Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

JENIS DAN JUMLAH KONSUMSI TAMBELO, SIPUT DAN KERANG OLEH PENDUDUK DI KAWASAN MUARA MIMIKA, PAPUA

Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Agus Sumule, John Letsoin

 

 

Abstract

 

This study is intended to analyse type and amount of MSS (Mangrove worm, Snail and Shell) consumed by the local people live in 12 estuary villages of Mimika. About 30 people for each village – consist of children (2-10 yrs), teenages (11-19 yrs) and adults (>=20 yrs) from both sexes, were selected as subjects. The data collected include socio-economic of
the family, type and amount of MSS consumption. The results showed that Bactronophorus thoracites (tambelo), Nerita balteata (snail) and Telecopium telescopium (snail), Naqueita capulina (snail) and Geloina sp (shell), Geloina cf coaxan (shell) were the six types of MSS commonly consumed by people in the study areas; and they were consumed by more than 10 % of the subjects with eating frequency more than three times a week for each. The mean intake of tambelo, snail and shell was 290.1±509.4, 96.0±271.2, and 152.8±278.6 g/week respectively in edible portion. Among the age groups, the highest intake of ambelo (433.2±627.5 g/week) and snail (133.8±387.9 g/week) was in adults, but the highest intake of shell (213.7±369.7 g/week) was in teenages. Intake data by village showed that, the highest intake of tambelo was in male of Mioko (542.1±730.8 g/week), the highest intake of snail was in female of Karaka (649.2±487.9 g/week), and so for shell (599.8±484.0 g/week). This implies that the MSS play important roles in the diet of the local people of Mimika’s estuary.

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.1-12

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

MODEL HUBUNGAN ASPEK PSIKOSOSIAL DAN AKTIFITAS FISIK DENGAN STATUS GIZI LANSIA

Rusilanti Rusilanti, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto

 

 

Abstract

 

The aims of this research was to analyze the correlation of psychosocial and physical aspect with nutritional status of the elderly reside in community dwelling. The site of study was purposively selected at three “kelurahan” : Budi agung, Baranangsiang, and Situ Gede in Bogor City.  A total of 100 elderly (age range 60 – 85 years; mean 68.4 year) were actively participated. A Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) Lisrel program was used to analyse the data. The study showed positive correlation of psychosocial (r=0.07) and physical aspect (r=0.04) with nutritional status of the elderly in community.

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.13-22

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

STUDI TENTANG PENGETAHUAN GIZI IBU DAN KEBIASAAN MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI DAERAH DATARAN TINGGI DAN PANTAI

Ali Khomsan, Faisal Anwar, Dadang Sukandar, Hadi Riyadi, Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto

 

 

Abstract

 

Eating habits refer to the behavior of a person or a group of people in satisfying the need for food, which involves attitude, beliefs, and choice of food. To understand eating habits, what ought to be considered are food consumption (quantity and quality), preference of certain food, beliefs, taboo, and attitude toward certain foods. This research aims to assess mother’s nutrition knowledge and food habits of the households. The study was conducted in a highland area of Bogor Regency and a coastal area of Indramayu Regency, West Java, Indonesia.  In Bogor, 375 samples and in Indramayu 376 samples were selected randomly, so the total samples are 751. The data was collected through questionnaires.  Mother’s nutrition knowledge is better in Indramayu than in Bogor. The eating frequency of 1-2 times daily is still dominant in the households of both locations of research. A food priority for the members (under five year old children) of households who are prone to nutritional problems is important to reduce the risk of malnutrition. The consumption of food from animal sources (meat and eggs) in both regions of research is generally still low, i.e. less than a piece of meat/week, and less than 1 egg/week, except for the consumption of fish in Indramayu, which is relatively high. The vegetable consumption in Bogor is relatively high, but fruit consumption is lower than that in Indramayu.

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.23-28

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT TENTANG MANFAAT BUDAYA DAN KESEHATAN MENGONSUMSI TAMBELO, SIPUT DAN KERANG DI MIMIKA, PAPUA

Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Agus Sumule, John Letsoin

 

 

Abstract

 

Some local foods have cultural and health benefits. Mollusca such as tambelo – a mangrove worm, snail and shell (TSS)  contain essential amino acids and micronutrients required  for optimum health.  This study is aimed to analyse the perception of local community at estuary of Mimika on culture and health benefits of consuming the TSS.  For this purpose 158 people of  the 12 estuary villages, which consist of children (1-11 yrs), teenages (12-19 yrs) and adults (>20 yrs)  from both sexes, were selected  as  subjects.  The data collected covers socio-economic of the family, perception of subjects on cultural and health benefits of the TSS, and  ways to consume the TSS. The results showed that the TSS has significant intangible benefits for culture and health of Mimika’s estuary community. In terms of culture, tambelos (Bactronophorus thoracites and Bankia orcutti) are used as a special entry food for local custome rituals; and  both snails (Telecopium telescopiu, Nerita balteata, dan Naqueita capicana) and shells (Geloina cf coaxan dan Geloina, sp) are used  as  a special main menu for lokal costume rituals. In terms of health, the general health benefits of eating TSS is for strengthening and maintaining optimum stamina.  In addition,  Geloina, sp (a shell) is used for wound healing; and  Bactronophorus thoracites (a tambelo), which is called  as “kamoro pil” by Kamoro ethnic, is consumed to have better production of breastmilk, and to have  prevention and theurepetic effects of malaria, cough, flu, rheumatic and backache, as well as  approdisiac and appetite effects. Tambelo is consumed freshly, while snails and shell are steamed or roasted before they are consumed.

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.29-35

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

PENGOLAHAN DAN PENERIMAAN PRODUK KEDELAI PADA RUMAHTANGGA DI PERKOTAAN DAN PEDESAAN PULAU JAWA INDONESIA

Rina Yenrina, Yuliana Yuliana, Deddy Muchtadi

 

 

Abstract

The study was aimed to get data on kind of processing and acceptance level of local soybean products in rural and urban areas in Java Island. The study locations were South Jakarta (Province of DKI Jakarta); Serang and Tangerang (Province of Banten); Bekasi, Bogor and Bandung (Province of West Java); Purwokerto, Semarang and Solo (Province of Central Java); Yogyakarta (Province of D.I.Yogyakarta); Malang, Jember and Surabaya (Province of East Java). The study was a part of a grand study on processing, acceptance, and consumption pattern of local soybean products at various socio-economic level of households in Java Island in 2005.  The data were obtained by interviewing and observing 2080 households (consisted of 1280 households in urban and 800 households in rural areas) selected randomly. Soybean products that mostly found in the market and consumed by households of Indonesian people, particularly in Java Island, were tempe, tauco, soy-sauce, tofu, tofu-flower, soy-sprout, and oncom.  The mostly ways to process the soy products were stir-frying, deep-frying, toasting, boiling, and ‘bacem’.  Besides, there were also some soy products that consumed directly at a household level after factorized processing, namely as soy-sauce and soy-milk. The average time used to process the soy-products varied, depended on the way of processing and  number of the product processed.  Stir-frying, especially for tempe, tofu, and tauge, was a frequent way done by poor and rich households, both in urban and rural areas.  The products that mostly processed by frying in rural household was tempe, tofu and soybean, meanwhile in urban areas were only tempe and tofu.  The everage time used by urban households to fry the soy-products was shorter than time used by rural households. It was found that more than 90% of households in rural and urban areas stated “like” and “like very much” tempe, tofu, and soy-sauce.  However, the acceptance level of household on tauco, soy-milk, and soy-flower was still low, namely less than 50%.

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.36-43

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

MUTU MIKROBIOLOGIS MINUMAN JAJANAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR WILAYAH BOGOR TENGAH

Dwi Ariyani, Faisal Anwar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of the study were to improve the microbiological quality of beverages that significantly affected by the type of selling unit and microbiological quality. The study was carried out from March  to  May 2004.  Three major location were selected, namely : SD Panaragan, SD Empang, and SD Papandayan, Bogor Tengah subdistrict. Determination analysis method of Total Plate Count (TPC) was used. The result of the study showed that beverages with a high risk of microbial contamination at SD Panaragan are “es doger”, “es campur”, and  “es kelapa”, most of these beverages contain coconut milk; at SD Empang are es jeruk and es kemasan; and  at SD Papandayan are es doger, es sirsak, es kemasan and, es teh. Microbiological quality of beverages sold by streetvendor were significantly affected by the types of selling unit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:   http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.44-50

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

MAKANAN TABU DI BANJAR JAWA BARAT

Dadang Sukandar

 

 

Abstract

 

Food taboo in Indonesia is still a problem because there  are many taboo foods.  As consequences,  pregnant mother, lactating mother and children  do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status.   Objectives of this study are  1) to identify taboo foods and 2) to identify reasons of taboo foods and  3) to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training  on food and nutrition.  Study was conducted in Banjar West Java from December 2005 to November 2006.  A sample size 92 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 482. The household of population is farmer household who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had a large number of food taboo were pregnant women group and lactating mother group. There are 35 taboo foods for pregnant women and 24  taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ambon banana, bee, bee egg, cat fish, coconut plus red sugar, eel, coffee, bogo fish, fishing fish, gabus fish, gnetum gnemon and its leaf, ice, jack fruit, kind of jack fruit (kulur), kind of leaf (leaf of so), etc.  Some  taboo foods for lactating mother are banana, bean sprout, beverage made with such droplets, cucumber, eel, egg, fat food, fish, hot food, ice, innards of gurami, jack fruit, kind of cake (serabi), kind of fruit (kulur), kind of jack fruit (sukun), etc. After attending training, the knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped  that their knowledge can reduce their believe of the food taboo.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.51-56

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juli 2006

 

 

KEBIJAKAN UMUM KETAHANAN PANGAN 2006 – 2009

Dewan Ketahanan Pangan

 

 

Abstract

 

Ketahanan[1] pangan terwujud apabila secara umum telah terpenuhi dua aspek seka- ligus. Pertama adalah tersedianya pangan yang cukup dan merata untuk seluruh penduduk. Kedua, setiap penduduk mempunyai akses fisik dan ekonomi terhadap pangan untuk memenuhi kecukupan gizi guna menjalani kehidupan yang sehat dan produktif dari hari ke hari.

Ketahanan pangan pada tingkat rumah tangga merupakan landasan bagi ketahanan pangan masyarakat, yang selanjutnya menjadi pilar bagi ketahanan pangan daerah dan nasional. Berdasarkan pemahaman tersebut maka salah satu prioritas utama pembangun- an ketahanan pangan adalah memberdayakan masyarakat agar mereka mampu menanggu- langi masalah pangannya secara mandiri serta mewujudkan ketahanan pangan rumahtangga- nya secara berkelanjutan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.57-63

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 2, November 2006

 

 

ASPEK PSIKOSOSIAL, AKTIVITAS FISIK, DAN KONSUMSI MAKANAN LANSIA DI MASYRAKAT

Rusilanti Rusilanti, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Ekawati S. Wahyuni

 

 

Abstract

 

This research attempts to analyze psychosocial aspect, physical activity, and food consumption of the elderly living in the community dwelling.  Research locations were chosen purposively in three POSBINDU (The Services Post for Elderly) located at areal of Bogor City, namely: Kelurahan Budi Agung (represents city-high income society), Kelurahan Baranangsiang (city-moderate to low society), and Kelurahan Situ Gede (boundary between city to rural-low income society).  A simple random sampling was applied to select the subjects. One hundred ninety-seven (197) subjects aged range 60-85 years old (mean age 68.4 years) were selected in those places and completed the survey between August 2004-July 2006. A cross –sectional design and one point approach was followed (Singarimbun & Effendi, 1995). Astructured questionnaire was developed to collect data about psychological aspects (family and community support; health behavior; level of depression; life satisfaction), and food consumption limited to some nutrients essensial for elderly. For physical activity assessment, each subject rated his/her capacity involved in housekeeping. A descriptive, Chi Square, One Way ANOVA and Tuckey tests were applied to analyze the data.  The research results showed that there is no significance difference among elderly in three sites in terms of psychological aspect. However, there are significance differences in health behavior and physical activity. The worst health behavior and physical activity conditions were found among elderly in Kelurahan Situ Gede caused by the social-economic differences. In terms of food consumption aspects, the significance differences exist in intake of vitamin A, vitamin B, and calcium among the subjects.

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.2.1-7

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 2, November 2006

 

 

PENGARUH PENYULUHAN GIZI-KESEHATAN DAN FAKTOR LAINNYA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN ANAK USIA PRASEKOLAH

Yuliana Yuliana, Ali Khomsan, Soemiarti Patmonodewo, Hadi Riyadi, Deddy Muchtadi

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of extension on nutrition-health and other factors on the growth of pre-school children.  The design of this study was a quasi experiment. The subjects of this study were pre-school children aged 3-6 year old with  some specified criteria, such as having no story of severe malnutrition and low birth weight, having a complete parents, literacy ability of the mother, stated in a health condi­tion/undefect handicapped, and did not follow any programs of early-age children educa­tion. The subjects were divided into two groups, namely group of control and group of in­tervention. The primary data collected consisted of family’s characteristics, child’s charac­teristics, and children’s care and development environment. Generally, there was no signifi­cant difference between pre- and post-test of mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health, both of control and intervention groups; however, there was a slightly difference on child-care on nutrition-health for the two groups. There was a significant difference on mother’s knowl­edge on nutrition-health between pre- and post- extension on the both groups.  About 51.3% of child’s growth was determined by factors of family and children.  The factors which had a possitive significant influence were body lenght, and mother’s knowledge on nutrition-health.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.2.8-16

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 2, November 2006

 

MODEL PENDUGA BERAT BAYI LAHIR BERDASARKAN PENGUKURAN LINGKAR PINGGANG IBU HAMIL

Chairunita Chairunita, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Nutritional status of pregnant women can be measured by anthropometry which is simple and non expensive. Waist circumference of pregnant women (WCP) may reflects uterus and fetus  growth. The objective of this study is to develop an estimation model of birth weight based on WCP during the third trimester. For this purpose 250 pregnant women were selected from six health centers and five midwife clinics of Tanah Sareal, Bogor.  Body height and weight, waist and hip circumferences, mid-upper arm circumference, fundal height were measured on 28th, 32nd , and 36th  week of gestation. Body weight prior to pregnancy, history of pregnancy and birth, and food consumption  was collected through an interview. The results show the two most appropriate estimation models of birth weight are based on WCP (R2=28.58%) and body weight (R2=28.27%) on 28 week of gestation, with the equations are : birth weight =  166.4(WCP)3 – 977.6(WCP)2 + 1914.7(WCP) – 1246.6 and birth weight = 14.7(body weight)3 – 79.4(body weight)2 + 143.1(body weight) – 82.5. Further prospective study with larger sample size are required to develop an estimation model of birthweight.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.2.17-25

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 2, November 2006

 

 

ESTIMASI KERUGIAN EKONOMI AKIBAT STATUS GIZI BURUK DAN BIAYA PENANGGULANGANNYA PADA BALITA DI BERBAGAI PROVINSI DI INDONESIA

Muhammad Aries, Drajat Martianto

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The study was aimed to estimate  GDP lost due to Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) among under five children at various provinces in Indonesia. It was a descriptive study used secondary data.  Data analysis was conducted in Bogor, from January to March 2006. The data uses are prevalence of PEM among under five children in various provinces in 2003, Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of provinces in Indonesia by industrial origin 2000 – 2004, population by province, sex and age group 2003, composite Consumers Price Index (CPI) of 45 cities (2002 = 100). The study showed that the economic lost due to malnutrition (PEM) among under five children in Indonesia was ranged from 0.27% to 1.21% GDP.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.2.26-33

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 2, November 2006

 

PEMANFAATAN TEPUNG BEKATUL RENDAH LEMAK PADA PEMBUATAN KRIPIK SIMULASI

Evy Damayanthi, Dwi Inne Listyorini

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this study are to determine the substitution level of defatted rice bran flour substituted to wheat flour, to know the impact of defatted rice bran flour substitution to physical,  chemical and organoleptic characteristics of simulated chips, and to compare defatted rice bran flour with whole rice bran flour as substituted raw material in making of simulated chips to physical, chemical, and organoleptic characteristics.  The substitution of defatted rice bran increased content of water, ash, protein and fiber, but fat, carbohydrate and energy decreased compare with control simulated chips (a = 0.05).  Organoleptic test of simulated chips with some levels of defatted rice bran flour substitution showed that acceptance of panelist  to color has mode ranged from not like to like; mode of aroma ranged from neutral to like; and both of taste and crispiness has mode ranged from not like to like.  Percentage of panelist that accepted simulated chips color in some level of defatted rice bran flour substitution ranged from 20% to 96.7%, aroma 76.7% to 90%, taste 50% to 100% and crispiness 53.3% to 100%.  The substitution of defatted rice bran flour will decrease acceptance of panelist to color, aroma, taste and crispiness (a = 0,05).  Simulated chips substituted by defatted rice bran flour and whole rice bran flour shows that the content of water, ashes, carbohydrate, energy, insoluble dietary fiber and total dietary fiber of simulated chips were not significantly difference (a = 0.05), but there was a significantly difference for fat and soluble dietary fiber. The organoleptic test showed that the color, aroma and taste of simulated chips were not significantly difference, but there was a significantly difference for crispiness (a = 0,05).

