasted agricultural programs, since the programs’ contents did not match their needs. Additionally, the farmers in the city of Bandar Lampung watched a lot more varieties of television programs than those resided in the West Lampung district.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2111

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

THE ROOTS AND THE STRATEGY FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN THE CITY OF AMBON, MOLLUCAS AND IN THE DISTRICT OF BOALEMO, GORONTALO

Eddy Chiljon Papilaya, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

 

Abstract

 

Many poverty alleviation programs had been implemented in the past, but only a few made it. In relation to this, the objectives of this study were: (1) to identify the roots of family poverty, (2) to identify factors related to the family poverty, and (3) to formulate a strategy for poverty alleviation. To reach these objectives, 420 poor households were randomly selected from the city of Ambon and the district of Boalemo, Gorontalo Province. They were interviewed from November 2003 through January 2005. The obtained data were analyzed by using the descriptive statistics and the multiple regression procedures. The findings pointed out that: (1) both the urban and the rural poor households lacked in productive and normative behavior, (2) factors related significantly to the welfare of urban poor families were social and political capitals; whereas to the rural poor families were natural, physical, financial, and behavioral capitals as well, and (3) the grand strategy for both urban and rural poverty alleviation should include good governance, capacity building, social capital revitalization, public policy advocacy, social assurance, infrastructure building, community-based economic development, and asset redistribution.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2112

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

THE PERFORMANCE OF THREE COMMUNITY HEALTH CENTERS IN DKI JAKARTA BASED UPON BALANCED SCORECARD PERSPECTIVES

Amy Y.S Rahayu, Basita Ginting

 

Abstract

 

Good public health service was an indicator of people’s welfare. In DKI-Jakarta, there was a gap between the expected and the current status of public health. This study investigated the Community Health Center’s performance in delivering health services to the public in DKI-Jakarta. To do so, researcher used the perspective of Balanced Scorecard that included customer satisfaction, financial success, Internal Business Processes, and Learning and Growth aspects. Three community health centers, i.e., one in high income, one in middle income, and one in low income sub-districts were observed in the study. From each health center, fifty customers and ten employees were selected randomly and interviewed in four successive quarters. Of the ten employees interviewed, seven were medical staff and three were non-medical staff. The findings pointed out that the community health centre operated in the high income sub-district performed better than the other two community health centers operated in the middle and in the low income sub-districts. However, further balanced scorecard analysis indicated that the performance of the three community health centers observed in the study should still be improved.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2113

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

FACTORS RELATED TO THE LEATHER CRAFTSMEN’S SELF-SUFFICIENCY IN THE DISTRICTS OF SIDOARDJO AND MAGETAN, EAST JAVA

Hamidah Nayati Utami, Sumardjo .

 

 

Abstract

 

This research was intended to identify factors related to the leather craftsmen’s self sufficiency in the districts of Sidoarjo and Magetan, in East Java. A descriptive survey research was accomplished amongst 260 craftsmen in the two districts in April 2005 through February 2006. The collected data were analyzed by using the Descriptive Statistics, the One Way Anova and the Structural Equation Modeling procedures. The findings pointed out that most of the observed craftsmen’s entrepreneurial as well as their self-sufficiency behaviors were low. Furthermore, their self-sufficiency behaviors were related to their personal characteristics, business supports, and business environment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2114

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

THE RELATIONSHIP OF SELECTED NEAR FOREST FARMERS’ CHARACTERISTICS AND THEIR PARTICIPATIONS IN FOREST CONSERVATION AT PARUNG PANJANG, BOGOR

Yayuk Siswiyanti, Basita Ginting S.

 

Abstract

 

Near forest village residents was one of the main forest share holders. So, they should be involved in various forest conservation efforts. Their involvements not only in activities to keep out people from illegal cutting of the forest trees or to put off forest fire, but also in replanting the forest and in other conservation activities. To improve these people welfare, a study on the villagers’ participation in forest conservation was needed. In this conjunction, the objectives of this study were: (1) to determine the villagers’ distributions on their selected characteristics, (2) to identify the villagers’ participation in the forest conservation, and (3) to determine the extent of relationships amongst the villagers’ characteristics and their participations in forest conservation. The population of the study was the residents of nine near forest villages in Parung Panjang sub-district, District of Bogor. The sample was 115 residents taken randomly from the population in those villages. In conjunction with this, this study was designed as a descriptive-correlation research. The independent variables were the villagers’ characteristics and some supporting factors; whereas the dependent variable was the villagers’ participations in the forest conservation. Data were collected through interviews with the villagers in February through April 2006. Descriptive statistic procedure was used to analyze the obtained data. The research findings pointed out that: (1) most of respondents involved in the study were in the older age category, of the Sundanese ethnic, low in education, had never received any training in forest conservation, low in forest conservation knowledge, mostly worked as up-land farmers for five hours daily, and had also low income, (2) their participations in planning, implementing, and evaluating forest conservation as well as in using the forest products were low, and (3) the extents of relationship amongst their characteristics included some supporting factors and their participations in forest conservation were either low or negligible.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2115

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

PERSPEKTIF ALTERNATIF PEMBANGUNAN KAWASAN TIMUR INDONESIA

Mappamiring Mappamiring

 

 

Abstract

 

Pembangunan ialah serangkaian usaha untuk mewujudkan pertumbuhan dan perubahan secara berencana dan sadar, yang dilakukan oleh suatu negara bangsa menuju modernitas untuk pembinaan bangsa (Siagian, 2003:4). Tidak perlu diragukan bahwa Indonesia memiliki sumberdaya manusia dan sumberdaya alam yang beragam. Indonesia ialah negara kepulauan yang terbesar di dunia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2116

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

PERSPEKTIF ALTERNATIF PEMBANGUNAN KAWASAN TIMUR INDONESIA

Mappamiring Mappamiring

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Pembangunan ialah serangkaian usaha untuk mewujudkan pertumbuhan dan perubahan secara berencana dan sadar, yang dilakukan oleh suatu negara bangsa menuju modernitas untuk pembinaan bangsa (Siagian, 2003:4). Tidak perlu diragukan bahwa Indonesia memiliki sumberdaya manusia dan sumberdaya alam yang beragam. Indonesia ialah negara kepulauan yang terbesar di dunia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2116

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

PENYULUHAN PERIKANAN

Siti Amanah

 

 

Abstract

 

Penyuluhan seringkali diasosiasikan dengan penerangan atau propaganda, padahal penyuluhan ialah upaya mengubah perilaku individu, kelompok, atau komunitas agar tahu, mau, dan mampu memecahkan masalah yang dihadapi supaya dapat hidup lebih baik dan bermartabat. Agar penyuluhan dapat berlangsung dengan baik diperlukan pendidikan dan komunikasi untuk berbagi informasi. Hal ini dapat dilakukan oleh fasilitator, baik yang berasal dari suatu sistem sosial itu sendiri (internal agent of change) atau yang berasal dari luar sistem sosial itu, seperti penyuluh lapangan atau pekerja pembangunan dari sebuah lembaga swadaya masyarakat (LSM).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2117

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 2, Nomor 4 (2006)

 

Resensi Buku “People, Land and Water: Participatory Development Communication for Natural Resource Management”

Amri Jahi

 

 

Abstract

 

Inilah buku yang patut dibaca oleh para mahasiswa penyuluhan dan komunikasi pembangunan, para pekerja pembangunan dan para pembuat kebijakan pembangunan dalam berbagai bidang pembangunan sosial dan pengelolaan sumberdaya alam.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v2i4.2118

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

STRATEGI INOVASI SOSIAL PENGEMBANGAN MUTU SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA NELAYAN

Wildani Pingkan S. Hamzens, Sumardjo Sumardjo

 

 

Abstract

 

From generation to generation fisherman has been making a live for himself and family mainly by extracting coastal and marine resources. There are a number of program development designed to promote fisherman quality of life. However, there is still little progress in fisherman living quality. As the consequences, their ability to suffice their own and family needs also low. The objectives of this research are.- (1) to explain and analyze, condition of fisherman resources quality based on competence, ability to fulfill consumer’s need, income, and ability to suffice their own and their family need; and (2) to formulized effective fisherman resource quality enhancement strategy. Research has shown that: (1) low qualiy of fisherman resource, reflected on: low competence, low ability to fulfill needs, low income, low ability to suffice their own and their family needs for living; (2) Fisherman resource quality enhancement strategy divided on: (a) internal strategy, by applying social inovation through continuous non formal education (extension,) and (b) external strategy by increasing environment supports for fisherman effort according to their need.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2145

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Sekitar Kawasan Hutan Lindung Jompi Kabupaten Muna, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara

Dasmin Sidu, Basita G. Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

Forest as an asset of national development is really beneficial for life and livelihood. It brings benefits ecologically, culturally, and economically on condition when the forest is properly exploited. In term of ensure the sustainability, the forest should be managed, protected, and exploited continuously for the sake of the people’s welfare, not only for the present but also for the next generation. Jompi Preserved Forest Area is one of the preserved forest areas in Muna Regency, which is now in very bad condition. The people living around the forest are powerless. The aims of the research: (1) to analyze the factors influencing the people’s productivity and capability around the forest, and (2) to formulate a model of community empowerment adjusted to the local condition. The technique of collecting samples used is cluster sampling, covering 226 household. The analysis used is correlation analysis of Rank Spearman (rs), Multiple Regression, and Path Analysis. The result of analysis shows that the people’s productivity and capability are still relatively low. This condition is resulted from the physical, human, and social capitals in the community. Similarly, the low capability of the empowerment facilitators and empowerment process also contribute to this situation. The effective empowerment model for the community around the preserved forest is the one that integrates the physical, human, and social capitals, and the facilitators’ capability and empowerment process to create the power that can improve the productivity and capability of the community living around the Jompi Preserved Forest Area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2146

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

FUNGSI AGIL DAN KEBERDAYAAN KELUARGA DI PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN: KASUS KELUARGA DI KECAMATAN DUREN SAWIT DAN KECAMATAN JASINGA

Astriana Baiti Sinaga, Sumardjo Sumardjo

 

Abstract

 

Family has importanifimclions.for human development, and all functions must work properly. The effectiveness of functions determine family’s empowerment quality. In fact, some families failed to implement some of the functions, due to the influence of some factors. This research studied factors affected family’s functions and empowerment, and develop model,for family empowerment. Data was collected in period of August-December 2006, involving Duren Saivil, of East Jakarta and Jasinga, of Bogor Regency. The four functions of family: adaptation, goal attainment, integration, and latency (AGIL) influence the family empowerment, and have a significant correlation between each other. The results of research indicate that each function is influenced differently in different area. The level implementation of adaptation, goal attainment, and latency function are low, but the integration function is in the middle level calegory in Duren Sawit and Jasinga. The family’s empowerment is in middle level category in Duren Sawit and Jasinga.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2147

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEBUTUHAN INFORMASI PERTANIAN BAGI PETANI SAYURAN DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

Mariati Tamba, Mamun Sarma

 

Abstract

 

The agribusiness development of horticulture products is one of national economical growth sources of agricultural sector. Free market made part of domestically which cause more rigid competitiveness. In addition, the increase of farmer’s family member demands was faced to the need of demand of information of modern farming to increase the management capability in yielding competitive products from the efficient farmers. Yet, the empowerment hasn’t significantly empowered the farmers. The fact showed that farmers still lives in ’darkness’ and lack of information. One of empowerment strategy is to make independent farmer in maintaining their lives in the meaning of: knowed, motivated, and able to develop their farm by looking and using the available agricultural information. The government task is to service agricultural information for farmers as stated in law No.16 year 2006 about Agricultural Extension System. This study was aimed to analyze: (1) kinds of agricultural information which needed by vegetables’ farmers, and (2) factors influenced the need of agricultural information. The research was conducted in three districts (Bogor, Cianjur, and Bandung), West Java Province since July 2006 to February 2007 by using survey technique, interview, and indepth interview. The sampling technique used in the study was quota sampling with 240 respondents of head families. Statistical analysis were using Cronbach Alpha, t-test, Rank Spearman correlation, and Structural Equation Modeling. The analysis showed that the need of agricultural information from vegetables’ farmers’ influenced significantly by economic and social status of vegetables’ farmers, farmers’s awareness level of the importance of agricultural information, accessibility level of vegetables’farmers in obtaining the agricultural information, motivation of vegetables’ farmers ,and innovative of vegetables’ farmers.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2148

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU DENGAN KOMPETENSI WIRAUSAHA PETANI RUMPUT LAUT DI SULAWESI SELATAN

Syafiuddin Syafiuddin, Amri Jahi

 

 

Abstract

 

Seaweed farmers are those farmers who have seaweeds farming in rural coastal area, as their moyor income. The objective of this study was to determine the degree of relationship between individual characteristics of seaweed farmers and their entrepreneurship or business competence. Data were collected in July to October2006 from the 280 seaweed farmers. Data were analyzed by Kendal Concordance and Tau_b Path analysis and Pearson procedures. The important results of the study were as follows: (1) most of them are young, low educated, family size is sedentary, low family income, low in media utilization and sedentary in experience, motivation and capital, (2) two groups of competence were perceived (competence-importance) showed that the existence of positive correlation or high agreement, (3) Degree of all individual characteristic showed high positive correlation or high agreement for rank ten component of entrepreneur or business competence, (4) Mostly individual characteristic have significant relationship to entrepreneurship competence with existence of indirect and direct influence to some individual characteristics through entrepreneur or business competence and also direct to productions and incomes of seaweed farmers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2149

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

PEMBERDAYAAN PETANI SAYURAN: KASUS PETANI SAYURAN DI SULAWESI SELATAN

Lukman Hakim, Basita G. Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

This study was focused on analyzing farmers’ empowerment and studying factors affecting group dynamic in relation with their business improvement. The objectives of this study were: (1) to identify factors that influence empowerment of crop farmer within groups, (2) the relation between group dynamics and productivity and, (3) the formulation of empowerment strategy through group approach. This study was conducted at two districts area: Gowa and Enrekang at South Sulawesi Province. Primary data were obtained from 240 respondents from members of group farmer who their business mostly cultivate vegetable. Quantitative analysis and qualitative-descriptive analysis were employed to explain the result of the research. Variabels used in the study were individual characteristics. The level of farmer empowerment within group is low, and factors that affect farmers’ empowerment within group are low (underdeveloped). These factors are empowerment pattern, level of personality, social environment, information access and level of farmers’ productivity. Development of elements of group dynamics in two locations shows low performance that means underdeveloped. The main constraints for developing group dynamics are lack of initiative and participation of group members to encourage group activities, and lack of cooperation and coordination of tasks within group. Individual characteristics include level of formal education, empowerment pattern, farmers’ personality, social environment and information access show significantly positive relationship with group dynamic. There are fourteen variabels which positively influence group dynamics. These variabels are empowerment pattern; level of farmers’ personality; social environment; and information access. Based on the relationship among variabels in the model of farmer development toward farmer’s productivity, it shows that variabels of working network (X2.2), self confident (X3.2), culture norms (X4.1), accurate information (X5.2), group objective (Y1.1) and group development (Y1.3) affect significantly of farmers’ productivity. This means these variables have significant role in promoting farmers’ productivity. Farmers’ productivity is still low and it should be developed through more diynamic activities.

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2150

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

Learning Society, Penyuluhan dan Pembangunan Bangsa

Pudji Muljono

 

Abstract

 

Keprihatinan bangsa yang tengah dilanda krisis dalam berbagai aspek kehidupan membuat peran pendidikan, khususnya di sekolah-sekolah dipertanyakan. Begitu pula peran kegiatan penyuluhan dalam proses pembangunan bangsa masih sering dipertanyakan. Dengan melihat kondisi realitas yang ada, seperti maraknya tawuran pelajar, merebaknya kasus narkoba, dan beberapa perilaku yang menyimpang dari norma-norma agama dan budaya, seperti pergaulan bebas, membuat peran pendidikan dan penyuluhan semakin dipertanyakan. Seolah pendidikan di sekolahlah yang bertanggungjawab terhadap berbagai permasalahan yang menyelimuti generasi penerus bangsa pada khususnya, dan masyarakat pada umumnya. Pendidikan dan penyuluhan sering pula dijadikan sebagai kambing hitam terhadap ketidakberhasilan dalam membentuk moral bangsa.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2151

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

Makna Penyuluhan dan Transformasi Perilaku Manusia

Siti Amanah

 

Abstract

 

Istilah penyuluhan seringkali diasosiasikan dengan penerangan atau propaganda oleh khalayak, padahal makna penyuluhan tidaklah sedangkal itu. Penyuluhan dapat dipandang sebagai sebuah ilmu dan tindakan praktis. Sebagai sebuah ilmu, pondasi ilmiah penyuluhan adalah ilmu tentang perilaku (behavioural science). Di dalamnya ditelaah pola pikir, tindak, dan sikap manusia dalam menghadapi kehidupan. Jadi, subyek telaah ilmu penyuluhan adalah manusia sebagai bagian dari sebuah sistem sosial, obyek materi ilmu penyuluhan adalah perilaku yang dihasilkan dari proses pendidikan dan atau pembelajaran, proses komunikasi dan sosial. Sebagai sebuah ilmu, penyuluhan merupakan organisasi yang tersusun dari bangunan pengetahuan dan pengembangan ilmu. Ilmu penyuluhan mampu menjelaskan secara ilmiah transformasi perilaku manusia yang dirancang dengan menerapkan pendekatan pendidikan orang dewasa, komunikasi, dan sesuai dengan struktur sosial, ekonomi, budaya masyarakat, dan lingkungan fisiknya.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2152

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 1 (2007)

 

Personal Quality Management: Mengefektifkan Pengelolaan Diri dengan Mengaktifkan Empat Pilar Kualitas Pribadi

Siti Amanah

 

Abstract

 

Buku ini terasa pas dengan kiat pengembangan diri yang menjadi bagian dalam upaya transformasi perilaku manusia. Diuraikan dalam buku bahwa perrjalanan dan upaya setiap individu untuk mewujudkan kualitas pribadi yang utuh merupakan proses sepanjang hidup. Hal ini berimplikasi bahwa mewujudkan perubahan pada diri seseorang merupakan hal yang tidak mudah. Dalam hal ini, penulis buku menawarkan empat pilar yang perlu dijadikan pondasi untuk mewujudkan pengelolaan kualitas pribadi, yaitu: (i) kesadaran diri, (ii) pengaturan diri, (iii) pembiasaan diri, dan (iv) evaluasi diri.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i1.2153

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK SANTRI DENGAN PERSEPSI MEREKA TENTANG KEMANDIRIAN DI PONDOK PESANTREN

Dwi Purwoko, Amri Jahi, Pang S. Asngari, Darwis S. Gani, M. Hisyam

 

 

Abstract

 

The study analyzed the student’s perceptions self autonomi in islamic boarding school. The research aims were (1) to describe santri distribution at spesific observed characteristic, (2) to decsribe santri perception concerning independency, (3) to describe existence of relation between perceptions with several of santri characteristics. The santri included in this research were 487 persons those located around Pesantren in Jakarta, West Java, Central Java, and East Java. There were 13 santri characteristics analyzed in the study: Type of Pesantren, Santri Age, Sex, Duration of Schooling in Pesantren, Santri’s Family Background, motivation, intensity in reading books, intensity in interacting with teachers (known as “Kyai”), tribe, distance and condition of pesantren, education background before enrolling, and origin. Independent variables related to the indicators of self autonomy included religion, general knowledge, hope for future, social interaction, discussion in the class, personal management, tolerance, and behavior against the government. Corelation analysis is done by using concordance Kendall W and Kendall Tau showed all of santri characteristics existence of high level agreement in evaluating the independency field.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2154

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

PENGARUH FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL PENYULUH TERHADAP KOMPETENSI PENYULUH DI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

Jelamu Ardu Marius, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Margono Slamet, Pang S. Asngari

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to portray the influence of internal and external factors to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents. The individual characrterization of the agricultural extension agents were the internal factors which assumed to influence in creating the competencies, and those other i.e the non formal education (diklat), the milieu, and the extension organization structure were the external factors. The respondents were selected by the random and purposive sampling method in the three regency as research area. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) program 8.72 by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) models. The results of the research showed that the internal factors were influenced positively and significantly to the competencies of the agricultural extension agents both before and after the autonomy, but those other were not.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2155

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

MOTIVASI, KEPUASAN KERJA DAN PRODUKTIVITAS PENYULUH PERTANIAN LAPANGAN: KASUS KABUPATEN SUKABUMI

Aida Vitayala S. Hubeis

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the study was to find out the motivation, job satisfaction and job productivity of Agriculture Extension Workers (AEW). Respondent of the study was 36 AEW at Sukabumi district, West Java. The results of study have shown that most extension agents are male, relatively old, married and having more than three children. Most of them have had diploma program, participated in several trainings, 20 years of working experience, and belonging to third rank employee. Internal factors of AEW (achievement, recognition, job and responsibility are the internal factors performed significance factors. The motivation of agriculture extension agents has influenced by intrinsic and extrinsic factors; Job satisfaction influenced by psychology, and social, while physical and financial factors have no influence; Job productivity influenced by internal (achievement, recognition, job, responsibility) and external factors (FEW status, interpersonal relation) education background and capacity building, skill, technology, working environment, and discipline. All internal factors, achievement-recognition-work-responsibility has siginificance influence to extension workers productive works.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2156

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PEMBACA DALAM MEMPEROLEH INFORMASI GAYA HIDUP SEHAT (Studi kasus Pembaca Tabloid Senior di Kecamatan Bogor Utara)

Endang Sri Wahyuni, Ma’mun Sarma, Ismail Pulungan

 

 

Abstract

 

Healthy behavior is an important physical and psychological needs for human beings. Therefore, to attain good healthy behavior results, it is essential to study of the process to obtain information oh healthy life style in the Senior tabloid. Objectives of this research are to analyze individual characteristic (internal factors) and external factors (physical environment, social environment, and cultural environment), and to analyze the relationship between the internal factors and external factors and reader behavior. This study is a correlational description research, consists of 40 respondens of Senior tabloid reader were taken as sample. The sampling method was Sensus, and the technique of analysis were Spearman correlation method.The important results are : (1) reader behavior classified of five parts: exertion obtain an information source, reading frequency, reading schedule, exertion to store the information source, and information application, (2) internal factors that have significantly correlate to reder behavior are: job, healthy life style experience, family quantity, and cosmopolit, and (3) external factors that have significantly correlate to reader behavior are: packaging, content (topic and language), self concept, group effect, value system, and social process.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2157

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

PROSES ADOPSI INOVASI PERTANIAN SUKU PEDALAMAN ARFAK DI KABUPATEN MANOKWARI – PAPUA BARAT

Mulyadi Mulyadi, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Pang S. Asngari, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Although the agriculture activities has been introduced for relatively a long time, the subsistent agriculture of the Arfak Tribal Group has still dominated in their agriculture system. In their agriculture activities, the new innovations has been adopted for a short time. The new innovations to be seen as a disturbance to their conservative norms. But this theory disagreed by Boef et al. (1993:206) as noted that the conservative system is not the cause but the top down agriculture program which contradicted with the local norms. This research are aimed to:(1) Identify the factors influencing the adoption process by the Arfak tribal group.(2)Identify the perceptions of the Arfak people about the agriculture innovations and extension education which they received from the government.(3) Identify the social culture values (norms, traditional system, custom) both the supporting and the obstructing the farm of Arfak people. The research used survey method and participation observation. Data are analized by proportion analysis and Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results of the research showed that:(1) The social capital which supported the innovations adoption process by the Arfak tribe are emphaty ability, cosmopolitant behaviour, creative and innovative ability.(2) There are significant correlation between the Arfak people with their learning needs, social culture, and responsive behavior of extension education launched by the government officials

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2158

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

ANALISIS SISTEM KELEMBAGAAN DALAM PERENCANAAN DAN STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN LAHAN KRITIS DAS BILA

Andi Nuddin, Naik Sinukaban, Kukuh Murtilaksono, Hadi S. Alikodra

 

Abstract

 

The rehabilitation program of critical land had been done since 1985 until 2001, but Bila watershed condition did not get better, even the width of critical land and erotion got more increase. Those were caused by some factors, involved: unaccruracy of technology, limited baudget, and unoptimal institution. Analysis of this study was focused on institution factor. Some of institution aspects that caused failure of rehabilitation of critical land Bila watershed, were is: role of institution sector, performance of management function, weakness on coordination, unrelevant of strategic program, and priority activity. Data collected was conducted by survey on some samples. Interpretative Structural Modelling and Analitycal Hierarchy Process were applied and the result shown that: (1) The main subject in critical land Bila watershed management were institution at regency level, which is Bappeda and Bapedalda, (2) unsuccess of rehabilitation of critical land Bila watershed was caused by planning weakness, (3) top-down policy, one of nine from main factors must be handled for effectiveness of coordination function, (4) to equalize vision and mission Bila watershed management cross territory was one of foor priority strategic frogram in critical land Bila watershed management, (5) and to increase knowledge and farmer skills were one of seven priority activity in critical land Bila watershed management.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2159

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

Kebudayaan, Pendidikan, dan Pemberdayaan Sumberdaya Manusia ndonesia

Darwis Suharman Gani

 

 

Abstract

 

Pengembangan sumberdaya manusia terkait dengan banyak aspek kehidupan manusia dan bangsa serta kebudayaannya. Indonesia yang multietnik dan multibudaya dengan lebih kurang 216,42 juta penduduk dengan angkatan kerja sebesar 100,32 juta pada tahun 2004 (International Institue for Management Development – IMD, 2005), merupakan negara berpenduduk keempat di dunia dan salah satu negara terpadat penduduknya. Menurut Suwarsih Warnaen (2002), lebih dari 200 etnik tersebar di pulau-pulau di Indonesia, dengan sebaran tak merata dan kebudayaan yang beragam, kebudayaan yang mempengaruhi proses pendidikan, mempengaruhi pelaksanaan pemberdayaan sumberdaya manusia dan pada akhirnya mempengaruhi pengembangan sumberdaya manusia Indonesia secara utuh.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2160

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Untuk Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (Pengalaman Empiris di Wilayah Surakarta Jawa Tengah)

Ravik Karsidi

 

 

Abstract

 

Sejarah telah menunjukkan bahwa Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (UKM) di Indonesia tetap eksis dan berkembang dengan adanya krisis ekonomi yang telah melanda negeri ini sejak tahun 1997, bahkan menjadi katup penyelamat bagi pemulihan ekonomi bangsa karena kemampuannya memberikan sumbangan yang cukup signifikan pada PDM maupun penyerapan tenaga kerja. Data tahun 2003 menunjukkan bahwa jumlah UKM secara nasional ada 42,4 juta dengan memberikan sumbangan terhadap PDB mencapai RP 1.013,5 triliun (56,7% dari total PDB) dan kemampuan penyerapan tenaga kerja sebesar 79 juta jiwa (BDS LPPM UNS, 2005).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2161

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 3, Nomor 2 (2007)

 

Learning to Listen, Learning to Teach: The Power Of Dialogue in Educating Adults

Syafruddin Syafruddin

 

 

Abstract

 

Buku Learning To Listen, Learning To Teach: The power Of Dialogue in Educating Adults, layaklah sebagai buku wajib bagi mereka yang berkecimpung di bidang pengembangan masyarakat, pekerja sosial, penyuluh pembangunan (pertanian, sosial, hukum, kesehatan, agama, pajak, politik, kebudayaan) baik di instansi pemerintah maupun swasta. Buku ini menunjukkan cara ampuh untuk lebih memahami teknik mendidik orang dewasa yaitu melalui kekuatan dialog dengan 12 prinsip yang menyertainya.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v3i2.2162

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

HUBUNGAN KEMANDIRIAN DENGAN KEMAMPUAN TEKNIS BEKERJA PEMUDA TANI PEDESAAN

Muksin Muksin, Amri Jahi, Margono Slamet, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