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.2.34-44

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 2, November 2006

 

SERAT MAKANAN DAN PERANNYA BAGI KESEHATAN

Clara Meliyanti Kusharto

 

 

Abstract

 

A study of fiber used epidemiological approach proved that in industrial countries occurence of  a western diseases were closely related to low fiber diet. The ideal intake of dietary fiber should be considered to produce weight of faeces equivalent to 140 – 150 g/day and a transit time less than 3 days, however others were stated that a variety of body response may also be considered in order to enhance a dietary fiber intake, since each component of dietary fiber gives a difference physiological effect in the body. Daily requirement intake of fiber is 25 – 30 g/man/day. Widyakarya (2004) stated that RDA of dietary fiber for adult and adolescence is 19 – 30 g/cap/day, and for children 10 – 14 g/1000 kcal. A diet contained high fiber has a positive effect to health. However, a further study is still needed with regards to antagonistic role if it is over consumed. Fiber has a unique roles as a component of prebiotic, which is useful for growth of intestinal microflora, and probiotic microflora.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.2.45-54

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 1, Nomor 2, November 2006

 

 

KEGIATAN OPERASIONAL PEMBANGUNANKETAHANAN PANGAN 2006-2009

Dewan Ketahanan Pangan

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Rencana aksi ketahanan pangan periode 2005-2009 adalah suatu panduan pelak- sanaan kebijakan umum tersebut di tingkat lapangan, sekaligus merupakan penjabaran rinci dari setiap elemen kebijakan dengan sasaran dan focal pointnya, terutama lembaga pemerintah yang memiliki keterkaitan erat dalam ketahanan pangan. Rincianini seyogyanya menjadi panduan bagi para stakeholders ketahanan pangan baik dari lembaga pemerintah, swasta, BUMN, perguruan tinggi maupun lembaga swadaya masyarakat dan kalangan masyarakat umum (lihat Matrik Kegiatan Operasional Pembangunan Ketahanan Pangan 2005 – 2009).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2006.1.2.55-67

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 1, Maret 2007

 

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN SUSU TERHADAP INDEKS MASSA TUBUH DAN KEPADATAN TULANG PUNGGUNG REMAJA PRIA

Suryono Suryono, Ali Khomsan, Budi Setiawan, Drajat Martianto, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

Abstract

 

Milk is the best source of calcium and many studies suggest that adolescence who drink milk or eat other dairy foods have stronger bones and better nutritional status. The objectives of this study were to determine effect of high calcium and fresh milk on nutritional status and bone density. Variables measured in this study were body mass index and bone density of trunk. Samples were 55 adolescent boys aged 17 to 19 years old (students of TPB IPB). The study was conducted at TPB IPB dormitory during four months. The design of this study was nested randomized design with two factors. Two kinds of milk (fresh milk and high calcium milk) and 3 levels of volume (250 ml, 500 ml, and 750 ml) were used. Results of the study indicated that high calcium milk consumption was able to increase body mass index and bone density of trunk. It was found that high calcium consumption showed very highly significant effect (P<0.01) on bone density of trunk. Calcium from high calcium milk showed very highly significant effect (P<0.01) on body mass index. Based on general linear model equation, bone density of trunk can be estimated by high calcium milk consumption.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.1-7

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 1, Maret 2007

 

 

PERKEMBANGAN KONSUMSI TERIGU DAN PANGAN OLAHANNYA DI INDONESIA 1993-2005

Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Leily Amalia

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze trend of wheat flour consumption and its processed products in Indonesia since 1993 until 2005.  The data used were food consumption data of Socio-economic Survey (SUSENAS) collected by Statistics Indonesia (Badan Pusat Statistik, BPS). The results showed that the wheat flour consumption and its processed products tended to increase from 1993 to 2005. The rapid increase was occurred in the period of 1993-1996 and 1999-2005.  Three kinds of wheat flour-processed products that significantly increased were instant noodle, fried food and snack for children.  The average consumption level of wheat flour and their processed products in 2005 in urban areas were higher than the consumption level in rural areas, namely 47.7 vs. 36.3 g/cap/d.  Among all of the wheat flour-processed food, wheat flour based-fried food, instant noodle, and noodle with meat ball (mie bakso) were the most three popular kind of wheat flour processed products consumed by Indonesian people, 49.4, 48.6 and 44.7% respectively. The consumption pattern was relatively similar between urban and rural areas.  It indicated that wheat flour processed food had already been a part of food consumption pattern of Indonesian people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.8-15

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 1, Maret 2007

 

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MAKANAN TAMBAHAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI ENERGI DAN PROTEIN IBU HAMIL

  1. Prihananto, Ahmad Sulaeman, Hadi Riyadi, Nur Heni Sri Palupi

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of supplementary foods on pregnant mothers’ energy and protein consumtion. This study was conducted in three sub-districts i.e.: Leuwiliang, Leuwisadeng and Ciampea. The 140 pregnant mothers from these sub-districts were selected for this study. Out of 140 pregnant mothers, 70 pregnant mothers were selected to receive supplementary foods for 6 month and 70 pregnant mothers did not receive any experimental food (control). Product selected as intervention consists of vermicelli, milk, and biscuit. The results of the study showed intervention could improve energy protein consumption of pregnant mothers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.16-21

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 1, Maret 2007

 

VIABILITAS BAKTERI PROBIOTIK IN-VITRO DAN PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AIR OKSIGEN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI PROBIOTIK SECARA IN-VIVO

Enok sobariah, Ali Khomsan, Ingrid S. Surono

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this study were  to identify the in-vitro tolerance of pro-biotic bacteria to acid and bile salt condition; and  to prove a hypothesis that the supplementation of oxygenated water has a positive effect on the body weight of rat and on viability of pro-biotic bacteria.  The first study was carried out at PAU Laboratory of Bogor Agricultural University, while the second study was conducted at Department of Community Nutrition of Bogor Agricultural University and Microbiology Laboratory of Indonesia Institute of Technology. Forty five rats aged 6 weeks were divided into three groups, i.e., control group without probiotic (a0), Lactobacillus casei Shirota (a1), and Lactobacillus IS-7257 (a2).  Each group (consisting of 5 rats each) has three different treatments, namely, control without oxygenated water (b0), 50 ppm oxygenated water (b2), and 80 ppm oxygenated water (b2). Oxygenated water was administered to the rats twice a day in the morning (3.25 ml) and afternoon (3.00 ml). Observation was carried out on the body  weight of the rats, fecal lactic acid bacteria, coliform, and anaerob bacteria by plate counting, for 4 periods, i.e, prior to the treatment (C0), after three-day treatment (C1), after seven-day treatment (C2), and on the 10th day treatment or three days after washed out period. The results indicated that probiotic bacteria are resistant to acid and bile acid condition. Oxygen concentration in water has a significant positive influence on the body weight of rats towards viability of probiotic bacteria (p-level < 0.05).  The supplementation of  oxygenated water 50 ppm significantly increase the population of viable fecal lactic acid bacteria in L. casei Shirota and Lactobacillus IS-7257 groups after 3 and 7 days of treatment.  Lactobacillus IS-7257 gave better response than L. casei Shirota. The supplementation of oxygenated water 80 ppm significantly reduces the fecal coliform in-vivo in both L. casei Shirota and Lactobacillus IS-7257 groups (p-level < 0.05).

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.22-28

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 1, Maret 2007

 

HUBUNGAN ANTARA STATUS GIZI MASA LALU ANAK DAN PARTISIPASI IBU DI POSYANDU DENGAN KEJADIAN TUBERKULOSIS PADA MURID TAMAN KANAK KANAK

Siti Madanijah, Nina Triana

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The Tuberculosis (TB) was detected on kindergarten students is triggered by the poor past nutritional status. The best way to maintain health and nutritional status can be accomplished at posyandu. The objective of this study is to analyze the correlation between children past nutritional status and mother’s participation at posyandu with TB case on kindergarten students. The research was designed by cross sectional study with purposive method. This research had been conducted at Kecamatan Paseh, Kabupaten Sumedang, West Java from January to May 2006. The samples consisted of 30 kindergarten students suffered from TB and 30 healthy students that were selected randomly. The differences between the two groups were analyzed with the t-test and Mann Whitney test. The influenced variables were analyzed with multiple regression tests.  Related with past nutritional status, on the TB group, 16.6% of the samples had moderate and severe malnutrition, while severe malnutrition was not found on the other group. The participation of mothers were less categories on the TB group, as much as 56.7%, compared to the group with no TB (26.7%). There were significant correlation between children past nutritional status and mothers’ participation at posyandu with the TB case.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.29-41

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 1, Maret 2007

 

MAKANAN TABU DI JENEPONTO SULAWESI SELATAN

Dadang Sukandar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Food taboo is one of nutrition problem in Indonesia. Solution to overcome this problem is therefore needed. Objectives of this study are to identify taboo foods and to reduce community food taboo beleive through conducting training on basic nutrition knowledge. Study was conducted in Jeneponto South Sulawesi from December 1995 to November 2006. A sample of size 45 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 226. The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of  Special Program for Food Secutity, Food and Acgriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had a large number of food taboo were pregnant women group. There are 20 taboo foods for pregnant women and  7 taboo food for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are squid, pari fish, toka-toka fish, papaya, pineapple, etc. Some  taboo foods for lactating mother are chicken, chili, shrimp, pari fish, etc. After attending trainning, the knowledge on basic nutrition knowledge of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped that their knowledge can reduce their belive of the food taboo. 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.42-46

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 1, Maret 2007

 

FAKTOR FAKTOR SOSIAL EKONOMI KELUARGA BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN GONDOK PADA MURID SD

Siti Madanijah, Ageng Basuki Hirmawan

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study is to identify the factors that affect the high prevalence of goiter among elementary school students in goiter endemic area.  The specific objective are to identify the socio-economic characteristics of the sample family, to analyze food consump­tion related to goiter, to identify the variety of food contains of goitrogenic sub­stances, to measure the iodium salt concentration, to analyze the correlation between mother knowledge about IDD, food consumption and the quality of salt with the goiter status. This research was designed with cross sectional study with purposive method.  This research was conducted at Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, West Java from April to May 2005. The respon­dent consisted of 60 elementary school students, which 30 of them classified as normal group and the rest of them belong to the goiter group. The two sample groups were analyzing by the t-test and Mann Whitney test. The correlation variables were analyzed by the Spearman test. There were significant difference between the income on the normal group and the goiter group; the normal group had higher income than the rest. There were significant difference between the adequacy level of energy on the normal group (73.5%) and the goiter group (55.8%) and the average of the variety of goitrogenic food consumption. The Mann Whitney test showed there were also significant differences for the quality of salt. There were significant correlations between mother knowledge about IDD with the adequacy of iodium, and between the cases of goiter with the quality of salt consumed by the family. Intensive nutrition education of IDD is needed to improve the nutrition knowledge of the mothers, as well as the availability of the accessible iodized salt.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.1.47-55

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2007

 

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN PARTICIPATING AT POSYANDU PROGRAM IN CIANJUR REGENCY

Hadi Riyadi, Faisal Anwar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi kon­sumsi pangan anak balita serta menganalisis status gizi balita. Penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional de­sain dengan sampel rumah tangga yang memiliki anak balita. Sampel berjumlah 300 balita. Pemilihan sampel dilakukan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua kecamatan Kabupaten Cianjur pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang di­kumpulkan meliputi konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi pan­gan balita serta data antropom­etri balita yang digunakan untuk menentukan status gizi balita. Data hasil wawancara dan pengukuran dientri menggunakan soft­ware excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kon­sumsi energi  balita secara rata-rata hanya memenuhi 80% angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Konsumsi pro­tein sudah memenuhi angka kecukupan protein yang dianjurkan. Prevalensi underweight, stunted dan wasted pada balita berturut-turut yaitu 30.0%, 43.7% dan 12.3%.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.1-12

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2007

 

FOOD CONSUMPTION AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF BREASTFEEDING MOTHERS AND INFANTS

Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi kondisi sosial ekonomi, konsumsi ibu menyusui dan bayi, frekuensi konsumsi pangan ibu menyusui serta menganalisis status gizi ibu menyusui dan bayi. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional dengan sampel ibu menyusui. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 100 orang ibu menyusui. Pemilihan sampel dilaku­kan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua ke­camatan di Kabupaten Cianjur pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik sosial ekonomi keluarga ibu menyusui, konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi pangan ibu menyusui dan bayi, status gizi ibu menyusui serta data antropometri bayi yang digunakan untuk menentukan status gizi bayi. Data karakteristik sosial ekonomi keluarga ibu menyusui, konsumsi dan frekuensi konsumsi bayi diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Data antropometri bayi diperoleh melalui pengukuran yang dilakukan selama penelitian berlangsung. Data hasil wawancara dan pengukuran dientri menggunakan soft­ware excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System) dan menggunakan uji Regresi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi energi dan protein ibu menyusui secara rata-rata hanya memenuhi 60% dan 87% dari angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Konsumsi energi dan protein bayi secara rata-rata sudah memenuhi 100% dan 106% dari angka kecukupan gizi yang dianjurkan (RDA). Prevalensi ibu menyusui pada kategori thin dan overweight masing-masing sebesar 10% dan 16%. Pada bayi, prevalensi dari underweight, stunted dan wasted yaitu sebesar 8.5%, 45.7% dan 9.6%.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.13-25

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2007

 

PERCEPTION OF MOTHERS AND CHILDREN’S PARTICIPATION IN THE NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMS

Dadang Sukandar, Ali Khomsan

 

 

Abstract

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persepsi masyarakat terhadap pelayanan program gizi serta menganalisis partisipasinya dalam program posyandu. Disain penelitian ini menggunakan cross-sectional dengan sampel rumah tangga yang memiliki anak balita. Sampel yang diambil sebanyak 300. Pemilihan sampel dilakukan secara acak berlapis (stratified random sampling). Penelitian ini dilakukan di dua kecamatan di Kabupaten Cianjur yang dilakukan pada tahun 2006-2007. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi jenis pe­layanan gizi, persepsi terhadap program gizi dan partisipasi dalam program gizi. Data diperoleh melalui wawancara. Data ha­sil wawancara dientri menggunakan software excel. Data dianalisis dengan SAS (Statistical Analysis System). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa para ibu berpendapat bahwa program PMT dan penyuluhan gizi harus lebih diper­baiki. Jumlah dan keterampilan kader cukup memadai, namun kahadiran bidan di posyandu kurang mencukupi. Program imunisasi bagi balita diikuti dengan baik oleh para ibu balita. Terkait pelayanan di puskesmas, sebagian besar ibu mengeluhkan waktu antri yang lama dan frekuensi kehadiran dokter yang kurang. Partisipasi balita dalam mengun­jungi posyandu relatif baik (92.4%). Lebih dari 90% balita, baik yang sering maupun jarang mengunjungi posyandu telah menerima kapsul vitamin A. Pelayanan posyandu yang sangat dirasakan oleh masyarakat adalah penimbangan balita dan imunisasi.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.26-35

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2007

 

APLIKASI REGRESI LOGISTIK DALAM ANALISIS FAKTOR RISIKO ANEMIA GIZI PADA MAHASISWA BARU IPB

Indah Irma Maharani, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Bambang Sumantri

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

This study was aimed at analyzing risk factors of nutritional anemia among new students of Bogor Agricultural University (IPB). A logistic regression model for 1907 new students’ record data matched with health record data was selected and applied on anemia risk factors analysis. The result showed that 10.9% and 21.4% of the students were suffering from nutritional anemia and proteinuria respectively. The risk factors of nutritional anemia among the new students of IPB are sex, age, family income and proteinuria status. The nutritional anemia risk is higher among female students (OR = 1.36); among younger age (age < 18 year); among students from low income family (OR = 1.70); and students suffered from proteinuria (OR = 1.49). This implies that the regular monitoring and controlling of both anemia and proteinuria among the students by Polyclinic of IPB are urgently required.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.36-43

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2007

 

MAKANAN TABU DI BARITO KUALA KALIMANTAN SELATAN

Dadang Sukandar

 

 

Abstract

 

Food taboo in Indonesia is still a problem. As consequences, pregnant mother, lactating mother and children do not eat the taboo foods so that it can reduce their food intake and finally it can decrease their nutritional status. The objectives of this study are 1) to identify taboo foods, 2) to identify reasons of taboo food and 3) to improve basic nutrition knowledge through training on food and nutrition.  Study was conducted in Barito Kuala South Kalimantan from December 2005 to November 2006. A sample of size 36 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 180. The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Security, Food and Agriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in one way table. Results show that groups which had many food taboo were pregnant woman group and lactating mother group. There are 7 taboo foods for pregnant woman and 11 taboo foods for lactating mother. Some taboo foods for pregnant women are ice, twin banana, young coconut, coconut water, young pineapple and fish. Some taboo foods for lactating mother are egg, fresh fish, fish, sugar, salt, jackfruit, fat food, hot food, etc. After attending training, the knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped  that their knowledge can reduce their believe of the food taboo.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.44-48

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2007

 

RESISTENSI INSULIN TERKAIT OBESITAS: MEKANISME ENDOKRIN DAN INTRINSIK SEL

Mira Dewi

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The number of obese individuals worldwide has reached 2.1 billion and this will lead to explosion of obesity-related morbidity and mortality. Obese individuals will develop re­sistance to celluler action of insulin. The obesity related insulin resistance is the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, the disease which number has reached epidemic proportion. The association between obesity and insulin resistance seem to be cause and effect relation because studies on human and animal has indicated that the increase or decrease of body weight correlates with insulin sensitivity.  Among of many mechanisms proposed, the most often proposed mechanisms are endocrine and cell in­trinsik mechanism. The increase of fatty acid plasma concentration, dysregulation of adi­pokines and ectopic fat storage are proposed to be the endocrin mechanism that lead to obesity related insulin resistance while oxidative stress and mitochondria dysfunction are the cell intrinsic mechanisms that play role to the disease. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of obesity related insulin resistance will provide valuable information to search for interventions that help to prevent or treat Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and cardiovascular diseases and its related pathologies.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.49-54

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 2, Juli 2007

 

REVIEW FAKTOR DETERMINAN KERAGAMAN KONSUMSI PANGAN

Hardinsyah Hardinsyah

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Index of food intake diversity or dietary diversity reflects the nutritional quality of the diet; and it is associated with nutritional health outcomes. Understanding factors determine index of dietary diversity is important for improving nutritional-health status of the people.  However, no studies have been done to capture completely the determinant factors of dietary diversity. This journal article is intended to review the determinants factor of dietary diversity from studies done in both develop and developing countries at individual and household levels.  The results show that four studies analyzed the food data at individual level and the other four studies analyzed the food data at household level; and most of the studies were done in USA. Method of dietary diversity measurement and its statistical analysis varies among the studies. A few dietary diversity studies have investigated particular determinant factors with attention given to assessing nutrition knowledge and socio-demographic factors; and the others on economic and ecological factors.  The present review  suggested that the determinant factors of dietary diversity are nutrition knowledge, food preference, household size and composition, food availability and ecological factors, time availability for food preparation, and food purchasing power e.g. income, food expenditure and food prices. Based on this review a comprehensive conceptual framework and model of the determinant factors of dietary diversity could be developed.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.2.55-74

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 3, November 2007

 

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PENGHASIL BERAS ORGANIK

Anang Suhardianto, Yayuk Farida Baliwati, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

Abstract

 

The study was designed to analyze level of household food secu­rity of farmers who plant organic rice and identify landholding that supporting household food security. For that purposes, 61 samples of household were selected from farming households in Ciburuy Village, Bogor Regency. Data collected was landholding, working capital, cooperation, education, purposes of practicing on organic farming, waste management, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, income, food consumption and level of household food security. Food recall 1 X 24 hours and food frequency (weekly, monthly, and yearly) were used to obtain food consumption data. Household food security was deter­mined based on level of energy consumption. Landholding that supporting household food security was determined based on rice consumption and household productivity. The analyses results of household food security showed that 85.2% of households were secure and 14.8% were insecure. Variables that significantly influenced household food security were income, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, purposes of practicing on organic farming, landholding, and waste management. Pearson correlation analyses showed that in­come, knowledge of organic farming, organic rice productivity, and landholding had signifi­cant effect toward  household food security. Spearman correlation analyses showed that purposes of practicing on organic farming and waste management had significant association with household food security too.  Based on daily average of energy sufficiency, land-man ratio should be 318 m2/person.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.3.1-12

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 3, November 2007

 

 

PERSEPSI, KONSUMSI DAN PREFERENSI MINUMAN BERENERGI

Ratika Putriastuti, Lilik Kustiyah, Faisal Anwar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The aims of this research were to study perception, consumption and preferences of energy drink and also to analyze relationship between content of energy and caffeine in energy drink. This research used cross sectional study design and conducted in Solo (Terminal Tirtonadi, Terminal Kartasuro and Palur). The respondent (36 persons) was chosen by convenience sampling. Method used to analyze energy content was bomb calorimeter, while caffeine obstetrical analysis used spectrophotometer. The respondent consumed Extra Joss (44.4%), Hemaviton Jreng (19.4%), Kuku Bima Energy (13.9%), Kratingdaeng (8.3%), M-150 (5.6%), Hemaviton Energy drink (5.6%) and the rest Fit Up tablet. Reason of consumption is for stamina. The most important attributes selected by respondent were energy adding and activity supporter benefits. Time of working with consumptions (frequency and sum of consumptions) have significant relationship (p<0.05). Energy content (Kal/g) of Extra Joss was 4 278, Hemaviton Jreng 2 599, and Kuku Bima Energy 2 720, then caffeine content (mg/kg) of samples was 8 778, 7 688 dan 9 252, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.3.13-25

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 3, November 2007

 

USIA MENARCHE, KONSUMSI PANGAN, DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK PEREMPUAN SEKOLAH DASAR DI BOGOR

Sanya Anda Lusiana, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The general objective of this research was to analyze the correlation between nutritional status, food consumption, and first menstruation age (menarche) of female Elementary School children. The research was conducted using cross sectional study design from May to June 2007 in 14 Elementary Schools in Bogor. Sample criteria was: 5 grade student consist of pre menarche and post menarche students. A total of 120 students was chosen by purposive sampling. Spearman Correlation Test shows that there was no correlation between menarche age of mother and menarche age of the sample. Post menarche sample had sufficient energy intake but low iron intake. About 86.7% post menarche sample and 68.3% pre menarche sample had normal nutritional status. Spearman Correlation Test shows that nutritional status (BMI/Age) has negative significant correlation to menarche age (r=-0.062; P<0.05). It means that better nutritional status implied in earlier menarche age.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.3.26-35

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 3, November 2007

 

ASPEK SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN MASALAH GIZI KURANG DI KABUPATEN MANGGARAI, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

Ursula Dianita Marut

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between socio-economic and cultural aspects and undernutrition problem in Kabupaten Manggarai, Nusa Tenggara Timur. This research was designed as cross sectional study with purposive method. This research was conducted in Desa Meler, Kecamatan Ruteng, Kabupaten Manggarai from June to July 2007. Primary data and secondary data were collected in this study. Primary data including family’s socio-economic characteristics, nutritional status, environment sanitation and food consumption using interview questionnaire. Secondary data including food production, prevalence of nutritional status of the children under five, and were collected from some Government’s institutions. Populations of this research were children under five in Desa Meler. Samples consisted of 80 children and were classified into two groups, a total of 48 classified as undernutrition group and the rest of them belong to normal group. Result shows that the prevalence of undernutrition of children under five in Manggarai year 2005 is 22,75 % and have decreased in 2006 become 19,24 %. Poverty is one of the causal factors of this undernutrition problem in Manggarai.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.3.36-43

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 2, Nomor 3, November 2007

 

 

PROFIL SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN STATUS GIZI PETANI DI LOMBOK TENGAH NUSA TENGGARA BARAT

Dadang Sukandar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Socio-conomic and nutritional status are nutrition problems in Indonesia. Solution to overcome this problem is therefore needed. Objectives of this study are 1) to asses  socio-economic, 2) to asess nutritional status of community and 3) to improve nutritional status  through conducting training on food,nutrition, sanitation and hygiene. Study was conducted in Central Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat, from December 1995 to November 2006. A sample of size 63 households was drawn randomly from household population of size 316. The households population is household farmer who are beneficiary of Special Program for Food Secutity, Food and Acgriculture Organization. Data were analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively and presented in table. Reseacrh results show that level of income of farmer is still very low. Average income of farmer is only Rp 99.141 per capita per month.  Most portion of expenditure or as much as 72% is spent for food. There are still many husbands-wives who have nutrition problem. As much as 30% of husbands are thin and 4% are overweight. As much as 11% wives are thin and 11% are overweight. After attending trainning, the knowledge on nutrition and food of the farmers increase significantly, therefore it is hoped  that their knowledge can improve their nutritional status.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2007.2.3.44-47

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Maret 2008

 

PENGARUH KEADAAN SOSIAL EKONOMI, GAYA HIDUP, STATUS GIZI, DAN TINGKAT STRESS TERHADAP TEKANAN DARAH

Novita Nining Widyaningsih, Melly Latifah

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the influential factors of blood pressure. Design of this study was a cross-sectional study. Study was conducted in Bogor, West Java. Criteria’s sample were men, age above 30 years, work as a driver of the public transportation which the routes are Kampus Dalam and Leuwiliang and had been works for more than 2 years. Total sample for this study were 30 people. The result of multiple regression test showed that there were three influential factors of blood pressure. The first factor is family size. Reduction of one family member will raise the systole as high as 2.103 mmHg and diastolic for 1.396 mmHg. The second factor was age. Increasing one year of age will raise the systole for 0.369 mmHg and the diastolic for 0.283 mmHg. The last one was nutritional status. Increasing one unit of BMI will raise the systole for 1.148 mmHg and the diastolic for 1.211 mmHg.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.1.1-6

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Maret 2008

 

 

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU (ASI), KONSUMSI ZAT GIZI, DAN KELENGKAPAN KARTU MENUJU SEHAT (KMS) TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BAYI

Suci Pujiyanti

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card (KMS) are very crucial to support infant development. The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of breastfeeding, nutrition consumption, and completeness of healthy card to the nutritional status.  Sample of babies who breastfed and having KMS were taken from 50 babies aged around 4-12 months using a simple random sampling method. Pearson corelation, Spearman corelation, and backward linear regression were used to analyze data. Linear regression analysis between the length of breastfeeding (p<0.01) and sufficiency of protein level (p<0.01) showed impact significantly to the infant nutritional status. The level energy sufficiency did not affect (p>0.05)  the infant  nutritional status. The analysis also showed effect of weighing, immunization, and giving vitamin A to infant nutritional status.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.1.7-11

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Maret 2008

 

HUBUNGAN ANTARA INTENSITAS PEMERIKSAAN KEHAMILAN, FASILITAS PELAYANAN KESEHATAN, DAN KONSUMSI TABLET BESI DENGAN TINGKAT KELUHAN SELAMA KEHAMILAN

Marissa Indreswari, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, M. Rizal Martua Damanik

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Pregnant mother is one of the group gristle nutrition. Pregnant mother need to do medical check during pregnancy to support quality of good health. Pregnancy inspection is suggested minimum four times during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to analyze correlation between intensity of pregnancy inspection, facility of health service and the iron tablet consumption with mount the sigh experienced during pregnancy.This study used thecross sectional study methodwith sample taking method by purposive in Kramat Jati Sub-district (East Jakarta) and Ragunan Sub-district (South Jakarta). Total sample taken for this study were 100 pregnant mothers(50 from each regional). Data obtained was processed by Microsoft Excel 2003 and analyzed by SPSS 13.0 for windows. Analyze data used Rank Correlation Spearman to know the correlation between variables.Results showed significant correlations betweeniron tablet consumption obedience with intensity of pregnancy inspection. Significant correlation was also shown by intensity of pregnancy inspection variable with facility of health service which got by pregnant mother during pregnancy inspection. This result study was strenghtened by previous study that showed intensity of pregnancy inspection to the health service had strong correlation with antenatal care which obtained by pregnant mother.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.1.12-21

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Maret 2008

 

ASPEK SANITASI DAN HIGIENE DI KANTIN ASRAMA TINGKAT PERSIAPAN BERSAMA (TPB) INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR

Evy Damayanthi, Lilik Nur Yuliati, Vitriani Y. Suprapti, Fitriana Sari

 

 

Abstract

 

The major purpose of this research was to analyze sanitation and hygiene at TPB – IPB Dormitory’s Canteens. Microbiological analysis (sanitation analysis) was done on chef’s hands and some utensils (eating plate, serving plate, and chopping board). There were a lot of Staphylococcusfound in food handler’s hands (19-57 CFU). This research showed that there was no tendency which was the worst canteen from the three canteens at boy’s dormitory or girl’s dormitory. The statistical analysis showed that the location of the canteen and kind of utensils influenced the total Enterobacter. The chef’s hands of C1 and A3 canteens contained E. coli bacteria, but the other chef’s hands, did not. Eating plate, serving plate, and chopping board from Canteens A3 and C1 were not safe due to the number of microbes they had (1.08×102-3.6×102 CFU/cm2). All utensils at canteen A1 were safe. C2’s and C3’s chopping boards were not safe, but their eating plate and serving plate were safe.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.1.22-29

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Maret 2008

 

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI SERTA TINGKAT KONSUMSI IBU HAMIL DI KELURAHAN KERAMAT JATI DAN KELURAHAN RAGUNAN PROPINSI DKI JAKARTA

Nadiya Mawaddah, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research is to understand the knowledge, attitude, and practice of nutrition and nutrient adequacy level (energy, protein, vitamin A, and Iron) of pregnant women. This research useda cross sectional study design. Research location implemented sprinkle programme. The sample was taken purposively with criteria not the first pregnancy, the age of pregnancy is between 8-28 weeks, and they are willing to be interviewed. The number of samples that were chosen are 100 pregnant women. Data that were collected were analyzed descriptively and statistically. In general, part (26%) of pregnant women had low nutrition knowledge. More than a half (71%) of pregnant women had moderate nutrition attitude. A half (50%) of pregnant women had good nutrition practice. Based on Spearman analysis, there were significant correlation between education level and nutrition knowledge (r=0.35, p<0.05), between nutrition knowledge and nutrition attitude (r=0.34, p<0.05), between nutrition knowledge and nutrition practice (r=0.266, p<0.05). This research showed adequacy level of protein and iron were inadequate. Adequacy level of energy, protein, vitamin A, and iron pregnant women in Kramat Jati was lower than Ragunan. Based on Spearman analysis there was no correlation between nutrition knowledge and consumption rate of energy, protein, and iron. While there is significant correlation between nutrition knowledge of pregnant women and consumption rate of vitamin A. Adequacy level of energy was affected by nutrition practice. Pregnant women with good nutrition practice had 16.7 times higher adequacy level of energy. Adequacy level of protein was affected by family size and nutrition practice. Income, family size, and nutrition practice didn’t affect the adequacy level of iron pregnant women. Adequacy level of vitamin A was affected by nutrition practice.