This research objectives are: (1) to describe characteristics of work autonomy of the farmer youth, (2) to describe technical ability of work, and (3) to analyze relation of work autonomy and technical ability of work. The technique of data collection is using cluster sampling. The number respondent are 251 of youths. The data analysis used descreptive and Chi square analysis. The research results were: The technical ability of farmer youth are lower than youth group that have non agricultural’s job. There are importance to develop Farmer youth technical ability with sistematically process, facilitation and support from the government. Hence, it is suggested to have sound planning and action in agricultural extension program to motivate and enhance the farmer’s youth to get involve in agricultural activities development.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2163

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

KAPASITAS PETANI DALAM MEWUJUDKAN KEBERHASILAN USAHA PERTANIAN: KASUS PETANI SAYURAN DI KABUPATEN PASURUAN DAN KABUPATEN MALANG PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR

Herman S., Sumardjo Sumardjo, Pang S. Asngari, Prabowo Tjitropranoto, Djoko Susanto

 

 

Abstract

 

Farmer’s capacity is the most important factor in agricultural development based on human resources; high level of farmer’s capacity ensures his success and sustainable of agribusiness. The objectives of the research are: to determine the level of farmer’s capacity and to analyze dominant factors affecting farmer’s capacity. The research was carried out in Malang and Pasuruan Districts which are the centres of vegetables in East Java Province. Data were collected using structured interviews and direct observation. Total sample was consisted of 177 farmers, drawn using a cluster random sampling technique. The results of the research show that: the level of farmer’s capacity is in a lows level, there is significant difference of the level of farmer’s capacity in two locations, The level of farmer’s capacity in Malang district is higher than in Pasuruan District. The characteristics of innovation and formal educational are determinant factors affecting farmer’s capacity. The fasctors have significant indirect effect to the success of agribussiness through farmer’s capacity and self reliance in farming. The results of the research imply that agricultural extension should take into consideration the level of farmer’s educational level, farmer’s capacity and characteristics of innovation in developing programs to disseminate innovation and information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2164

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

KOMPETENSI KEWIRAUSAHAAN PETERNAK SAPI PERAH, KASUS PETERNAK SAPI PERAH DI KABUPATEN BANDUNG JAWA BARAT

Krismiwati Muatip, Basita G. Sugihen, Djoko Susanto, Pang S. Asngari

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of the study are as follows: (1) to analyze the entrepre-neurship competence level of dairy farmers, (2) to find out factors that influence the entrepreneurship competence, and (3) to formulize a model of extension service for dairy farmers to improve their entrepreneurship competence level. The research study was conducted at Bandung Regency West Java. The respondents were 151 dairy farmers selected randomly; and the data collected using questionnaires and observation. The number of sample was determined based on Slovin’s formula. Statistical analyses used were correlation, regression and path analysis. The major findings of the study are that the entrepreneurship competence levels of the dairy farmers at the medium category. Factors that influence the entrepreneurship competence of the farmers are their education background and the number of family members, lacking of facilities, informations, and the policy of the government. Extension’s strategies for the entrepreneurship competence improvement are through sthrenghtening of non formal education, and more involvement of family members in daily activities, improvement of daily facilities, informations and sthrenghtening government support.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2165

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KOMPETENSI PETANI RUMPUT LAUT DI KABUPATEN KONAWE PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA

Hartina Batoa, Amri Jahi, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

The seaweed farmers who are competent indicated by their positive behavior on technical and management of sea weed farming. The objectives of the study are: (1) To find the sea weed farmers characteristics in relation to their competence in sea weed farming management; (2) To find evidence how they practice on sea weed farming; (3) To analyse the relationship between the sea weed farmers characteristics and their competence in sea weed farming. The study was desigred as a descriptive correlation, the data were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative methods same important results are: (1) Majority of the farmers are old age, they have enough experiences in sea weed farming, they have frequently interacted with the extension educator; (2) Most of the farmers have enough competent in: a) Selecting the seeds; b) Harvesting; c) Planting; d) Post harvest management; e) Marketing; and f) Preparation of the farming. There were high significant correlation between age, education, experiences, areal of farming, family dependent members, interaction with the extention educator, and the farmers competencies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2166

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

POTENSI MASYARAKAT DAN KELEMBAGAAN LOKAL DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN KELUARGA MISKIN DI PERDESAAN (STUDI KASUS KABUPATEN BONE)

Bustang Bustang, Basita G. Sugihen, Margono Slamet, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

The aim of the research was intended to formulate the model of poor familiy Empowerement by determining both the level and the influencing factors of social responsibility and level of empowerment. Survey and interview techniques were implemented among 276 selected samples, started Nopember 2006 until April 2007. Data was analyzed by using both correlation and path analysis. The results indicated that a number of respondent had a high social responsibility and medium level of empowerment. The increase of social responsibility and level of empowerment were influenced by implementation of good government of local organization, income, and formal education. This study suggests an alternative model of empowerment in order to social responsibility and level of empowerment.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2167

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

ANALISIS USAHATANI JAGUNG PADA LAHAN KERING DI KECAMATAN LIMBOTO KABUPATEN GORONTALO

Ikbal Bahua

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this action research are 1) to describe the structure of expenses of the maize farming at dry farming system, 2) to describe the production and farmers earnings at maize dry farming system. Research Method used is survey method, consisted of the survey of primary and secondary data. Variable perceived is maize farmer labouring maize crop to fulfill its requirement, maize farming conducted at dry farming, produce the maize farming, earnings of maize farming, medium produce, and good labour of labour in and also household outdoors labour of doorstep. Intake sampel conducted by purposive summed uply is farmer becoming sampel is 30 people deputize the population of maize farmer of counted 150 people. Result of research of there are ratio difference of between production cost and production rate at maize farming of maize of hibrida and composite maize farming in dry farming with the value R/C ratio more than 1. For the earnings of, farmer planting compared to higher maize hibrida of farmer earnings planting composite maize with the comparison ratio is 2,60.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2168

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

REFLEKSI TERHADAP PROGRAM BINA DESA HUTAN : Intensifikasi Pertanian Sawah di Desa Tanjung Paku, Kecamatan Seruyan Hulu, Kabupaten Seruyan, Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah

Pudji Muljono

 

 

Abstract

 

Salah satu masalah klasik yang harus diatasi oleh Departemen Kehutanan dan perusahaan pemegang konsesi pengusahaan hutan menyangkut keberadaan masyarakat desa hutan adalah upaya untuk mengendalikan aktivitas perladangan berpindah. Dari segi demografis, menurut data FAO populasi masyarakat peladang yang ada di Indonesia berjumlah lebih kurang 12 juta jiwa dengan areal ladang seluas 35 juta hektar. Sementara menurut BPS, jumlah manusia Indonesia yang menggantungkan hidupnya pada sistem pertanian ladang sebanyak 5,6 juta jiwa dengan luas areal sebesar 10,4 juta hektar (Nugraha, 2005).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2169

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

Pemberdayaan Petani: Paradigma Baru Penyuluhan Pertanian di Indonesia

Dwi Sadono

 

 

Abstract

 

Peranan sektor pertanian dalam perekonomian nasional sangat penting dan strategis. Hal ini terutama karena sektor pertanian masih memberikan lapangan pekerjaan bagi sebagian besar penduduk yang ada di pedesaan dan menyediakan bahan pangan bagi penduduk. Peranan lain dari sektor pertanian adalah menyediakan bahan mentah bagi industri dan menghasilkan devisa negara melalui ekspor non migas. Bahkan sektor pertanian mampu menjadi katup pengaman perekonomian nasional dalam menghadapi krisis ekonomi yang melanda Indonesia dalam satu dasawarsa terakhir ini.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2170

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 1 (2008)

 

REGENERATING AGRICULTURE Policies and Practice for Sustainability and Self-Reliance

Anna Fatchiya

 

Abstract

 

Buku ini dengan jelas memberikan gambaran kepada para pembaca tentang paradigma pembangunan pertanian yang berlanjutan (sustainability). Pada awal tulisan, penulis mendiskripsikan tentang konsep pertanian yang berkelanjutan dan diakhiri dengan perihal kebijakan-kebijakan yang mengarah pada pertanian berkelanjutan. Buku ini sangat tepat untuk dibaca bagi para pemerhati pembangunan pedesaan, para praktisi pembangunan pertanian dan pedesaan, serta pihak pembuat kebijakan di level pusat maupun daerah. Dengan membaca buku ini kita akan memperoleh pemahaman yang lebih baik dan lebih mendalam tentang pembangunan pertanian yang berkelanjutan dan mendapatkan pencerahan yang mungkin selama ini pemikiran atau wawasan kita masih terkungkung pada paradigma pembangunan pertanian yang hanya menekankan pada aspek peningkatan produksi. Khusus bagi para penyuluh dan pembuat kebijakan penyuluhan pertanian, buku ini dapat dijadikan referensi yang bermutu untuk penyusunan program penyuluhan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i1.2171

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

MANFAAT KETERLIBATAN PETANI DALAM POLA KEMITRAAN AGRIBISNIS SAYURAN DI JAWA BARAT

Ninuk Purnaningsih, Basita G. Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

The main problems for vegetable farmers are low technology and intensive use of pesticide, therefore farmers cannot produce vegetables with good quality continually. By applying agribusiness partnership it is expected the farmers would be able to overcome the limitation of technology and capital for small farmers attainment a good quality of vegetables, and problem of marketing. This study was aimed to analyze benefit involvement of farmers in agribusiness partnership. Collective case study method was used in five agribusiness companies and one co-operation which applying partnership of agribusiness in West Java: i.e. Bogor, Cianjur, Bandung, and Garut. The population are farmers around company and co-operation, the unit of analysis is farmers household counted of the 285 farmers. Involvement of farmers in partnership has effect on the improvement of farmers income, the use of technology (production and handling), appropriate pesticide use use, labor absorption, and capital usage. Involvement of farmers in partnership also has effect on continuity of farmers business.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2173

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR PENENTU PENINGKATAN KINERJA PENYULUH PERTANIAN DALAM MEMBERDAYAKAN PETANI (Kasus di Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau)

Marliati Marliati, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Pang S. Asngari, Prabowo Tjitropranoto, Asep Saefuddin

 

Abstract

 

The agriculture extension program can be developed effectively and efficiently by professional personal in agriculture extension field. The existing main problem is low quality and quantity of agri-extension workers (include in Kampar district, Riau province). Therefore, the goals of this research are: (1) To analyze: farmer characteristics; social system characteistics; agri-extension worker competencies; agri-extension worker performance to empower farmer and level of fulfill need for farmer’s capacity development in agribusiness; (2) To analyze determinant factors which influenze agri-extension worker performance to empowering farmer and (3) To formulate strategy to increase agri-extension worker performance to empower farmer. Through multistage cluster sampling technique, this research have found farmers sample with 180 person amoun (each of them consist of: 60 food crops farmers, 60 oil palm farmers and 60 rubber farmers). This research have been done from June 2007 up to October 2007. The analysis of data done by descriptive analysis and Path analysis. The research conclusion are: performance level of agri-extension worker to empower farmer still not yet good (“enough” category) because of the influence factor to the performance of agri-extension worker: agri-extension worker competencies (communication competency; competency in farmers learning and competency in social interaction); farmer characteristics ( farmer’s access to the non formal education) and social sistem support (soscio-cultural values; agribusiness facilitation by government institution and fartmer’s access to the aggribusiness institution) are still not yet (“enough” category).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2174

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

KINERJA PENYULUH PERTANIAN DI JAWA BARAT

Nani Sufiani Suhanda, Amri Jahi, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

The study was conducted in August through Desember 2007. The objectives of this study were:1) to identify their job performance and 2) to determine the relationship of the agent characters and their job performances at different type of extension institution in district level. A total of 260 AEA from 17 districts in West Java were selected by stratified randomized sampling technique with proportional allocation as sample of the study. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the agents’ distribution on certain characteristics. The results shown that some substantial works need to be done in order to improve the agents’ performances due to low hygiene factors and insufficient of motivating factors. Furthermore, the Kendall coefficient of concordance W obtained mostly high and highly significant. Therefore, it were concluded respectively that AEA performed best in involving informal leaders, farmer group development, extension work plan, using extension method, program planning; and performed well in evaluation and reporting subject matters of development, farmer self reliance development, office maintenance and administrative, rural economic development and need assessment. Finally, Agriculture extension agent performed unsatisfactorily in evaluation and reporting, networking and professional development.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2175

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

PERAN KELOMPOK PETERNAK DALAM MENGEMBANGKAN KEBERDAYAAN PETERNAK SAPI PERAH (KASUS DI KABUPATEN BANDUNG)

Unang Yunasaf, Basita Ginting, Margono Slamet, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the research was to study the role of the group farmers especially in term of dynamic of the group farmers, empowerment of the dairy farmers, and their relationship. The sampling population is milk cooperative at Bandung district and target population are the dairy farmers as the members of the cooperative. Sample of research were collected by multistage sampling technique with the result that 4 cooperative and 120 person of dairy farmers. The relationship of the variables were tested by Spearman’s rank correlation. The results showed that the group of dairy farmers tend by the cooperative as instrument for improving production of milk of dairy farmers but no facility sufficient so the dairy farmers have empowerment. The dynamic group of farmers was low. The empowerment of dairy farmer was low, especially in the role of dairy farmers as manager and individual of autonomy. There was positive significant correlation between the dynamic group of farmers are empowerment of the dairy farmers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2176

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

LUAS LAHAN DAN PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN DASAR (Kasus Rumahtangga Petani Miskin di Daerah Dataran Tinggi Kabupaten Kepahiang)

Bahrin Bahrin, Basita G Sugihen, Djoko Susanto, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

The mayority of the poor farmers have relativity enough land, approximately 1 Ha per household. Their poverty is considered as relatively poor. There were four factors which make the poor farmers hardly overcome their problems, namely: working pattern which mostly rely on physical potency; low level of adoption of innovation; poverty trap bounding and low competence to manage opportunity and potency. The poor farmers have to be motivated to get involve in learning process. By doing this approach it is hoped that the farmers could change to get better, more effective dan more productive in land use.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2177

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

KEMANDIRIAN PEMBUDIDAYA IKAN PATIN DI LAHAN GAMBUT DI DESA TANGKIT BARU, KEC. KUMPE ULU, KABUPATEN MUARO JAMBI PROVINSI JAMBI

Aprolita Aprolita, Siti Amanah, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Self reliance of the patin fish farmers in Tangkit Baru Village is very important to promote better quality of life. Self reliance of the fish farmers reflected ability of them in coping the problems and finding out of alternatives solution. The objectives of the study were: (1) To indentify the characteristics of patin fish farmers in peatlands, (2) To analyze self reliance of the patin fish farmers in managing of aquaculture, (3) To analyze the relationship between the self reliance of the patin fish farmers and their characteristics. Population of this study were the patin fish farmers in Tangkit Baru. The number of the respondens were 69 patin fish farmers in Tangkit Baru which were taken by simple random sample. The data were collected on May to July 2007. The data were analyzed by using Correlation Spearman. The results of the study were: (1) Cultivation of patin fish in Tangkit Baru village is very successful. The fish farmers could modify their business well, as they conducted their budiness independently, (2) Patin fish farmers have been done a good action in capital management, production process and marketing, (3) There were significant relation between self reliance of the patin fish farmers and their characteristics, namely in formal education, motivation, family dependent members, cosmopolite, man power, and experience in business.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2178

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

Pelibatan Masyarakat Lokal: Upaya Memberdayakan Masyarakat Menuju Hutan

Adi Riyanto Suprayitno

 

Abstract

 

Undang-undang No. 41 Tahun 1999 menyatakan bahwa hutan merupakan anugerah Tuhan yang wajib disyukuri, dilestarikan dan dikelola sehingga dapat memberikan manfaat kepada manusia. Dengan melihat arti pentingnya kawasan hutan sebagai penyangga kehidupan yang diharapkan mampu memberikan sebesar-besarnya manfaat bagi keberlangsungan hajat hidup orang banyak, maka keberadaan hutan harus dipertahankan secara optimal. Oleh karena itu, pengelolaan hutan yang berkelanjutan atau lestari mutlak diperlukan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2179

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

Sistem Penyuluhan Perikanan Dalam Mengantisipasi Era Perubahan

Siti Amanah

 

Abstract

 

Sejak diimplementasikannya Undang-Undang Nomor 22 Tahun 1999 tentang Pemerintahan Daerah jo. Undang-Undang Nomor 32 Tahun 2004, institusi penyuluhan di Indonesia berubah sangat cepat. Lembaga penyuluhan di berbagai lembaga mengalami perubahan, ada yang menguat, melemah, dan ada pula yang betul-betul terhapus dalam struktur lembaga pemerintah. Sejak tahun 1980-an, berbagai upaya telah dilakukan untuk melegimitasi sistem penyuluhan melalui peraturan perundang-undangan. Berbagai pertemuan telah dilakukan oleh para pakar, praktisi penyuluh, dan perwakilan dari departemen terkait untuk mengupayakan terbitnya undang-undang yang menjadi payung hukum bagi pengembangan sistem penyuluhan. Baru pada tahun 2006, Undang-undang yang dinanti-nantikan oleh seluruh penyuluh dan pakar penyuluhan pembangunan terbit. Pasca Undang-undang No. 16/2006, kebijakan dan strategi penyuluhan perikanan perlu senantiasa dikembangkan sehingga menjadi sebuah sistem yang adaptif, inovatif, dan teruji.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2180

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 4, Nomor 2 (2008)

 

The Leadership Challenge: How to Get Extraordinary Things Done in Organizations

Dwi Sadono

 

 

Abstract

 

The Leadership Challenge berusaha memberi arah bagaimana para pemimpin dan “calon pemimpin” dalam mengasah kemampuan mereka untuk memimpin agar dapat melakukan hal-hal yang luar biasa. Buku ini membantu mengembangkan kapasitas anda dalam membimbing orang lain memperoleh pengalaman yang tak terduga sebelumnya. Selanjutnya, buku ini tidak berbicara mengenai bagaimana berada dalam posisi (seperti mengandaikan kepemimpinan sebagai suatu tempat) namun mengenai bagaimana caranya memiliki keberanian dan semangat untuk membuat perubahan yang signifikan. Penulis banyak menghadirkan cerita dari orang biasa, dari berbagai sisi kehidupan, yang dianggap memiliki kesuksesan luar biasa.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v4i2.2181

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Perilaku Anak Jalanan dan Strategi Pengentasannya di Bandung, Bogor, dan Jakarta

Sri Tjahjorini, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Margono Slamet, Djoko Susanto, Darwis S Gani

 

Abstract

 

Street child problems, like iceberge phenomenon, of which the regional pockets, the distribution and the age tremendously increase day by day. Since 1997 the government of Indonesia through the Social Ministry has been carrying out efforts to overcome the problems, but up to now the efforts have not yielded the expected results because of the limited information of the problems. The present research was addressed to provide informations on the phenomenon profiles of street children and strategies for their elimination in Bandung, Bogor and Jakarta. Data were collected using structured interviews, focus group discussion and direct observation. The collected data were analysed using parametric and non-parametric statistics. Population were street children, 5-21 years of age. Sample in each region was consisted of 75 persons, 50 males and 25 famales, drawn using cluster random sampling  technique, and 25 parents of  the respondens as a cross check. The influence of family background on the street children behavior, direct or indirectly, was more obvious compared to that of  environmental background. The latter was indirect through sociologic characteristics of the street children particularly on the non formal education. Strategy for elimination of the street children could be equally applied for the whole regions, except for its approach, which can use the TRIBINA, which means  Human Building, Environmental Building and Efforts Building could be employed.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9769

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Kearifan Lokal dan Hambatan Inovasi Pertanian Suku Pedalaman Arfak di Kabupaten Manokwari Papua Barat

Mulyadi Mulyadi, Basita G Sugihen, Pang S Asngari, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

West Papua has the various natural resources and the human resources which have not yet been empowered optimally. Although the agriculture activities has been introduced for a long time, the subsistens agriculture has still dominated in the Arfak Tribal Group agriculture system. In their agriculture activities, the new innovation has been adopted for a short time. The new innovation on agricultural system has been considered as a disturbance of their conservative norms. But this theory disagreed by Boef et al. (1993:206) as noted that the conservative system is not the cause but the top down agriculture program which contradicted with the local wisdoms. This research is aimed to: to find the knowledge system and the local technology of Arfak people, and identify the social culture values (norms, traditional system, custom) both the supporting and the obstructing the farm of Arfak people. The results of the research showed that: (1) The Arfak tribe (people) have the indegenous knowledge to protect and to concervate the forest and to defend the food stability by the three ways, i.e (a) The three period planting, (b) multiplecrop system, (c) the natural food barn. (2) Much of the economic income has been used to fullfilled the requirements of the traditions as  marrying, death, punishment of the tradition, and local fest. They are also fear to go out by the home because they believe to the supernatural power as called “Swanggi” which sent by the other village people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9781

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Aktualisasi Tanggungjawab Sosial Masyarakat pada Kelu arga Miskin d i Perdesaan: Studi Kasus Desa Pedalaman di Kabupaten Bone

Bustang Bustang, Basita G Sugihen, Margono Slamet, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

This research was intended to formulate the strategy to increase The Actuality and Social Responsibility to Poor Families at Rural Area. Survey were implemented among 57 selected samples, started Nopember 2006 until April 2007. Data was analyzed by using both correlation and path analysis. The results indicated that a number of respondent had a high social responsibility. The increasement of social responsibility and level of empowerment were influenced by implementation of good government of local organization, income, and formal education. This study suggests an alternative model of empowerment in order to social responsibility.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9785

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Kompetensi Wirausaha Santri di Beberapa Pesantren di Jawa Barat dan Banten

U Maman, Amri Jahi

 

Abstract

 

The student of pesantren (santri) should have integrated competencies, consist of Islamic knowledge, Islamic personalities, and entrepreneurship competencies. The Santri’s characteristics are predicted to contribute to the santri’s entrepreneurship competencies. For this assumption, the research objective is to know the contribution of santri’s characteristics, Islamic knowledge   and personalities to the santri’s entrepreneurship competencies. Data collecting was held during December 2006-April 2007 from the 158 students in 13 pesantren in West Java and Banten.  The santri’s characteristics include age, level of formal education, experience of business training before entering to the pesantren, parent job, perception of talent and interest. The variables contribute to the entrepreneurship competencies are proved the Islamic personalities, perception of talent, Islamic knowledge abilities, and interest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9789

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Kualifikasi Pemuda Tani Perdesaan di Jawa Timur

Muksin Muksin, Margono Slamet, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

This research objectives are: (1) to analyze characteristics and qualification of the farmer youth, (2) to explain the implication of famer youth qualification. The research population are all youth in East Java. The technique of data collecting was cluster sampling. The number of respondents are 251 of youth. The descriptive and correspondency data analysis was used to analyse the data. The research results were: (1) The degree of farmer youth education is low category (2) The qualification of farmer youth that have activity in agricultural sector is lower than rural youth that have activity in non agricultural sector, (3) Farmer youth need facilitation to grow and develop their competencies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9792

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Karakteristik Wanita Tuna Susila (WTS) dan Pengetahuan Tentang HIV/AIDS WTS di Panti Rehabilitasi Jawa Barat

Sudaryat Sudaryat, Amri Jahi, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

The characteristics of prostitutes were predicted to be related to their knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The reseach was designed as a descriptive survey involving 100 respondent/prostitutes from the Rehabilitation Center, selected through a Proportional Random Sampling. The collected data were put into a descriptive-qualitative analysis and the test Concordation Kendall W. The reseach has the following result: the average age of prostitutes is 26, they are maried, have the formal education of an elementary level, level of income 2.182.900 rupiahs, medium intrinsic motivation, low extrinsic motivation, have a perception of an ideal life for woman, working experience up to 1 year, never have violent sexual treatment, medium economic condition, low level of obedience to social norm, no social effect of origin, long distance to workplace, medium intensity of interaction with other prostitutes, moderate sexual teaching, high intensity of contact with costumers, and low perception of hedonism sex. In general the prostitutes know about HIV/AIDS. There is degree of similarity among them concerting the various characteristics of 10 ranking areas of HIV/AIDS knowledge, in which they are interested. As a conclusion, of the ten knowledge areas, there are three main areas of knowledge considered the most important: 1) the danger of HIV/AIDS, 2) method of transmission, and 3) preventing method.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9795

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Keberdayaan Petani Sayuran dalam Mengakses Informasi Pertanian di Sulawesi Selatan

Lukman Hakim, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

Focus of this study is to research the capacity of crop farmers in improving their agribusiness by accessing agricultural information. The research objectives are to analyze the power of crop farmers in accessing relevant, accurate and timely information; and to analyze the relationship between accessing information, the level of empowerment of group farmers and the level of farmers productivity. This study was carried out at two districts Suchar Gowa and Enrekang at South Sulawesi Province. Primary data was collected from 240 respondents who are members of farmers group and their main activities are crop quowers. Quantitative analysis and qualitative descriptive analysis were employed to analyze the result of this study. The variables of this study are: relevance of information (X1); information accuracy (X2); timely manner of information (X3); the level of empowerment (Y1); and the level of farmers productivity (Y2).The capacity for farmers to access information was low. The capacity of farmers group and farmers productivity were low. The access of information had a significant relation with the level of group empowerment and the level of farmers productivity. Variables of the relevance of information and information accuracy have positive influence to the level of group capacity in accesing information. Variable of information accuracy have significant positive influence to the level of farmers productivity. Based on the relationship between variables in the model of farmers capacity to access agricultural information, it shows that variables of information accuracy and variables of task and group function were dominant and strategic factors related to farmers productivity. That means these indicators have significant role to improvement of farmers productivity.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9938

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Kinerja Penyuluhan di Nusa Tenggara Timur

Jelamu Ardu Marius, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Margono Slamet, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to portray the influence of internal and external  factors to the performance of the agricultural extension. The individual characrterization of the agricultural extension agents were the internal factors which assumed to influence toward the performance of agricultural extension and  those other i.e the non formal extension education (diklat), the milieu, and the extension organization structure were the external factors. The respondents were selected by the random and purposive sampling method in the three regency as research area. Data analysis was done by using descriptive and Linear Structural Relationship (LISREL) program 8.72 by Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) models.   The results of the research showed that the non formal extension education and the extension organization structure were influenced positively and significantly to  the performacen of extension (external factors), but those other were not.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9799

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Kinerja dan Motivasi Penyuluh Pertanian di Provinsi Jawa Barat

Nani Sufiani Suhanda, Amri Jahi, Basita G Sugihen, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

A research to investigate the relationship of the agricultural extension agent (AEA) motivator-hygiene factors and their job performances at different agriculture extension institution in west java was conducted in August through Desember 2007.  The objectives of this study were:1) to identify their job performance and 2) to determine the relationship of the agent motivator-hygiene factors and their job performances in west Java Province.  A total of 260 AEA from 17 districts in West Java were selected by a stratified randomized sampling technique with proportional allocation as a sample of the study. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the agents’ description  on their motivator-hygiene factors,  whereas the Kendall coefficient of concordance W  was used to analyze  the relationship of AEA performance and their motivator-hygiene factors. The results shown that some substantial works need to be done in order to improve the agents’ performances due to low hygiene factors and insufficient of motivating factors.  Furthermore, the Kendall coefficient of concordance W obtained mostly high and highly significant. It could be concluded that AEA performed best in respectively involving informal leaders, farmer group development, extension work plan, using extension method, program planning; and performed well in evaluation and reporting subject matters development, farmer self reliance development, office maintenance and administrative, rural economic development and need assessment.  Finally, Agriculture extension agent performed unsatisfactorily in evaluation and reporting, networking and professional development.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9800

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Efektivitas Kelembagaan Petani (Kasus di Provinsi Jawa Tengah)

Sapja Anantanyu, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Margono Slamet, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

The effectiveness farmer’s institutions were needed for the agricultural development in globalization economic era. Economic indicators, agricultural infrastructures, and government policy often cause small farmer to economical and social marginalized. On the other side, farmer’s institutions which are expected be able to strengthen the farmer position to face the existing problems not effectively yet. The purpose of this research are to: (1) Identify and explain various factors have affected on the effectiveness of farmer’s institution, and (2) Formulate an appropriate strategy in capacity building of farmer’s institution.  This Research was conducted at three district of Center Java Province, there are: Klaten, Grobogan, and Karanganyar. The result shows that effectiveness of farmer’s institution is still at medium category. Effectiveness of farmer’s institution was directly influenced by level of member’s participation in farmer’s institution, outsider role, formal education, and local leadership. Famer’s income,  the quality of extension, social participation, needs, and capacities level of farmer were indirectly influenced to the effectiveness of farmer’s institution by participation in farmer’s institution. Learning experience of famer indirectly influences to the effectiveness of farmer’s institution by capacities level of farmer. The quality of agricultural extension, directly and indirectly, influences to the farmer’s capacities. It increases their participation in farmer’s institution and push their institution effectiveness.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9803