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.1.30-42

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 1, Maret 2008

 

HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI SUSU DAN KALSIUM DENGAN DENSITAS TULANG DAN TINGGI BADAN REMAJA

Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Evy Damayanthi, Wirna Zulianti

 

 

 

Abstract

 

 The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between milk and calcium intake with body height and bone density of adolescent. The study applied a cross sectional design to 246 senior high school students in Bogor. The subject aged 16-17 years old were selected purposively. Milk and calsium intake was derived from the food intake data collected by applying a semi-FFQ method for a week. Bone density (stiffness index) was measured by densitometer of achilles insight. The results of the study showed that the mean intake of milk was 170.7±136.3 ml/day with average frequency 6 times/week, and mean intake of calcium was 250.0±212.6 mg/day with contribution of milk was 44.0%. The mean stiffness index of subjects was 97.5±18.3; and the mean stiffness index of boys (104.4±18.9) was significantly higher than girls (92.9±16.3). The calcium intake of milk and calcium intake of calsium-rich foods of non milk was not correlated with the bone density and body height; but milk intake,  frequency and  length of milk intake were correlated with body height and bone density. This implies the important of milk intake in bone density and  linear growth of adolescent.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.1.43-48

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

KONVERSI SATUAN UKURAN RUMAH TANGGA KE DALAM SATUAN BERAT (GRAM) PADA BEBERAPA JENIS PANGAN SUMBER PROTEIN

Setyo Puji Handayati, Amini Nasoetion, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to complete the information of household measurement from varies food groups in Household Measurement List (DURT). This research conducted on November 2005 – May 2006 in West Java (Bogor and Sukabumi), Central Java (Purwokerto) and Jakarta. The foods were chosen from the market with simple random sampling. There were 354 foods weighed 5 times for each food.Only 270 foods listed in Food Composition List (DKBM) that had household measurement conversion and 354 foods had not. The household measurement conversion values from some foods were consistent but the others were not consistent. It implied that the larger the physical measurement (length, width, height and thickness), the heavier the food. The inconsistency from the measurements implied that the changes of any physical measurement were not followed by the changes of weight and volume.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.1.49-60

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

 

 

FORMULASI TEH CAMELIA-MURBEI DENGAN BUBUK JAHE (Zingiber officinale) DAN ASAM JAWA (Tamarindus indica, L.) SEBAGAI MINUMAN KESEHATAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN RESPON IMUN TIKUS

Sri Darningsih, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Sri Anna Marliyati, Dadan Rohdiana

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The Camelia-mulberry tea has a big potential to becomes a healthy beverage according to its bioactive components, and added by red ginger powder and tamarind. Those ingredients may increase immunity againts various diseases. The aims of this study was to develop formula of a healthy beverage contained of two varieties of leaves (camelia and mulberry), with Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and Tamarind (Tamarindus indica, L.)   This main research  used mice strain Spraque Dawley, 1.5-2 month old with  weight 75–105 gram. The instruments used in this study were tea maker, organoleptic test and ELISA test. The experimental design used factorial complete random design with 5 groups, where on each group consists of 5 mouse, with two selected variables of the best camelia-mulberry tea, i.e., multikaulis enzymatic oxidation + Gambung 7 enzimatic non-oxidation; bulk tea (Tea A) with difference time observation ( 0, 2 and 4 weeks).  The given dosage was 1 ml/100 gram mice weight, with different concentration of camelia-mulberry tea i.e. 3, 6, 9, and 12 gram/ml. The statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) shows that a significant different exist for the time observation of a mice serum IgG (p<0.05).  Followed by Tukey test, which  shows that a significant differences exist on IgG average at the beginning and after  the 2nd weeks of treatment, and the 2nd weeks vs 4th weeks treatment.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.61-70

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

 

AKTIVITAS FISIK, ASUPAN ENERGI DAN STATUS GIZI WANITA PEMETIK TEH DI PTPN VIII BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT

Venny Agustiani Mahardikawati, Katrin Roosita

 

 

Abstract

 

Quality of human resources is very important to improve productivity. The worker productivity is correlated with nutritional status and health status. The objective of the research is to analyze physical activity, energy intake, nutritional status, of women workers at Tea Plantation PTPN VIII Bandung, West Java. The cross sectional design was used in this study to elaborate physical activity, nutritional status, and productivity of tea picker’s women. The criteria of study sample were tea picker’s women at cluster area of Malabar tea plantation of PTPN VIII Bandung, having infant and they were willing to be interviewed. The total number of 92 women sample was chosen randomly. Primary data consisted of physical activity recall (2×24 hours), food consumption recall (2×24 hours), anthropometry data (weight and height), and productivity (passage of tea sprout). Secondary data were included data of PT Perkebunan Nusantara VIII Bandung, West Java. The result showed that more than a half of samples having active or moderate physical activity level (PAL). The physical activity level of samples during work day (average PAL=1.87) was higher than holiday (average PAL=1.69) (p<0.05). The physical activity was related to energy expenditure. According to Schofield equation, energy expenditure of sample during workday (average=2362 kcal) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than day off (average=2134 kcal). This result is related to Oxford equation, energy expenditure of sample during workday (average=2223 kcal) was significantly higher than holiday (average=2011 kcal). The related factors of energy expenditure are body weight and age. Energy intake on workday and day off were respectively 2362 kcal and 2134 kcal. The average energy adequacy level during workday and day off according to Schofield and Oxford equation were not significantly different, respectively 97,2% and 103,3%. The majority of samples had normal nutritional status, and 30.4% of the sample was overweight. The energy adequacy level according to Schofield and Oxford equation are related to nutritional status of women workers.

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.79-85

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

 

AKTIVITAS FISIK, ASUPAN ENERGI, DAN PRODUKTIVITAS KERJA PRIA DEWASA: STUDI KASUS DI PERKEBUNAN TEH MALABAR PTPN VIII BANDUNG, JAWA BARAT

Noni Eka Jaya Wardani, Katrin Roosita

 

 

Abstract

 

The cross sectional design was used in this study to elaborate physical activity, energy consumption, and work productivity of men workers. The total number of sample is 72 men.  The inclusion criteria of  the sample is the head of household’s women tea pickers at Tea Plantation PTPN VIII Bandung, West Java who have children 0-72 month age and willing to be interviewed. The place of the research was chose purposively. Malabar Plantation was chosen from the other five plantations (clusters) cause of its easier access and the homogenous characteristics inter cluster. Data collected was analyzed statistically. In general, more than a half of samples had  active or moderately physical activity  level (PAL=1.89). The physical activity level of samples during work day (average PAL=1.93) was higher than holiday (average PAL=1.77) (p<0.05). The working hours during holiday were substituted by doing domestic chores and miscellaneous recreational activities. There are significant differences (p<0.05) of energy requirement based on three calculation (Schofield equation, Oxford equation, and energy RDI on WNPG (2004)). Average energy consumption of men workers were 87.2 – 121.2%.  Majority of samples (76.4%) had wages per month below the regional minimum wages. The working hours of more than a half of samples were below seven hours per day and had wages per hour below standard regional minimum wage. Based on correlation analysis, there are significant correlation between 1) education level with physical activity level; 2) age, income per capita, and family size with wage per month; 3) age and physical activity level with working hours; and 4) age and  income per capita with wages per hour.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.71-78

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

 

KONDISI LINGKUNGAN, PERILAKU HIDUP SEHAT, DAN STATUS KESEHATAN KELUARGA WANITA PEMETIK THE

Yuli Fitriyani, Katrin Roosita, Yekti Hartati Effendi

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research is to study environmental condition, healthy life behaviour, and health status of women tea picker’s family in PTPN VIII Pengalengan, Bandung, West Java. The cross sectional study design is used in this research and total number of samples are 92  family of women tea picker who live in Malabar Plantation. The inclusion criteria of the sample is having children 0-72 month age and willing to be interviewed. The place of the research was chosen purposively. Malabar Plantation was chosen from the other five plantations (clusters) because of its easier access and the homogenous characteristics of inter cluster. Primary data consists of family characteristics, environmental condition, healthy life behavior, and family’s health status. Secondary data consists of general description of Malabar Plantation and Banjarsari Village. Data was processed and analyzed with descriptive statistic and inference, and correlation analysis used Rank Spearman correlation test. The results revealed that the family were live in average (moderate) environmental condition, and only a few families live in good environmental condition. Their family’s health behaviour was good. The symptoms/kind of diseases which found among the samples were fever, acute respiratory infection (ARI) diseases, digestion organ diseases, skin disease, and hepatitis. Family’s member who was the most susceptible to disease was children. The related factors to environmental condition of women tea picker’s family were family income and family size. The water source used by the families, which was one of factors of the environmental condition’s, was related to  health status of women tea picker’s family. The acute respiratory infection (ARI) disease and hepatitis cases in family were related to better water source for taking a bath, wash the dishes and wash hands after defecation. Better water source, then less cases of the diseases.

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.86-93

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

 

ANALISIS DISKRIMINAN UNTUK MENENTUKAN INDIKATOR GARIS KEMISKINAN

Dadang Sukandar, Nani Sufiani Suhanda, Leily Amalia, Khairunisa Khairunisa

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this study are to: 1) determine poverty line gold standard of farmers, 2) compare the gold standard with existing poverty line i.e. Sajogyo, Central Bureau of Statistics, BKKBN, World Bank US $ 1 and World Bank US $ 2, and 3) derive poverty indicators. This research was conducted in Subang, West Java. As many as 522 farmer households were collected as sample through stratified random sampling with proportional allocation. Data collected include socio-economic, income, expenditure, food consumption, health, anthropometry, agriculture aspects and living cost component and their prices. The Gold Standard was obtained through distribution standard normal while poverty indicator was derived through discriminant analysis. The results show that the poverty line gold standard of farmer is Rp. 457,558/capita/month which is equivalent to 2.29 gram of gold/capita/month. Discriminant analysis give five indicators of poverty namely, number of households member, husband education level, nutritional status of children, frequency of egg consumption, and land size manage by farmers.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.94-100

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

 

 

POLA KONSUMSI DAN PERMINTAAN PANGAN POKOK BERDASARKAN ANALISIS DATA SUSENAS 2005

Anna Vipta Resti Mauludyani, Drajat Martianto, Yayuk Farida Baliwati

 

Abstract

 

Food demand can be found dynamic, altering by the change in price and income. How great the influence of those changes to food consumption is the important information as the basic consideration for government in creating policy related to food consumption. The objective of the research, which has survey design, was to analyze staple food consumption and demand pattern in household in Indonesia. The research was conducted in Bogor, from March to June 2008 by using secondary data Susenas year 2005 with 64.709 households as the samples. The staple food analyzed were rice, corn, cassava, sweet potato, wheat flour and its derived product (instant noodle, noodle). Data was processed by SAS program version 6.12 and Double-Log Regression econometrical model. Then, it was analyzed descriptively. Result shows that rice has the biggest expenditure proportion among staple food. Almost all staple food is obtained by purchasing, except in corn, cassava, and sweet potatoes. Energy contribution from rice reaches half of total energy consumption. The consumption of rice, corn, cassava, sweet potatoes, wheat flour and its derived product, instant noodle, and wheat noodle per capita per year are 100.52 kg, 3.36 kg, 11.67 kg, 4.10 kg, 5.09 kg, 3.39 kg, and 0.22 kg. Staple food which has consumption participation level almost 100% is rice. The own price elasticity of staple foods are not elastic, except in corn, wheat flour and its derived product. The income elasticity of all staple foods is not elastic in all category of region and income stratification. The demand elasticity of staple food give some implications on consumption and food consumption improvement, they are: 1) raising price of staple food can decrease consumption, thus, price stability is very important, 2) almost all staple foods has not elastic income elasticity, so that food consumption improvement needs great stimulus of increasing income, 3) poor household is greatly influenced by the increasing of price, thus, food consumption improvement for them must be conducted by doing many relevant efforts, 4) target of decreasing rice consumption is still cannot be reached, so that staple food diversification must be continuously developed, 5) in order to develop local food consumption, like corn, cassava, and sweet potato, the development of agro industry based on local food and Communication Information Education (CIE) about food consumption diversification are essential to be conducted.

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.101-117

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 2, Juli 2008

 

GAYA HIDUP, KONSUMSI SUPLEMEN, JAMU, TANAMAN OBAT, DAN STATUS KESEHATAN LANSIA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

Rian Diana, Katrin Roosita, Ali Khomsan

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to analize the correlation of life style, supplement consumption, traditional medice, medical plants, and health status of elderly at Bogor District. The research was conducted at Ciampea Sub-district, Bogor District, West Java, from June till December 2005 using cross sectional study design. The sample size was 90 elders (45 male and 45 female). The result indicated that 3.7% sample was smoker, 17.8% sample had sport habit, and 42.2% sample had leisure activity. Only 6.7% sample consumed supplement, meanwhile the consumption of traditional medicine was 53.3% and medical plants 48.9%. The common diseases were hypertension, rheumatic and gout. The sample had a lot af health complain such as not feeling well, anemia, headache, and loin pain. Based on blood pressure measurement, 45.5% sample suffered from hypertension. The elders sport activity was negatively correlated with loin pain (p<0.05), meanwhile supplement consumption was positively correlated with constipation (p<0.01). Traditional medicine had a positive correlation with age (p<0.01) and negative correlation with loin pain (p<0.05). Medical plants had a positive correlation with decreased appetite (p<0.01), chewing difficulties (p<0.01) and decreased sense of smell (p<0.01).

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.118-123

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

KEBIASAAN MAKAN DAN PENGETAHUAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA PUTRI PESERTA PUSAT INFORMASI DAN KONSELING KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA (PIK-KRR)

  1. Husni Thamrin, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Budi Setiawan

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research was to observe food habit and knowledge of reproduction health of female adolescence participants and non participants of Information Centre and Counseling of Adolescence  Reproduction Health (PIK-KRR) at SMU 1 Liwa and SMK 1 Liwa. Reproduction readiness in adolescence is influenced by physical readiness which is reflected from nutrition and health status and mental readiness in the form of adolescence perception about reproduction health. This research used cross sectional design. The site of the research is determined using purposive sampling. The SMU 1 Liwa was choosen because this school has PIK-KRR and most of the graduates continue their study to the higher level of education, and SMKN Liwa Lampung Barat was chosen because this school does not have PIK-KRR yet and most of the graduates do not continue their study. Spearman’s Correlation and t-test utilized to know whether there were any difference in each variable in SMU and SMK students. The results of the study show that, SMU female adolescence have better reproduction readiness than SMK female adolescence. Therefore it is important for female adolescence to get correct information about nutrition,  and reproduction health through formal or informal ways.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.124-131

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI SAWAH DI WILAYAH ENCLAVE TAMAN NASIONAL BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN

Amirian Amirian, Yayuk Farida Baliwati, Lilik Kustiyah

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research was to know the food security of farmer household, based on the availibility of staple food, access to food and  utilization of food of farmer household. The research design was cross-sectional study. The samples were consisted of 35 owner farmer, 12 yeoman, and 13 farmworker.Primary and secondary data was analyzed by Microsoft Excel and SPSS version 13 for windows. The result showed that 48.33% of husband and 78.33% of wife were <40 years old. As many as 66.67% ofhusbandeducationand70.00% of wife education were elementary school.  Mostofthesamplewere farmers, 26.67% husband and 18.33% wife had additional work. The result showed,based on the availability of staple food, 70.00% of household catagorized as food secured. Based on the access to food, 65.00% of household catagorized as food secured, and based on the utilization of food, 56.70% of household catagorized as food secured. The conclusion of this research, 63.30% of household catagorized as food secured based on combination of three component of food security. There was a significant positive correlation (p<0.01) betwen income per household per month, family size, access to clean water, total of rice production, and the rice production distributed to household with the availability of energy per capita per day.

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.132-138

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN DAN PROGRAM SUBSEKTOR PETERNAKAN KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Hotmuda Simarmata, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Diah Krisnatuti Pranadji

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aims to analyze the policy, program, activity and budgetting of husbandry subsector in West Lampung Regency. The study was conducted retrospectively, studying documents of policy 2003-2007 in Husbandry and Animal Health Agency of West Lampung and interviewing respondents of the officials involved in the drafting of the program, decision makers, and groups of farmers from November to December 2008. Data that were required in this research, consist of primary and secondary data and was analyzed by descriptive analysis, content analysis and SWOT analysis.The results of this research showed that the formulation of policy and program had been in line with the regulation, but there were some constraints in implementing the policy and program in form of activities due to the limited budget. Budgeting allocation portion for the development food resources from  husbandry  for 4 years was higher than supporting activities, except in the fifth year. Implementation of husbandry sub-sector, especially cattle breeding was enthusiastically welcomed by the community indicated by their high motivation and initiatives. The environment has changed from the previous period so that the future concept will focus on the breeder empowerment and capital access and strategy by intensifying animal breeding culture, building husbandry centers and partnership with private sectors.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.139-143

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

Judul: KAJIAN KEBIJAKAN ANGGARAN DALAM RANGKA MENDUKUNG PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Penulis: Indra Gunawan, Drajat Martianto, Yayuk Farida Baliwati

 

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aims to analyze the local government budget policies in supporting food security dvelopment in Lampung Barat District. The design of this study is retrospective using seondary data from related institutions in Lampung Barat. To identify the share of credit and debit of local budget  or APBD, a Comparative Budget Statement (CBS) is used, and to identify the budget proportion for food security oriented programs/activities, the Content Analysis method is applied. From the CBS analysis result, it is revealed that the biggest share is from Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) or General Alloctaion Fund, accounting for 66.25% and the smallest share is from Local Original Revenue or Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), which is only around 1.60%. The share of Development Budget is approximately 57.58%, while the share of Routine Budget is 42.42%. It is also found that the Local Budget has increased constantly during the last 5 years with the average is Rp. 304 068 008 767.  From this amount, Rp24 286 406 768  or about 7.6% per annum has been allocated for food security development.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.144-148

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

 

Judul: ANALISIS POTENSI DAN PENGELOLAAN PERIKANAN DALAM PERSPEKTIF KETAHANAN PANGAN DI WILAYAH PESISIR KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Penulis: Nazdan Nazdan, Budi Setiawan, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this study was to analyze the potential resources and management of fisheries during the periods of 2003–2007 at the coastal zone of West Lampung. Primary and secondary data was analyzed using SWOT. SWOT analysis is a technique used to identify various factors systematically in order to formulate a management strategy.  The result showed that the total score for internal factor (strengths-weaknesses) was 0.23 and the total score for external factor was -0.32 (opportunities-threats); which placed the fisheries management at the coastal zone of West Lampung regency in the second quadrant position. The priority of alternative strategy carried out for optimum and sustainable fisheries management was to develop aquaculture (fresh water and estuary), to resolve conflicts of interest on natural resources used at the coastal zone of West Lampung, and to improve the involvement of formal and non formal institutions in implementing environment friendly efforts as well as in resolving environmental degradation problems.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.149-155