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 1 (2009)

 

Karakteristik Pelanggan Dan Persepsi Pelanggan Terhadap Pelayanan Puskesmas (Kasus di Kota Kotamobagu dan Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow Utara, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara)

Mutu G Mokoginta, Basita G Sugihen, Djoko Susanto, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

Clients characteristics and clients perception to the Community health service has been considered as two important aspects. Clients characteristics measured by age, income, works, sex, education background, number of families, distances to community health service, the understanding of mean, goal, and benefit for healthy life. Clients perception to the Community health service measured by medical worker, health services and the cure that has been given has a high level category. Clients satisfaction conducted by Community Health Service tends to be high category.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i1.9805

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 2 (2009)

 

Analisis Program Pemberdayaan Ekonomi Rumah Tangga Miskin

Ahmad Alam, Titik Sumarti

 

Abstract

 

Kemisikinan merupakan masalah yang umum terjadi di Indonesia terutama setelah krisis pada tahun 1997-1999. Salah satu organisasi yang pedulu dengan masalah ini dan ingin mengurangi tingkat kemiskinan adalah Dompet Peduli Umat Daarut Tauhid (DPU DT) Bogor, dengan program yang bernama Mikrofinance Berbasis Masyarakat (Misykat). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis realisasi dalam implementasi prinsip pemberdayaan dan program Misykat dalam meningkatkan pemberdayaan ekonomi masyarakat rumah tangga miskin di Kampung Loji, Kelurahan Loji, Jawa Barat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif, yakni teknik survei dan didukung dengan data kualitatif daro responden terpilih. Pertama, responden pada penelitian ini berjumlah 26 responden dan merupakan perempuan. Kedua, penelitian ini juga menggunakan data dari DPU DT dan Kelurahan Loji. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa program Misykat telah diimplementasikan dengan menerapkan prinsip pemberdayaaan seperti dialog, penemuan(invensi) dan pembangunan. Tingkat pemberdayaan ekonomi dari partisipan tinggi.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i2.11412

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 2 (2009)

 

Program Pemberdayaan Small And Medium Enterprise Promotion (SMEP) Oleh Swisscontact

Al Briham Jarmal, Murdianto Murdianto

 

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis strategi pemberdayaan pada program Small and Medium Enterprise (SMEP) dan untuk menganalisis proses pemberdayaan pada program SMEP. Program ini dijalankan oleh SwissContact (salah satu NGO internasional), dan penerima manfaat adalah kelompok usaha kecil Jins di Cipulir. Metode yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah metode kualitatif dengan metode pengambilan sampel adalah metode snowball. Hasil dari strategi pemberdayaan yang digunakan oleh Swisscontact adalah strategi fasilitasi. Ini artinya kelompok usaha kecil Jins di Cipulir telah mengetahui permasalahan mereka namun mereka tidak mengetahui cara memecahkannya. Strategi ini menjadikan Swisscontact sebagai agen pembaharuan pada program SMEP ini. Hasil kedua dari penelitian adalah proses pemberdayaan dalam program ini dibagi atas dua tahap. Tahap pertama adalah proses primer, pada proses ini kelompok usaha kecil Jins di Cipulir diberikan sebuah pelatihan untuk mengembangkan produksinya. Kedua merupakan proses sekunder, dalam proses ini kelompok usaha kecil Jins di Cipulir memiliki sebuah kelompok diskusi dengan Swisscontact dan pemain lainnya di area tersebut. Tujuan diadakan diskusi adalah untuk mengembangkan dan memotivasi mereka selama program berlangsung.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i2.11414

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 2 (2009)

 

Persepsi Mahasiswa Terhadap Kesadaran Gender

Alwin Taher, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis

 

Abstract

 

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis: 1) persepsi mahasiswa terhadap kesadaran gender; 2) hubungan antara sosialisasi primer (jenis kelamin, agama, suku bangsa, tingkat pendidikan orang tua, orang tua pekerjaan, dan tingkat gaji orang tua),) dengan persepsi mahasiswa terhadap kesadaran gender; 3) hubungan antara sosialisasi sekunder (daerah tempat tinggal, aktivitas organisasi, interaksi media massa, hubungan dengan teman, kelas gender dan kuliah pengembangan, dan indeks prestasi kumulatif) dengan persepsi mahasiswa terhadap kesadaran gender. Sampel dari penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa dari Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Departemen Sains Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Masyarakat. Penelitian ini dimulai pada Mei sampai Juni 2009 menggunakan jumlah sampel 70 responden. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan SPSS 14. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) Persepsi mahasiswa terhadap kesadaran gender yang tinggi (39 responden) dan lain-lain (31 responden) memiliki tingkat persepsi media mahasiswa pada kesadaran gender; 2) Sosialisasi primer yang memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan persepsi mahasiswa terhadap kesadaran gender hanya seks dan yang lain tidak memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan persepsi mahasiswa terhadap kesadaran gender; 3) semua sosialisasi sekunder (ruang tamu, aktivitas organisasi, interaksi media massa, hubungan dengan teman, kelas gender dan kuliah pengembangan, dan prestasi indeks kumulatif) tidak memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan persepsi mahasiswa pada kesadaran gender.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i2.11415

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 2 (2009)

 

Hubungan Iklan Produk Kecantikan Di Televisi Dengan Orientasi Tubuh Wanita Bekerja

Lidia Astuti, Siti Amanah

 

Abstract

 

Perkembangan teknologi dan informasi media merupakan salah satu faktor besar yang mempengaruhi pembentukan gambaran dalam masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) menganalisis karakteristik dari wanita pekerja di pedesaan dan perkotaan; (2) menganalisis hubungan antara karakteristik individu dengan orientasi tubuh wanita bekerja; (3) Menganalisis hubungan antara lingkungan sosiologis dengan orientasi tubuh wanita bekerja. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey dan dilaksanakan di Menteng, Kecamatan Bogor Barat dan Cihideung Udik Kota Bogor. . Jumlah sampel penelitian ini adalah 60 orang. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dan korelasi. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah Wanita bekerja di wilayah perkotaan dan pedesaan memiliki karakteristik individu yang berbeda. Perbedaan ini dilihat dari usia responden, tingkat pendidikan formal, gaya hidup akan kecantikan, aktifitas pekerjaan, dan pendapatan keluarga.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i2.11416

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 2 (2009)

 

Evaluasi Program Jakarta Green And Clean Sebagai Implementasi CSR PT. Unilever Indonesia Tbk

Mohamad Fahmi Hendrawan, Ninuk Purnaningsih

 

Abstract

 

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi kebijakan perusahaan dan menganalisis pelaksanaan CSR PT. Unilever Indonesia Tbk, dan evaluasi dari input, proses, output dari Program Jakarta Green and Clean serta faktor  yang mempengaruhi efektivitas pelaksanaan program di RW 13, Kelurahan Cipinang Melayu, Jakarta Timur. Penelitian ini melihat hubungan antara faktor internal dan eksternal dengan output Program seperti perubahan perilaku yang melibatkan pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan perubahan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa perubahan perilaku yang melibatkan pengetahuan, sikap dan tindakan yang tinggi karena dampak program. Ini berarti bahwa Program Jakarta Green and Clean berhasil dalam pelaksanaannya dibantu oleh responden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i2.11417

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 5, Nomor 2 (2009)

 

Persepsi Masyarakat Sekitar Terhadap Aktivitas PT. IKPP Mills Tangerang

Siti Hani Rahmanita, Ninuk Purnaningsih

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini adalah tentang persepsi masyarakat di sekitar PT IKPP Mills terhadap aktivitas PT. IKPP Mills Tangerang untuk kegiatan pabrik berdasarkan faktor individu dan faktor eksternal. Selain itu, penelitian ini mempelajari tentang upaya pabrik untuk mempengaruhi persepsi masyarakat sekitar pabrik yang meliputi komunikasi dan tanggung jawab sosial perusahaan (CSR). Dalam penelitian ini, identifikasi dari persepsi dilihat dari lima aspek termasuk persepsi terhadap pabrik berdasarkan bahan dasar, mesin, dan instrumen;  persepsi terhadap situasi staf pabrik; persepsi terhadap proses produksi pabrik; persepsi terhadap limbah pabrik; dan persepsi terhadap pengaruh pabrik pada sosial, ekonomi, dan lingkungan. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah sebagian besar responden memiliki persepsi positif terhadap kegiatan pabrik, kecuali terhadap limbah pabrik. Penelitian ini berguna untuk jaminan pabrik keberlanjutan dengan meningkatkan dampak positif pabrik kepada masyarakat di daerah operasi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v5i2.11419

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

 

Model Pengembangan Kompetensi Penyuluh Berbasis Pemanfaatan Media (Kasus Di Kabupaten Karawang dan Garut, Provinsi Jawa Barat)

  1. Oos M. Anwas, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Pang S Asngari, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

 

Abstract

 

The present study was to the degree of agricultural extension agents’ competency, the dominant factors influence their competency, and also to formulate the model for developing the competency of agricultural extension agents. The study used explanatory research method on 170 agricultural extension agents who work within paddy farmers area (Karawang) and within vegetable farmers area (Garut). Samples from paddy farmers area were taken by using random sampling technique, while those from vegetable farmers area were taken by using census method. Then a data verification was conducted toward 206 farmers who were the clients of the agricultural extension agents. Data collection was conducted during February to April 2009. Data were analyzed using descriptive technique and path analysis. The result of the study showed that the extent of media utilization and the agricultural extension agents’ competency tended to be at a low level. Several dominant factors influenced their their competences.
Keyword: agricultural extension agents, mass media, programmed media, environmental media, competencies

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10660

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Instrumen Penentuan Kebutuhan Pelatihan dalam Penyuluhan Sosial

Mokhamad O Royani, Amri Jahi, Darwis S. Gani, Djoko Susanto, Gusti Putu Purnaba

 

Abstract

 

The information about training needs for the social service employee toward social extension recently has not been available; therefor it is important to design a training in order to realize the competence of social extension. Lacking of those information due to the fact that there is not a valid dan reliable instrument to collect data on training needs of the social extension. The objective of this research is to determine a valid and reliable instrument to measure training needs on social extension. The research was carried out in October to November 2008 at eleven regencies/cities at south Kalimantan. The total of sample 228 people, taken randomly from the population of social service employee in south Kalimantan. The result of research is four kinds of instrument which is used in this research valid and reliable to measure the traning needs on social extension. The suggestion is the decision to choose instrument which relatively the same about the level of validity and its reliability on the basis of dimension consideration to the training needs that want to know.
Key words: training needs, social extension, instrument of training needs assesment

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10661

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Strategi Pengembangan Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian dalam Pendidikan Jarak Jauh Universitas Terbuka: Kasus Alumni UT di wilayah Serang, Karawang, Cirebon, dan Tanggamus

Nurul Huda, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Margono Slamet, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

 

Abstract

 

Performance is an implementation of work. For agricultural extension agents, performances are indicators of how well they do the job. The objectives of this research were to determine the level of performances of agricultural extention agent and factors affecting them. Data were collected in July through December 2008. A survey technique was implemented among 111 agricultural extension agents who were graduated from UT and among 88 farmers in four different locations, namely Serang, Karawang, Cirebon, and Tanggamus. By using In depth interview, a qualitative information were also used in order to elaborate the findings. Data was analyzed by using descriptive and path analysis. The findings indicated that UT’s graduates had a high level in performances. Several dominant factors influenced their performances. This study suggests several strategies to increase the performances of agricultural extension agents.
(Keywords: agricultural extension agents, performances, distance education).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10662

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Lingkungan Sosial Budaya dan Persepsi Pelanggan terhadap Pengobatan Luar Puskesmas (Kasus di Kota Kotamobagu dan Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow Utara, Provinsi Sulawesi Utara)

Mutu B Mokoginta, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Djoko Susanto, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

Social cultural environment and Clients perception to the traditional health services considered as two important aspects. Social culture environment measured by social culture values and locality wisdom aspects. Clients perception to the traditional health services measured by perception to traditional mid-wife and perception to the traditional health service. Social culture environment that oriented to the health service has a high category, on the other hand, clients perception to the traditional health services has a middle category. Extention education is needed to improve the client’s behavior.
Keywords: Social cultural environment, Clients perception, the traditional health services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10663

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Peran Aparatur Pemerintahan dalam Pelaksanaan Pembangunan Perdesaan Partisipatif di Kabupaten Bone dan Kabupaten Jeneponto Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan

Mappamiring Mappamiring, Ma’mun Sarma, Darwis S Gani, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

The arrangement of government institutions in the region, especially in the rural level is very important and urgent. The dominant factors affecting participatory rural development in Bone and Jeneponto Regencies of South Sulawesi province are the aspect of leadership, quality of human resources, awareness and sensitivity, and the level of education of the officers and public awareness. Changing the culture and access to knowledge and technology, both among the officers and the society is the key to the success of participatory rural development. There are three important aspects in the effort to create the prospect of government management and participatory rural development aspects of leadership, good governance and the aspects of sensitivity and concern for the officers. The level of stakeholders participation in all elements Bone and Jeneponto regencies of South Sulawesi Province can be categorized as medium. Achievement motivation and increased competence to the officer should be a prerequisite condition of adequate welfare, a clear career path, and the improvement of internal aspects of the system and working procedures and institutional structures of government. Community empowerment program has been running really well, but there are still weak in terms of socialization, values and traditions of feudalism, bureaucracy, as well as from the aspect of consciousness of citizens. Another phenomenon in terms of community empowerment programs is that the public is more interested in the economically productive program, so that the training programs are often considered less important and less desirable. The most prominent problems of the community empowerment program are transparancy, supervision, and socialization, and community authorities targeted purely as sub optimal.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10664

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Dinamika Kelompok Tani Hutan pada Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi Bersama Masyarakat di Perum Perhutani Unit I Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Suwignya Utama, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Djoko Susanto, Darwis S Gani

 

Abstract

 

The collaboration on managing forest resource involves two main actors such as State Forestry
Corporation (Perum Perhutani) and forest farmers groups. The objectives of this study are: (1) to explore
the conditions of factors that influence group dynamics of forest farmers group (FFG); (2) to explore the
condition of group dynamic of forest farmers group and to identify several factors influence the group
dynamic (3) to formulate a model of group dynamic of FFG. Several variables are included in this study
such as potency of individual farmers, effectiveness of empowerment process, role of facilitators,
effectiveness of forest farmers’ group leadershi, environmental supports and group dynamic of FFG. The
locations of the study are in three forest districts area of East Pekalongan, South Kedu and Gundih. The
preliminary study was carried out in January 2008, and field survey had been accomplished from July to
August 2008. Populations of the study are forest villagers around state forest areas in three selected
locations of 889.407 families. Method in this study is survey with questionnaire. Respondents of 408
farmers were selected through multistage cluster sampling with disproportional number of respondents
each location. The research data were processed with descriptive analysis and structural equation
modeling (SEM) with LISREL 8.72. The conclusions of the study are: (1) The condition of effectiveness of
forest farmers’ group leadership low (score 62); the condition of environmental support is low (score 62)
and the condition of facilitators’ role is also low(score 62); (2) Level of group dynamic of forest farmers’
group is low. Factors that influence significantly on the low of group dynamic are the low effectiveness of
forest farmers’ group leadership, unfavorable environmental supports and low role of facilitators; (3)
Model of effective group dynamic are influenced by effectiveness of forest farmers’ group leadership,
favorable environmental supports and role of facilitators. Whereas group dynamic consists of goal of the
group, group structure and group function.
Keywords: Group Dynamic, Forest Villagers, Forest Farmers Group, Collaborative Forest Management, Social Forestry

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10665

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Luas Lahan dan Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Dasar (Kasus Rumah Tangga Petani Miskin di Daerah Dataran Rendah Kabupaten Seluma)

Bahrin Bahrin, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Djoko Susanto, Pang S Asngari

 

 

Abstract

 

The mayority of the poor farmers have relativity enough land, approximately 1 Ha per household. Their poverty is considered as relatively poor. There were four factors which make the poor farmers hardly overcome their problems, namely: working pattern which mostly rely on physical potency; low level of adoption of innovation; poverty trap bounding and low competence to manage opportunity and potency. The poor farmers have to be motivated to get involve in learning process. By doing this approachit is hoped that the farmers could change to get bette, more effective dan more productive in land use.
Keyword: poor farmers, land, behavior, household’s needs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10666

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Tingkat Kapasitas Pembudidaya Ikan dalam Mengelola Usaha Akuakultur secara Berkelanjutan

Anna Fatchiya

 

 

Abstract

 

This study was undertaken to identify fish farmer characteristic and supporting institutional, and to know the degree of fish farmer capacity to manage of aquabusiness sustainability. This was done by carrying out a survey involving random sample of 278 fish farmers from Bogor and Cianjur Districts of West Java Province. Both descriptive statistic and independent-samples T-test were used in analysing the data generated from the resesarch. Result presented showed that majority of fish farmers were low on formal education, non-formal education, business experience, family size, income, and business scale, but age was moderate. The supporting of institutional showed that support of financial institutional was low, input production institutional and marketing institutional was high, and information institutional was moderate. Performance of extension worker was low, and supporting of fish farmer group was high. Capacity of fish farmer as follows to practice of business function was moderate, to solve a problem was low, to plan of business and to adapt it to change of environment was high.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10667

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Partisipasi Petani dalam Pembangunan Pedesaan di Kabupaten Konawe

Rayuddin Rayuddin, Tambaru Zau, Ramli Ramli

 

Abstract

 

This study is proposed in answering to the question of “What types of partisipation do farmers give in developing Rurals Areas in Regency of Konawe”. This study was conducted in the rural areas of farmers who have joined in farmer groups, included outlying rural areas and swasembada rural areas in the Regency of Konawe. Technique of choosing samples was carried out by ”cluster purposive sampling”, i.e., firstly, population is grouped based on regions/rural areas, then 5 respondents are chosen purposively from every farmer (member of farmer group) who have been choosen from 10 rural areas. Finally, 50 samples of respondents are chosen (farmers who are members of farmer group). Data collection was undertaken by three methods, they are: (1) indepth observation, (2) indepth interview, and (3) focus group discussion (FGD). Questions on the implementation of rural area development in list of questionnaire forms are formulated into three stages of categories; they are full participation (PP) with score 3, partly/moderate participation (PS) with score 2, and less participation with score 1. The result shows that type of farmers participations mostly are categorized into partly/moderate participation, that is 72 percent, and the rest, respectively, are 10.66 percent for full participation and 17,34 percent for less participation. Types of participations in developing rural areas in Regency of Konawe were carried out through three models of participation approach, i.e., farmer participation in developing means and infrastructure of rural areas, participation in strengthening sosio-economical rural areas, and participation in improving output of rural area farming. In conclusion, opportunity, competence, and willingness of farmers to take part in developing rural areas are very low because of the barrier of social system from elite groups in rural areas, as well as it is mostly influenced by the dependence of government program realization, as well as social mobilization which is most familiar in rural communities. Therefore, farmers are given few opportunities actively and really in developing their rural areas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10671

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Pengaruh Interaksi Sosial Komunitas Adat Baduy Luar Terhadap Persepsinya pada Kebutuhan Keluarga

Ahmad Sihabudin, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Djoko Susanto, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this study are (1) to get description the family needs of the Outer Baduy Community, (2) to analyze factors that influence the perception of Outer Baduy Community towards the needs of their families; and (3) To get tentative model of Planned Changes, such as intervention, and things that need to be intervened to fulfill the needs of Outer Baduy Community’s Family. (4) Social Interaction through interpersonal communication and with the agent of change had significant relation to the perception of Heads of family on basic needs, safety, loved, and appreciated are felt, and the perception towards the satisfaction on safety, loved, and appreciated; To develop strategy and policy in fulfilling the needs of SCC family of Baduy can be created through the enhancement of standard family’s needs by making a centre of business practice, discussion forum (community information group), escalation of business facility, community participation, the support by opinion leader in Baduy community, private support, and the motive and the awareness to change is high.
Key words: community of baduy custom, perception, fulfillment of family needs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i1.10669

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

EVALUASI PROGRAM POS PEMBERDAYAAN KELUARGA (POSDAYA) (Studi Kasus Posdaya Bina Sejahtera di Kelurahan Pasirmulya, Kecamatan Bogor Barat, Kota Bogor, Jawa Barat)

Abdurrazzak Naufal, Yatri Indah Kusumastuti

 

Abstract

 

Menanggapi program pemerintah untuk mengurangi kemiskinan dan meningkatkan kualitas sumber daya
manusia masyarakat terpencil, keluarga. Program pemberdayaan didirikan. Pembentukan komunitas tersebut
Program pengembangan berusaha untuk mencapai target milenium tujuan pembangunan (MDGs), dalam
perhatian khusus untuk masyarakat terpencil pengembangan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: 1) untuk
mengevaluasi kemajuan Program Pemberdayaan Sejahtera Family; 2) untuk menyelidiki contraints dan faktor
yang mendukung pengembangan dari Program Pemberdayaan; dan 3) untuk menganalisis input, output, proses
dan efek dari Program Posdaya Bina Sejahtera, pada komunitas Pasirmulya, Kecamatan Bogor Barat, Jawa
Barat. Kualitatif juga pendekatan kuantitatif digunakan, dalam penelitian ini. Pendekatan kualitatif adalah
digunakan untuk mendapatkan pemahaman mendalam tentang pelaksanaan. Keluarga Program pemberdayaan,
sedangkan pendekatan kuantitatif digunakan untuk kasus belajar. Kedua pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif
sinergis dimanfaatkan untuk hasil yang lebih komprehensif. Untuk pengumpulan data, 50 kuesioner yang
diberikan untuk tokoh masyarakat, pejabat Bina Sejahtera, dan masyarakat anggota purposif. Penelitian ini
menyatukan keadaan saat ini pengetahuan bagaimana Posdaya telah mengubah kualitas hidup masyarakat. Dari
penelitian ini, Disarankan Pusat Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia (P2SDM) IPB, Yayasan Damandiri,
serta Pemerintah harus tangan di tangan untuk melanjutkan mendukung program pemberdayaan.
Kata kunci: Evaluasi, Pemberdayaan, Posdaya

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i2.11446

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

TINGKAT PARTISIPASI DAN KEMANDIRIAN PETANI ALUMNI SEKOLAH LAPANGAN PENGELOLAAN TANAMAN TERPADU (Kasus Desa Kebon Pedes, Kecamatan Kebon Pedes, Kabupaten Sukabumi, Provinsi Jawa Barat)

Mariam Febriani Budiman, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Pendekatan pengembangan pertanian dilakukan secara terpusat dari atas ke bawah . Kegagalan dalam mencapai
upaya pembangunan pertanian, menjadikan ahli di waktu itu berkata sangat penting untuk mengubah paradigma
pengembangan pertanian berkelanjutan yang bottom up. Sekolah lapangan (SL-PTT) sebagai bagian dari
kegiatan penyuluhan pertanian, petan menunjuk untuk memberdayakan kaum, ini adalah salah satu cara untuk
mencapai titik pembangunan pertanian, sehingga lebih menarik untuk belajar lebih jauh. Tujuan penelitian
tentang kondisi masa sekarang adalah untuk menganalisis pemberdayaan petani korelasi model sl-ptt dengan
tingkat partisipasi dan otonomi. Penelitian ini digunakan metode dan kuantitatif tersebut didukung dengan data
kualitatif. Kuantitas data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan metode dengan 42 survei peserta SL-PTT petani.
Responden dipilih dengan menerapkan metode sampel acak berlapis. Di samping itu, data kualitatif
dikumpulkan dengan wawancara mendalam. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas sl-ptt mempunyai korelasi
signifikan dengan tingkat partisipasi dan otonomi petani. Kebanyakan petani berada di tingkat tengah dan
partisipasi otonomi.
Kata kunci: Sekolah lapangan, ekstensi , pemberdayaan , partisipasi , otonomi

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i2.11447

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

PERAN KELOMPOK TANI DALAM KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAHTANGGA PETANI (Desa Banjarsari dan Desa Tanjungsari, Kecamatan Sukaresik, Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, Propinsi Jawa Barat)

Mochamad Januar, Sumardjo Sumardjo

 

Abstract

 

Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi tingkat keamanan pangan rumah tangga petani yang telah
terwujud, menganalisis faktor yang mempengaruhi keamanan pangan rumah tangga petani dan mengidentifikasi
peran kelompok tani dalam rumah tangga untuk mencapai ketahanan pangan petani. Pendekatan penelitian
dengan survai, responden penelitian adalah 60 kepala keluarga anggota petani dan Kelompok Tani Tanjungsari
dari Desa Banjarsari, Kecamatan Sukaresik, Kabupaten tasikmalaya, provinsi jawa barat. Penelitian
menggunakan metode statistik dengan kuantitatif dan kualitatif spearman korelasi untuk memeriksa variabel
peringkat. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa petani ketersediaan pangan rumah tangga sudah cukup
memadai tetapi masih belum stabil ketika musim menghadapi kelaparan, panen kekeringan atau tak lama
sebelum.Perlu meningkatkan peran kelompok tani untuk mencapai keamanan pangan rumah tangga petani.
Kunci: ketahanan pangan, rumah tangga petani, kelompok tani.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i2.11448

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

Faktor-Faktor Yang Berhubungan Dengan Pola Asuh Anak Pada Keluarga Etnis Minang, Jawa Dan Batak (Factors Associated With Family Parenting Children In Ethnic Minang, Javanese and Batak)

Mariam Dewi Rahayu, Siti Amanah

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kelurahan Sukajadi, Kecamatan Dumai Timur,Kota Dumai, Provinsi
Riau.Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh keluarga etnis Minang, Jawa dan Batak yang bertempat tinggal di RT 21, 22
dan 23 Kelurahan Sukajadi.Responden dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 100 keluarga, yang terdiri dari 52 keluarga
etnis Minang, 14 keluarga etnis Jawa dan 34 keluarga etnis Batak.Analisis hubungan menggunakan pengujian Rank
Spearman dan Uji ANOVA.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa keluarga etnis Minang, faktor peran media massa
dan pola komunikasi dalam keluarga paling berhubungan positif dengan pola asuh anak.Keluarga etnis Jawa, faktor
lingkungan fisik dan peran lembaga keagamaan yang berhubungan positif dengan pola asuh anak. Pada keluarga
etnis Batak, lingkungan sosial, media massa dan pola komunikasi dalam keluarga yangberhubungan nyata positif
dengan pola asuh anak. Media massa dan pola komunikasi dalam keluarga terlihat memiliki hubungan dengan pola
asuh anak. Hal ini disebabkan karena hampir seluruh responden baik dari keluarga etnis Minang, Jawa maupun
Batak yang memiliki akses terhadap media massakhususnya televisi yang kemudian mempengaruhi pola komunikasi
dalam keluarga khususnya antara orangtua dan anak dalam keluarga.
Kata kunci : budaya, komunikasi, pola asuh

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i2.11449

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

PERSEPSI PELANGGAN TERHADAP KUALITAS PELAYANAN PUBLIK PERUSAHAAN LISTRIK NEGARA (PLN) UNIT PELAYANAN DAN JARINGAN (UPJ) BEKASI KOTA

Dahlia Dessianyanthi, Aida Vitayala S. Hubeis

 

Abstract

 

Public service is one form of the state apparatus functions as a public servant as well as a
servant of the state. Seeing an increasingly competitive business world today, the company that
provide public service need to change their customer services into a profit center. The quality of
service provides an important link between the company and customers, also can help to push the
company to achieve their goals and give positive image. Company’s image depends on how the
company give their services to the customer. Companies are required to constantly monitor public
perceptions or opinions about the company, through its institutional functions of Public Relation (PR).
The purpose of this research is to analyze the customer’s perception of the quality of public services at
PLN UPJ Bekasi Kota, and the relationship between the internal and external factors with the
customer’s perception of public services at PLN UPJ Bekasi Kota. The results of this research show
the customer’s perception on the quality of public services at PLN UPJ Bekasi Kota is good with the
average score equal to 3.86. Correlation test showed that there are five significant correlation, which
is the relationship between education level and assurance, education level and responsiveness,
education level and tangibles, income level and tangibles, and the frequency of respondents calling
and responsiveness.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i2.11450

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 6, Nomor 1 (2010)

 

PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN KELUARGA, SEKOLAH DAN MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PERSEPSI GENDER MAHASISWA LAKI-LAKI DAN PEREMPUAN (Kasus Mahasiswa Sekolah Tinggi Ekonomi Islam TAZKIA Tahun Masuk 2009)

Rehasti Dya Rahayu, Winati Wigna

 

Abstract

 

The goals of this research are to analyze family, school, and society area that
influence of student gender perception and then to know the different influence factors
from it. This research has done in STEI TAZKIA. Generally, even though have the high
education but the gender perception is still low. This reality has different with what
happened in STEI TAZKIA. STEI TAZKIA students have the high gender perception.
Those facts are the good reason to do research in STEI TAZKIA.
The results of this research are student gender perceptions do not come from the
family area, but student gender perception come from school and society area and there
are different results from boy and girl students. The results of this research proofed that
the influence boy students gender perception come from school area (from their teacher)
and society area (from their friends), different with the girl students that the influence
gender perception come from family area (from their mother).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v6i2.11451

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 7, Nomor 1 (2011)

 

Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Taman Nasional dengan Pola Kemitraan di Kepulauan Togean

Muh Nur Sangadji, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Pang S Asngari, Soenarmo H Soewito

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research are: (1) to analyze the level of community participation on management of  Togean Island National Park. (2) to analyze the factors that influence the community participation. (3) to analyze the correlation of the factors that influence the community participation, and (4) to formulate a strategy of extension to increase the effective of community participation on management of Togean Island National Park. The research was conducted in Togean Island National Park in Central Sulawesi on August to Septembre 2008 and March to April 2009. Five variables are used to measure the community participation by using Structural Equation Model (SEM) and LISEREL 8.30. Those variables are internal individu, extension process, exsternal factor, community capacity and  community participation. The result of research shown that participation of community is on the low level. Extension procces and external factor have a significant effect on community capacity. Internal characteristic and community capacity have a significant effect on community participation The independent variables such as internal characteristic, extension process and external factor have significant correlation. The strategy that can be used to increase the community participation is to improve the process of extension by giving the opportunity to community for involving on management of Togean Island National Park. This strategy should be supported by government policy to apply consistently, the partnership approach on management of national park in the local level.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v7i1.9787

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 7, Nomor 1 (2011)

 

Karakteristik Adopter pada Masyarakat Nelayan Kampung Cipatuguran Palabuhanratu dalam Penerimaan Teknologi Baru

Pepi Rospina Pertiwi, Idha Farida, Rinda Noviyanti

 

Abstract

 

In extension agriculture, the innovation introduction for goals is the important think especially if the innovation had appropriate with goals needed and its application to raising the goals welfare. This study aimed to explains the fisherman innovativeness level and the adopter characteristic category.   Explanatory research design with survey method were used to collect data. The location were choosen with purposively in Kecamatan Palabuhanratu, Kabupaten Sukabumi, Jawa Barat.  The population as a whole are all fisherman in Palabuhanratu, and  37 fisherman are chosen randomly as study samples. Data collection is using survey method, and are showed quantitivelly by frequently tabulation and bar chart. This study shows that the fisherman in Kampung Cipatuguran, Palabuhanratu is dominated by high-level in leaderships level, capital ownership, empaty level, abstraction level, dare to take a risk level,  futuristic level, partisipation level, and communication activity.  Base on asking all of respondents, the degree of innovation tryness was shown medium relatively, decision for adopt the innovation is relatively high, the fearness of take a risk is relatively high, the need of supporting agent of change is relatively high, the appropriate of take a decision is relatively low,  the equal of social relationship is relatively high and the relationship with informal leader was is relatively low.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v7i1.9784

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 7, Nomor 2 (2011)

 

Kinerja Gabungan Kelompok Tani Kasus: Kabupaten Lampung Selatan Provinsi Lampung

Fauziah Y. Adriyani, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Richard W.E Lumintang

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to identify the internal and external factors related to Gapoktan performance and also to analyst the relation among the internal and external factors. The research conducted in March-May 2010 in South Lampung regency Lampung Province, the data were collected by interview technique using questionners to key persons. A number of 184 farmer groups respondents participated were randomized sampling from 20 sample of Gapoktan. Descriptive statistic and rank Spearman Correlation Test from SPSS 17.00 were used to analize the data. The result showed that internal factors such as farmer group activity, farmer group cohessivity, interaction among farmer group, the structure of Gapoktan’s organization, and leadership had positive and significant correlation with Gapoktan performance. While the position of farmer group, farmer group participation, and desicion making process had non significant correlation with Gapoktan performance. The external factors such as goverment policy, relationship with the other institution, capital loan, and extension intensity had positive and significant correlation with Gapoktan performance. Meanwhile, the change agent (PPL) performance had non significant correlation with Gapoktan performance. Most of variable both internal and external factors had a positive and significant relation to each others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v7i2.9793

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 7, Nomor 2 (2011)

 

Strategi Penyuluhan di Kawasan Konservasi (Kasus Taman Nasional Kepulauan Togean)

Muhd Nur Sangadji, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Pang S Asngari, Soenarmo H Soewito

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research are (1) To describe the factors influences the community participation on mana­gement of Togean Island National Park. (2) To analyze the role of extension and it’s correlation to the community participation. (3). To formulate an extension strategy to increase the community participation on management of Togean Island National Park. The research was conducted in Togean Island National Park in Central Sulawesi on August to Septembre 2008 and March to April 2009. Five variables are used to measure the community participation by using Structural Equation Model (SEM) and LISEREL 8.30 sofware. Those variables are internal characteristic, extension process, eksternal factor, community capacity and community participation. The result of research shown that extension proccess have a significant effect on the community capacity. Community capacity have a significant effect to the community participation on management of Togean Island National Park. The strategythat can be used to increase the community participation is to improve the process of extension.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v7i2.9797

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 7, Nomor 2 (2011)

 

Manajemen Sumberdaya Keluarga Peserta Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di Kabupaten Bogor

Tin Herawati, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Pang S Asngari, Djoko Susanto, Herien Puspitawati

 

Abstract

 

Nowdays it is difficult for many families to achieve an ideal life, this situation cause, formulation managing human resource which has  a good quality is not optimal. The important thing must be carried out to make the families maintain their life is to manage the limited resource by the family resource management. This research analyzed the family resource management of participant in empowerment program and the factors that influenced them. The research design was crossectional study using survey method to collect data from 300 respondents. The result showed that highest percentage of respondent carried out the family resource management categorized as bad. There was a significant difference between the family resource management at Dramaga District and Leuwisadeng District or Pamijahan District (α<0.05). The factors which significantly influence the family resource management are income per capita, the family communication quality, the occupation status of spouse and the participation in extension program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v7i2.9801

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Dukungan Lingkungan Sosial Budaya terhadap Kemampuan Petani dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Kemiri di Kabupaten Maros Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan

Adi Riyanto Suprayitno, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Darwis S Gani, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

living around the candlenut forest in Maros District have been managing and utilizing candlenut forest since 1826. These activities have been part of their daily living activities. The existence of candlenut forest is a successful evidence of farmers ability in managing that forest. It is presumed that the cultural social environtment has important roles to form the farmers’ ability to manage and to utilize candlenut forest. The research intended to analyze the contribution of cultural social environment to farmers’ ability in managing and utilizing candlenut forest. The data were collected on January-Maret 2010 in Maros District, South Sulawesi Province using some methods: questionnare list, interview, observation, and documents. The data were analyzed using (1) descriptive statistics, and (2) inferensial statistics based on SEM using LISREL 8.70 software programming. The result shows that farmers’ contribution of cultural social environment, today is low. It, however, has a positive contribution for increasing farmers’ ablity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9890

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Kelembagaan Pendukung Pembelajaran Petani dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Rakyat Lestari (Kasus di Kab. Gunung Kidul, Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Kabupaten Wonogiri, Provinsi Jawa Tengah)

Yumi Yumi, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Darwis S Gani, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

Forest Management is facing the challenge of implementing the sustainable forest management which includes private forest. Successfully gained the Ecolabel Certificate, some private forest management units in Central Java and Yogyakarta’s districts prove that the small units run by farmers are able to implement the sustainable forest management. The farmers’ success in implementing the sustainable forest management must have been gained through learning process. How the learning process was and what farmers’ learning support institutions influencing of the sustainable private forest management were, were the research questions of this study. The study used explanatory survey method on 200 farmers in Gunung Kidul and Wonogiri. Data collection was conducted from December 2009 to February 2010. The data were analyzed by using descriptive technique and Structural Equations Model (SEM). The conclusions are: (1) there are significant differentiation about farmer’s learning support institutions in Gunung Kidul and Wonogiri. In Gunung Kidul District the institutions are integrated in one team work which legitimated by Bupati (the Head of District); (2) farmers’ learning intensity is low. It was significantly influenced by farmers’ learning support institutions; (3) farmers’ learning intensity can be improved by farmer empowerment activities and competent personnels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9891

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian dan Dampaknya pada Kompetensi Petani Kakao di Empat Wilayah Sulawesi Selatan

Sapar Sapar, Amri Jahi, Amiruddin Saleh, I.G Putu Purnaba

 

 

Abstract

 

The agricultural extension worker’s performance is the work outputs achieved by agricultural extension workers in conducting their jobs. The aim of this research is to know the factors which influence to the agricultural extension worker’s performance and the connection between the factors. Also, to know that factors influences the cacao farmers competence. The population of this research is all the agricultural extension workers in four district, South Sulawesi province (447 person). The sample of this research referred to Slovin method from among 106 (one hundred six) agricultural extension workers, 106 (one hundred six) group farmers leaders and 212 (two hundred twelve) cacao farmers . The design of this research was conducted by surveying and interviewing. LISREL program with ‘SEM’ was used in analyzing data. The Result of this research show that the agricultural extension worker’s performance was influenced significantly by characteristic, competence, motivation and self reliance. The total influence of them were 10 percent and 90 percent were represent other influences outside this study. The suggestion was that their performance must be improved by providing special training to improve their capability in agricultural extension planning, monitoring and evaluation, agricultural extension development and technology disemination.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9892

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Strategi Peningkatan Kapasitas Rumah Tangga Petani Padi Sawah Lebak Menuju Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga (Kasus di Kabupaten Ogan Ilir dan Ogan Komering Ilir, Sumatera Selatan)

Yunita Yunita, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Pang S Asngari, Djoko Susanto, Siti Amanah

 

Abstract

 

To fullfill their household food security, farmers living at lowland areas should have high capacities in improving their productivity and income in order to have food acessibility. The use of lowland areas in South Sumatera have known and have managed by society since along time ago. Some farmers have their own land (owner) and the others don’t have any land property. Nowadays farmers at lowland areas are in difficult conditions because of the climate change impact, bio-physic and socio economic problems. Farmers at lowland areas tend to have the risk at food security. Why the household of lowland farmers still faced with insecurity risk, how the capacity level influenced it, and how the alternative strategy to increase capacity of lowland farmers household, are the problem that undertake in this research. This research used survey design to 200 household of lowland farmers at Ogan Ilir and Ogan Komering Ilir District South Sumatera Province based on landowner status. Data were collected on April-June 2010. Analyzed were performed with descriptive technique and Structural Equations Model (SEM). Conclussion of this research are: (1) food security of lowland farmers are low, the influenced factors is social environment feature, empowering process, capacity of farmers houshold and extension performance; (2) capacity of farmers househould positively influenced the food security of household; (3) the capacity of farmers household increasing may obtain by emendation of empowerment process, strengthen the social environment support, and enhancement of empowerment agriculture extension.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9893

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Persepsi Peternak tentang Penerapan Inseminasi Buatan di Tiga Sentra Sapi Potong di Indonesia

Mursyid Ma’sum, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Amiruddin Saleh, Budi Saharjo

 

Abstract

 

The general objective of the research is to describe and analyze implementation of adopted artificial insemination (AI) innovation on slaughter cattle’s farmers. Specifically, is to describe and analyze the perception of slaughter cattle’s farmers on AI in the three locations of research. Locations of the research are Kecamatan Geger Kabupaten Bangkalan and Kecamatan Mantup Kabupaten Lamongan in East Java Province and Kecamatan Penebel Kabupaten Tabanan in Bali Province. This research was designed as a correlation descriptive survey by both quantitative and qualitative approach. The number of sample is 240 respondents -who is the acceptors of AI- and by approach of stratified random sampling method. Data collection was completed with questionnaires, interview and field observation. Kruskal-Wallis Test and U Mann-Whitney Test were applied to analyze the data sample. The result of the research showed that the perception of the farmers on most of AI’s aspects are significantly different among locations of the research, with the exception of the phenotipe (physical appearance) of breed cattle and the artificial insemination services by inseminators. To be suggested that socialization or extension on AI should be conducted by different approaches to fit the characteristic of internal and external and AI’s perception of the farmers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9894

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Analisis Sikap Pegawai terhadap Perilaku Pelayanan Publik (Studi Kasus di BP2T Kabupaten Sragen dan Kabupaten Sidoarjo)

Puji Winarni, Ma’mun Sarma, Darwis S Gani, Soenarmo Hatmodjosoewito

 

 

Abstract

 

The implementation of Quality Management System (ISO 9001) by BP2T in both Sidoarjo and Sragen Districts has been considered successful in transforming the existing paradigm of service which had been criticized as being irresponsive, untrustworthy, and not oriented toward public interest. The existence of service culture oriented toward public interest has been in doubt due to the prevailing perception that quality culture has not developed within the Government’s bureaucratic environment. This study has aimed at: 1) analyzing the Government employers’ attitudes toward the implementation of ISO 9001: 2) explaining the impacts of the attitudes on the service behaviors among those Government employers who are more responsive toward the public interest. The study shows that there has been a significant positive attitude among the employers toward the implementation of ISO 9001 which has, in turn, positively correlated with their responsive service to the public.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9895

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi Nelayan Artisanal di Pantai Utara Provinsi Jawa Barat

Prihandoko S, Amri Jahi, Darwis S Gani, I.Gusti Putu Purnaba, Luky Adrianto, Iwan Tjitradjaja

 

 

Abstract

 

This study is a research about the socio-economic conditions of artisanal fishermen in the northern coast ofWest Java Province. The purpose of this study was to provide data about the characteristics of socio-economicconditions of fishermen, especially in Java island in the middle is still very limited studies on these themes inIndonesia. Total sample of this study 400 respondents artisanal fishing households in the northern coast of WestJava Province who are scattered in the districts of Cirebon, Indramayu, Subang, Karawang and Bekasi withtechniques for sampling random clusters. The findings of this study again confirms the condition of marginal socialand economic needs of fishermen who co-management in the field of fisheries with the involvement of variousstakeholders. The findings of this study can also contribute in providing a description of one of the stakeholdersbenefiting from the resources of the coastal artisanal fishermen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9896

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 1 (2012)

 

Persepsi Penyuluh Pertanian Lapang tentang Perannya dalam Penyuluhan Pertanian Padi di Provinsi Banten

Narso Narso, Amiruddin Saleh, Pang S Asngari, Pudji Muljono

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aim are: (1) To study perception of agriculture extension agent about their role in agriculture activity in Banten, ( 2) To explain of factors which have correlation with the perception of agriculture extension agents about their roles in agriculture extension activity in Banten, (3) To analysing degree of factors which have correlation with the perception of agriculture extension agents about their roles in agriculture extension activity in Banten. Research was designed with the method survey the deskriptive-korelasional. Analyse the data used the descriptive statistic and statistical analysis inferensial. For the statistic of descriptive use the frequency, percentage, mean score, total mean score and tabulation traverse, analysis of statistic inferensial used to see the relation the dependen variable with the independen variable by rank Spearman. Factors which correlate with the perception are (1) characteristic of extension agent consisted by the age, formal education, and experience; (2) physical Environment consisted by the institute, mean the work, construction and supervise, and career development; (3) social economics environment: Environment of work, partner opportunity, and access to economic resources; and (4) Motivation: achievement motivation, affiliate motivation, and power motivation.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i1.9897

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 2 (2012)

 

Belajar Mandiri melalui System of Intensification (SRI)di Duabelas Subak di Provinsi Bali

I Gede Setiawan Adi Putra, Amri Jahi, Djoko Susanto, Pang S Asngari, Sugiyanta Sugiyanta

 

 

Abstract

 

The traditional irrigation water management system in Bali known as Subak has a great potential for adopting the SRI innovation.In the adoption process, there is also a learning process on the individual members of the subak. The objectives of this researchare (1) to analyze the characteristics of the Subak members, competence of facilitators, competence of Subak caretakers, theperceptions, and attitudes that influence Subak members in Self Directed Learning, and (2) to formulate the strategy of approachand effective extention in improving Self Directed Learning of the Subak members. This research was carried out in sevenregencies in the province of Bali. The total amount of samples in this research is 104 farmers selected through the StratifiedRandom Sampling methods which also included famers that applied SRI innovations. Primary data were collected throughinterviews and direct obserations from September to October 2011. The design of this research is an ex Post Facto and dataanalyzed using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The result of this research shows that: (1) The better the perceptions, attitudestowards SRI, characteristics of members of Subak, competence of facilitators and caretakers of the Subak, the better the level ofSelf Directed Learning of Subak members; and (2) The role of facilitator is very important to helping subak members decidedto accept an agricultural innovation. The discovery of dominant factors which affect the adoption of SRI among Subak memberswill facilitate the caretakers in making a change in Bali.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9886

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 2 (2012)

 

Sosialisasi dan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Program Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Kelurahan (PPMK) di Kelurahan Klender

Defina Defina

 

 

Abstract

 

Village community empowerment program (PPMK) aims to overcome poverty. Socialization of the programs to the community is one of the factors that can determine the participation of the community. Obtaining a description of socialization and community involvement is the purpose of this paper. The description of community participation in PPMK that was presented by Adi was analyzed with the definition of participation (community involvement in problem identification, decision-making process to solve problem, implementation of the result and evaluation on a development activity). This paper will also present the percentage of public knowledge about the program and the percentage of community involvement in the program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9884

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 2 (2012)

 

Kinerja Balai Penyuluhan Pertanian (BPP) dan Dampaknya pada Perilaku Petani Padi di Sulawesi Selatan

Muh Hatta Jamil, Amri Jahi, Darwis S Gani, Ma’mun Sarma, I Gusti Putu Purnaba

 

 

Abstract

 

This research was aimed to know factors related to the action programs as a representation of BPP performance and relationship between factors that potentially increase BPP performance and their impacts to the behavioral changes of ricefield farmers in South Sulawesi. Population of this research were all BPP located in 15 districts (regencies) in South Sulawesi (176 sub-districts/150 BPP). Determination of samples used Slovin method, number of samples was 109 BPP located within 109 sub-districts. Research design was done based on the ex post facto with method design of survey and interviews using questionnaires. Design of data analysis used approach of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) model applying LISREL program. Results of the research showed that variables of BPP development, BPP management, human resources, guided farmers, BPP resources, and BPP adaptation were significantly influencing the action programs as BPP representative performances with correlation coefficient (R2) was 0.72, the remaining 28 percent was affected by other factors outside of the study. Those factors directly influenced each others both insignificant and significant at α = 0.05. Besides that, they also indirectly influenced farmer behavior as much as 0.78 unit. The influence of action program as representation of BPP performances to the farmer behavior was indicated by correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.61, the remaining 39 percent was influenced by other variables outside of the study. Strategic implication of this research become important to the farmer behaviors, and to the development of BPP performances through action programs to a better direction by considering BPP development, BPP management, human resources, guided farmers, BPP resources and BPP adaptation.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9885

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 2 (2012)

 

Dukungan Kelembagaan Masyarakat dalam Pembelajaran Petani untuk Pengelolaan Hutan Rakyat Lestari di Kab. Gunung Kidul, Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta dan Kab. Wonogiri, Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Yumi Yumi, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Darwis S Gani, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

Forest Management is facing the challenge of implementing the sustainable forest management which includes private forest. Successfully gained the Ecolabel Certificate, some private forest management units in Central Java and Yogyakarta’s districts prove that the small units run by farmers are able to implement the sustainable forest management. The farmers’ success in implementing the sustainable forest management must have been gained through learning process. How the learning process was and what local institutions influencing the farmers’ learning process of the sustainable private forest management were, were the research questions of this study. The study used explanatory survey method on 200 farmers in Gunung Kidul and Wonogiri. Data collection was conducted from December 2009 to February 2010. The data were analyzed by using descriptive technique and Structural Equations Model (SEM). The conclusions are : (1) informal local institutions have stronger influence in farmers’ learning than formal institution;(2) local institution aspects : norm, objection of organisation, leadership are potential aspects in influencing farmers’ learning intensity; (3) farmers’ learning intensity can be improved by strengthening informal local institutions and improving farmers’ capacities in organisation management.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9887

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 2 (2012)

 

Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Perilaku Nelayan Artisanal dalam Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan di Pantai Utara Provinsi Jawa Barat

Prihandoko Prihandoko, Amri Jahi, I Gusti Putu Purnaba, Luky Adrianto, Iwan Tjitradjaja

 

Abstract

 

This study aims to estimate accurately the behavior using the Theory of Planned Behavior perspective of artisanal fishermen in Indonesi., The population of artisanal fishermen in the northern coast of West Java Province 10,404. Techniques for sampling by cluster random sampling clusters with the number of household sample of 400 artisanal fishermen. Data was collected using a questionnaire interview further processed using the program structural equation model (SEM) and LISREL 8:54. The conclusion of this study were (1) Theory of Planned Behavior perspective can be used to view the behavior intention of artisanal fishermen in the northern coast of West Java province; (2) the coefficient of determination between the attitude variables, subjective norm, perceived behavior control to variable behavior intention at 0,64. Meanwhile the influence of variables on behavior intention to behavior by 0,68 indicates that it is not fully manifested the behavior intention in accordance with the behavior of fishermen in their fishing activities, (3) that explains the study’s findings about contribution of the Theory Planned Behavior perspective to the problem of coastal common resource and can contribute to the activities of co-management of fisheries in Indonesia, especially in communities in the study area on the northern coast of West Java Province.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9888

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 2 (2012)

 

Strategi Pengembangan Peran Penyuluh Pertanian Lapang di Provinsi Banten

Narso Narso, Amiruddin Saleh, Pang S Asngari, Pudji Muljono

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aim was to formulate priority of strategy development the role of agriculture extension agent in Banten. To determine the priority of strategy development the role of agriculture extension agent used SWOT and AHP. Result of research indicated that the priority of development Strategy of role the agriculture extension agent in Banten were: (1) Improving the quality of human resouces of extension agent by diklat from other institution to get the ability, knowledge, and skill; (2) Improving of quality of counselling and cooperation with the relevant institution by the existence of fundamental duty clarity and function; (3) Product marketing competitive agriculture by maximizing role of group of farmer; (4) Optimalization of agriculture development with the guarantee of invitation regulation; and (5) Exploiting technology to support the agriculture extinsion program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9889

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 8, Nomor 2 (2012)

 

Motivasi dan Partisipasi Petani dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Kemiri di Kabupaten Maros Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan

Adi Riyanto Suprayitno, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Darwis S Gani, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

The existence of candlenut forest in Maros District, today, is a successfull evidence of farmers living around the forest participation. Farmers around the candlenut forest has participated in managing that forest since 1826 to meet their subsitence need. They use the candlenut fruit to be one of their household income generating. Hence, those farmers have important roles to manage and to keep that forest sustainability. Any activity, including farmers participation, will undergo enthusiatic if there is any motivation within the person doing that activity. The research intended to identify and analize the contribution of farmers’ motivation to their participation in managing and utilizing candlenut forest. The data were collected on January-Maret 2010 in Maros District, South Sulawesi Province using some methods: questionnare list, interview, observation, and documents. The data were analyzed using (1) descriptive statistics, and (2) inferensial statistics based on SEM using LISREL 8.70 software programming. The result shows that farmers’ motivation is in the middle level, but their participation in managing and utilizing candlenut forest is categorized in low level. The Farmers’ motivation, however, has a positive contribution for increasing farmers participation in managing and utilizing candlenut forest.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v8i2.9883

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Kompetensi Pengembangan Kewirausahaan Program Pos Pemberdayaan Keluarga (Posdaya Pasir Mulya Kecamatan Bogor Barat Kota Bogor

Atria Widyana, Richard W.E Lumintang

 

 

Abstract

 

Unit family empowerment (Posdaya) is a locus for developing the welfare of families in increasing their income so that people can improve the quality of life. One of the forms in increasing their income by developing entrepreneurship. The activities of its members through Posdaya supported to detail useful skills and knowledge to develop their entrepreneurial endeavors. The purpose of this research is to recoquize the characteristics of the RW 02 as a member of the Posdaya Bina Sejahtera. In addition, analyses the development of entrepreneurship as well as the competencies contained in the activities Village of Posdaya Bina SejahteraBogor Subdistrict Neighborhoods West Pasir MulyaPasir Mulya. The research was carried out by quantitative and qualitative methods using questionnaires and in-depth interview. This research result indicates in the members of posdaya more women in category, productive the end of the age the majority last finished elementary school education and have a job entrepreneurship. The development of entrepreneurship in Posdaya Bina Sejahtera done with through training and assistance. The training and assistance produce competence the development of entrepreneurship in terms of knowledge and skills in the life of a day.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9849

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Dampak Pengembangan Pariwisata dan Sikap Nelayan di Desa Pangandaran

Elbie Yudha Pratama, Rilus A Kinseng

 

 

Abstract

 

Development of coastal tourism can give directly impact on the social and cultural life of fisherman communities and influence the attitudes of fishermen. This study intend to analyze the impact of tourism development on the social structure and cultural values as well as analyzing the attitudes of fishermen towards the tourism development. The research was conducted in Pangandaran village using survey methods. The results showed that the development of tourism impact on the social structure of fishermen namely the growth of social organization, social stratification, migration and composition of the population, as well as the livelihoods and incomes. Whereas the impact on the cultural value of fishermen include namely the waning tradition of local fishermen, fishermen lifestyle changes, and increased knowledge of fishermen. Fishermen status and income level have a real relationship with the attitude of fishermen, whereas age and education level did not have a real relationship with the attitude of fishermen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9853

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Peran Kelompok Nelayan dalam Kegiatan Pariwisata terhadap Peluang Usaha dan Kerja

Fadil Arfianto, Amiruddin Saleh

 

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of fishermen in the tourism activities of the business and employment opportunities. This study also examines the relationship between the characteristics of the group members and group elements with the role of fishermen, where the research was conducted on a group cruise boat belonging to the Organization of Boat Cruise Pangandaran (OBCP) Pangandaran Village. On testing the characteristics of group members to the role of fishermen, there was a real relationship. In the test group elements with the role of fishermen, there was a real relationship unless the relationship norms/rules of the group with the group supporting service units were not real relationships. Finally, in testing the role of fishermen and businesses and employment opportunities, there was a real relationship, this was evidenced by the presence of several members of the group who has other business other than as a fisherman or a boat cruise as homestays, restaurants and stalls.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9855

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Dinamika Kelompok dan Hubungannya dengan Kelas Kemampuan Kelompok Tani di Desa Pulokencana Kabupaten Serang

Inta PN Damanik

 

 

Abstract

 