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

INTERVENSI PENGAYAAN PENGETAHUAN PANGAN DAN GIZI PADA MUATAN LOKAL UNTUK SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Sungkowo Sungkowo, Budi Setiawan, Siti Madanijah

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The problem in education especially in junior high school is low quality of education, caused by several factors such as social and economic situations. The purpose of the research was to study: 1) food and nutrition knowledge of the students; 2) food habit of the students; 3) ability to prepare traditional food of West Lampung; 4) nutritional status of students; 5) process of teaching and learning; and 6) Parent’s support. The research was conducted at junior high school in Sukau in West Lampung Regency. The research used cluster random sampling technique, one class (VIII A) was chosen as control group and another (VIII C) as treatment group. There were significant differences between control and treatment class respectively: 1) the score of food and nutrition knowledge 12.89 and 15.03; 2) the score of food habit 30.65 and 37.74;  3) the level of preparing traditional food 24.03 and 27.56; 4) the process of teaching learning 34.39 and 38.90; and 5) parent’s support 78.16 and 97.61.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.156-166

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

ANALISIS PENYEDIAAN DAN PENGGUNAAN AIR SUNGAI PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI PEKON ULU KRUI DAN DI PEKON LAAY KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Onnie Violetta Saragi, Budi Setiawan, Ikeu Ekayanti

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were: 1) to analyze household characteristics in Village Ulu Krui and Village Laay; 2) to analyze knowledge, attitude and pratices of household in water using; 3) to analyze the chemical charactistic of water; and 4) to analyze relation between knowledge and river water usage. The research design is cross sectional. Data was collected by interviewing respondents. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inference statistics. Twenty nine housewife in Village Ulu Krui and twenty housewife in Village Laay were participated as respondents. Results of this research found that the average of family member was four people. Husband age was ranged from twentyfive to seventy three years old. The average of the husband age was fourty four years old. The wife age were range from twenty one to seventy three years old. The average of the wife age was fourty years old. The modus of education of husband was elementry school. The modus of occupation of husband was farmer and farmworker. The level of knowledge in river water usage was low, the level of attitude was moderate, the level of pratices using the river water was good.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.167-171

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA PANGHASIL DAMAR KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jimmy Manesa, Yayuk Farida Baliwati, Ikeu Tanziha

 

 

Abstract

 

Repong is a forest management system which inherently conducted by community in Lampung Barat Coast. The objective of this research were to analyze: 1) household socio economic characteristics, 2) household food access, 3) household food security, 4) socio economic factors that influence household food security. This research was conducted by using retrospective design. The location was in Penengahan Village, Karya Penggawa Subdistrict, Lampung Barat District that chosen purposively with consideration that the village is the main village producing resin. The samples were 30 households who own repong and 30 households who do not own repong that chosen snowbally. The result of the research shows that: 1) almost all (93.3%) household who own repong work as farmer, while half of household who do not own repong work as farmer (46.67%), service (40%), and trading (13.33%); 2) there is 30% of household who own repong and 36.7% of household who do not own repong that have low food access; 3) only 33.33% of household who own repong and 23.33% household who do not own repong are food secure; 4) factors that significantly influence energy consumption level are number of household member, size of repong, and food expenditure; factors that significantly influence protein consumption are number of household member and food expenditure; factors that significantly influence consumption diversity are number of household member and size of repong.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.172-179

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

KAJIAN KINERJA PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN PADA BERBAGAI INSTITUSI TERKAIT DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Busran Hamid, Drajat Martianto, Evy Damayanthi

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The limitation in both human and natural resources lead the Local Government of West Lampung to make a priority in budget allocation. The study was aimed to: 1) identify the policy, programs, and activities related to food security at each government institution,2) evaluate the performance among related institution in food security program and activities implementation, and 3) to develop recommendation for food security program and activities improvement. Secondary data were used to address the mentioned objectives. Role of each institution in food security improvement have been defined including the budget allocation. Content analysis from the regional strategic plan shows that there were programs and activities for each sector directed to improve food and nutrition security. However parts of the written plan haven’t been implemented yet. Performance analysis from those which have been implemented indicates that most of the program and activities were achieving the target. Rice production exceeded the target, infrastructure improved, and food prices stable. Intake of animal food and tubers are lower than nutrition norms of desirable dietary pattern (PPH). The prevalence of under-nutrition was considered low.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.180-184

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

KERAGAAN PENYULUH PERTANIAN DALAM UPAYA MENDUKUNG PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Sri Mustika, Budi Setiawan, Dodik Briawan

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to know correlation and influence of agricultural extension characteristic to their comprehension about main duty and function and their knowledge about food security. This research was conducted in West Lampung District, using cross sectional design. The method of analysis was descriptive and inferential. There were 58.9% respondents who have a good knowledge of their main duties and about 68.5% respondents who have knowledge about food security. Education and facilities lead to positive correlation with comprehension for knowledge about food security. But in the contrary it was proved that field of expertise and instruction experiences have negative correlation with knowledge for agricultural extension main duties. The other result is that main duties and function of agriculture extension had significant correlation with knowledge of food security, especially for food consumption.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.185-191

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

ANALISIS POLA DAN STRATEGI PENYEDIAAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Rini Nurindarwati, Sri Anna Marliyati, Yayat Heryatno

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The main objective of this study is to provide information about food supplying pattern and strategy of Social Forestry’s farmer household. Thisstudy was conducted in October 2008 by using cross sectional study design. The sample was 90 Social Forestry’s farmer households. The data obtained by the research were household characteristics; food supplying pattern and strategy which analyzed descriptively and inferentially. More than half of the samples (78%) are small households with all farmers and housewives are in productive age. The income per capita per month of the sample is Rp509626. The food expenditure per capita per month is Rp213136, while non food expenditure per capita per month is Rp197851. The larger shares of food expenditure are utilized in food supplying of cereals (31.7%), vegetables and fruits (20.3%), and animal food (18.5%). Strategies for raising income conducted by the sample are searching supplementary income other than the main working field; conducting husbandry; and planting crops in garden. Saving is a strategy rarely conducted by the sample. Energy supplying of the sample for cereals, vegetables and fruits, oils and fats, sugar, and others are sufficient, while energy supplying for tubers, animal protein, legumes, and oily seed are not sufficient. The food supply is obtained by purchasing (70.8%), self production (28.2%), and other sources (0.4%).

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.192-197

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

ANALISIS KEBUTUHAN LUAS LAHAN BASAH PERTANIAN PANGAN DALAM PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN PANGAN PENDUDUK KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Sumarlin Sumarlin, Yayuk Farida Baliwati, Ernan Rustiadi

 

 

Abstract

 

The general objective of this research was to analyze food agriculture wet land size requirement in fulfilling food requirement of population in West Lampung District. This research was conducted by using retrospective design and secondary data which then analyzed descriptively. The research used some data, it was : 1) demography data year 2001-2007 from Central Bureau of Statistics, 2) food balance sheet data year 2007 from Food Security Board of West Lampung District, 3) food consumption data year 2007 from Agriculture and Food Security Office of Lampung Province, 4) production data, productivity data, and plant index year 2002-2007 from Crops and Horticulture Office of West Lampung District, and 5) land potential of food agricultural development year 2004 from National Survey and Mapping Coordination Board. The result of the research indicates that rice requirement in West Lampung District until year 2012 can be fulfilled by production with wet land size utilized for rice planting in 2007 (13 320 hectar) and production 103 711 ton dry harvest.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.198-204

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

ANALISIS KEMANDIRIAN PANGAN ASAL TERNAK DALAM RANGKA MEMANTAPKAN KETAHANAN PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Hasnul Abrar, Ali Khomsan, Yayat Heryatno

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to: (1) analyze animal food supply in West Lampung District; (2) analyze ideal animal food target and; (3) analyze animal food self sufficiency. This research was conducted by using retrospective and prospective design. The primary data was collected by conducting interview and giving questionnaire to the chosen sample. The secondary data was processed by using Food Balance Sheet (FBS) software to measure animal food supply including the number and the energy and protein content. Food self sufficiency was analyzed by production-supply and import-supply ratio. The average animal food supply in 2005, 2006, and 2007 is 21 g/capita/day or 7.66 kg/capita/year, still lower than ideal supply 60 g/capita/day or 21.90 kg/capita/year. Protein supply of animal food is 2.86 g/capita/day, lower than ideal supply 4.8 g/capita/day.

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.205-211

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN UNTUK MENDUKUNG PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN GIZI RUMAH TANGGA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Kelana Indah Susilawati, Yayuk Farida Baliwati, Siti Madanijah

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The Government of West Lampung District issued Social Forestry Program to address forest degradation problem that caused by illegal logging. Therefore, nutritional carrying capacity of Social Forestry was important to be analyzed to understand the advantage of Social Forestry for farmer. The objectives of this research were to 1) analyze the characteristics of farmer household, 2) analyze the commodity diversity of Social Forestry, 3) analyze nutritional carrying capacity of Social Forestry.The sample was 90 Social Forestry’s farmer households chosen by using purposive sampling method.  The result of the research shows that almost all samples are small family which has elementary school-education-level and are Sundanese and Javanese.The average size of land organizing of Social Forestry each household is 1.3 ha ranged 0.25-4 ha.  The commodity diversity organized by the farmer household (52.2%) is included in low category with ≤12 commodities. The average nutritional carrying capacity of Social Forestry is 2 754 kcal/cap/day. More than half (67.8%) of the sample has reach nutritional carrying capacity≥ 90% of ideal nutritional requirement.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.212-216

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

PERSEPSI DAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGEMBANGAN LUMBUNG PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Kholik Kholik, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, M. Djemdjem Djamaludin

 

 

Abstract

 

Community’s perception and participation is necessary to be noticed in the effort of developing food barn in rural area. The objective of this study were to: 1) analyze community’s perception about food barn in Lampung Barat District, 2) inventory factors that influence community’s participation in developing food barn in Lampung Barat District, 3) formulate model and strategy in developing participative food barn to reach food security in Lampung Barat District. This research was conducted by using cross sectional design and descriptive analysis approach. The location was chosen by using purposive sampling which were in Tribudi Syukur Village, Sumberjaya Subdistrict and Buay Nyerupa Village,  Sukau Subdistrict. The selection was based on consideration that these villages has different implementation performance of food barn according to the assessment from Food Crops and Horticulture Office in Lampung Barat District. The result of the research shows that the community’s perception category, represented by farmer as sample, based on total perception variable score between Tribudi Syukur and Buay Nyerupa, is different. The general condition of the community (like age, education level, income, etc.) do not have correlation with its perception about food barn. The community’s participation in food barn category, represented by farmer as sample, based on total participation variable score between Tribudi Syukur and Buay Nyerupa, is also different. There is correlation between community’s perception about food barn and its participation in developing food barn activity. The factors that influence community’s participation in developing food barn are tradition to store food by the community, the existence of farmer group, community’s perception about food barn, the existence of regional governmental structural institution in Food Security, regulation or guidance which support food barn developing, governmental program which support food barn development, the development of food market and trading, condition of region which potentially food insecure. The priority of strategy in developing participative food barn based on the result of SWOT analysis that possible to be conducted are 1) develop community’s perception to not relying on market in accessing food, 2) develop perception and community participation empowerment in creating and developing food barn based on regional condition, 3) maintain and build community’s tradition of storing food from self food storing to collective food storing (in group).

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.217-226

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Asih Sulistyorini Uly Damora, Faisal Anwar, Yayat Heryatno

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The aims of research were to 1) identify economic and social characteristic of  HKm farmer household 2) analyze food consumption pattern of HKm  farmer household 3) analyze requirement of food of HKm  farmer household 4) analyze factors influencing level of energy and protein consumption sufficiency of HKm farmer household. Design research is cross-sectional study with the sampel size 90 selected by stratified random sampling. Foods consumed are rice, cassava, salted food, tempe, spinach and banana. Consumption of energy was 2 020 kcal per capita per day and consumption of protein equal to 47.9 gram per capita per day. Level of household energy consumption sufficiency is 84.4% as good and protein consumption sufficiency 46.6% as good. Energy consumption sufficiency was influenced by the household size and household expenditure of food, while level of protein consumption sufficiency was influenced by household expenditure of food.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.227-232

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

ANALISIS SITUASI PANGAN DAN GIZI UNTUK PERUMUSAN KEBIJAKAN OPERASIONAL KETAHANAN PANGAN DAN GIZI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Tabrani Mahfi, Budi Setiawan, Yayuk Farida Baliwati

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were: 1) to know the situation of food and nutrition security in West Lampung District, 2) to know the strategic circumstance of food security, and 3) to formulate operational policy recommendation for food and nutrition security in West Lampung District. The primary data was obtained by interview and questionnaire filling in order to formulate alternatives of food security operational policy in West Lampung District. The secondary data was used to know the actual condition of food and nutrition security by using descriptive analysis and to formulate strategic circumstance of food security by using SWOT analysis. The result of the study showed that the situation of food security based on availability, shown by energy availability was 140% of Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) for energy (2 200 kcal/capita/day), while the protein availability was 74.28 gram/capita/day. The consumption in West Lampung  District reached 95.6% of RDA for energy in quantity, but only reaches Desirable Dietary Pattern Score 78.8 in quality. The strategic circumstance of food security in West Lampung  District was categorized in quadrant II (supporting diversification strategy). Thus, the first priority of policy recommendation is development of human resource.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.233-238

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

PERILAKU PETANI DALAM PRODUKSI DAN PENANGANAN PANGAN SEGAR DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Lingga Kusuma, Ahmad Sulaeman, Ikeu Tanziha

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this  research was to analyze farmer’s behavior in the production and post harvest management of fresh food (vegetables). A survey and cross sectional study design were applied in this study. The locations are chosen purposively, ie: Sukarame Village in Balik Bukit Subdistrict and Sekincau Village in Sekincau Subdistrict. The sixty respondents were chosen randomly using stratified sampling method. The data was analyzed descriptively and inferentially. Fresh food farmers in West Lampung District had low knowledge about GAP and also had attitude and behavior that was not appropriate with GAP. Activity in farm group and attitude about GAP had significant correlationship with behavior in production and post harvest management. The farmer’s attitude about GAP has bigger influence on the behavior than the activity in farm group.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.239-243

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

PENERAPAN PRINSIP-PRINSIP MUTU DAN KEAMANAN PANGAN TEMPE DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Suhartono Suhartono, Ahmad Sulaeman, Budi Setiawan

 

Abstract

 

Food Law No. 7 1996 defined food security as a condition in which the fulfillment of food for the household is reflected by the availability of sufficient food both its quantity and quality, safe, evenly distributed and within reach; meanwhile, food quality is defined as the value determined base on the criteria of food safety, nutrition content and trade standard on food stuffs, catables and beverages. The purpose of this study was to analyze the application of food quality and safety principles in the production of food product i.e tempeh at small scale industry in West Lampung. A survey on 15 selected tempeh producers was carried out using a structured questionnaire. Primary and secondary data was collected in this study through interview and observation to the 15 tempeh producers. In the general, all producers had not fully implemented food safety and quality principles as outlined in the GMP guideline. Nevertheless, the tempeh quality produced in West Lampung organoleptically was good. Several issues need to be improved i.e. cleaning raw material (soy bean), using water from safe sources, washing soy bean before and after braising, controlling small animal included mouse, and maintenance and cleany the premises.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.244-249

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 3, Nomor 3, November 2008

 

PENGELOLAAN PANGAN UNTUK PENANGGULANGAN BENCANA DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Edwin Kastolani Burtha, Hidayat Syarief, Euis Sunarti

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Food management is important to understand to avoid food insecurity particularly during disaster. The desain of research was desk study and using secondary data which analysed descriptively at West Lampung district. Food requirement for disaster mitigation were consist of milk formula 668 kg/day, milk mush 721 kg/day, rice 33436 kg/day, noodles instant 23812 kg/day, sardines 12719 kg/day, corned beef 8919 kg/day, abon 7677 kg/day and drinking water 358638.500 ml/day. Food stock utililized for 15 days disaster emergency consist of milk formula 10020 kg, milk mush 10815 kg, rice 501540 kg, instant noodles 357180 kg, sardines 189075 kg, corned beef 133785 kg, abon 115115 kg, and drinking water 5378577500 ml. Budged required by goverment of West Lampung district for food stock at 15 days disaster emergency is Rp. 12108365000. Mechanism and mobilization of food distribution for disaster mitigation conduct by organization unit called Satlak PBP and done by operation unit called Satgas PB.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.250-256