Group dynamics is an important factor in the development offarmers’ groups. The aims of this study is to know the differences between of farmer group dynamics which includes highest class with lowest class. The results showed that there was no relationship between class ability of farmer groups with the level of group dynamics. Capability class of farmers group evaluation which undertaken in the village Pulokencana only based on an assessment of the head of farmers group and age of group only.The fact that Banjar Tani group is more dynamic than the Banyu Mukti group, but the class between that two groups very different, Banyu Mukti is Main class while the Banjar Tani is Beginners class. Factors that affect the group dynamics are land area, family size, age of group leader and age of farmer groups, and the reception of members of the group leader. In addition, the eight elements of group dynamics, only two elements that do not affect the group dynamics, namely the element of group objective and group pressure. Meanwhile, the six elements that influence group dynamics, the task function has the strongest influence on the dynamics of farmer groups.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9856

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

KEPUASAN KERJA KADER POSYANDU DI DESA CIHERANG KECAMATAN DRAMAGA

Megawati Simanjuntak, Siti Amanah, Prabowo Tjitropranoto, Sri Harijati

 

 

Abstract

 

Posyandu is one of the community participation approach in health sector that is managed by cadres, with the main problem arises is the declining number of visits of mothers of infants and toddlers.The aimed of this research were to analyze the level of job satisfaction of posyandu cadres, and to analyze the factors that influence job satisfaction.Research conducted in Ciherang village with 30 samples that was selected using random sampling. The result showed that most of cadre’s job satisfaction can be categorized high, despite the visit of mother and toddlers tended to decline. It means that the decline was more due to the factor of the target or the mothers themselves, not the factor of posyandu organizers. The higher the incentives received by the cadres and the more participation of cadres in training influenced significantly for the improving of cadre’s job satisfaction. In term of the strategies to increase the job satisfaction, in general, all the items associated with the work of posyandu cadres should be retained or categorized low priority, in other words there is no necessary to increase the job satisfaction posyandu cadres.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9857

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Persepsi Pemuda Pencari Kerja Terhadap Pekerjaan Sektor Pertanian dan Pilihan Pekerjaan di Desa Cihideung Udik Kecamatan Ciampea, Kabupaten Bogor

Meziriati Hendri, Ekawati Sri Wahyuni

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aim to analyse the perception on agricultural employment and to analyse job preferences among rural youth unemployed in Cihideung Udik village. This research was conducted using quantitative research approach enhanced with qualitative data. The number of respondents were 40 youth job seekers The research result shows that job seekers internal factors, such as, women have some skills and some job experience as well as external factors such as, low socio economic level, less cosmopolitant, and agricultural employment experiences tend to have negative perceptions on agricultural employment. Rural youth unemployed in this village prefer to work in non agricultural sectors, such as in manufacturing sector in area around Bogor and Jakarta.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9858

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Hubungan Antara Karakteristik Internal dan Eksternal Peternak Sapi Potong dan Adopsi Inovasi Inseminasi Buatan

Mursyid Ma’sum, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Amiruddin Saleh, Budi Saharjo

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the research is to describe and analyze implementation and rate of adopted artificial insemination (AI) innovation on slaughter cattle’s farmers. Specifically, the objectives are to describe (1) the characteristics of internal and external of slaughter cattle’s farmers, (2) the implementation and the rate of AI’s adoption, and (3) the relationship of internal and external characteristics of slaughter cattle’s farmers and adoption of AI. The research is conducted at Kecamatan Geger Kabupaten Bangkalan and Kecamatan Mantup Kabupaten Lamongan in East Java Province and at Kecamatan Penebel Kabupaten Tabanan in Bali Province. This research is designed as a correlational descreptive survey. The number of sample is 240 respondents and using stratified random sampling method. Data collection is completed using questionnaires, interview and field observation. Structural equation modeling is applied to analyze the relationship and the influence pattern among variables. The average of AI implementation aspects by the farmers is 51.1% and the average of the rate of AI adoption is 2.39 years. The internal and external characteristic of slaughter cattle’s farmer simultaneously are directly and positively influence the implementation of AI and the rate of AI adoption.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9859

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat-Mandiri Di Desa Kotabatu, Kecamatan Ciomas, Kabupaten Bogor

Nurul Fitriyanti, Dwi Sadono

 

 

Abstract

 

This research focuses on community participation in the Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat-Mandiri in Kotabatu Rural, District Ciomas, Bogor Regency. This study uses quantitative with survey methods and qualitative methods with in-depth interviews. Respondents in this study amounted to 45 people and are selected by random sampling method. The purposes of this study are 1) to analyze the correlation of internal factors in the community with the level of participation in PNPM-Mandiri, 2) to analyze the correlation of external factors that exist in the community with the level of participation in PNPM-Mandiri, and 3) to analyze the correlation between community participation the level of achievement gained in the community-PNPM Mandiri program. Based on the research results to internal factors that influence is age and external factors that influence is intensity of communication. In this program, people participate less, but people still feel a high level of achievement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9860

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 1 (2013)

 

Persepsi Petani terhadap Aspek Teknis Komoditi Kelapa Sawit di Desa Ladang Peris Kecamatan Bajubang Kabupaten Batanghari

Shinta Anggreany, Arsyad Lubis, Idris Sardi

 

 

Abstract

 

The cultivation of oil palm in the Province of Jambi is growing rapidly, this condition influenced by the farmer’s decision to select the commodity in farming. The decision influenced by the thair perceived, knowledge and experience. The technical aspects include time needed incultivation practice and harvesting, and knowledge of pests and diseases. This research aimed to analyze the perception of the palm in technical aspects. This research was conducted in Ladang Peris village, District Bajubang, Batanghari District with 29 respondents from May 26, 2011 until June 26, 2011. Data analysis is based on qualitative methods. The results showed that the perception of farmers on the tecnical aspects of oil palm focused on easy cultivation practice, harvesting once in two weeks period, and less pests and diseases infestation as compared to rubber plant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i1.9862

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Tingkat Partisipasi dan Keberdayaan Petani Alumni Program SL-PTT (Kasus Desa Gegesik Wetan Kabupaten Cirebon)

Amatul Jalieli, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

SL-PTT is a program of agricultural development has implemented a model of empowerment farmers by improving the quality and capacity of farmers through the acceleration of the implementation ICM technologies. This research aims to analyze the level of participation of farmers and the factors related to the level of participation and empowerment farmers who have followed SL-PTT. The research method used is a quantitative analysis with survay method and supported by the qualitative analysis method. The results showed the level of participation farmers graduated SL-PTT included high category on each stage of the program. The level of participation have correlation with the cosmopolitan of farmers, intensity of communication, the intensity following extension and the availability of agricultural information. The level of farmers empowerment have correlated with their participation and included high categories based on indicators of the ability of farmers to access information, implement ICM technology and make decisions.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9898

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Kompetensi Fasilitator Pelatihan Pusat Pengembangan dan Pemberdayaan, Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan Pertanian (P4TK Pertanian) Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

Eko Warisdiono, Ma’mun Sarma, Darwis S Gani, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

The success of the training execution one other is determined by facilitator competency. Therefore facilitator is strived to havecompetency in implementing learning task suitable with the wish and need of training participants. The aims of this researchis to analyse factors dominantly influencing competency of facilitators of P4TK Pertanian Cianjur. This research is conductedin P4TK Pertanian Cianjur, using P4TK fasilitators as respondents. The research is carried out in P4TK Pertanian Cianjurusing 121 facilitators by census. Reserch result showed that most part of the facilitators master the competence in the level ofmedium. Factors that significantly influencing positively the competence of the facilitators are involvement of facilitators inlearning process, motivation, and working environment. Meanwhile the individual characteristics does not significantly influencefacilitator competency.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9899

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Kajian Pelaksanaan Penyuluhan dan Partisipasi Perempuan pada Kegiatan Pertanian Tanaman Palawija di Desa Suka Damai, Kecamatan Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor

Hayati Zakaria

 

Abstract

 

The study of the implementation studies of extension and women’s participation in Agricultural Crops Activity in Sukadamai Village, District Dramaga, Bogor Regency aimed to analyze the level of women participation in agricultural crops activity; to analyze the level of women participation in agricultural crops extension activities; to identify the institusional of agricultural extension; to analyze the influence factor in the ability of the extension worker to improve women’s participation in agricultural crops extension activities. Sampling was done randomly respondents. Number of study sample as many as 30 people. Primary data obtained through the use of closed questionnaires, interviews with the use of an open questionnaire, focus group discussion (FGD), and observations. Stages of data analysis is divided into stages of data description and hypothesis testing phase. Results showed that the women participation in agricultural crops extension activities in high category is 53,3%; the women participation in agricultural extension activities in the low category is 50%; the existence of agricultural extension workers is recognized by women are civil servants extension workers and independent extension workers; the method of agricultural extension and the attidude of extension workers affect significantly (p < 0,05) to women’s participation in agricultural extension activities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9900

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Partisipasi Petani dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Rakyat di Desa Benteng Kabupaten Bogor Provinsi Jawa Barat

Indiyah Hudiyani

 

Abstract

 

The existence of private forest today is an important role, especially to supply the demand of wood and to improve the environment quality.Participation of farmers is very important to developing the private forest. The farmers have been developing private forest since 2005, when The Ministry of Forestry had a program National Mobilitation of Rehabilitation in forest and land. The utilization of private forest is to be a saving for the farmers. The goals of this research was to analyzed the level participation of farmers in managing private forest and to identified the factors that correlated with the participation of farmers in managing private forest. The data were collected on Oktober-Nopember 2013 in Benteng Village, Ciampea Sub District Bogor District West Java Province using some methods: questioner list, observasion, depth interview, and documents. The data were analyzed using non parametric statistic, based on Rank-Spearman correlation test using SPSS 20 software programming. The results showed that participation of farmers in managing private forest were low and the factors that affected the participation of farmers were width of the private forest , income, motivation, forestry extension, dan the supporting from the group of farmers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9902

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Kualitas Pelayanan Penyuluhan Pertanian dan Kepuasan Petani dalam Pengembangan Usahatani (Kasus di Desa Sukadamai Kecamatan Dramaga Kabupaten Bogor)

Melvis E Tahitu

 

Abstract

 

Agricultural extension has significance in changing the behavior of farmers into a better, but the it will be able to realize the goal of agricultural extension if done well and qualified. This study aims to assess the quality of agricultural extension in Sukadamai Village and its relationship with satisfaction and capacity of farmers. The study was designed as a research survey with 38 respondents taking with simple random sampling from 50 farmers in the Sukadamai. Data analysis was conducted by descriptive statistics to describe the distribution of respondents in each measured variable, whereas inferential statistics are used to see the relationship between the variables, in this case used Spearman Rank Correlation analysis. The results showed that formal education and the length of farming relate to assessment of farmers to agricultural extension methods; farm land area associated with the assessment of farmers to agricultural extension agent appearance; the intensity of the visiting agricultural extension agent, agricultural extension materials and methods associated with assessment of the accuracy of agricultural extension; accuracy of extension and methods related to the ability of farmers to identify potential farms, while farmers’ personal characteristics not related to the capacity of farmers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9903

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Analisis LKM Posdaya Kenanga Terhadap Tingkat Pendapatan Pelaku Usaha Mikro di Kelurahan Situ Gede

Nur Cholilah Junita Dalimunthe, Murdianto Murdianto

 

Abstract

 

LKM is a financial institution that serves to distribute micro-credit to the poor or low-income community. The granted micro-creditis expected to help the community, especially micro entrepreneurs to be able to expand their business. Business development is astrategic step to increase micro entrepreneur revenue. However, LKM should consider about the level of target accuracy, resourceprovivion, and movement development. This research aimed to analyze the implementation of LKM Posdaya Kenanga to microentrepreneur income level in Situ Gede Village. The research methods were The Rank Spearman Test and Cross Tabulationwhich were used to determine the existence of relationship between the implementation of LKM to micro entrepreneur incomelevel. The results showed that the implementation of LKM Posdaya Kenanga did not have positive and significant relationshipto micro entrepreneur level because the amount of micro entrepreneur income was generally low.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9904

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi dan Modal Sosial pada Berbagai Tingkat Partisipasi Peserta Program Pos Pemberdayaan Keluarga (Kasus Posdaya Mandiri Terpadu, Desa Cikarawang, Kecamatan Dramaga, Kabupaten Bogor)

Suhaeri Mukti, Titik Sumarti

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study are analyze the influence of socio-economic conditions and social capital on the level of program’sparticipation. The correlation level between of program’s participation are access to welfare benefits and economic benefits of thePosdaya Integrated Self. The research was conducted in the village of Cikarawang, District Dramaga. This study uses quantitativeand qualitative approaches. The results showed that the socio-economic conditions and social capital owned by the participantsrelated to the level of program participation program, and the level of participation in the program achieved the degree ofparticipation of tokenism Arnstein. Correlation test results demonstrate, there is a significant and strong correlation betweensocioeconomic conditions and social capital on the level of program participation. Other results show that the participationrate also has a significant and strong correlation with access to welfare benefits and economic benefits received by programparticipants.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9905

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 9, Nomor 2 (2013)

 

Analisis Hubungan Tingkat Kerentanan Masyarakat Pesisir Terhadap Bencana dengan Upaya Pengurangan Risiko Bencana (PRB)

Yolla Rahmi, Arif Satria

 

Abstract

 

Vulnerability is a level lack of ability in a society to prevent, defuse, achieve readiness and response the impact of disaster hazards. The coastal area is indicated as one of areas that vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquake and Tsunami. Every society has different levels of vulnerability to disasters. This research has three main objectives. The First is to identify the level of vulnerability of coastal communities. The level of vulnerability has four aspects, namely; sosio-cultural, economical, environmental, and institutional. The second is to identify efforts of disaster risk reduction by coastal communities. The Third is to analyze thecorrelation beetwen the level of vulnerability of coastal communities with the efforts of disaster risk reduction. The results show that socio-cultural aspect and institutional aspect are in the lowest level of vulnerability, whereas environmental aspect can be categorized to the middle level of vulnerability. On the other hand, on economic aspect using level of walfare as an indicator, 50% respondent show the lowest level of vulnerability and the rest is the highest level of vulnerability. There is significant correlation between the level of walfare with the efforts of disaster risk reduction to implementation of housing reconstruction. This research combined the quantitative and qualitative research approach.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v9i2.9907

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Analisis Eksistensi Kearifan Lokal Huyula Desa Bongoime Provinsi Gorontalo

Faris Budiman Annas, Ekawati Sri Wahyuni

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aims to analyze the existence of local wisdom Huyula measured by knowledge, attitudes and behavior of farmers to Huyula and its relationship with the internal and external factors farmers. The sample was Bongoime villagers who work as rice farmers. This study uses quantitative data with qualitative data furnished. This study tested using Spearman rank correlation test with significance level 0,05 level. Results of this study indicate that Huyula is a values contained in the mutual aid society. Farmers have the high knowledge, attitude and behavior towards Huyula although in practice only in the cleaning of irrigation channels. There is a relationship between knowledge, attitudes and behavior of farmers toward Huyula. There are two variabel like age and extention intensity that affects the existence Huyula.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9908

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Strategi Pengembangan Karier PNS Fungsional Umum di Institut Pertanian Bogor

Gandi Aria Wijaya, M. Syamsul Ma’arif, Anggraini Sukmawati

 

Abstract

 

The main issues in the field of human resources is a state civil officials on the quality and distribution of civil servants, therefore we need a research to know the civil servant career development strategy. Process and career development should be professional career development oriented of civil servants which means not only the structural purpose, but also to developing expertise towards functional. Thus, the position of the functional has a role as equal partners in a structural position. The purpose of this study is to identify what are the main priorities of the factors, actors and objectives as well as the recommendation of alternative strategies are most influential on the development of common functional civil servants career in IPB. The research was conducted at IPB and the Bureau of Personnel Culture and Education Ministry Secretariat using descriptive analysis and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) methods. The results of the descriptive analysis is from 1.500 civil servants education personnel only 14,3% certain functional officials in IPB, thus 83,7% is common functional PNS included structural officials which selectively will be converted to be specific functional civil service officials. Results obtained from AHP processing the alternative strategy most recommended is the establishment of assessment centers (0,482) by actor Vice Rector of Resources and Strategic Studies (0,498), through the strengthening of organizational factors (0,357) with the aim of increasing professionalism (0,600), that all are the main priorities which influence to the development of a common functional IPB civil servants career.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9909

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Peranan Pemimpin Lokal dalam Meningkatkan Kemampuan Kelompok (Kasus Kelompok Tani di Desa Pulo Kencana Kecamatan Pontang Kabupaten Serang)

Helda Ibrahim, Majdah Zain, Tanzil Ibrahim

 

Abstract

 

Local leaders have a role as opinion leaders and development agencies in supporting the realization of a dynamic group in improving the ability of groups related to communication, motivation, to facilitating and social contacts, knowledge of groups and foster group experience. Rural communities still face problems, especially individuals that have not been able to develop itself in enhancing the ability of the group through the role of local leaders. The purpose of this study is to identify the role of local leaders in improving the ability of a group. This research was conducted in the village of Pulo Kencana, helter subdistrict, Serang regency. The number of respondents was 45 respondents with tree of farmer groups. The results showed that the role of local leaders in improving the ability of the group is high. This is due to the behavior on the actions of the leaders in facilitating the communication, increasing the motivation of group members and facilitating the group.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9910

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Analisis Kebutuhan Pelatihan Guru IPA Berbasis Kompetensi Kepribadian

Irma Febrianis, Pudji Muljono, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Deviant behavior and ethic, norm, and moral violations done by the teachers become indicators on how poor is the personalcompetence of the teachers in Indonesia. Training to improve the personal competence of the teachers has got less concern fromthe government. This study offers an alternative in determining the training needs using the Training Needs Assessment (TNA).The study aimed at mapping the actual personality competence of the teachers, establishing training needs and priorities, aswell as providing recommendations for effective training methods. The survey method, interviews and FGDs were conductedto obtain the primary data. Survey was carried on 165 natural science teachers of SMP Negeri Pekanbaru using self evaluationquestionnaire. Result show that actual personality competence of the teachers are below the ideal competence. There are twopriority training programs include the training i.e on ethic code of teachers and training on personality strengthening. The trainingmethods of internal coaching and specific training are effective to improve the personality competence of the teacher.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9911

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Partisipasi Masyarakat Terhadap Kegiatan Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai Cikapundung di kelurahan Dago Bandung

Lorenza R. Radjabaycolle, Sumardjo Sumardjo

 

Abstract

 

Community participation in Cikapundung watershed management activities in Dago Village is the effort of community in maintaining and preserving the watershed.This study aims to determine the level of community participation in Dago Village on Cikapundung watershed management activities, and the factors related to the attitude of watershed management, watershed management and attitude relationship with the level of community participation. Data were analyzed using Rank spearman correlation test and the Chi-square function.This research suggests that the level of community participation in Dago Village appertain passably, and the tendency of people’s attitudes in Dago Village is a major component to encourage the participate in watershed management activities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9912

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Efektivitas Program Beasiswa untuk Meningkatkan Prestasi Mahasiswa (Kasus pada Mahasiswa Penerima Beasiswa Beastudi Etos di Jabodetabek

Mardiyanti Mardiyanti, Ninuk Purnaningsih, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

For achieve educational equity, government, private and non government organization provide scholarships. Scholarships are awarded as an effort to empower the recipients. Therefore this study aims to (1) analyze the scholarship program based on the concept of empowerment, (2) measure the factors that influence academic achievement of grantees. This research was conducted to 41 grantees Beastudi Etos at Jabodetabek during November-December 2013. The results showed that the scholarship is effective to be an empowerment program. Because it increase achievement motivation of grantees, and create positif environment to support learning process.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9913]

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Karakteristik Sosial Demografi dan Faktor Pendorong Peningkatan Kinerja Kader Posyandu

Megawati Simanjuntak

 

Abstract

 

Posyandu is one of the community participation approach in health sector that is managed by cadres, with the main problem arises is the declining number of visits of mothers of infants and toddlers. The aimed of this research were to analyze the level of performance of posyandu cadres, and to analyze the factors that influence performance. Research conducted in Ciherang Village with 30 samples that was selected using random sampling. Most of the cadres including productive age, junior secondary education, medium families size, and has been married to a third have children under five. The average of job length was 9 years old, had attended training related to posyandu, a cadre motivation is the desire to help the community. Average cadre incentives was Rp20,000 per person per month with the support of family and community leaders. The result showed that most of cadre’s performance can be categorized high. The higher the incentives received by the cadres and the more participation of cadres in training at least once influenced significantly for the improving of cadre’s performance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9914

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Efek Strategi Komunikasi Pemasaran Personal Selling PT Agricon Pada Petani Padi di Kabupaten Karawang

Nindya Ayu Wradsari, Anna Fatchiya

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to determine the personal selling of marketing communication strategy which was conducted by PT Agricon and to examine the factors related to the effects of it. This research applies simple random sampling which was conducted by using quantitative methods and supported by qualitative approach. The result showed that there were several activities which were implemented by the formulators of personal selling in the Village Rawagempol, such as demo plots, farmers meeting, field trip, and one day promo. Factors that are correlates positively to the tendency of farmer to buy the products are formulator communication skill in attracting farmer attention, the ability to explain the advantages of the product, the ability to use props well, farmer communication skill in being critical to formulator, and the ability of farmer to deliver attention and listen to the formulator. On farmer characteristics side, there were no factors that correlate to the tendency of farmers to buy the products.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9915

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 1 (2014)

 

Motivasi Petani dalam Pengelolaan Usaha Hutan Rakyat Desa Cingambul, Kecamatan Cingambul, Majalengka

Suherdi Suherdi, Siti Amanah, Pudji Muljono

 

Abstract

 

Private forests have economical, social and environmental benefits. Through the private forests, farmers can support the fulfillment of the household needs, included basic and social needs, as well as appreciation for their initiatives and actions in land rehabilitation. Without strong motivation from farmers, the private forests would be rarely found. Thus, the research objective is to analyze factors motivate farmers do the business and therole of the forests extension workers in the development of private forests. Primary data was collected in CingambulVillage, Sub-District Cingambul, Majalengka from July to August 2013. A number of 81 farmers out of 101 private forest farmers were selected as respondents. A Rank Spearman Correlation was used to analyse factors correlate to motivation of the farmers in running private forests. The research results show that: (1) farmers’ motivation has a positive correlation with the farmer’s perception to the benefits of private forests, attitudes of forest people toward their private forest business, availability of plant species, ease of marketing, frequency of forest extension workers visit, suitability of the material, equipment availability, and accuracy methods applied in the extension activity, and (2) the farmers perceived that the dominant roles of forestry extension are as a advisors, facilitators and as a educators. There is a need to improve the role of extension workers as a motivator for farmers in managing the private forests.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i1.9916

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Strategi Peningkatan Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian dalam Pengembangan Agribisnis di Kabupaten Banyuwangi

Danang Sudarso Widya Prakoso Joyo Widakdo

 

Abstract

 

Agribusiness development in Banyuwangi growing supported by the agricultural extension. The role of agricultural extension is needed by communities and farmers. Therefore, strategies are needed to improve its performance, especially with the implementation of the difference between the central government and local governments (regional autonomy). Research related to strategies for improving the performance of agricultural extension workers, especially in Banyuwangi has been done by first analyzing the factors that affect the performance of the extension, which is then analyzed more in depth with the IE method, SWOT and QSPM and eventually obtained agricultural extension strategies for improving performance. The results showed that the strength factor is the suitability of a high enough salary, weakness factor is the lack of monitoring of the performance of agricultural extension, chances are the interest factor be enough agricultural extension, the threat factor is the lack of agricultural extension PNS. Strategic priorities for performance improvement of agricultural extension is the need to evaluate the performance of agricultural extension monitoring periodically, the second priority is additional quota admission counselor civil servants, the third priority the strengthening of IT, the fourth priority intensification of agricultural extension training programs to improve the performance of the performance competencies of agricultural extension, the fifth priority the improvement of cooperation among government agencies to integrate all of the work program for the right target, and the sixth priority poktan role to participate in the establishment of monitoring the performance of agricultural extension. While the managerial implications in the development of agribusiness, there are three themes, namely human resource development extension agent, performance evaluation, and monitoring the performance of agricultural extension.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9917

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Strategi Pengembangan Perilaku Komunikasi Guru Responsif Gender

Ernita Arif, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Basita Ginting Sugihen, Ninuk Purnaningsih, Amiruddin Saleh

 

Abstract

 

The teacher is a strategic factor in the learning process. For that teachers must have good skills, especially the ability to communicate, because the whole learning process is closely related to communication. But the reality has not been able to optimize the ability of the teacher to the students of boys and girls. This study aims to develop the communication behavior of a gender responsive teachers. The study was designed as ekplanatory survey research conducted by two hundred the number of respondents using Taro Yamane formula. This research was conducted in the city of Padang and Padang Pariaman since June-December 2013. Results showed that the strategy of development of gender responsive teacher communication behaviors through strengthening the internal and external factors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9918

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Pengembangan Pertanian Organik di Kelompok Tani Madya, Desa Kebonagung, Kabupaten Bantul, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Firda Emiria, Heru Purwandari

 

Abstract

 

Organic farming is agricultural activities that seek the use of outside intake and avoid the use of pesticides and synthetic fertilizer. The results showed that the organic farmers and conventional farmers have the high responses of organic farming. However, the characteristics of organic farmer have no relation with farmer’s respons of organic farming. Then, in conventional farmers, formal education and the courage to take the risks have relation with farmer’s respons of organic farming. This research also showed there are no relation between farmer’s respons of organic farming with farmer’s income. Nevertheless, can be predicted that there are chances of the conventional farmers to adopt the organic farming.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9919

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Persepsi Pembudidaya Ikan Terhadap Kompetensi Penyuluh Perikanan di Kawasan Minapolitan (Kasus di Kabupaten Cirebon, Provinsi Jawa Barat)

Ikhsan Haryadi, Siti Amanah, Suwardi Suriatna

 

Abstract

 

Research objectives were: 1) to describe the profile fish farmers, 2 ) to analyze the perception of fish farmers towards competence of fisheries extension worker, and 3 ) to analyze the relationship between the profile of fish farmers and fisheries extension services towards of fish farmers perceptions of competence of fisheries extension workers. The study was conducted in Cirebon regency, West Java Province. The sample was 100 respondents of fish farmers is determined by the formula Slovin. Processing and analysis of data using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Rank Spearmen). The results showed profiles of fish farmers mostly adult age category (39-57 years). Majority of low educational level or not complete primary school or complete primary school. Participation in fisheries training and experience of fishing bussines is low. Perceptions of fish farmer towards competence of fisheries extension worker is the medium category, except towards personal competence is high category with details of the personal competence is 64%, andragogik competence is 61%, professional competence is 59% and social competence is 60% The better the extension given material, the better the fisheries extension perceptions fish farmers to professional and social competence fisheries extension workers. The better implementation methods and techniques of extension, the better the perception of fish farmers towards personal competence, social and professional of fisheries extension workers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9920

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Tingkat Partisipasi dalam Kegiatan Pendidikan Kecakapan Hidup

Lina Asnamawati, Ninuk Purnaningsih, Soenarmo J. Hatmodjosoewito

 

Abstract

 

Life skill education is an essential thing that must be owned by people to gain knowledge and practical skill in particular work fields. The success of life skill education was determined by the direct involvement of the society based on the planning, implementation, evaluation, and benefit of the result. The society would have involved in an activity if it was appropriate with the necessity, the interest, the aptitude, and the availability and the continuity of the source so that the society can apply the skill and the knowledge which are required for themselves and are useful for teaching the local society. The participation of the society was influenced by age, level of formal and informal education, attitude toward life skills, level of knowledge of life skills, functional skills, previous experience about life skills, the guidance of facilitators, and also the availability of supported facilities. According to Arstein, the participation of the society included in tokenism group which is the involvement due to the push in order to make them agree, the announcement of the same direction, the advice from the society is accepted but anyhow it became useless. The degree of the participation from the society gives much effect toward the success of life skill education in attitude change related to personal skill and academic skill. The attitude is also seen in social and vocational skills.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9921

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian di Kabupaten Pidie Provinsi Aceh dalam Melaksanakan Tugas dan Fungsi

Mujiburrahmad Mujiburrahmad, Pudji Muljono, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Various programs and the results achieved must not be separated from the role of agricultural extension in carrying out their duties and responsibilities in fostering farmer. The purpose of the study to identify the level of performance of agricultural extension in Pidie District in carrying out their duties, and to analyze the factors associated with the performance of agricultural extension. The method used in data collection is the census. The number of respondents in this study were as many as 47 people. The data collection was carried out from February 2014 to April 2014, using questionnaires, interviews, observation and study of literature. The data obtained were tabulated and then analyzed using Spearman Rank. The results showed that the level of performance of agricultural extension in Pidie District in general is still relatively low. Spearman rank correlation results showed: (1) factors related to the internal characteristics of the performance of extension are: length of service and number of target groups (2) factors related to the external characteristics of the performance of extension are: administrative support and working conditions, and (3) Factors competence extension tasks related to the performance of agricultural extension are: the application of adult learning principles, communication skills and ability to cooperate.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9922

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Tingkat Difusi-Adopsi Inovasi Biogas di Kecamatan Lembang Kabupaten Bandung Barat

Nurul Dwi Novikarumsari, Siti Amanah, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

This study aims to analyse the household characteristics of dairy farmer, perception of biogas innovation, access of information, the meeting with extension workers and factors affecting biogas diffusion and adoption in Lembang Sub District. Lembang Sub District has a potential of 4 149 dairy farmer households as prospected biogas adopters. Suntenjaya and Cibodas villages were selected as the research sites. All of the population member (266 households) were the research respondents. Questionnaires consist of four independent variables include dairy farmers characteristic, perception of biogas, access of information, and the meeting with extension workers were used to collect primary data. Rank Spearman correlation test was used to analyse the data. Research results shows that motivation, complexity, compatibility, and observability has positive correlation with speed of adoption; and dairy farmers experiences, relative advantage, and and triability has positive correlation with diffusion; the access of information and meeting with extension workers do not correlate with biogas diffusion-adoption since the farmers has involved in the biogas program from an international foundation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9923

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Peran Ketua Kelompok Wanita Tani dalam Pemanfaatan Lahan Pekarangan yang Berkelanjutan

Rindi Metalisa, Amiruddin Saleh, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

 

Abstract

 

The growing food needs become a significant issue due the population increases, farming lands converted, and climate change. One of attempt to support food needs is utilizing gardening that are environmental friendly and based on local resources. Optimizing gardening through women farmers group can be a huge potential in sustainability gardening. Therefore the role of women farm leaders is essential to direct their members toward this purpose. The objective of research was to analyze the influence of women farm leaders in gardening utilization. This research was conducted in Bogor through a survey method. Number of respondents was 75 people with a proportional simple random sampling technique. The data was collected in February to April 2014 and was analyzed using regression model. The result showed that gardening utilization sustainability was still similar with Food Consumption Acceleration Movement (P2KP) program, as seen from the types and number of plants. The role of women farm leaders that affect gardening utilization sustainability were motivators, and problem solvers. Groups leaders involvement in the utilization gardening can affect group members to maintain activities gardening post P2KP program. The role of groups leaders can be increased through extension activities, the use of communication media, and interact with other sources of information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9924

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Pengaruh Modal Sosial terhadap Ketahanan Pangan Rumahtangga Petani di Desa Ciaruteun Ilir Kecamatan Cibungbulang Kabupaten Bogor

Sara Endarwati, Ekawati Sri Wahyuni

 

Abstract

 

Social capital is an important component in a community. Social capital is used to help each other when in need, such as the need to secure food sufficiency in a household. Social capital consists of trust, networks, and social norms. Household food security is defined as a condition of food suffiency in one household in terms of availability, accesibility and consumability. This study aims to analyze the roles of social capital in household food security in Ciaruteun Ilir village, Cibungbulang subdistrict at Bogor Regency. The data collected by using a survey to 60 horticultural farmer houselds. The farmer’s household food security is not determined by socio economic level, spending level and the number of household members. Farmers use the capital social to generate income for buying foods.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9925

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 10, Nomor 2 (2014)

 

Tingkat Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian di Kabupaten Konawe Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara

Syafruddin Syafruddin, Sunarru Samsi Hariadi, Sri Peni Wastutiningsih

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aims to provide information on the level of performance of agricultural extension Konawe Southeast Sulawesi and the factors that influence. The unit of analysis This study is of agricultural extension, taken/withdrawn in census namely throughout civil servants of agriculture extension worker of the research sites (130 people), while of the objectivity to assess the performance of agricultural extension also taken two farmers who are in the target area so that the number of agricultural extension farmers is 260 people. Data of results in research the analysis use the proportion test, with the provision that the largely the performance level of agricultural extension (> 50 %) in the category which low. Based on the results obtained by the analysis of the proportion test of Z count value as big as -7,89 is smaller than the Z table at 5% confidence level is equal to 1.960, then the research hypothesis which states that most of the agricultural extension worker number (> 50 %) have in low performance level is rejected, because the reality shows that the level of performance of agricultural extension who are being.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v10i2.9926

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Persepsi Pemuda terhadap Peranan Karang Taruna dalam Penanganan Masalah Sosial

Annisa Yulia Handayani, Ninuk Purnaningsih, Ma’mun Sarma

 

Abstract

 

The government should work with the elements of society to solve a growing social problem, including organizations that exist at the village level. Karang Taruna as one of the youth organizations, is a partner that could take the role in solving social problems. The purpose of this study is to determine how youth perceptions of the Karang Taruna role and the factors that influence these perceptions. Descriptive analytical study design by incidental sampling techniques to 93 youths carried out at Bogor City. Data collection was conducted between February until April 2014. Processed data using regression analysis. The results showed that age, education, motivation, experience, interaction with organization, social environment, knowledge about the social problem and knowledge about karang taruna role in the implementation of social welfare influence statistically significant to youth perceptions about Karang Taruna’s role in solving social problems.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9927

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

Motivasi, Kepuasan Kerja dan Kinerja Penyuluh Kehutanan di Kabupaten Cianjur Jawa Barat

Firmansyah Firmansyah, Siti Amanah, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Performance of forestry extension workers would contribute to the achievement of extension goals. The study aims to find performance of forestry extension workers in relations to their profile, motivation and job satisfaction. The data collection was carried out from March to April 2014 using questionnaires, interviews, observation and literature study. The data obtained were tabulated and analyzed using Pearson correlation. The results showed: (1) most of the forestry extension in Cianjur District has older age categories, has a long working period, higher education level, and frequency of training is low, (2) the level of work motivation were high tended to moderate, work satisfaction were high, and the level of performance including the moderate categories. The results of the Pearson correlation between the motivation and job satisfaction to the performance of forestry extension in Cianjur District shows: (1) there is positive significant correlation between motivation to the performance of forestry extension workers, and (2) There is no significant correlation between the profile of forestry extension and job satisfaction to the performance of forestry extension workers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9928

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Faktor-Faktor yang Menentukan Keterlibatan Pemuda Pedesaan pada Kegiatan Pertanian Berkelanjutan

Fitri Ningsih, Sofyan Syaf

 

Abstract

 

Sustainable agriculture is one of national goal development in the realization of food self-suffiency in Indonesia. Sustainable agriculture will not be realized without the involvement of youth in agricultural activities, which include the activities of land and seed preparation, maintenance, and harvesting. Agricultural activities must be able to meet the economic needs, maintaining land fertility, and recognized by society as decent job. The purpose of this research was to analyze the factors that determine the involvement of rural youth in sustainable agricultural activities. In order to achieve that, the research methodology used qualitative and quantitative methods. Methodology used for quantitative is survey approach. Quantitative data were processed using regression test, rank Spearman test, and cross tabulation. Meanwhile, methodology that used for qualitative is in-depth interview approach. Data obtained from this method were reduced, presented, and drawn for conclusion. Result of the research showed the involvement of youth in agricultural activities had became decreased due to parental socialization and low cohesiveness peers. Agricultures was considered as a job that is not economically viable. Therefore, it needs attention of various sides to improve the socialization of agriculture, and coordinate the institution to facilitate youth sharing information about agriculture.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9929

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Dinamika Pengelolaan Sampah Rumah Tangga di Desa Gunung Sari Kecamatan Citeureup, Kabupaten Bogor

Francisca Gita Anjani, Pudji Muljono

 

Abstract

 

Domestic Wasted management program is one of PT Indocement’s CSR conducted in Gunung Sari Village. This research aimson the evaluation of wasted management program that has been running since 2009. The evaluation was conducted using CIPPconcept from Stufflebeam by analyzing content, input, process, and final product as an outcome from this program. This researchillustrated both the supporting and inhibiting factors from the domestic wasted management program and also described theproceeding programs for these past 5 years. The population for this research was represented by 120 domestic house wivesas corespondent, addressed in RW 04. Domestic wasted management program in Gunung Sari Village is running well. Thesupporting factors for this program are the subsidy cost from PT. Indocement CSR funds, the awareness of UPK managementto be independent, creativity and the society’s awareness for a cleaner environment. Meanwhile the inhibiting factors are themarketing for the final product and the lack of communications between the stakeholders.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9930

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Tingkat Adopsi Inovasi Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (PTT) Padi Sawah di Kecamatan Leuwiliang, Kabupaten Bogor

Ismilaili Ismilaili, Ninuk Purnaningsih, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

Integrated crop management (ICM) can increase productivity, economic benefit rice farming through the efficient use of inputs, and conserve land resources for sustainable production systems. The purpose of this study is to analyze the degree of adoption, perception of ICM, and factors that influence the adoption of innovation ICM of paddy in Leuwiliang District. The research location was in Barengkok village and Leuwimekar village, Leuwiliang Sub-district. Research was implemented from May until July 2014. Respondents in this study were 80 farmers. The respondent covered 40 farmers from the Barengkok village and 40 farmers from Leuwimekar village. The data was collected by using a questionnaire and in-depth interviews. Multiple regression analysis test was used to analyze the data. The research results showed (1) The adoption level of integrated crop management (ICM) of paddy in the Leuwiliang Sub district was in high category, and (2) The factors of age, experience, land area, the availability of technology information, knowledge and perceptions of farmers were significantly affected the adoption level of ICM paddy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9931

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Perilaku Menonton dan Kepuasan Petani terhadap Program Merajut Asa di Televisi TV Trans7

Nurlaila Kusuma, Hadiyanto Hadiyanto

 

Abstract

 

This study aims to identify the behavior of the audience watching television, as well as analyzed the relationship between viewing behavior with the level of audiences satisfaction the programs Merajut Asa TV Trans7. The method was used in this study is a survey method with the quantitative approaches supported by qualitative data. The results of this study explain the choice of the most popular by farmers is the program information and entertainment. Farmers have a low duration of watching television, i.e. during 7,50-45,75 minutes/day, as well as the duration of watching programs Merajut Asa TV Trans7 also low, i.e. during 1-15 minutes. Farmers have a low frequency of watching television, the only watch 1-4 times a week. Frequency of watching programs Merajut Asa TV Trans7 also low, i.e. 1-2 times a month. Duration of watching is not associated with the level of audiences satisfaction. Frequency of watching associated with the level of audiences satisfaction, i.e. satisfaction information.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9933

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Perbedaan Tahapan Pembelajaran Sekolah Lapang Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu Padi Sawah antar Komunitas Petani di Lampung

Slameto Slameto, F. Trisakti Haryadi, Subejo Subejo

 

Abstract

 

Enhancement of paddies production in Lampung done with implementation of agriculture technology innovation. The effort done with farmer field school of integrated crops management (FFS-ICM) of paddies. The learning of field school occured on various ethnic community of rice farmers. The effectivity of learning process can be occured with impersonation by the stages of attention, retention, behavior production process and motivation. The purpose of this study to analyze the difference effectiveness of learning farmer field school for farmers from ethnic Lampung, Java and Bali. The research methods with survey on rice farmers FFS-ICM of paddies participant. The sample total 286 farmers.The research located in Lampung. The research carried out Juni-September 2013. The data analysis done with the difference variance. The result indicate that only the motivate stages of process learning FFS-ICM between Bali-Java ethnic shows that the obvious difference.That implications need a preparation of learning material which capable to increase farmers motivation, need an improvement empowerment of farmers group, empowering figure roles and farmer society figures.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9934

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Tingkat Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian di Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) Selatan

Tiara Aprilia Hernanda, Anna Fatchiya, Ma’mun Sarma

 

Abstract

 

The existence of professional agri-extension worker is main extension’s issue to move it effectively and efficiently. Professionalism related with agri-extension worker’s performance. The existing main problem is agri-extension worker’s performance in Indonesia is quite low. It is because of agri-extension worker has low individual quality, include in some district in South Sumatera. Therefore, the objectives of this study is to measure the performance of agri-extension worker. The research used a survey method with quantitative and qualitative approach. It conducted in South Ogan Komering Ulu (OKU) District, South Sumatera Province, with census method to sampling. The respondents of the study were 65 of agri-extension workers. The scoring method used the measurement indicators from The Regulation of Minister of Agriculture Number. 91/Permentan/OT.140/9/2013. Overall performance of agricultural extension agents in South OKU District is in well category. It is supported by the worker’s ability to prepare and implement extension’s activities. However, there are shortcomings in terms of extension’s evaluation had been done. Thus, it is required a continuous evaluation.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9937

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 1 (2015)

 

Perilaku Masyarakat dalam Pelestarian Hutan Mangrove di Kabupaten Pangkep Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan

Zainudin Zainudin, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Mangrove forest is one natural resource which essential for the life of living creatures that lives on its surrounding. The existence of mangrove forests has become an integral part of the lives of coastal communities; hence the existence of mangrove forests should be maintained and preserved. Mangrove forest sustainability cannot be separated from the behavior of the people who live around that forest. The objective of this research was (1) to examine the behavior of the coastal communities conserving mangrove forests, (2) to examine the factors related to coastal communities’ behavior in managing and conserving mangrove forest. The populations were the 100 heads of fisherman households taken from Tekolabbua and Pundata Baji Village of Pangkep District. This research was correlational research. This data was analyzed using Spearman Rank correlation by using SPSS programming. The result shows that the behavior of coastal communities in the preservation Pangkep mangrove forests is in the middle level. Factors related to this are behavior is the intensity of extension activities and environmental support.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i1.9936

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Pemanfaatan Cyber Extension melalui Telepon Genggam oleh Petani Anggrek di Taman Anggrek Ragunan, Jakarta Selatan

Aira Putri Eri Dasli, Pudji Muljono, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Cyber extension is one of the modern technology which can be utilized by the farmers, extension workers, and Business actors to obtain informations and develop agricultural business. The purpose of this study was to analyze relationship between characteristics of respondents and environmental with the farmers behavior in utilizing cyber extension (Hp and internet) to support farming activities as well as the utilized on farm orchid plants. This study is descriptive correlational type of survey method. Research conducted at the Ragunan Orchid Park, South Jakarta, Jakarta Province. The sample were all growers of orchids as many as 35 people. The behavior of farmers for using cyber media, especially utilized of mobile phones. It also had a positive utilized in the development of farming, especially in marketing orchids in town and out of town. So, the farmers increase consumer and profit.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10574

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Manfaat Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Program Pengelolaan Sampah

Adi Chandra Berampu, Ivanovich Agusta

 

Abstract

 

The existence of the company in a public area should be able to bring benefits to society itself, as in the social, economic, and environmental. To realize these expectations then CSR programs are implemented by taking into account the participation of the community and other stakeholders, because participation is one of the the most important of community development principles. There are internal factors that considered relates to the level of participation. Variables of internal factor (individual characteristics) are age level, education level, length of stay, and income level. The results of the research showed that there is no relationship between the individual characteristics to the level of community participation. The level of community participation considered relates to the level of program’s benefits that can be felt. Variables of program utilization such as the level knowledge level, skill level, environmental cleanliness level, and economic opportunities level. The results of the research showed that there is a relationship between the level of participation and the level of program’s benefits that community receive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10575

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Dinamika Kelompok Penerima CSR PLN Tarahan Lampung Selatan

Dedeh Kurniasih Kusnani, Pudji Muljono, Amiruddin Saleh

 

Abstract

 

The study aims to: (1) analyze the level of group dynamics; (2) analyze relation between internal and external characteristics of members and group dynamics. The research uses survey method and was conducted in South Lampung. Numbers of samples are 50 respondents. Descriptive and correlational analysis was used to explain this research. The results of the research show that: (1) the level of group dynamics was low because the group goals are not specific, the structure is not clear, group role and function is not implemented optimally, coaching and development of group is not adequate, and there is no positive pressure; (2) the internal and external characteristics of members that related positively with group dynamics are working motivation, intensity of extension, mentoring, and social interaction of the group.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10578

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Kapasitas Petani Kakao Bekas Penambang Batu Bara di Kota Sawahlunto

Delki Utama Asta, Aida Vitayala S Hubeis, Anna Fatchiya

 

Abstract

 

The study aims to: (1) analyze the capacity of cocoa farmers ex-coalmining in Sawahlunto and (2) analyze factors that corrrelated with the capacity of cocoa farmers ex-coalmining in Sawahlunto. This research used survey method and was conducted in Sawahlunto City, West Sumatera on Desember 2014-February 2015. Numbers of sample this research are 70 respondents and used descriptive and correlational rank Spearman analysis. The results of this research showed that: (1) capacity of cocoa farmers ex-coalmining in production, marketing, farming management, problem solving and enviromental adaptation process was low, and (2) low capacity of cocoa farmer ex-coalmining in Sawahlunto correlated with formal education of farmers that only until elementary school, farming experience of farmers is still limited so their knowledge and skill to farm is low , extension support to give information for farmer is not maximal, the role of farmer groups to help farmers seeking farming information is still low and local goverment support to facilitating the needs of farmers is not optimal.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10579

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Pengelolaan Kelembagaan Lelang Lebak Lebung dan Perilaku Nelayan di Kabupaten Muara Enim Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

Enik Afri Yanti, Arif Satria, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

The study aims to (1) Analyzing attitude of the fishermen towards management system in Lebak Lebung (knowladge, behaviour, and manner), (2) to describing auction system of Lebak Lebung, (3) and to analyze the external and internal characteristic between the institutional and the fishermen towards open waters managed in Lebak Lebung. The study was conducted using survay methods thourgh decriptive analysis and corellation methode which the samples of this study are 100 fishermen in Muara Enim –Sub distict-. The result showed that (1) Lebak Lebung is the open water district which consist of river area and land that forms marshes (lebak) and low land that watery (lebung). Lebak Lebung will be a fishes breeding in ebb season, and in the flow season Lebak Lebung used by villager to catch fishes. The ownership of fish resources in Lebak Lebung will be given to Pegemin auction as a winner of area Lebak Lebung thourgh aution system. The aims of Lebak Lebung-auction is to obtain the income areas, and conservation of Lebuk Lebung, and avoid the confilcts between fishermen.(2) the highly behaviour : knowladge, behaviour, and manner of fihermen in Lubuk Lebung auctions management. (3) Internal characteristic, Lebak lebung institutional and external characteristics that relating to the behavior of fishermen is the level of education, the number of dependents experience of fishermen effort, income of the fishermen, rule, punishment, the performance of fishermen group, the government policy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10580

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Adopsi Teknologi Petani pada Sekolah Lapangan Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu (SL-PTT)

Karmila Muchtar, Djoko Susanto, Ninuk Purnaningsih

 

Abstract

 

Field School of Comprehensive Agriculture Land-Use Management (SL-PTT) is agriculture innovation from ministry of agriculture. The SL-PTT program aims accelerating the adoption of innovation at the farm level to increase production in a sustainable manner. The study aims to analyze decision making process by the farmers to adopt and utilize the technology of rice innovation in their land-use and and how much the production level of rice achieved by the farmers in SL-PTT program. The study was planned using survey descriptive correlational on March-April 2014 covered 80 farmers in village of Abbokongeng, Sub District of Kulo, District of Sidrap, South Sulawesi. Data were analyzed and tested using multiple linear regression. The evidence showed that almost all (91,25%) of the farmers applied all innovations, such as: using high qualified seeds, planting system, using appropriate fertilizer and water irrigarion, controlling pests, harvest and past-harvest management. Production of rice were more than 6,000 kg /ha with average profit is Rp 18,969,950/Ha. To increase adoption innovation of technology by the farmers, exntension worker should carry out more intensive approach. Communication between the farmers and the extension worker should be maintained and increased through the SL-PTT program in such that the rice production can be consistently increazed.
 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10581

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Tingkat Kompetensi Petani Agribisnis Sayuran Pada Lahan Sempit di Kota Banda Aceh dan Kabupaten Aceh Besar

Muhibuddin Muhibuddin, Siti Amanah, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

The research objectives are to analyze the level of agribusiness competencies of smallholders with vegetable planting, the correlated factors with agribusiness competence of smallholders with vegetable planting, and the strategies of increasing agribusiness competence of smallholders with vegetable planting. The respondents are vegetable farmers who live in the sub-district Syiah Kuala of Banda Aceh and sub-district Darussalam of Aceh Besar. Sampling was done by simple random sampling. Data collection was conducted on the 77 respondents using survey, interviews and observations technique, starting in April 2015 The descriptive analysis and correlation test (Pearson correlation) were used to analyze the data.The results showed that the level of agribusines competencies of smallholders with vegetable planting in Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar including moderate category. The moderate agribusiness competence is shown by the moderate level of knowledge, attitude, and skill. There is a very real correlation between: the characteristics of the socio-demographic (age, level of formal education, non-formal education, and experience), motivation to farm, interaction and communication of farmers with agribusiness competencies of smallholders with vegetable planting. The effective strategies that can improve the agribusiness competence of smallhoders are: improve training and field school for farmers, increase the interaction and communication of farmers with extension workers, and the development of farmers groups.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10582

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 11, Nomor 2 (2015)

 

Peranan Penyuluh Swadaya dalam Mendukung Intensifikasi Kakao di Kabupaten Sigi Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah

Riana Riana, Ninuk Purnaningsih, Arif Satria

 

Abstract

 

Self-support extension agents is the main actors who are successful in their business and other community members with his own conscience willing and able to become a counselor. The role of self support extension agents is needed to support the role of civil servants as an alternative that is deemed in accordance with UU No. 16 2006th. But there are still many people, including the main actors themselves who do not know the important role of the non-extension. The purpose of this study is to analyze the role of self-support extension agents in supporting intensification extension cocoa viewed from the aspect of agribusiness. This research is descriptive quantitative survey method with descriptive analysis approach and quantitative paradigm. Research carried out in the Sigi district of Central Sulawesi, which became one of the central largest cocoa producing. The sample in this study is a cocoa farmer extension built by self-help by using the method of proportional cluster random sampling as 96 people. Overall results of farmers’ perceptions of the role of self-support extension agents was that extension workers has been instrumentalin supporting themselves-intensification cocoa butonly dominant in farming sector. This happened because the they just get extension related to the cultivation. Whereas if the extension self-given knowledge relating to the harvest and post-harvest and marketing, the role will become more important as supported also by extension the role of self-support extension agents in motivating and help the farmers in the problem solving.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v11i2.10583

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Partisipasi Petani dalam Replanting Kelapa Sawit di Provinsi Jambi

Shinta Anggreany, Pudji Muljono, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: 1) menganalisis tingkat persepsi terhadap inovasi dan tingkat partisipasi petani dalam replanting kelapa sawit; 2) menganalisis hubungan antara karakteristik internal dan eksternal dengan persepsi terhadap inovasi replanting petani kelapa sawit; dan 3) menganalisis hubungan persepsi terhadap inovasi replanting dengan partisipasi petani dalam replanting kelapa sawit. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dan dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Sungai Bahar, Kabupaten Muaro Jambi. Jumlah sampel penelitian ini adalah 83 orang. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dan korelasi. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah 1) Tingkat partisipasi petani dalam replanting kelapa sawit termasuk kategori rendah dikarenakan faktor ekonomi dan kurangnya penyuluhan yang diberikan; 2) karakteristik internal dan eksternal petani yang berhubungan dengan persepsi terhadap inovasi replanting petani dalam replanting kelapa sawit adalah tingkat pendidikan, frekuensi penyuluhan, dan dampak perkebunan besar yang dirasakan petani; dan 3) persepsi terhadap inovasi replanting kelapa sawit tidak berhubungan dengan partisipasi petani dalam replanting kecuali pada aspek tingkat triabilitas.
 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11315

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Tingkat Penerapan Pengendalian Hama Terpadu (PHT) Sayuran di Kenagarian Koto Tinggi, Kabupaten Agam, Sumatera Barat

Nila Sari, Anna Fatchiya, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

merupakan inovasi yang harus diterapkan petani dalam menguranggi penggunaan pestisida. Penelitian bertujuan mendeskripsikan tingkat penerapan PHT oleh petani. Metode penelitian survei bersifat dekriptif. Jumlah responden 90 petani Kenagarian Koto Tinggi. Penelitian lapang April-Mei 2015. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif yang didukung dengan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat penerapan komponen PHT meliputi pemanfaatan musuh alami sebesar 53,05% responden dalam kategori rendah. Komponen budidaya tanaman terdiri dari pengolahan lahan, pemeliharaan dan panen/pascapanen, penggunaan benih/bibi, penggunaan pupuk dan pengendalian OPT secara keseluruhan sebesar 62,78 % dalam kategori cukup sesuai dengan yang telah direkomendasikan. Komponen pengamatan berkala tergolong sedang dan tinggi sebesar 77,78% .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11316

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Kinerja Usahatani dan Motivasi Petani dalam Penerapan Inovasi Varietas Jagung Hibrida padaLahan Kering di Kabupaten Lombok Timur

Ni Made Nike Zeamita Widiyanti, Lukman M Baga, Heny K Suwarsinah

 

Abstract

 

Beberapa kendala petani pada lahan kering yaitu keterbatasan air, pendidikan rendah, dan pendapatan yang rendah. Kendala tersebut tidak menghilangkan keinginan petani untuk mengadopsi inovasi varietas jagung hibrida. Kondisi ini diduga karena motivasi petani yang tinggi. Motivasi merupakan salah satu aspek penting yang mempengaruhi keputusan petani untuk mengadopsi inovasi. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk menganalisis perbedaan kinerja usahatani antara petani hibrida dan non hibrida, untuk menganalisis tingkat motivasi dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi motivasi petani dalam penerapan inovasi varietas jagung hibrida. Metode analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis uji beda (uji-t), uji mann-whitney dan uji korelasi rank spearman. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan kinerja usahatani antara petani hibrida dan non hibrida. Pada kondisi normal, petani hibrida dapat memproduksi rata-rata 11,45 ton per hektar, sedangkan petani non hibrida dapat memproduksi rata-rata 7,43 ton per hektar. Terdapat perbedaan tingkat motivasi antara petani hibrida mayoritas awal dan mayoritas akhir. Motivasi petani hibrida mayoritas akhir lebih tinggi dibandingkan mayoritas awal. Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi motivasi petani dalam penerapan inovasi varietas jagung hibrida yaitu, pengalaman berusahatani, jumlah tanggungan keluarga, luas lahan garapan, sifat kosmopolit dan ketersediaan modal.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11317

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Pengaruh Pelatihan Non Teknis terhadap Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian BP4K di Kabupaten Bungo Provinsi Jambi

Ike Wirdani Putri, Anna Fatchiya, Siti Amanah

 

Abstract

 

Guna mendukung kinerja penyuluh pertanian BP4K Kabupaten Bungo mengadakan pelatihan non-teknis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: menganalisis kesesuaian pelatihan bagi penyuluh pertanian serta menganalisis kinerja penyuluh pertanian setelah berpartisipasi dalam pelatihan non-teknis. Penelitian dilakukan dengan cara sensus pada 100 responden dan analisis data menggunakan statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial (multiple linear regresi). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: 1) frekuensi pelatihan dan motivasi dari penyuluh pertanian positif mempengaruhi kinerja penyuluh; 2) Metode pelatihan dan infrastruktur mempengaruhi efektivitas pelatihan. Metode yang lebih inovatif dalam pelatihan dengan didukung oleh infrastruktur yang lebih baik akan meningkatkan kinerja yang lebih baik dari penyuluh; 3) kesesuaian materi pelatihan dan rencana pembelajaran yang lebih baik akan mempengaruhi penyuluh dalam meningkatkan kinerja pelatihan; 4) dukungan fasilitas dari organisasi penyuluhan akan meningkatkan kinerja penyuluh, dan penyuluh pertanian menerima reward/imbalan atas kinerja mereka.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11318