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Maret 2009

 

GOAL PROGRAMMING: OPTIMALISASI KONSUMSI PANGAN BALITA PADA KELUARGA NELAYAN

Ikeu Tanziha

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the study was to analyze food consumption optimalization for children under five years in poor families. The study design was a cross-sectional study.  Research was conducted in Grogol village, in the Gunung Jati sub district, Cirebon. Respondentswere all households that have lived in that  village for under five years.  The data collected include socio economic and demographic data, food expenditure and food intake. An Individual energy adequacy level was calculated by comparing actual intake to RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances). The goal programming method was applied to analyze food consumption optimalization. The results showed that there are 23 food types for consumption in combination for one week. Per capita food expenditure is Rp 4,194.- with Q1 as a lower level and Q3 as an upper level.  Goal programming is the solution giving adequate  energy and protein levels between 90-110%, and > 77% for vitamins and minerals.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.1-7

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Maret 2009

 

 

STATUS GIZI AWAL KEHAMILAN DAN PERTAMBAHAN BERAT BADAN IBU HAMIL KAITANNYA DENGAN BBLR

Yongky Yongky, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Gulardi Gulardi, Marhamah Marhamah

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to analyze nutritional status of pregnant women in Jakarta Timur and Bekasi and the accretion of body weight and its relationship with low birth weight. As many as 638 pregnant women had been followed since first examination until delivery. At the first trimester, most of pregnant women (53.8%) were categorized as normal nutritional status (BMI 19.8-26); underweight (BMI <19.8) 40%; and overweight (BMI > 26.01) 6.2%. The accretion of pregnant women body weight was relatively higher in high socio-economic status rather than low socio-economic status. The prevalence of low birth weight was higher among mothers from low socio-economic status. It is important for pregnant women to pay attention on her nutritional status in the early pregnancy and the accretion of body weight.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.8-12

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Maret 2009

 

KANDUNGAN KLOROFIL BERBAGAI JENIS DAUN TANAMAN DAN Cu-TURUNAN KLOROFIL SERTA KARAKTERISTIK FISIKO-KIMIANYA

Nurdin Nurdin, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Ikeu Tanziha, M. Januwati

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The chlorophyll is well known as natural antioxidant which is commonly high  level  in some geen leafy and has potential biological effect for a good  health and  has been proved has antioxidant and antimutagenic activity. In fact, a high content of chlorophyll is available in nature but in contrast its found commercially in Indonesia as imported product with a high price. The objectives of this study were to determine of chlorophyll level  of various leaves (Premna oblongifolia Merr., Saurpus androgynus  Merr. Centella asiatica, and Morus alba L),  to produce copper-chlorophyll derivative powder, and to observe its physico-chemical properties. The research showed that cincau leaf had higher level of chlorophyll than other leaves, meanwhile cincau leaf used as material of copper-chlorophyll derivative. Cincau leaves chlorophyll extract solution with Cu2+  100 mg/l level produce the cincau copper-chlorophyll derivative powder with highest  pH, solubility, and geenness compare to other copper levels. The cincau copper-derivate chlorophyll  powder contained chlorophyll 3986 mg/kg, b-carotene 33.8 mg/kg, and contained alkaloid, saponin, tanin, steroid, and glycoside.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.13-19

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Maret 2009

 

 

PERSEPSI TERHADAP KONSUMSI KOPI DAN TEH MAHASISWA TPB-IPB TAHUN AJARAN 2007-2008

Febriana Ira Dewi, Faisal Anwar, Leily Amalia

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Design of this research is a cross sectional study and study site in Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor. A total of 354 samples was drawn randomly. Average daily coffee and tea consumption were about 20.4 g and 1.93 g. Coffee is usually consumed at night. Whereas, tea is consumed in the morning. Samples feel positive and negative effects after consumption of coffee and tea such us sleepless, fatigue, fresh, easy to concentrate, addiction, diuresis, and cardiac arrhythmias.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.20-28

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Maret 2009

 

TEPUNG PUPA-MULBERRY (PURY) SEBAGAI BAHAN PANGAN ALTERNATIF KAYA GIZI

Trina Astuti, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Silkworm pupae is immature stage of moth.  It is inner part of the silkworm cocoon shell which usually disposed from yarn silk production, and now has become a valuable ingredient of human food in many countries, however it is not common yet in Indonesia. The purpose of study is to develop a weaning food as nutritious basic formula of complementary food from pupae waste. A silkworm pupae was a major constituents used as materials. There are sixth  steps to get PURY properly: select a fresh, fine and clean pupae, steamed well about 10 seconds, grinded and sifted it  to get liquid, added 10% maize powder, dried in oven at 60ºC for 6 hours, and refine on blender. A fine powder, so called “PURY”, has a well balanced amount of moisture, protein, fat included PUFA, carbohydrate, amino acids, vitamins and minerals. Through a simple processing, the dry product of fine PURY powder can be obtained and used as a basic formula of complementary food and snacks and has made great contribution to reduce pupae waste. Research is continued to scale up producing PURY based product for more food-technological uses in order to reduce prevalence of malnutrition in Indonesia.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.29-32

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Maret 2009

 

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK GIZI IBU PESERTA POSYANDU

Ali Khomsan, Faisal Anwar, Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Nutritional knowledge and attitude of mothers are required to improve children feeding patterns so that adequate nutrition for the children is reached, and in this way they can grow and develop well. The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess mother nutritional knowledge, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education to the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of mother. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga.  This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained.  A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups. Collected data included the data of posyandu, household, children and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while end-line data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). An experiment was made to determine the effect of nutrition education and home gardening on respond variables: mother’s nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practice. The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening.  Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, the intervention in the forms of nutrition education as well as home gardening programs which were carried for five months had a significant effect on the response variables (nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among mothers.

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.33-41

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 1, Maret 2009

 

ASUPAN GIZI ANAK BALITA PESERTA POSYANDU

Hadi Riyadi, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this action research were: (1) to assess nutritional status of children under five years under five years under five yaers, and (2) to evaluate the effects of nutrition education and home gardening to nutritional status of children under five years under five years. The research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. This research started with a preliminary study as the first step and experimental design as the second step.  As many as 16 posyandu  that met research requirements were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into kontrol and intervention groups.Collected data included the data of household, children under five years under five years and mothers. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing  nutrition education once intwo weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. The estimation results were then presented in tables and diagrams.Based on the analysis of nutrition intake data, it appears that intervention of nutrition education and home gardening has given great impacts on macronutrient and micronutrient improvement. The impacts of this nutrition intake improvement are not only because of the availability of vegetable garden in their home, but also because of the allocation of the family resources that is aimed at buying nutritious food. This has proved that knowledge about giving appropriate food is a prerequisite to improve access and sufficient and nutritious food, which has become a basis to reduce any kind of malnutrition.

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.42-51

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2009

 

KEBIASAAN DAN KONSUMSI PANGAN SUKU BADUY

Dadang Sukandar, Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of the study were: (1) to analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2) to understand food habits and food consumption of Baduy people. This research  is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of nutrition and food system. The data required to meet the research objectives (social, economy, ecology, food habits, food consumption, health and nutritional status) were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. The allocation of sample was 303 for Outer Baduy, 10 for Inner Baduy and 25 for Moslem Baduy. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The household energy and nutrient intake of Outer Baduy shows that the household energy and protein intake is 3,198 kcal and 95 g per capita. This energy and protein intake has surpassed the energy and protein sufficiency level (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA).  The energy and nutrient intake in Inner Baduy households shows that the household energy and protein daily intake per capita is 952 kcal and 17 g. This is far below the energy and protein sufficiency (Recommended Dietary Allowances, RDA).

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.51-62

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2009

 

SOSIO-BUDAYA PANGAN SUKU BADUY

Ali Khomsan, Winati Wigna

 

 

Abstract

 

Banten Province in Indonesia has a traditional tribe called Baduy.  Baduy tribe is still maintaining their traditions against modernization. The objectives of this research were to analyze socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people, socio-cultural and ecological aspects of Baduy community, and food availability of Baduy people. This research is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of food system. The data required to meet the research objectives were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. The allocation of sample was 303 for Outer Baduy, 10 for Inner Baduy and 25 for Moslem Baduy.   To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The study was last for 12 months. The rice production of Baduy community to supply its basic need is generally insufficient; as a result, they have to purchase rice from outside. In addition, not all rice they produce can be consumed because some of it is for the needs of traditional ceremonies. As much as 25 % of the production is sold or given to their neighbors who are lack of rice, 25 % is sent for their neighbors’ feast and for traditional ceremonies (for the elderly people, Jaro, and Puun), and the 50 % is stored in the rice barn for their daily consumption. Only poor households use their rice for their daily consumption. Baduy community usually purchases their foodstuffs at the market, the shop, or from the vegetable vendor who sells from one village to another. If Baduy people need rice and other foodstuffs, they usually go to another village to fulfill their needs.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.63-71

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2009

 

STATUS GIZI DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SUKU BADUY

Faisal Anwar, Hadi Riyadi

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of the study were: (1) To analyze the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of Baduy people; (2) To analyze the health status and nutritional status of Baduy people and its influential factors. This research is an explorative and descriptive study on the socio-cultural aspects of food system. The data were collected through a direct interview and discussion with respondents as well as a direct observation at the location of respondents. A sample size of 338 households was drawn from the population. To obtain the data on the cultural aspects, history and  socio aspect of food, in-depth interviews was conducted with 19 key persons. The study was last for 12 months. In Outer Baduy, the factors significantly related to nutritional status are age, number of household size, income, nutritional knowledge, and wife’s ability to read. In Moslem Baduy, only age and income are related to the nutritional status of children. In Moslem Baduy and the Outer Baduy, the correlation between age and W/A or W/H is similar: namely, the higher the age, the lower would the Z-score for the W/A or W/H. The income is significantly correlated to the child nutritional status according to Z-score for W/A with a high correlation coefficient, that is, 0.61. This means that the higher the income, the higher would be the Z-score value for the W/A.  The distribution of adults according to BMI classification in Outer Baduy it shows that 12.7% husbands and 17.6% wives are thin (wasted), while the overweight prevalence of the husbands is 2.4% and the wives 8.6%.  This shows that Baduy women suffer from double nutrition problems (double burden). When the survey was carried out, 2.7% women were pregnant and still breastfeeding, the rest was neither pregnant nor breastfeeding.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.72-82

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2009

 

PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTEK ASI EKSLUSIF SERTA STATUS GIZI BAYI USIA 4-12 BULAN DI PEDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN

Asrinisa Rachmadewi, Ali Khomsan

 

 

Abstract

 

The main aim of this study was to compare breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practice and infants nutritional status between rural and urban areas. In this cross-sectional study, Desa Jayabakti, Kabupaten Sukabumi represents rural area, while Kelurahan Kedung Jaya, Kota Bogor represents urban area. Samples were 31 mothers-infants in each area who were selected by simple cluster sampling method. The differences between two areas were analyzed with the independent t-test, chi-square test, and Fisher’s exact test. The correlation between variables was analyzed with rank Spearman. The result of this study showed that mother’s knowledge and attitude of nutrition, especially about exclusive breastfeeding, was higher in urban than in rural area. There were differences in mothers’ knowledge and attitude between rural and urban areas (p&lt;0.05). Exclusive breastfeeding in rural area practiced by 41.9%, which is higher than in urban area (25.8%). Nevertheless, there was no statistical difference in exclusive breastfeeding practice between rural and urban areas (p&gt;0.05). The aspects of breastfeeding practices which statistically difference in rural and urban areas were the introduction of colostrums status and breastfeeding time (p&lt;0.05). Early initiation of breastfeeding was associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in urban area (p&lt;0.05), but none of the variables were associated with exclusive breastfeeding practice in rural area (p&gt;0.05). Furthermore, exclusive breastfeeding practice was not associated with 4-12 months infants nutritional status (p&gt;0.05). Mothers’ family should be targeted as target of audience in breastfeeding promotion.  Keywords: breastfeeding practice, exclusive breastfeeding, knowledge, attitude, infant                  nutritional status, rural and urban areas.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.83-92

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2009

 

PENGETAHUAN GIZI, AKTIVITAS FISIK, KONSUMSI SNACK DAN PANGAN LAINNYA PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR DI BOGOR YANG BERSTATUS GIZI NORMAL DAN GEMUK

Deni Deni, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

 

 

Abstract

 

Childhood obesity is increases rapidly in developing country. It’s has important short-term and long-term medical consequences also psychosocial consequences. The objective of the research is to analyze nutritional knowledge, physical activity, snack habit, in normal and overweight of Bina Insani elementary students in Bogor. The cross sectional study design was used in this study to analyze nutritional knowledge, snack habit, and physical activity in normal and overweight students. The total number of 80 students sample was chosen randomly. It consists of 40 students sample with normal nutritional status and 40 students sample with overweight nutritional status. Primary data consisted of physical activity recall (1×24 hours), food consumption recall (2×24 hours), anthropometry data (weight and height), social-economy’s sample condition, food habit, and snack habit using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Secondary data were included data of Bina Insani Elementary School. The result showed no relation between level education and wage of parent, nutritional knowledge level, nutritional attitude, snack habit and physical activity with nutritional status of sample. The average energy adequacy level according to WNPG (2004) respectively 82.2% in normal sample and 73.6% in overweight sample.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.93-99

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2009

 

POLA AKTIVITAS, KONSUMSI PANGAN, STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN ANAK JALANAN DI KOTA BANDUNG

Nur’aini Nur’aini, Mira Dewi

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the research was to analyze activity pattern, dietary consumption, nutritional status and health of street children in Bandung. Cross sectional design was used in this study to elaborate activity pattern, food consumption, nutritional status and health of street children in Bandung. Samples of street children was recruited by purposive sampling from eight NGOs in Bandung with following criterias: 1) 5-18 years old 2) spend time on the street at least four hours a day 3) work for living on the street, commonly as singers, beggars, shoe-polisher, porters etc. The result showed that most of the street children worked as singers, spend 4-8 hours a day and 4-6 days a week. The average energy and protein adequacy level of street children was in light deficit category, iron and vitamin Cwere in low category and vitamin A was in sufficient category. Almost all of the street children had normal nutritional and health status and good personal hygiene. There was no correlation between activity and duration of street children with nutrition adequacy level. There was no correlation between personal hygiene and nutritional status with health status.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.100-108

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2009

 

ANALISIS JALUR FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KETAHANAN PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI KABUPATEN LEBAK, PROPINSI BANTEN

Ikeu Tanziha, Eka Herdiana

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the study was to analyze direct and indirect factors that influence household’s food security. The study design was a crosectional study.  Research was conducted in Pasindangan and Banjarsari Village, Cileles and Warunggunung Subdistrict, Lebak Distric, Banten Province in April – May 2009. A purposive sampling was applied to select 101 households. The data collected include socio economy and food intake. Quantitatively,a household is categorized as food security, if his/her TKE >90%, and a household is categorized as food insecurity, if his/her TKE < 90%. The Rank Spearman test was applied to analyze correlation of socioeconomic, demographic and food intake variables between food securities. Path analysis was used to analyze direct and indirect factors that influence household’s food security. The results showed that 62.4% households were food security, and 37.6% households were food insecurity. There are correlation between household expenditure per capita, number of household member and land area to household food security. Based on the path analysis,direct factor that influence household food security was household expenditure per capita. Indirect factors that influence household food security were number of household member – household expenditure per capita – household food security.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.109-115

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 3, November 2009

 

KONSUMSI, KEBUTUHAN DAN KECUKUPAN BERAS NASIONAL TAHUN 2002 – 2007

Aris Zaenal Muttaqin, Drajat Martianto

 

 

Abstract

 

The study aimed to estimate national rice consumption, total rice demand, and national rice adequacy in 2002-2007. Secondary data such as household rice consumption in 2002-2007 based on SUSENAS data, government rice consumption (distribution of raskin in 2002-2007), and national rice availability in 2002-2007 based on food balance sheet in 2002-2007. National rice consumption, based on estimation,  was 28,317,272 tons or 134.4 Kg/cap (in 2002), 28,135,078 tons or 128.4 Kg/cap (in 2005), and 27,050,183 tons or 120.2 Kg/cap (in 2007). National rice requirement, based on estimation, was 31,900,529 tons or 151.5 Kg/cap (in 2002), 31,760,865 tons or 144.9 Kg/cap (in 2005), and 30,618,665 tons or 136.0 Kg/cap (in 2007). Rice availability coming from domestic production (without import) was deficit in 2002 and 2005. Domestic rice availability was surplus in 2007 (5.9 %).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.116-122

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 3, November 2009

 

PERCEPATAN DIVERSIFIKASI KONSUMSI PANGAN BERBASIS PANGAN LOKAL : PERSPEKTIF PEJABAT DAERAH DAN STRATEGI PENCAPAIANNYA

Drajat Martianto, Dodik Briawan, Mewa Ariani, Nita Yulianis

 

 

Abstract

 

Until the year of 2008, Indonesia’s food consumption quality has not met its ideal pattern yet as shown by DDP (Desirable Dietary Pattern) Score 81.9 and the domination of rice consumption up to 64.1%. The government of Indonesia’s effort to accelerate food consumption diversification requires coordination and good preparation of all related stakeholders. Therefore the aims of this study were to assess the perceptions of the key persons at the local government regarding the food consumption diversification program and to analyze the strategy priority in achieving the acceleration program. This research was carried out in March to December 2008 and used a cross sectional study. Survey was done in three provinces which represent the differences of food consumption pattern. In each province, twenty head officers at the local government purposively selected were assessed about their perception. The perception data was measured by Likert scale and analyzed by the trends using percents and mode score. The strategy priority was measured by AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) method. This research shows that there are variations among stakeholders in the three provinces ranging “from poor to good” in perceiving the concept and application of food consumption diversification program. Nevertheless, local food is mainly defined as should be locally produced. Increasing the commitment and participation within all stakeholders (29. 3%) are the strategy priority besides promoting local food business through capital and marketing support (25.1%).