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Pengaruh Karakteristik Kewirausahaan terhadap Kinerja Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah(UMKM) Gula Aren di Kabupaten Lombok Barat

Ni Made Wirastika Sari, Heny K Suwarsinah, Lukman M. Baga

 

Abstract

 

Wirausahawan adalah inovator dan penggerak pembangunan. Wirausahawan memiliki peranan penting dalam meningkatkan pembangunan suatu negara. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik kewirausahaan terhadap kinerja
usaha pada unit UMKM gula aren di Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Karakteristik kewirausahaan dalam penelitian ini dibedakan menjadi karakteristik individual dan karakteristik psikologis, selanjutnya kompetensi kewirausahaan dilihat dari inidkator kemampuan
manajerial, kemampuan konseptual, kemampuan sosial, kemampuan membuat keputusan dan kemampuan mengatur waktu. Kinerja usaha dilihat dari indikator keuntungan dan volume penjualan. Penelitian ini di lakukan pada bulan Juni 2015 hingga bulan Agustus 2015 di Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Data yang digunakan diperoleh dari hasil wawancara menggunakan kuesioner. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan sebanyak 120 unit UMKM yang dipilih dengan teknik probability sampling secara cluster sampling. Analisis data dilakukan menggunakan metode SEM dengan bantuan software LISREL 8,30. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik kewirausahaan berpengaruh secara nyata dan positif terhadap kompetensi kewirausahaan maupun kinerja usaha, namun karakteristik kewirausahaan berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap kinerja usaha melalui kompetensi kewirausahaan.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11320

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Persepsi Petani Lada terhadap Diseminasi Teknologi Usahatani Lada di Bangka Belitung

Minas Tiurlina Panggabean, Siti Amanah, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

Usahatani lada yang dilaksanakan oleh masyarakat Bangka Selatan masih menggunakan teknologi tradisional sehingga produksi dan produktivitas lada relatif rendah dan jauh dari potensi optimalnya. Usaha meningkatkan produktifitas dan nilai tambah di tingkat petani pedesaan adalah dengan menerapkan inovasi teknologi yang dihasilkan oleh lembaga penelitian. Penyebarluasan teknologi baru memerlukan teknik diseminasi yang dapat meyakinkan penggunanya. Persepsi petani terhadap teknik diseminasi yang menentukan keyakinan petani terhadap teknologi inovatif yang didiseminasikan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persepsi petani lada terhadap teknik diseminasi teknologi usahatani lada dan faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap adopsi teknologi usahatani lada. Penelitian dilaksanakan di tiga desa yaitu Desa Serdang, Desa Delas dan Desa Nyelanding Kabupaten Bangka Selatan dan pengumpulan data dilakukan pada bulan Maret sampai dengan Mei 2015. Penelitian menggunakan disain survey. Jumlah sampel penelitian ini adalah 90 orang. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dan regresi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persepsi petani terhadap teknik diseminasi teknologi usahatani lada yang baik adalah melalui temu lapang demonstrasi plot dan pameran. Tingkat adopsi inovasi usahatani lada dipengaruhi umur dan lama berusahatani dan pameran.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11321

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Analisis Persepsi Petani Terhadap Penggunaan Benih Bawang Merah Lokal dan Impor di Kabupaten Cirebon, Jawa Barat

Valentina Theresia, Anna Fariyanti, Netti Tinaprilla

 

Abstract

 

Adanya keterbatasan produksi benih bawang merah nasional menyebabkan Indonesia belum mampu memenuhi kebutuhan benih nasional. Oleh karena itu Indonesia mengimpor benih bawang merah dari beberapa negara. Dengan hadirnya benih bawang merah impor, petani dihadapkan kepada suatu pilihan yaitu menggunakan benih lokal ataupun impor sedangkan pemilihan benih tidak terlepas dari persepsi petani terhadap varietas tersebut. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis persepsi petani terhadap penggunaan benih bawang merah lokal dan impor serta keunggulan dari benih lokal dan impor. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis persepsi dengan teknik scoring dan dianalisis menggunakan metode rata-rata skor serta penggunaan teknik Perceptual Mapping dengan membuat grafik sarang laba-laba.Responden penelitian berjumlah 60 orang yang terdiri dari 30 petani pengguna benih bawang merah lokal dan 30 petani pengguna benih impor. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persepsi petani pengguna benih bawang merah lokal dan impor terhadap benih bawang merah lokal tergolong baik, sedangkan persepsi petani pengguna benih bawang merah lokal dan impor terhadap penggunaan benih impor tergolong kurang baik. Secara keseluruhan persepsi petani terhadap benih lokal lebih baik dibandingkan dengan benih impor. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa benih bawang merah lokal lebih memiliki banyak keunggulan dibandingkan dengan benih impor.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11324

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 1 (2016)

 

Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pencegahan Kebakaran Lahan Gambut di Kabupaten Mempawah, Provinsi Kalimantan Barat

Siti Sawerah, Pudji Muljono, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

Kebakaran lahan gambut di Kalimantan Barat khususnya di Kabupaten Mempawah sering terjadi di setiap musim kemarau. Berbagai upaya pencegahan telah dilakukan pemerintah. Tercapainya pencegahan tersebut tidak terlepas dari partisipasi masyarakat di sekitarnya. Pentingnya partisipasi masyarakat tersebut karena sebagai pelaksana berbagai kegiatan yang diupayakan oleh pemerintah. Penelitian ini menganalisis:1) tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pencegahan kebakaran lahan gambut, 2) hubungan faktor internal terhadap partisipasi, dan 3) hubungan faktor eksternal terhadap partisipasi. Penelitian lapang dilakukan pada bulan Maret hingga Mei 2015 di Kabupaten Mempawah. Populasi penelitian adalah 95 anggota masyarakat yang memiliki lahan pernah terbakar dan memiliki lahan berada di sekitar lahan yang pernah terbakar. Pengumpulan data secara sensus terhadap 95 masyarakat tersebut. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah secara statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial (Rank Spearman). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pencegahan kebakaran lahan sangat rendah. Hasil analisis rank spearman menunjukkan faktor yang berhubungan terhadap partisipasi adalah faktor eksternal, terdiri dari peran penyuluh dan dukungan lingkungan sosial (dukungan tokoh masyarakat, peran kelompok, media informasi dan peran pemerintah). Faktor internal yang berhubungan adalah tingkat pendidikan dan pendapatan. Partisipasi masyarakat agar meningkat diperlukan peran penyuluh yang merata dan peran aktif pemerintah untuk membina dan melatih sasaran yang tepat.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i1.11323

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Partisipasi Kelompok Perempuan Peduli Lingkungan dalam Penanganan Sampah di Sub DAS Cikapundung Jawa Barat

Helnafri Ankesa Ankesa, Siti Amanah, Pang S Asngari

 

Abstract

 

Pengelolaan sampah membutuhkan dukungan dari masyarakat. Isu tentang sampah juga di temukan di Sub DAS Cikapundung. Isu lingkungan di Cikapundung Sub DAS telah mengundang perempuan untuk berpartisipasi dalam bentuk gerakan kelompok. Partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengelolaan sampah sangat penting. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) mengidentifikasi karakteristik kelompok dan (2) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi upaya ibu rumah tangga dalam menjaga gerakan kelompok peduli lingkungan di Sub DAS Cikapundung. Penelitian dilakukan dari bulan Maret hingga April 2015 yang melibatkan 106 responden dari kelompok perempuan peduli lingkungan. Kelompok-kelompok yang terletak di tiga wilayah: Sunten Jaya Desa (hulu DAS), Lebak Siliwangi Desa (tengah DAS) dan Dayeuh Kolot Desa (hilir DAS). Wawancara menggunakan kuesioner, wawancara mendalam, observasi, dan diskusi kelompok yang digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data. Korelasi Rank-Spearman digunakan untuk menguji tingkat korelasi antara variabel-variabel berikut: a) profil dan dinamika kelompok, b) dukungan keluarga, c) persepsi dan partisipasi kelompok wanita peduli lingkungan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemauan, dan kemampuan kelompok wanita untuk mengolah limbah adalah faktor yang meningkatkan partisipasi. Mayoritas wanita tidak memiliki kesempatan yang sama untuk berpartisipasi dalam kelompok peduli lingkungan. Faktor yang signifikan dengan tingkat persepsi dan partisipasi wanita dalam kelompok peduli lingkungan adalah profil dan dinamika kelompok, dukungan keluarga, dukungan tokoh masyarakat dan program penyuluhan.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.10929

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Perilaku Kewirausahaan Pelaku Usaha Pempek Skala Industri Kecil dan Menengah di Kota Palembang

Nia Nurfitriana, Anna Fatchiya, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Sentra usaha pempek skala Industri Kecil dan Menengah (IKM) di Kota Palembang berada di wilayah Seberang Ulu. Usaha tersebut tidak dapat berkembang karena tidak adanya keinginan untuk mengembangkan usaha. Hal yang terpenting bagi pelaku usaha, dapat memenuhi kebutuhan sehari-hari dengan usaha tersebut. Penelitian ini menganalisis: (1) ciri-ciri perilaku kewirausahaan pelaku usaha pempek, (2) hubungan karakteristik responden dan faktor pendukung dengan perilaku kewirausahaan (3) hubungan perilaku kewirausahaan dengan keberhasilan usaha pempek. Penelitian dilakukan di Wilayah Seberang Ulu di  Kecamatan Seberang Ulu I dan Seberang Ulu II Kota Palembang, pada Bulan Mei-Juni 2015. Sampel ditetapkan secara sengaja sebanyak 50 orang.  Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah secara statistik deskriptif dan korelasi Pearson. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan perilaku kewirausahaan pelaku usaha pempek rendah karena empat dari enam ciri-ciri perilaku kewirausahaan yaitu kepercayaan diri, berorientasi tugas dan hasil, kepemimpinan, dan keorisinilan rendah. Karakteristik responden dan faktor pendukung dengan perilaku kewirausahaan memiliki hubungan positif sangat nyata. Perilaku kewirausahaan dengan keberhasilan usaha berhubungan positif sangat nyata karena perilaku kewirausahaan mempengaruhi besarnya jumlah penjualan, presentase keuntungan, dan jumlah tenaga kerja.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.11470

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Perilaku Kewirausahaan Petani Kopi Arabika Gayo di Kabupaten Bener Meriah Provinsi Aceh

Ulya Zainura, Nunung Kusnadi, Burhanuddin Burhanuddin

 

Abstract

 

Kopi Arabika Gayo merupakan salah satu komoditi perdagangan subsektor perkebunan yang mempunyai peluang dalam rangka memperbesar pendapatan Negara dan meningkatkan penghasilan petani. Pengelolaan perkebunan kopi rakyat ini diusahakan masih secara tradisional. Banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi pola usahatani perkebunan secara tradisional yang selama ini dilakukan.Faktor kewirausahaan menentukan berhasil tidaknya petani dalam menyesuaikan perubahan lingkungan. Sehingga tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi karakteristik petani kopi Arabika Gayo, dan menganalisis pengaruh faktor karakteristik individu petani (internal factor) dan lingkungan bisnis (external factor) terhadap perilaku kewirausahaan petani kopi Arabika Gayo serta menganalisis pengaruh perilaku kewirausahaan terhadap perspektif kinerja usahatani kopi Arabika Gayo. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Mei 2015 hingga bulan Juni 2015 di Kabupaten Bener Meriah. Data yang digunakan diperoleh dari hasil wawancara menggunakan kuesioner. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan sebanyak 120 responden petani kopi Arabika Gayo yang dipilih dengan teknik simple random sampling. Analisis data dilakukan menggunakan metode SEM dengan bantuan software LISREL 8.30. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik individu (internal factor) petani kopi Arabika Gayo secara umum yaitu rata-rata berada pada tingkat usia produktif, tingkat pendidikan formal mayoritas lulusan SMA, memiliki pengalaman yang cukup, usahatani kopi sebagai sumber mata pencaharian utama, memiliki modal yang terbatas dan luas lahan yang dimiliki rata-rata 0,5–1 hektar. Karakteristik individu (internal factor) petani kopi Arabika Gayo berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap perilaku kewirausahaan dengan nilai koefisien sebesar 0,20 dan nilai t-hitung sebesar 2,77 dan pengaruh lingkungan bisnis berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap perilaku kewirausahaan dengan nilai koefisien 0,75 dan nilai t-hitung 9,93, serta perilaku kewirausahaan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap perspektif kinerja usahatani kopi Arabika Gayo dengan koefisien pengaruh 0,98 dan t-hitung 16,91, maka dengan adanya peningkatan perilaku kewirausahaan akan meningkatkan perspektif kinerja usahatani kopi Arabika Gayo.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.11606

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Kapasitas Kader dalam Penyuluhan Keluarga Berencana di Kota Palembang, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

Shanti Devi, Anna Fatchiya, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Melalui Keluarga Berencana diupayakan mengatur kelahiran anak, jarak dan usia ideal melahirkan, mengatur kehamilan, melakukan promosi, perlindungan dan bantuan sesuai dengan hak reproduksi untuk mewujudkan keluarga yang berkualitas. Tujuan penelitian adalah: (1) Mengidentifikasi tingkat kapasitas kader Keluarga Berencana dalam kegiatan penyuluhan Keluarga Berencana di Kota Palembang. (2) Menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kapasitas kader Keluarga Berencana dalam kegiatan penyuluhan Keluarga Berencana di kota Palembang. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Agustus sampai September 2015 di Kota Palembang. Populasi penelitian adalah 4020 kader Keluarga Berencana di Kota Palembang dan pengumpulan data dilakukan kepada 100 kader Keluarga Berencana. Teknik pengambilan sampel berdasarkan area random sampling. Data penelitian meliputi data primer dan data sekunder. Selanjutnya data dianalisis secara kuantitatif serta untuk menguji hipotesis yang telah dirumuskan digunakan uji korelasi Rank Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kapasitas kader Keluarga Berencana di Kota Palembang termasuk kategori rendah. Faktor yang penting diperhatikan untuk mengembangkan kapasitas kader Keluarga Berencana adalah: pengalaman, pelatihan yang diikuti, dukungan penyuluh, dan dukungan informasi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.11223

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Persepsi dan Partisipasi Petani dalam Pelaksanaan Rehabilitasi Tanaman Kakao di Kabupaten Sigi Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah

Azwar Azwar, Pudji Muljono, Tin Herawati

 

Abstract

 

Persepsi petani terhadap suatu program merupakan landasan atau dasar utama bagi timbulnya kesediaan untuk ikut terlibat atau berpartisipasi dalam suatu program. Penelitian bertujuan: 1) Menganalisis persepsi petani, 2) Menganalisis tingkat partisipasi petani dalam pelaksanaan rehabilitasi kakao, 3) Menganalisis hubungan karakteristik internal dan eksternal dengan persepsi, serta 4) Menganalisis hubungan karakteristik internal dan eksternal dengan partisipasi petani. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada Februari-Maret 2015 di Kecamatan Palolo Kabupaten Sigi. Jumlah sampel 100 orang dan merupakan petani yang terlibat dalam program gernas kakao. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini terdiri dari data primer dan data sekunder. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial (Rank Spearman). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persepsi dan tingkat partisipasi petani terhadap program gernas kakao cukup baik. Karakteristik internal yang berhubungan dengan persepsi petani adalah variabel kosmopolitan dan luas lahan garapan. Faktor eksternal yang berhubungan dengan persepsi adalah dukungan pasar, ketersediaan tenaga kerja, ketersediaan informasi, kelompok tani serta intensitas penyuluhan. Karakteristik internal yang berhubungan dengan partisipasi adalah pengalaman usaha tani, luas lahan garapan dan kosmopolitan. Faktor eksternal tidak berhubungan dengan partisipasi.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.13466

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Kompetensi Pemilik dan Pekerja Usaha Mikro Makanan Ringan tentang Mutu Produk di Cilegon dan Pandeglang, Provinsi Banten

Isniyuni Syafna Diah Delima, Siti Amanah, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

Permintaan akan makanan ringan berkualitas telah meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya pemahaman konsumen akan makanan sehat. Permintaan konsumen tersebut memerlukan respon produsen makanan ringan untuk mengontrol kualitas produk. Berkaitan dengan hal itu, tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisis faktor-faktor terkait kompetensi kewirausahaan mikro dalam menjamin kualitas gipang dan ceprek melinjo. Sebuah studi kasus dilakukan terhadap satu pemilik pengolahan gipang di Cilegon dengan lima pekerja dan satu pemilik melinjo ceprek di Pandeglang. Pemilik ceprek melinjo memiliki 50 karyawan dilatih menjadi mitra dalam memproduksi ceprek melinjo. Data dari pemilik dan karyawan dikumpulkan melalui wawancara mendalam, diskusi dan observasi. Data tersebut meliputi: profil sosial-ekonomi, dukungan eksternal, dan keterampilan penjaminan kualitas produk. Identifikasi kekuatan, kelemahan, peluang, dan ancaman (SWOT) juga dilakukan guna merumuskan strategi pengembangan kompetensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara umum, kompetensi pemilik dan pekerja usaha gipang tinggi; sedangkan kompetensi pemilik dan pekerja usaha ceprek melinjo rendah. Kompetensi pemilik dan pekerja usaha gipang dan ceprek melinjo diperoleh secara turun temurun, dan belum ada upaya untuk meningkatkannya. Peningkatan kompetensi pemilik dan pekerja usaha gipang dan ceprek melinjo diperlukan dalam hal pengembangan usaha. Produktivitas usaha perlu dipertahankan disertai penjaminan kualitas. Strategi meningkatkan kompetensi pemilik dan pekerja usahadapat dilakukan dengan pelatihan penjaminan mutu produk, pendampingan, dan perluasan pemasaran produk.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.10905

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Peran dan Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian dalam Memberdayakan Peternak Ayam Petelur di Kabupaten Jember, Provinsi Jawa Timur

Indri Rafiani Rahmawati, Muksin Muksin, Rizal Rizal

 

Abstract

 

Produksi telur ayam ras di Indonesia baru mencukupi kebutuhan pasar dalam negeri sebesar 65% sedangkan sisanya dipenuhi dari telur ayam kampung, itik, dan puyuh. Produksi telur ayam ras di Kabupaten Jember masih tergolong kecil dibandingkan dengan daerah-daerah lain di Jawa Timur. Salah satu upaya untuk meningkatkan kapasitas produksi peternakan ayam ras petelur di Indonesia khususnya di Kabupaten Jember yaitu dengan meningkatkan sumber daya manusia melalui peran, inovasi dan kinerja penyuluh dalam meningkatkan produksi dan keberdayaan peternak ayam ras petelur. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis pengaruh peran, kinerja dan inovasi penyuluh terhadap keberdayaan peternak ayam ras petelur serta menganalisis pengaruh peran dan inovasi penyuluh terhadap kinerja penyuluh di Kabupaten Jember. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa peran, kinerja dan inovasi penyuluh berpengaruh secara langsung dan signfikan terhadap keberdayaan peternak ayam ras petelur di Kabupaten Jember. Peran dan inovasi penyuluh juga berpengaruh terhadap kinerja penyuluh di lapangan. Inovasi penyuluh lebih tinggi pengaruhnya dibandingkan dengan peran dan kinerja penyuluh dalam memberdayakan peternak ayam ras petelur.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.12252

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Penerapan Inovasi Teknologi Pertanian dan Hubungannya dengan Ketahanan Pangan Rumah Tangga Petani

Anna Fatchiya, Siti Amanah, yatri Indah kusumastuti

 

Abstract

 

Penerapan teknologi inovasi pertanian berperan dalam meningkatkan produktivitas usaha tani, sehingga berpeluang untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan hidup, yang salah satunya diindikasikan dari meningkatnya ketahanan pangan rumah tangga petani.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengindentifikasi inovasi teknologi pertanian yang telah diterapkan di lokasi studi, dan menganalisis hubungannya dengan kondisi ketahanan pangan pada rumah tangga petani.Metode penelitian berupa survei di dua desa di Kabupaten Bogor yang masing-masing memiliki tipe pertanian yang berbeda yaitu lahan kering dan basah (sawah), dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 80 orang.Data dianalisis dengan uji statistik Rank Spearman.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar petani di lahan sawah telah menerapkan inovasi teknologi berupa sistem jajar legowo secara intensif, dan petani di desa berlahan kering cukup intensif dalam menerapkan inovasisistem tumpang sari dan pengolahan hasil pertanian (on farm).Penerapan teknologi ini berkorelasi positif dengan kondisi ketahanan pangan rumah tangga petani, yaitu petani yang menerapkan inovasi teknologi lebih intensif memiliki tingkat ketahanan pangan yang lebih baik.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.12988

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 12, Nomor 2 (2016)

 

Kinerja Pengrajin Boneka di Kota Bekasi, Jawa Barat dalam Penerapan Standar Nasional Indonesia Mainan Anak

Tintin Prihatiningrum, Pudji Muljono, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Pemerintah Indonesia telah mengeluarkan peraturan tentang pemberlakuan wajib Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) pada mainan anak, tetapi sebagian besar pengrajin boneka yang merupakan Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM) belum siap.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: 1) menganalisis kinerja boneka pengrajin di Kota Bekasi dalam penerapan SNI mainan anak, 2) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kinerja pengrajin boneka di Kota Bekasi dalam penerapan SNI mainan anak. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan April sampai dengan Desember 2015 di Kota Bekasi. Populasi penelitian ini adalah 46 pengrajin inti. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara sensus terhadap seluruh populasi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis menggunakan uji korelasirank Spearman. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat kinerja pengrajin boneka dalam penerapan SNI mainan anak tergolong kategori tinggi. Hasil analisis korelasi rank Spearman menunjukkan bahwa faktor karakteristik yang berkorelasi dengan kinerja adalah pendidikan formal, pengalaman bisnis, kemampuan memenuhi permintaan pasar dan investasi usaha. Hasil analisis juga menunjukkan bahwa faktor motivasi yang berkorelasi dengan kinerja adalah kebutuhan kekuasaan. Sedangkan faktor eksternal yang berkorelasi dengan kinerja adalah tingkat ketersediaan informasi dan pemberdayaan pengrajin melalui pelatihan. Tidak satu pun dari faktor atribut inovasi yang berkorelasi dengan kinerja.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v12i2.12349

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Partisipasi Pembudidaya Ikan dalam Kelompok Usaha Akuakultur di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya

Aan Hermawan, Siti Amanah, Anna Fatchiya

 

Abstract

 

Usaha akuakultur berpotensi besar dalam meningkatkan pendapatan dan kesejahteraan pembudidaya ikan.  Realitasnya usaha akuakultur didominasi pembudidaya berskala usaha kecil, produktivitas rendah dan terbatas aksesibilitas usaha.  Strategi yang dapat dilakukan untuk membantunya adalah dengan mengembangkan usaha budidaya ikan secara berkelompok.  Kontribusi dan partisipasi pembudidaya ikan sebagai anggota kelompok menjadi aspek penting dan sangat krusial dalam kegiatan kelompok dan peningkatan kapasitas pembudidaya ikan.  Penelitian ini menganalisis tingkat partisipasi pembudidaya ikan dalam kelompok dan faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya.  Penelitian survey dilaksanakan di 8 kecamatan Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, pada bulan Mei sampai Juli 2015 dan Januari sampai Februari 2016 untuk pembaharuan data.  Responden penelitian dipilih secara acak kelompok sejumlah 105 orang dari 10 kelompok pembudidaya ikan.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan partisipasi pembudidaya ikan dalam kelompok berada pada derajat partisipasi semu dengan frekuensi partisipasinya tergolong tinggi. Tingkatan partisipasi pembudidaya sudah pada tahap pengambilan keputusan dan bertindak bersama dengan tipe partisipasi fungsional.  Hasil analisis SEM menunjukkan peubah yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap partisipasi pembudidaya dalam kelompok adalah karakteristik pembudidaya ikan (tingkat pendidikan formal, tingkat pendidikan non formal, motivasi berkelompok, skala usaha, tingkat kekosmopolitan) dan faktor dukungan kelompok (tujuan, fungsi, manfaat, kepemimpinan, fasilitas, dan kekompakan kelompok).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.12903

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Tingkat Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Pengelolaan Hutan Nagari di Sumatera Barat

Nala Sari Tanjung, Dwi Sadono, Cahyono Tri Wibowo

 

 

Abstract

 

Partisipasi merupakan fitur kunci dalam pembangunan berkelanjutan, termasuk dalam pengelolaan Hutan Nagari dengan azas lestari yang berbasis pada pemberdayaan masyarakat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: 1) Mendeskripsikan tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengelolaan Hutan Nagari; 2) Mengalisa hubungan partisipasi masyarakat dengan pengelolaan Hutan Nagari secara berkelanjutan. Penelitian ini didesain menggunakan metode survei eksplanatif untuk menghubungkan dan membandingkan. Lokasi penelitian dipilih secara purposif di LPHN Sungai Buluh dan LPHN Paru. Pengelolaan Hutan Nagari di Sungai Buluh dan Paru sudah berkelanjutan yang didukung oleh faktor-faktor dukungan dan partisipasi anggota masyarakat dalam pengelolaan Hutan Nagari. Keterlibatan masyarakat anggota dalam seluruh aktivitas pengelolaan, yaitu perencanaan, penetapan batas areal kerja, pelaksanaan kegiatan, dan monitoring evaluasi, merupakan faktor utama yang mendukung pengelolaan Hutan Nagari secara berkelanjutan oleh masyarakat. Anggota masyarakat pengelola di Hutan Nagari Sungai Buluh cukup berpartisipasi dalam pengelolaan Hutan Nagari, sedangkan di Hutan Nagari Paru kurang berpartisipasi. Kurangnya keikutsertaan anggota masyarakat dalam pengelolaan Hutan Nagari terjadi karena anggota masyarakat kurang dilibatkan dalam kegiatan pengelolaan. Hal ini harus diminimalisir dengan melibatkan seluruh anggota masyarakat pengelola dalam setiap aktivitas pengelolaan, serta memberikan kepercayaan kepada anggota untuk dapat merefleksikan aksinya pada tindakan kolektif melalui pelaksanaan kegiatan bersama.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.12990

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Strategi Pemberdayaan Petani Muda Kopi Wirausaha di Kabupaten Simalungun

Titik Sumarti, Rokhani Rokhani, Sriwulan Ferindian Falatehan

 

Abstract

 

Kopi arabika merupakan produk global, dan kopi arabika Simalungun mampu bersaing di dunia internasional. Keberlanjutan usaha kopi arabika tergantung pada petani muda wirausaha. Petani muda sebagai aset bangsa perlu mendapat perhatian agar usahanya mampu bersaing di era global. Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan jenis data primer. Teknik pengumpulan data adalah FGD sebanyak 2 kali masing-masing diikuti 15 orang petani muda kopi dan wawancara mendalam dengan teknik snow ball terhadap 11 orang petani muda kopi. Subyek penelitian adalah petani muda kopi yang terlibat dalam usaha kopi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: strategi pemberdayaan petani muda kopi wirausaha memerlukan dua komponen, yaitu faktor penggerak dan pelancar. Faktor penggerak meliputi: perubahan sistem ekonomi non pasar menjadi pasar, perubahan sistem patron klien menjadi pasar; membuka akses alat pengolahan kopi, membentuk citra petani muda sebagai agen yang aktif dan kritis, menempatkan petani muda kopi sebagai subyek yang dinamis dalam membangun karakter kepemimpinan dan kewirausahaan. Faktor pelancar meliputi: membangun kolektifitas, mengorganisir petani muda kopi dengan memperkuat modal sosial, melindungi basis sumberdaya air dan lahan dengan menerapkan good agricultural practices (GAP), diversifikasi mata pencaharian, membuka akses pasar, penyuluhan dan pendampingan usaha kopi berbasis informasi dan teknologi. Dalam era pasar bebas (MEA), diperlukan reposisi petani muda kopi dari petani produsen menjadi petani pemasok.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.15165

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Persepsi Perempuan terhadap Pemanfaatan Pekarangan Mendukung Diversifikasi Pangan di Sulawesi Utara

Conny Naomi Manoppo, Siti Amanah, Pang S Asngari, Prabowo Tjitropranoto

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis persepsi perempuan tentang fungsi dan manfaat pekarangan, diversifikasi pangan dan makanan sehat. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Minahasa dan Kota Bitung Provinsi Sulawesi Utara. Penelitian dilakukan mulai Maret hingga Desember 2015, melibatkan 267 responden terdiri dari 140 responden di Minahasa dan 127 responden di Bitung, dipilih dari 803 perempuan peserta program pemanfaatan pekarangan Data dianalisis menggunakan statistik deskriptif, analisisis korelasi Rank Spearman dan uji Mann Whitney. Hasil analisis statistik deskriptif menyatakan, tingkat persepsi responden terhadap fungsi dan manfaat pekarangan, diversifikasi pangan dan makanan sehat berada pada kategori tinggi. Terdapat perbedaan persepsi terhadap diversifikasi pangan antara Minahasa dan Bitung. Persepsi tentang fungsi dan manfaat pekarangan berhubungan dengan: ketersediaan dan kesesuaian informasi, ketersediaan sarana produksi, dukungan keluarga, peran kelompok dan penyuluhan. Persepsi tentang diversifikasi pangan berhubungan nyata dengan jumlah anggota keluarga, kesesuaian informasi, kredibilitas pemberi informasi, dan ketersediaan sarana produksi. Persepsi tentang makanan sehat berhubungan negatif dengan curahan waktu dan berhubungan positif dengan kesesuaian informasi, ketersediaan sarana produksi, peran kelompok, dan penyuluhan. Untuk membangun persepsi positif terhadap pemanfaatan pekarangan diperlukan informasi berupa materi penyuluhan sesuai kebutuhan perempuan, penguatan kelompok, dan dukungan sarana produksi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.13560

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Keberlanjutan Penerapan Teknologi Pengelolaan Pekarangan oleh Wanita Tani di Kabupaten Kuningan

Ani Suryani, Ani Suryani, Anna Fatchiya, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Keberlanjutan penerapan teknologi pengelolaan pekarangan oleh wanita tani pada dasarnya ditujukan guna menghadapi isu ketahanan pangan nasional, perbandingan ketersediaan pangan vs pertambahan jumlah penduduk, isu alih fungsi lahan dan kesadaran tentang pentingnya upaya diversifikasi pangan. Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) menganalisis karakteristik individu, karakteristik inovasi, kinerja fasilitator, dukungan eksternal dan keberlanjutan penerapan teknologi pengelolaan pekarangan; (2) mengkaji pengaruh karakteristik individu, karakteristik inovasi, kinerja fasilitator, dan dukungan eksternal terhadap keberlanjutan penerapan teknologi pengelolaan pekarangan. Penelitian dilakukan di Kecamatan Sindangagung dan Kecamatan Jalaksana, Kabupaten Kuningan Provinsi Jawa Barat. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 76 orang wanita tani. Hasil analisis regresi linear berganda Uji F (simultan), semua peubah bebas karakteristik individu, karakteristik inovasi, kinerja penyuluh/fasilitator dan dukungan lingkungan eksternal memiliki pengaruh nyata terhadap keberlanjutan adopsi. Nilai pengaruh sebesar 72,4% sedangkan sisanya 27,6% dipengaruhi oleh peubah lain yang tidak ada di dalam model regresi. Secara berurutan indikator peubah karakteristik individu yang berpengaruh nyata adalah umur, motivasi, jumlah anggota keluarga, tingkat pendidikan, curahan waktu wanita tani dan pendapatan keluarga. Indikator karakteristik inovasi adalah keuntungan relatif dan tingkat kesesuaian inovasi. Indikator kinerja fasilitator adalah tingkat kunjungan dan tingkat pengetahuan. Semua indikator dukungan eksternal pemasaran, dukungan keluarga, dukungan kelompok dan sarana prasarana berpengaruh nyata terhadap keberlanjutan pengelolaan lahan pekarangan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.14641

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Persepsi Petani terhadap Hutan Rakyat Pola Agroforestri di Kabupaten Wonogiri, Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Indiyah Hudiyani, Ninuk Purnaningsih, Pang S Asngari, Hardjanto Hardjanto

 

Abstract

 

Keberhasilan pembangunan hutan rakyat pola agroforestri di Kabupaten Wonogiri tidak terlepas dari persepsi petani mengenai hutan rakyat pola agroforestri. Persepsi individu terhadap lingkungannya merupakan faktor penting dan sangat menentukan tindakan yang dilakukannya. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji persepsi petani mengenai hutan rakyat pola agroforestri dan menemukan karakteristik petani yang berhubungan dengan persepsi petani tentang hutan rakyat pola agroforestri di Kabupaten Wonogiri. Penelitian dilakukan pada Desember 2015 hingga April 2016 di Kabupaten Wonogiri. Populasi penelitian adalah kepala keluarga/ rumah tangga petani hutan rakyat dengan jumlah 2.431 orang dan pengumpulan data dilakukan kepada 246 petani hutan rakyat. Teknik penentuan sampel dilakukan secara simple random sampling. Data penelitian meliputi data primer dan data sekunder. Selanjutnya data dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif dan untuk menguji hipotesis yang telah dirumuskan digunakan Uji Korelasi Rank Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa petani memiliki persepsi yang tinggi terhadap pengelolaan hutan rakyat pola agroforestri (3,14 Skala Likert) dan manfaat hutan rakyat pola agroforestri (3,09 Skala Likert). Karakteristik petani yang berkorelasi dengan persepsi petani adalah pendidikan formal, pendidikan non formal, dan jumlah tanggungan keluarga.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.14709

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Analisis Kegagalan Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dalam Membangun Kemandirian Masyarakat Miskin (Studi Kasus di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah, dan Jawa Timur)

Azis Muslim

 

Abstract

 

Kemiskinan menjadi isu global yang harus diatasi oleh setiap negara. Di Indonesia, penanganan masalah kemiskinan telah dilakukan oleh pemerintah melalui beberapa program, diantaranya adalah Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM). Program ini berjalan cukup lama sebelum akhirnya ditutup karena dianggap gagal dalam membangun kemandirian masyarakat miskin. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menggali faktor penyebab kegagalannya. Penelitian dilakukan dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan dengan observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa kegagalan PNPM dalam membangun kemandirian masyarakat miskin disebabkan oleh dua faktor, yaitu buruknya kinerja fasilitator dan kesalahan stakeholders memahami tujuan PNPM. Buruknya kinerja fasilitator terlihat pada ketidak-patuhannya dalam menjalankan prosedur program, bekerja secara pragmatis dengan mengejar hasil, dan tidak menjalankan peran, tugas, dan fungsinya dengan baik. Sementara, kesalahan stakeholders memahami tujuan PNPM tampak pada pemilihan prioritas program yang tidak berpihak pada kepentingan masyarakat miskin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.14524

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Partisipasi Petani dan Efektivitas Gapoktan dalam Penguatan Lembaga Distribusi Pangan Masyarakat (LDPM) di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya Kabupaten Banyuasin

Sriati Sriati, Nukmal Hakim, M. Arbi

 

Abstract

 

Kegiatan Penguatan LDPM merupakan suatu upaya memberdayakan Gabungan Kelompoktani (Gapoktan) dalam usaha distribusi pangan pokok. Dalam program Penguatan LDPM Pemerintah memberikan dana bantuan sosial, pembinaan dan bimbingan kepada Gapoktan melalui Penyuluh Pertanian Lapangan (PPL). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah : (1) mengetahui partisipasi petani dalam kegiatan penguatan LDPM di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya, (2) mengukur efektivitas Gapoktan dalam Penguatan LDPM, dan (3) menganalisis hubungan antara partisipasi petani dengan efektivitas Program Penguatan LDPM. Penelitian menggunakan metode survey, dengan analisis deskriptif dan analisis korelasi. Responden terdiri dari 45 petani yang diproleh dari 9 kelompok tani (setiap kelompok 5 petani) anggota Gapoktan Sri Rejeki di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh adalah: (1) partisipasi petani dalam program LDPM tergolong sedang (57,04%), (2) efektivitas Gapoktan tergolong tinggi (79,92%), dan (3) terdapat hubungan positif signifikan antara partisipasi petani dengan efektivitas Gapotan dalam program LDPM dengan nilai koefisien korelasi Peringkat Spearman (Rs) = 0,479 pada 0,01.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.14206

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Kemandirian Wanita Tani dalam Usaha Industri Pangan di Solo Raya Jawa Tengah

Suminah Suminah, Sunarru Samsi Hariadi, Mei Tri Sundari, Arip Wijianto

 

Abstract

 

Kemandirian wanita tani dalam usaha industri pangan membutuhkan social support dari pihak lain dan motivasi dari wanita tani. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mendeskripsikan sosial support, motivasi, dan kemandirian, (2) menganalisis pengaruh variabel dukungan sosial maupun motivasi terhadap kemandirian wanita tani dalam usaha industri pengolahan pangan. Studi dilakukan di wilayah Solo Raya, Jawa Tengah. Pada penelitian ini digunakan metode kuantitatif, dengan teknik survey. Sampel diambil sebanyak 210 responden dengan teknik sampling acak bertahap. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif, dan diuji pengaruhnya dengan model persamaan struktural (SEM). Berdasarkan hasil analisis dapat dijelaskan bahwa sebanyak 52,4% dukungan dari berbagai pihak seperti keluarga, teman, pemimpin, petugas pemberdayaan, dan instansi lain termasuk kategori sedang. Motivasi wanita tani 100% berada pada kategori tinggi, dan kemandirian wanita tani untuk melakukan usaha industri pangan 59,5% termasuk kategori tinggi. Sosial support dan motivasi secara simultan memiliki nilai determinant (R²) = 0,05. Kecilnya kontribusi sosial support dan motivasi terhadap kemandirian wanita tani dalam menjalankan usaha industri pangan, disebabkan karena bentuk dukungan sosial yang diberikan selama ini kurang tepat, sehingga kurang berdampak pada peningkatan motivasi dan kemandirian wanita tani dalam usaha indutri pangan. Dukungan sosial dan motivasi secara langsung berpengaruh significan terhadap kemandirian. Dukungan sosial secara tidak langsung memiliki pengaruh lebih besar pada kemandirian wanita tani jika dimediasi oleh motivasi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.14795

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 1 (2017)

 

Hubungan Jaringan Komunikasi dan Dinamika Kelompok dengan Kapasitas Petani dalam Agribisnis Padi Organik di Jawa Barat

Sri Wahyuni, Sumardjo Sumardjo, Djuara P. Lubis, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik adalah kemampuan petani untuk menerapkan budidaya padi organik sesuai dengan standar sertifikasi oleh Institute of Marcetology (IMO) Swiss. Jaringan komunikasi dan dinamika kelompok menentukan kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Tasikmalaya pada kelompok tani Jembar II, Sundamekar, Mekar Karya dan Serbaguna II; sedangkan di Karawang dilakukan pada kelompok tani Dewi Sri, Wargi Mukti, Benong II dan Mindi Lamping. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara cluster random sampling. Metode yang digunakan adalah survey, data didapatkan melalui wawancara dengan kuesioner. Analisa data menggunakan korelasi Pearson. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan jaringan komunikasi dan tingkat dinamika kelompok pada kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jaringan komunikasi di Tasikmalaya dan Karawang, baik produksi dan pemasaran tidak berhubungan dengan kapasitas petani dalam agribisnis padi organik. Kapasitas petani di Tasikmalaya dalam mengidentifikasi kapasitas potensi agribisnis dan mempertahankan padi organik lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh dinamika kelompok terutama oleh kejelasan tujuan, fungsi kelompok, dan suasana kondusif dalam kelompok. Demikian pula di Karawang, kapasitas petani untuk mengatasi masalah agribisnis lebih ditentukan oleh dinamika kelompok terutama oleh fungsi kelompok, kohesifitas kelompok, dan tekanan kelompok yang terarah.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i1.15115

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Analisis Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian Lapangan (PPL) dalam Program Lembaga Distribusi Pangan Masyarakat (LDPM) di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya Kabupaten Banyuasin, Sumatera Selatan

Muhammad Arbi, sriati sriati

 

Abstract

 

Kementrian Pertanian melaksanakan Program Lembaga Distribusi Pangan Masyarakat (LDPM) dalam rangka memberdayakan kelompok tani dalam distribusi makanan pokok di masyarakat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: 1) untuk menggambarkan kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya Kabupaten Kabupaten Banyuasin, 2) untuk mengukur kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian Lapangan (PPL) dalam program LDPM, 3) untuk mengukur tingkat keberhasilan LDPM, dan 4) untuk menganalisis hubungan antara dari kinerja PPL dengan tingkat keberhasilan LDPM. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya Kabupaten Banyuasin pada Maret – Mei 2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei dengan pengambilan sampel sebanyak 45 petani dari 9 kelompok tani dengan menggunakan teknik dispropotional random sampling. Data diolah dalam bentuk tabulasi dan diuji dengan menggunakan Uji Korelasi Rank Spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kinerja PPL di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya Kabupaten Banyuasin masuk dalam kategori cukup baik dengan skor 71,43. Kinerja PPL dalam melaksanakan program LDPM di daerah tersebut masuk dalam kategori sedang dengan jumlah skor 19,02, dan tingkat keberhasilan program LDPM di daerah tersebut masuk dalam kategori tinggi dengan skor 21,58 (berhasil). Hasil analisis Uji Korelasi Rank Spearman menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara kinerja PPL dengan tingkat keberhasilan pelaksanaan program LDPM di Kecamatan Makarti Jaya Kabupaten Banyuasin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.17653

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Gaya Kepemimpinan dan Perilaku Komunikasi GPPT dengan Kapasitas Kelembagaan Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat di Kabupaten Muara Enim

Zakiah Zakiah, Amiruddin Saleh, Krishnarini Matindas

 

Abstract

 

Perkembangan peternakan di Indonesia secara umum masih memprihatinkan. Sebagian besar produksi daging sapi di Indonesia hampir seluruhnya diperoleh dari peternakan rakyat (78%), sisanya dari impor. Pola pemeliharaan ternak di Indonesia didominasi oleh usaha peternakan berskala kecil, dengan rata-rata kepemilikan ternak rendah, ternak dijadikan sebagai tabungan hidup, ternak dipelihara dalam pemukiman padat penduduk, usaha ternak dilakukan secara turun temurun. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah 1) Mendeskripsikan karakteristik, gaya kepemimpinan, perilaku komunikasi, dan kapasitas kelembagaan GPPT. 2) Menganalisis hubungan antara gaya kepemimpinan dengan kapasitas kelembagaan SPR. 3) Menganalisis hubungan antara perilaku komunikasi dengan kapasitas kelembagaan SPR. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Data dianalisis menggunakan rank Spearman. Penelitian ini memperoleh beberapa hasil seperti: terdapat hubungan negatif antara gaya kepemimpinan autokrasi dengan kapasitas kelembagaan, terdapat hubungan yang negatif antara media massa dengan kapasitas kelembagaan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.14977

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Penerapan Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu Padi Sawah di Kecamatan Toili, Kabupaten Banggai, Sulawesi Tengah

Riski Rosadillah, Anna Fatchiya, Djoko Susanto

 

Abstract

 

Pengelolaan tanaman terpadu sangatlah membantu untuk lebih mengedepankan peningkatan produktivitas hasil, mempermudah pengendalian hama dan penyakit, penggunaan pupuk lebih efisien, dan dapat meningkatkan pendapatan usahatani. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu menganalisis penerapan PTT dan faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan penerapan PTT padi sawah di kecamatan Toili. Penelitian dilakukan di desa Tolisu, desa Tirta Sari, desa Sindang Baru, dan desa Mekar Kencana dengan responden sebanyak 80 petani padi sawah. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari bulan Agustus-Juli 2016 dan menggunakan analisis deskriptif dan korelasi rank Spearman. Penerapan padi sawah tergolong tinggi dalam penerapan benih bermutu, sistem tanam, pengairan berselang, pengendalian gulma, hama dan penyakit terpadu, dan panen dan pasca panen, sedangkan varietas unggul dan pemupukan berimbang masih tergolong sedang. Tingginya penerapan pengelolaan tanaman terpadu berhubungan dengan dukungan ketersediaan sarana produksi yang sudah terfasilitasi dengan baik, dukungan kelompok tani sudah sangat aktif dalam kegiatannya, keuntungan relatif sudah sangat menguntungkan dalam penerapannya, kompatibilitas sudah sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan kebiasaan petani, dan observabilitas sudah dapat dicoba dalam skala luasan yang lebih kecil.
 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.15052

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Hubungan Perilaku Komunikasi dan Pengembangan Kapasitas Pelaku Agribisnis Perikanan Air Tawar di Padang, Sumatera Barat

Yenny Oktavia, Pudji Muldjono, Siti Amanah, Musa Hubeis

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) Menganalisis tingkat konvergensi komunikasi dalam pengembangan kapasitas pelaku agribisnis perikanan air tawar.  (2) Menganalisis hubungan perilaku komunikasi dalam mengakses informasi dengan konvergensi komunikasi pengembangan kapasitas pelaku agribisnis perikanan air tawar.Data penelitian dikumpulkan dengan angket/kuesioner dan wawancara kelompok terhadap anggota kelompok pelaku agribisnis. Analisis data dilakukan dengan statistik deskriptif dan inferensial dengan Uji Rank Spearman. Hasil analisis deskriptif terhadap 284 pelaku agribisnis perikanan air tawar menunjukkan bahwa tingkat konvergensi komunikasi dalam pengembangan kapasitas tergolong rendah, ditandai dengan masih rendahnya mutu layanan informasi dan partisipasi pelaku agribisnis dalam berbagi informasi. Pengembangan kapasitas pelaku agribisnis perikanan air tawar dapat dilakukan dengan peningkatan perilaku komunikasi mengakses informasi, karena perilaku komunikasi berhubungan positif dan nyata dengan konvergensi komunikasi dalam pengembangan kapasitas pelaku agribisnis. Kemampuan kontak dengan pihak di luar komunitas dan intensitas penggunaan media merupakan bagian dari perilaku komunikasi yang berperan dalam peningkatan konvergensi komunikasi pelaku agribisnis sehingga perlu mendapat prioritas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.15443

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Tingkat Keberdayaan Kelompok Tani pada Pengelolaan Usahatani Padi di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah

Muhammad nur jaya, Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo, Musa Hubeis, Basita Ginting Sugihen

 

Abstract

 

Keberdayaan kelompok tani merupakan out put dari proses pemberdayaan yang dilakukan terhadap para pelaku usahatani padi, proses pemberdayaan dilakukan dengan melalui penerapan komunikasi pembangunan partisipatif pada pengelolaan usahatani padi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis tingkat keberdayaan kelompok tani padiserta menganalisis faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap tingkat keberdayaan kelompok tani padi.Penelitian ini menggunakan paradigma positivistik dengan menggunakan metode survey.Penelitian kuatitatif dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Kulon Progo dan Sleman dan yang menjadi obyek penelitian atau unit analisis adalah kelompok tani dengan mengambil sampel 170 kelompok tani. Data hasil penelitian dianalisis secara deskriptif  dan eksplanatif dengan menggunakan SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) analisis. Hasil Penelitian adalah : (a) Kelompok tani secara keseluruhan kurang mampu meningkatkan keberdayaannya terkait usahatani padi ; (b)  Pelaksanaan komunikasi pembangunan partisipatif berpengaruh langsung terhadap tingkat keberdayaan kelompok tani ; (c) Pemanfaatan modal sosial berpengaruh tidak langsung terhadap tingkat keberdayaan kelompoktanimelalui pelaksanaan komunikasi pembangunan partisipatif sebagai peubah mediasi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.15903

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Tingkat Kedinamisan Kelompok Wanita Tani dalam Mendukung Keberlanjutan Usaha Tanaman Obat Keluarga di Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat

Mirza Mirza, Siti Amanah, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis tingkat dinamika kelompok mendukung keberlanjutan usaha tanaman obat keluarga dan menganalisis faktor-faktor kedinamisan kelompok yang berhubungan nyata dengan keberlanjutan usaha tanaman obat keluarga. Penelitian lapang dilakukan di Kelompok wanita tani Benteng Sejahtera dan Puring Desa Benteng Kecamatan Ciampea dan Kelompok wanita tani Anggrek Desa Babakan Kecamatan Dramaga Kabupaten Bogor mulai Agustus sampai dengan Oktober 2016. Populasi penelitian yaitu 62 orang yang mengembangkan usaha tanaman obat keluarga. Hasil penelitian ini yaitu 1) kelompok dalam mendukung keberlanjutan usaha tanaman obat keluarga secara keseluruhan cukup dinamis. 2) faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan keberlanjutan usaha tanaman obat keluarga diantaranya  tingkat pendapatan keluarga berhubungan nyata negatif dengan aspek sosial, intensitas penyuluhan berhubungan nyata negatif dengan aspek sosial, keefektifan berhubungan nyata negatif dengan aspek sosial, maksud terselubung berhubungan nyata dengan  aspek ekonomi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Kompetensi Penyuluh Tenaga Harian Lepas Tenaga Bantu Penyuluh Pertanian di Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat

Herry Pramono, Anna Fatchiya, Dwi Sadono

 

Abstract

 

Pemerintah telah menetapkan target swasembada berkelanjutan padi, jagung dan kedelai yang harus dicapai pada tahun 2018. Kegiatan penyuluhan pertanian merupakan salah satu upaya untuk mencapai target tersebut. Salah satu kendala dalam kegiatan penyuluhan pertanian adalah jumlah tenaga penyuluh pertanian yang masih sangat kurang sehingga pemerintah merekrut penyuluh Tenaga Harian Lepas Tenaga Bantu Penyuluh Pertanian (THL TBPP). Kompetensi penyuluh sangat dibutuhkan untuk melaksanakan kegiatan penyuluhan karena merupakan kemampuan untuk melaksanakan kegiatan yang dilandasi pengetahuan dan keterampilan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat kompetensi penyuluh THL TBPP dan menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survei yang dilakukan di Kabupaten Garut Provinsi Jawa Barat. Data dikumpulkan secara sensus pada 119 penyuluh THL TBPP. Secara umum, kompetensi penyuluh THL TBPP berada dalam kategori rendah (57,80%)  memiliki nilai kompetensi rata-rata 32,49. Hasil analisis menggunakan model regresi menemukan bahwa pemahaman kebutuhan petani dipengaruhi oleh motivasi, pemahaman komunikasi yang efektif dipengaruhi oleh jumlah pelatihan, jumlah desa dan motivasi. Secara keseluruhan kompetensi penyuluh THL TBPP dipengaruhi oleh faktor jumlah kelompok tani binaan, jumlah desa binaan dan motivasi.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.16128

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Pemberdayaan untuk Meningkatkan Kinerja Penyuluh Pertanian di Kabupaten Boyolali, Provinsi Jawa Tengah

Musa Frengkianus Banunaek, Suminah Suminah, Ravik Karsidi

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: Mengetahui tingkat kinerja (performance) penyuluh pertanian, menganalisis pengaruh faktor individu penyuluh, faktor psikologi penyuluh, faktor organisasi penyuluh dan faktor lingkungan kerja penyuluh terhadap kinerja penyuluh pertanian dalam melaksanakan tugas pokoknya dan menemukan model pemberdayaan untuk meningkatkan kinerja penyuluh pertanian. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan analisis regresi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kinerja penyuluh pertanian rata-rata termasuk dalam kriteria tinggi yaitu sebesar 77,73 persen sedangkan uji hipotesa diperoleh nilai thitung sebesar 1355 dan ttabel 2,01 sehingga (thitung > ttabel) yang di artikan bahwa secara bersama-sama faktor individu penyuluh, psikologi penyuluh, organisasi penyuluh dan lingkungan kerja penyuluh berpengaruh terhadap kinerja penyuluh pertanian. Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap tingkat kinerja penyuluh yaitu: Faktor individu (pengalaman penyuluh), faktor psikologi (persepsi penyuluh pertanian terhadap profesi penyuluh pertanian, sikap dan motivasi penyuluh pertanian), faktor organisasi (imbalan penyuluh pertanian) dan faktor lingkungan kerja (jumlah petani binaan dan interaksi penyuluh dengan petani binaan) sedangkan yang berpengaruh negatif signifiikan yaitu luas wilayah penyuluh pertanian. Penelitian ini menemukan model pemberdayaan untuk meningkatkan kinerja penyuluh yaitu dengan memperhatikan faktor individu penyuluh, psikologi, organisasi dan juga faktor lingkungan kerja penyuluh pertanian.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.15169

 

 

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Kompetensi Pembudidaya Ikan Lele dalam Mengelola Usaha di Muncar, Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur

Ary Bakhtiar, Siti Amanah, Anna Fatchiya

 

Abstract

 

Peningkatan produksi ikan berkaitan dengan kompetensi pembudidaya ikan. Seorang pembudidaya ikan harus memiliki kompetensi khusus untuk menjalankan usaha budaya ikan termasuk: keterampilan manajerial, keterampilan produksi dan keterampilan pemasaran. Kompetensi saat ini petani ikan di Kecamatan Muncar masih terbatas pada kemampuan produksi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor yang mempengaruhi kompetensi pembudidaya ikan air tawar dalam mengelola usaha. Penelitian Survei dilakukan dari bulan Maret sampai April 2016 untuk mengumpulkan data dari 48 pembudidaya ikan di Muncar Banyuwangi. Kuesioner terdiri dari 71 pertanyaan tentang mengapa pembudidaya ikan merencanakan usaha budidaya, manajerial, pengelolaan pakan, serta pemasaran. Wawancara semi terstruktur dilakukan untuk mengumpulkan informasi dari informan kunci. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis linear berganda. Kompetensi dipengaruhi oleh karakteristik individu pembudidaya ikan, ketersediaan dukungan inputs-ouputs perikanan dan dukungan penyuluhan perikanan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1) Pembudidaya ikan memiliki tingkat kompetensi yang tinggi dalam keterampilan manajerial dan produksi, tetapi masih rendah dalam penentuan harga ikan dengan tengkulak 2). Faktor-faktor yang secara signifikan mempengaruhi kompetensi adalah jumlah tanggungan keluarga, ketersediaan dukungan sarana inputs – ouputs perikanan dan dukungan penyuluhan perikanan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.13030

Jurnal Penyuluhan SKPM, Volume 13, Nomor 2 (2017)

 

Analisis Penyuluhan dan Keberdayaan Petani Karet Pola Swadaya di Kabupaten Rokan Hilir, Provinsi Riau

Rosnita Rosnita, Eri Sayamar, Sergius Septian Sianturi, Roza Yulid, Eben K.P Simanjuntak

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan : (1) mendeskripsikan peran penyuluhan terhadap petani karet pola swadaya; (2) mendeskripsikan tingkat keberdayaan petani; (3) mendeskripsikan tingkat ketercapaian tujuan penyuluhan; (4) menganalisis pengaruh peran penyuluhan terhadap keberdayaan; (5) menganalisis pengaruh keberdayaan terhadap ketercapaian tujuan penyuluhan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Pujud dan Kecamatan Tanah Putih Kabupaten Rokan Hilir. Responden penelitian ditentukan menggunakan metode key informan sampling dengan jumlah responden sebanyak 118. Untuk menjawab tujuan pertama, kedua, dan ketiga dari penelitian ini menggunakan likert’s scale summated rating (SLR). Untuk menjawab tujuan keempat dan kelima menggunakan structural equation modeling (SEM) dengan program AMOS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) peran penyuluhan cukup berperan terhadap usaha tani petani karet pola swadaya; (2) tingkat keberdayaan petani di kategorikan berdaya; (3) tujuan penyuluhan telah tercapai yang dilihat dari better farming, better business, dan better living; (4) peran penyuluhan terbukti berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap tingkat keberdayaan petani; (5) tingkat keberdayaan petani terbukti berpengaruh signifikan terhadap tercapainya tujuan penyuluhan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25015/penyuluhan.v13i2.15707