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.123-131

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 3, November 2009

 

KEBIASAAN MAKAN YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA PUTRI DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

Yaktiworo Indriani, Mellova Amir, Iskandar Mirza

 

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aims was to study (1) food habits of adolescent girls; (2) the adolescent girls’ efforts in taking care of and obtaining reproductive health; and (3) the relation between food habits, school level, parent’s education level, and social economics level of family towardreproductive health of adolescent girls. This research was a cross-sectional study executed in class level of 1 and 2 of SMA Negeri I and SMP Negeri I of Dramaga District, in Bogor Regency in which 3 classes of each level so that totalize 12 classes.  The number of subject was 169 adolescent girls. The data was collected by interviews and filling up questioners on May through June 2008. The research result showed that food habit between adolescent girls of SMP and SMA was not different and both have not yet meet PUGS, especially still less in number consume of rice, animal products and plain water. Strive in overcoming the sigh appearance nearing and during menstruation which is often done by adolescent girls were by keeping it quiet, body massages, and lay down. Variables of eating frequency together with habitual of eating fruits, animal products, and sour or hot food during menstruation are significantly related with reproductive health of adolescent girls.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.132-139

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 3, November 2009

 

GAP ANALYSIS PROGRAM GIZI DAN KESEHATAN DI POSYANDU KABUPATEN BOGOR

Ellis Endang Nikmawati, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Ali Khomsan, Dadang sukandar, Arum Atmawikarta

 

 

Abstract

 

Revitalization of Integrated Service Center Post (Posyandu) is successful when  focused to its main function as community institution services. Determine gap analysis program based on tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy dimension. Exploratory and experimental designs was applied in this study, which was conducted at Darmaga and Ciomas district, Bogor Regency from March to August 2008. The data included primary and secondary data. The respondent in the experiment was 240 mothers of children under five years and 80 cadres. Gap analysis was used to know the expected and the real nutrition and health program of respondent. Totally 96 balita’s mother, pregnancy and reproductive women and 16 cadres were involved in this study. The average of gap realization with standard tool -0,75; Tangibles dimension -0,35; Reliability -0,10; Responsiveness -0,37; Assurance  -0,44, and Empathy -0,47, its mean that a tools accomplisment only 25% (less); tangible dimension 65% (enough); reliability 90% (good); responsiveness dimension 63% (enough); assurance dimension  56% (less) and emphaty 53%  (less), respectively.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.140-150

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 3, November 2009

 

 

IDENTIFIKASI MUATAN GIZI DALAM MATA PELAJARAN DI SEKOLAH DASAR BANTARJATI 5 BOGOR

Resty Adhistiana, Ali Khomsan, Leily Amalia

 

 

Abstract

 

Education and nutrition support enhance each other. Nutrition education is an important thing that have to be integrated in school’s subject, because lack of knowledge regarding proper diet and healthy nutrition represents a major cause of implication in bad eating habits which can cause undernutrition  among school-age children. Therefore, healthy eating habits are important to establish during childhood and sustain thereafter. The objective of this study was to identified the nutrition material that integrated in elementary school’s subject. Cross sectional design was used in this study and four teacher of the fifth grade was interviewed by the researcher. The nutrition material in the subject was identified in qualitative and quantitative way. The result showed that only one topic that contain about nutrition which consist of two sub topic, human’s digestion system and the relationship between food and health. The material explanation in that two sub topic is include complete type and present in sentences and also picture type. The nutrition material was quantitatively attain 37.8% compared with IGD and PUGS as justification. It can conclude that nutrition material in elementary school’s subject was quite good.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.151-156

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 3, November 2009

 

KAJIAN PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN EKONOMI KELUARGA UNTUK PENINGKATAN AKSES PANGAN

Dadang Sukandar, Ali Khomsan, Tin Herawati

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of the study were to identify national programms of family economic empowerment, to analyze social-economics of program participants, to evaluate the family economics program, to analize impacts of family economic programs toward food access and to create recommendation for improving family economic empowerment programs.  This study was conducted in Pamijahan sub-dsitrict of Bogor districts and in Bogor Barat and Bogor Utasra sub-district of Bogor municipality in the period of March to November 2009.  Sampling method used was stratified random sampling with equal proportion where the total sample size was 48 households. Data collected include household socio-economics, food consumption of before and after programs and bussines input, proceses and output of before and after program.  The results show that the input, process and output of the programs i.e. PNPM Mandiri, Garda Emas, P2KP and KUBE were relatyively good.  All of the programs are effective because their 1/Cost-Effective are higher than 1.  The probability of Garda Emas  to be succesfull is highest (0.89), while the probability of Mandiri, Dakabalarea, P2KP, Kube  are 0.80, 0.27, 0.36 and 0.72 respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.157-166

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 4, Nomor 3, November 2009

 

KEBIASAAN JAJAN SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR (Studi Kasus di SDN Lawanggintung 01 Kota Bogor)

Yunita Syafitri, Hidayat Syarief, Yayuk Farida Baliwati

 

 

Abstract

 

Healthy foods contribute to elementary school student proper growth and development. During school time they have greater access and sufficient opportunity to consume street food that available at  school. However, poor street food choices can result in unbalance diet. Availability of street food in school play significant role to elementary school student diet. Street food can contribute 10-20% nutrients toward student daily consumptions. Street food devide into main dishes, snacks, and beverages. The aim of this study was to assess snacking habit of elementary school student in SDN Lawanggintung 01 Kota Bogor. Snacking habits devined as number of street food type and frequency of snacking in school area included canteen merchants and outside school permanent merchants. Design of this study was cross sectional. Fifty student were selected using simple random sampling. Street food contributed to 26.0% energy; 18.7% protein; 22.9% lipid, 20.0% iron; 19.1% vitamin A; dan 24.8% vitamin C to total daily intake. Street food had contribute to 23.0% energy; 21.7% protein; 30.9% lipid, 19.5% iron; 24.1% vitamin A; dan 26.6% vitamin C to adequate intake level. Age and gender had not related to street food habits. Pocket money to purchased food is related to street food habits. Childrens familiy social economic characteristic not related to street food habits. Pocket money to purchased food affected street food habits.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.167-175

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

INTERVENSI ISOFLAVON KEDELAI TIDAK BERPENGARUH TERHADAP STATUS INFLAMASI DAN IMUNITAS PADA REMAJA DENGAN KEGEMUKAN

Mira Dewi, Ali Khomsan, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Overweight/obesity is a condition that has been proven to be interrelated with chronic inflammation and compromised immune system due to disregulation of adipocytokine. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of soy isoflavone on the markers of inflammation and immunity of overweight or obese teenagers. Eighteen overweight or obese teenagers, 9 boys and 9 girls each sex were randomized to one of three  intervention groups; 0 ml, 150 ml and 300 ml soy milk, equal to 0 g, 25 g and 50 mg isoflavone everyday for 30 days. The data collected were food consumption, plasma isoflavone concentration, plasma IL6 as indicator of inflammation, and lymphocyte and NK cell count as indicator of immunity. The study showed that nutrient intake of samples were still relatively low. The soy milk intervention significantly increased plasma isoflavone concentration, but not significantly had contribution to the plasma IL6 concentration and lymphocyte and NK cell count. Several kind of food consumed by samples had contribution to the plasma isoflavone concentration, and lymphocyte count. Based on the results, it was suggested that soy isoflavone intervention does not affect the inflammation status and immunity of overweight/obese teenagers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.1-5

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

GAYA HIDUP DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SOPIR BUS SUMBER ALAM DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH

Kartika Musbyarini, Faisal Anwar, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

 

 

Abstract

 

The general objective of this research was to analyze the correlation between life style with health status of Sumber Alam’s Drivers in Purworejo District, Central Java. The research was conducted using cross sectional study design from July throughAugust 2009 in PO Sumber Alam Purworejo District.Sample was chosen by simple random sampling which resulted67drivers. Almost all the samples (91%) had smoking habit and all of the samples had no habit on alcohol drinking. More than half (58.2%) had excersice habit. The physical activity levels in work day was higher than that in holiday  (p<0.05). More than half samples (67.2%) eat rice three times a day. Tempeh was popular side dishes consumed by almost all samples more than three times a week. Egg was consumed by almost half samples once until three times a week. Generally, intake of vegetables, fruits and milk was still low, as well as intake of food that have high risk for degenerative disease. The nutritional status of samples ranged from underweight to obesity, with more than half categorized as normal nutritional status. For the last one month, there were 7.5% samples suffered for degenerative diseases, 20.9% for infectious diseases and 16.4% for non infectious disease.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.6-14

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN INDEKS MASSA TUBUH (IMT) PRIA DEWASA DALAM KAITANNYA DENGAN FAKTOR RISIKO PENYAKIT JANTUNG KORONER DI PERDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN BOGOR-JAWA BARAT

Sri Anna Marliyati, Megawati Simanjuntak, Deni Surya Kencana

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research was to study social economy and body mass index of men andit’s correlation with risk factor of coronary heart disease in rural and urban of Bogor, West Java. The amount of samples were 100 adult men aged 25-39 of years. Samples were devided into two categories of expense which as < Rp 500.000/capita/month (low income) and ³ Rp 500.000/cap/month,- (high income). Results of this study showed that using independent t-test there was a significant difference between low income and high income samples in rural area in the case of family size, education level, income per capita, total expenditure, nutritional knowledge score and HDL cholesterol level. In urban area, we found significance difference in the case of family size, education level, income per capita, total expenditure, total cholesterol level, LDL and HDL cholesterol level between low income and high income samples. Spearman rank correlation test in rural area showed significance correlation between education level, income per capita, total expenditure, and nutritional knowledge score with HDL cholesterol level. Income per capita and total expenditure correlated significantly with total cholesterol level and BMI correlated significantly with level of triglyceride. Meanwhile, in urban area we found significant correlation between education level, total expenditure, nutritional knowledge score, and BMI with total cholesterol level. Education level and nutritional knowledge score correlated significantly with LDL cholesterol level, and BMI correlated significantly with level of triglyceride.

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.15-25

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

KADAR FERITIN SERUM DAN HEMOGLOBIN PADA WANITA PASANGAN PENGANTIN BARU DI BALI

Luh Seri Ani, Made Bakta, INT Suryadhi, IN Bagiada

 

 

Abstract

 

Serum ferritin and hemoglobin concentration were used to iron deficiency anemia (IDA) tests over population. The prevalence of IDA prevalence in pregnant women were 18% over the world, 37.5% in Asia, and 46.5% in Bali. The iron supplementation that was administrated during pregnancy did not clinically proven to solve the problems. It was predicted that the IDA was existing before pregnant. So, the body iron store must be prepare before pregnancy period. This research aimed to know the serum ferritin and hemoglobin concentration in the new married women in Bali. The design of this research was descriptive cross sectional study and conducted at 276 new married women by multistage sampling method. Every participant was interviewed for characteristic data and taken blood sample to evaluate serum ferritin and hemoglobin. Serum ferritin and hemoglobin were examined by Immulite 2000 Ferritin and Sysmex SF-3000 and the data were analyzed by descriptive analysis. The mean of serum ferritin and hemoglobin concentration are 29.41±20.36 µg/dl and 11.35±0.92 g/dl. The serum ferritin level proportions 20-29 µg/dl, less than 20 µg/dl, and ≥100 µg/dl are 145 (51.9%), 130 (47.1%), and 1(0.4%), eventually. The hemoglobin value <12 g/dl was found in 36.2% population and amount 63.8% population with hemoglobin value ≥12 g/dl. According on iron status, the proportion of anemia was23.6%, proportion of iron deficiency was19.2% and proportion of IDA was14.1%. Based on the result, ferritin in the new married women Bali was mostly low level but hemoglobin concentration was mostly normal. Although, they have problem in the proportion of iron deficiency, anemia and iron deficiency anemia, that were 19.2%, 23.6% and 14.1%, respectively.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.26-30

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

PEMANFAATAN RPO (RED PALM OIL) SEBAGAI SUMBER PROVITAMIN A ALAMI PADA PRODUK MI INSTAN UNTUK ANAK BALITA

Sri Anna Marliyati, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Neysa Rucita

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to study the use of RPO as a sources of natural provitamin A in instant noodle product for under five children. For this purpose 5 formulas were developed based on RPO’s level added to the formula (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100%). The result shown that instant noodle with 75% RPO was the best formula of RPO instant noodle. No significant difference in acceptance between this formula and other commercial instant noodle (α>0.05). The result of RPO instant noodle’s chemical analysis were moisture content 7.40% (wb), ash content 2.51% (db), protein content 13.66% (db), fat content 9.84% (db), carbohydrate was 74.49% (db) and carotenoid 136.41 ppm (≈ 76.42 ppm β-carotene ≈ 636.8 RE/serving size). RPO instant noodle has physical properties as follow, optimum cooking time was 3 minutes, the color was yellow-red, elasticity properties was 261.94%-455.65% and water holding capacity was 137.98%. This noodle was contributing 100% of vitamin A RDA for the children.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.31-38

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

DETERMINAN INTENSITAS KERAWANAN PANGAN SERTA HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN FOOD COPING STRATEGIES DAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN ENERGI DI KECAMATAN RAWAN DAN TAHAN PANGAN

Ikeu Tanziha, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Mewa Ariani

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the study was to analyze the correlation among intensity of food insecurity and food coping strategy with energy intake and child nutritional status. The study design was a crosectional study.  Research was conducted in Pandeglang Distric, in April – May – July 2009. A purposive sampling were applied to select 220 households. The data collected include socio economi, food coping strategy, intensity of food insequrity and, food intake. The Rank Sperman and Pearsons test were applied to analyse correlation between variable socio economic, food insecurity intensity, food coping strategy and energy intake. Logistic regression was used to analyze determinant of food insecurity intensity. Multiple regression was used to analyse determinant of energy intake. The results showed that there were significant correlatin between intensity of food insequrity with household expenditure, and food coping startegy. Determinan of food insecurity intensity were household expenditure per capita (OR=0.033) and type of food insecurity program (OR=6.664). determinan of energy intake were food insecurity intensity, household expenditure percapita and household size.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.39-48

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

PENGETAHUAN GIZI DAN KESEHATAN, PERILAKU HIDUP SEHAT, SERTA KARAKTERISTIK LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KELUHAN KESEHATAN SOPIR ANGKOT

Arina Rizkiana, Siti Madanijah, Yekti Hartati Effendi

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to know the correlation between nutrition and health knowledge, behavior of healthy life, and physical characteristic of the house towards health sighs of public transportation driver. Design of this study was a cross sectional study. The criterions of sample were (1) driver of Kampus Dalam and Leuwiliang route; (2) man; (3) age more than 30 years old; (4) had been worked as public transportation driver more than 2 years; (5) can communicate and ready for having an interview. The amount of sample is 60 respondents. The type of data was primary and secondary data. The primary data (individual and family characteristic, nutrition and health knowledge, life style, pattern of food consumption, behavior of healthy life, physical characteristic of the house, and health sighs of the driver) was collected by structural questionnaire interview. The body weight and height data were collected by direct measurement on the study sites. The secondary data had been obtained from “Dinas Perhubungan” of Bogor District. This study showed that nutrition and health knowledge, behavior of healthy life, and physical characteristic of the house did not correlate to health sighs of the public transportation driver. The correlation was analyzed by Spearman’s correlation.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.49-60

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 1, Maret 2010

 

ANALISIS HUBUNGAN PENERAPAN PESAN GIZI SEIMBANG KELUARGA DAN PERILAKU KELUARGA SADAR GIZI DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT

Didik Hariyadi, M. Rizal Damanik, Ikeu Ekayanti

 

 

Abstract

 

The present study aims to analyze of relationship of the implementation of balanced nutrition messages family and behavior family nutrition awareness with under five years child nutritional status in West Kalimantan Province. The study uses Health Research Data Base of West Kalimantan Province in year 2007 with the design of cross-sectional study. The total of 1992 household samples were recruited in the study with criteria having child aged 6 to 59 months. Weight for height, weight for age and height for age indicators were used to measure child nutritional status. The results showed that three messages did not meet criteria as required by the Indonesian Food Guideines. Three messages did not meet criteria as required by the Indonesian Food Guidelines. They were eat food withr energy needs requaired, eat half of food sources of carbohydrate for energy needs and eating one of  fourth of food sources of fat for energy needs. Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that failure to follow the the Family Nutrition Awareness had 1.21 risk for children to became stunting than family to follow to guideline properly.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.61-68

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2010

 

ANALISIS PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN IBU TERHADAP STATUS GIZI BALITA DI PROVINSI KALIMANTAN BARAT

  1. Rizal Damanik, Ikeu Ekayanti, Didik Hariyadi

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The present study aims to analyze of influence maternal education to under five years-old children in West Kalimantan Province. The study uses Health Research Data Base of West Kalimantan Province in year 2007 with the design of cross-sectional study. The total of 1992 household samples were recruited in the study with criteria having child aged 6 to 59 months. Weight for height, weight for age, and height for age indicators were used to measure child nutritional status. The results showed that Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that maternal education under level of junior high school had 1.28 risk for children to become stunting and 1.27 risk for children to become underweight than maternal education level of above junior high school.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.69-77

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2010

 

KARAKTERISTIK PERMEN JELLY TIMUN SURI (Cucumis melo L.) DENGAN PENAMBAHAN SORBITOL DAN EKSTRAK KUNYIT (Curcuma domestika Val.)

Merynda Indriyani Syafutri, Eka Lidiasari, Hendra Indawan

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to determine the chemical and organoleptic characteristics of Cucumis melo L. jelly candies with the addition of sorbitol and Curcuma domestika Val. extract. This research was conducted in the Chemical Laboratory of Agricultural, Department of Agricultural Technology, Agricultural Faculty, Sriwijaya University, Indralaya, from January 2010 to June 2010.This research used a Factorial Completely Randomized Design with two treatments and three replications for each treatment. S factor was the addition of sorbitol concentration (9%, 16% and 23%) and E was the concentration factor addition of Curcuma domestika Val. extract (5%, 7% and 9%). The results showed that the addition of sorbitol concentration had significant effect on the water content, pH, total sugar and antioxidant activity of Cucumis melo L. jelly candies. The addition of Curcuma domestika Val. extract had significant effect on the water content and antioxidant activity of Cucumis melo L. jelly candies. Interaction addition of sorbitol and Curcuma domestika Val. extract had significant effect on the antioxidant activity of jelly candies.S2Etreatment (sorbitol 20% and 7.5% Curcuma domestika Val. extract) was the best treatment with chemical characteristics (water content 36.48%, ash content 3.01%, pH 5.03, total sugar 37.00% and the antioxidant activity 27.09%), and sensory characteristics by scoring preferences (color 3.08, texture 2.88, odour 3.08  and taste 2.88).

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.78-86

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2010

 

PENGENDALIAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH OLEH TEH HIJAU DAN ATAU TEH DAUN MURBEI PADA TIKUS DIABETES

Rusman Efendi, Evy Damayanthi, Lilik Kustiyah, Nastiti Kusumorini

 

 

Abstract

 

Diabetes mellitus is degeneratif disease with high prevalence that happens in many countries. Several studies had been done to control diabetes by using green tea, mullberry leaf  tea, and their mixture. The aim of this research was to analyze the influence of the administration green tea, mullbery leaf tea, and their mixtures to blood glucose level of diabetic rats both during 120 minutes after administration. This research had four phases, first to determine the best mullberry leaf tea, second to fourth phases respectively, determine turnover of blood glucose level on normal rats; attempt during 120 minutes on diabetic rats.  The result of research during 120 minutes have showed that blood glucose level on diabetic rats which were administered by green tea, mullberry leaf tea and their mixture is significantly difference with diabetic rats which were administered by water. Blood glucose level at baseline increased at 30th minutes and showed the difference significantly and then until 60thand 120th minutes and relatively stable. During 120 minutes after feed consumption, inhibition of blood glucose level occured increasingly on diabetic rats which were administered by green tea, mullberry leaf tea, and their mixture compared to diabetic rats which were administered by water.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.87-94

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2010

 

 

FORMULASI MINUMAN SUPLEMEN DAUN TORBANGUN (Coleus amboinicus Lour.) UNTUK WANITA YANG MENDERITA PMS (PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME)

Pramadya Alfitra, Budi Setiawan, M. Rizal Damanik

 

 

Abstract

 

Torbangun (Coleus amboinicus Lour) is one of Labiatae family containing a lot of micronutrients and active components. The plant is used as traditional medicine for relieving premenstrual syndromes (PMS). Based on the results of previous studies, a capsule containing 750 mg of dried Torbangun leaves can relieve PMS as well as commercial herbal, and better than placebo. Capsule supplement form seems less acceptable because it tastes like taking a drug. Therefore, it requires development for Torbangun supplement product in other forms, and one of them is a supplement drink. The study is aimed to formulate  a supplement drink from Torbangun leaves as the basic ingredients. Supplement drink formulation is made in trial and error by combining extract of torbangun leaves, sucrose, and lemon, obtaining three formulas: DT1 contains 10 g extract of torbangun leaves and 16 g sucrose, DT2 contains 10 g extract of torbangun leaves, 2 g lemon, 22 g sucrose, and DT3 contains 10 g extract of torbangun leaves, 4 g lemon, and 28 g sucrose. These formulas are then tested by organoleptic, physical, and chemical. The results show that the formula DT3 has the highest average score. Blanching treatment improves organoleptic properties of supplement drinks. Mean scores in color, aroma, and taste of the blanched supplement drink are different (p<0.05) from non-blanched supplement drink.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.95-102

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2010

 

ANALISIS DETERMINAN POSITIVE DEVIANCE STATUS GIZI BALITA DI WILAYAH MISKIN DENGAN PREVALENSI KURANG GIZI RENDAH DAN TINGGI

Sakri Sab’atmaja, Ali Khomsan, Ikeu Tanziha

 

Abstract

 

The aim this study was to analyze the determinant of positive deviance nutritional status of under five year old children in poor areas with low and high prevalence of undernutrition. Cross sectional study was conducted in the study using secondary data analysis taken from Basic Health Research 2007 in four provinces with determination samples criterias of high poverty levels according BPS 2009 (&gt;14.15%) and low and high prevalence of undernutrition (+18.4%) which were analyzed through quadrants. The number of samples was 3.494 under five year old children from poor families. The significancy relations among variables were measured using Pearson’s correlation and path analysis to analyze the determinants. The results, the determinant of positive deviance were income through mother’s characteristics, health upbringing, and health status, the four provinces had the same determinants pathway (β=0.0451), with mother’s characteristics (p&lt;0.05) and health upbringing (p&lt;0.05) as the significants variables. The conclusion was that mother with better characteristics in families who were able to manage income better, tended to practice better health upbringing which increase children’s nutritional status. These factors determine the poor families living in the poor areas could have well nourished under five year old children rather than other families in the same economic condition. Key words: positive deviance, undernutrition, nutritional status.

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.103-112

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2010

 

ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PENERIMAAN PETANI TERHADAP PRODUK REKAYASA GENETIKA

Guspri Devi Artanti, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Dewa Ketut Sadra Swastika, Retnaningsih Retnaningsih

 

Abstract

 

This cross sectional study was aimed at analyzing determinant factors of farmer’s acceptance on GMO Product. For these purpose 150 farmers was selected from Jombang District (East Java) and 150 rests was selected from Deli Serdang District (North Sumatera). A logistic regression was applied to analyze the determinant factors of farmer’s acceptance on GMO. The result showed that determinant factor of farmer’s acceptance was farmer’s knowledge on GMO. The higher level of knowledge, the lower the acceptance. The knowledge of farmer’s on GMO was different between the two areas. Another result of this study showed farmers expectation about GMO Food could be circulated it can give positive impact: high quality for their agriculture produce; increase the productivity of Indonesian agriculture; and more information and socialization about GMO Product from the government. The government preferably compiled the program to increase knowledge of the farmer’s against GMO by carrying out the approach and giving of information and the fact about GMO in the field through the increased in the activity of farmer’s involvement in the farmers group.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.113-120

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2010

 

KEBIASAAN MAKAN DAN ASUPAN ZAT GIZI MASYARAKAT HALMAHERA

Hadi Riyadi

 

 

Abstract

 

Every community develops a specific socio-cultural aspect of food. The socio-cultural factor of food reflects the food consumption pattern of social life in the community. The study was carried out to analyze food habits and nutrients intake of people in Halmahera.  This research was a survey design. This research was conducted in 10 villages in Halmahera Tengah and in 3 villages in East Halmahera. Sample size (n=304) was determined by simple random sampling without replacement formula. Primary data was collected in this study by interviewing respondents. The primary data was demography characteristics; food sources, preparation and processing; food taboo and preferences of children under five year old; and food consumption of households. The research showed that the communities in the research locations were agrarian communities in which their life depends on the surrounding nature. Like the population in Maluku in general, most population of Halmahera consumed sago and its processed products as its principal food sources including lempeng kasbi sago, tree lempeng sago, popeda sago, and others. The kinds of fish and foods not permitted to consume because of taboos were laying fish, nyoa fish, Rayfish, tuna, maleo and bee birds, pineapples and suanggi bananas. Some children under five liked sweet potato, taro, rice, porridge, cassava, and bananas. The average energy and protein level of sufficiency among the samples in both regencies was relatively good, except in Kobe Gunung Village and Sawai Itepo had lower level of energy and protein sufficiency than those in other villages. The nutrients with a low level of nutrient sufficiency in all villages included vitamin A, vitamin C and calcium.

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.121-128

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

EFEKTIVITAS PEMBERIAN CGF 40% DALAM MEMPERCEPAT PENINGKATAN TROMBOSIT PADA PENDERITA DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE

Adi Teruna Effendi, M Sediono, HS Suksmono, B Erwanto, Yekti Hartati Effendi, Mira Dewi, Darwin Karyadi

 

Abstract

 

Aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of CGF 40% in hastening the recuperation, as indicated by reduced length of hospital stay, improvement in clinical status, increase in platelets, and reduction in the hemoconcentration. The study group comprised of 84 consecutive DHF patients, 42 male and 42 female subjects, who were randomized into the control group receiving the WHO standard therapy and the intervention group receiving CGF 40% and the standard therapy. Hemoglobin, hematocrite and thrombocyte counts were taken daily until the subjects were free of the symptoms and signs of DHF, and the thrombocyte count read >100.000. The results were analyzed statistically, student t test and quadratic regression, using SPSS 16 software. The average length of recuperation time in the intervention and control groups were 2.76 days and 4.43 days respectively (p=0.000). Recuperation times of subjects with thrombocyte counts <50,000 and >50,000 of the intervention group (3,09 and 2,37 days) and the control group (4,2 and 4,5 days) were different significantly (p=0.016 and 0.000). When analized specifically in the treatment group, the recuperation time of those with thrombocyte counts <50,000U (2.37 days) did not differ to those with >50,000 (3.09 days) with p=0.112. Using quadratic regression, the increase in thrombocytes, reduction in hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrite were faster in the intervention group when compared to the control group, with Ralmost reaching 1. The study disclosed that administration of CGF 40% could reduce the recuperation time and improved the hemoconcentration, which presumably demonstrated the concept of regenerative medicine as indicated by the repairmen of vascular permeability.

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.130-138

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

PENGARUH STATUS GIZI AWAL DAN KONSUMSI CHLORELLA GROWTH FACTOR TERHADAP KELUHAN KLINIS PENDERITA DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE

Gina Apriani, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Yekti Hartati Effendi

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of pre-nutritional status and consumption of Chlorella Growth Factor (CGF) on symptom of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Design of this study was a randomized clinical trial with 37 subjects of intervention group and 37 subjects of control group. The subjects were DHF in-patient of economic class of Karya Bhakti Hospital. The criteria for subjects were DHF in-patients (grade II and III), age ≥ 17 years, fever up to 7 days, serology Dengue Ig M (+), platelet <100.000/mm3, not pregnant and not suffering from immune impaired diseases. The result show that effect of pre-nutritional status (p> 0.01) was not significant, but the effect CGF consumption was significant (p< 0.01) on clinical symptom of DHF. This implies that CGF reduced the symptom severity of DHF. Further studies required for identify the actual bioactive components of CGF effects on DHF; and effect of selected nutritional biomarkers on DHF.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.139-147

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

 

PERILAKU PENJAJA PANGAN JAJANAN ANAK SEKOLAH TERKAIT GIZI DAN KEAMANAN PANGAN DI JAKARTA DAN SUKABUMI

Ghaida Yasmin, Siti Madanijah

 

 

Abstract

 

The purposes of this research were to identify and to analyze behaviour of school-food vendor related to nutrition and food safety in Jakarta and Sukabumi. This research used secondary data from Survey “National Monitoring and Verification Food Safety of Elementary Student Street-food 2008” by SEAFAST and BPOM RI. The subjects of this research are 79 school-food vendors in Jakarta and 29 school-food vendors in Sukabumi. Descriptive statistical method is used to process all the data. Most of the subjects were elementary school graduated (46.3%) and used handcart as tool for sale of street-foods (31.5%). Only 35.2% had attended a food safety education/training program. As the result of it, 48.1% of the subjects had sufficient nutrition and food safety knowledge. There were significant differentiation of nutrition and food safety knowledge between the subjects which had been classified by vendor group, level of education, and participation in food safety education/ training program. As many as 74.1% of the subjects lack of food safety practices. There were significant differentiation of food safety practices between the subjects which had been classified by vendor group, region, and level of education. Spearman’s correlative test shows that there a positive correlation between level of education with nutrition and food safety knowledge, level of education with food safety practices. Pearson correlative test shows that there was no significant correlation between nutrition and food safety knowledge with food safety practices.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.148-157

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR

Evy Damayanthi, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani, Lilik Kustiyah, Dodik Briawan

 

Abstract

 

Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status.One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not havingcanteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which weresupported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit.

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.158-163

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

KONSUMSI PANGAN, PENYAKIT INFEKSI, DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA PASCA PERAWATAN GIZI BURUK

Karlina Nurcahyo, Dodik Briawan

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The research objective was to determine food consumption, infectious diseases, and nutritional status of children under-five years old after the treatment of severe malnutrition at Puskesmas. The cross-sectional study design was conducted in four sub-districs in Bogor.  The number of 27 children was selected purposively out of 44 patients at the Puskesmas. The results showed that 88.9% and 77.8% of children consumed less than 70% RDA of energy and protein. In the last three months, the most children suffered from diarrhoea (55.6%) and ARI (59.3%). There were 81.5% of children still in severe malnutrition and only 18.5% of them shifted to the moderate malnutrition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.164-170

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEARS IN POSYANDU NUTRITION PROGRAM

Dadang Sukandar, Ali Khomsan, Faisal Anwar, Hadi Riyadi, Eddy Setyo Mudjajanto

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to analyze health, nutritional status of children under five years and its influential factors. This research was carried out in two sub-districts of Bogor: Sub-District of Ciomas and Sub-District of Darmaga. As many as 16 posyandu nutrition program were obtained. A total number of 240 mothers had been divided into control and intervention groups. Baseline data were collected during the pre-study, while endline data were collected after conducting intervention (experiment). The experiment had been conducted for five months in the form of providing nutrition education once in two weeks and implementing home gardening. The data analysis included estimation of mean, standard deviation, minimum value, maximum value and proportion. Based on the General Linear Model (GLM) analysis, it was found that intervention had significant impact on the nutritional status (WAZ) of children under five years. Intervention did not have significant effects on the nutritional status according to HAZ and WHZ.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.171-177

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

 

NUTRIENTS INTAKE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF STREET CHILDREN IN BANDUNG

Rita Patriasih, Isma Widiaty, Mira Dewi, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to analyze food habits and nutrients intake, and health and nutritional status of street children. The research was carried out in the City of Bandung, West Java; Indonesia. A sample of 324 street children was selected randomly. The sample consisted of 232 boys and 92 girls. The data obtained from questionnaires. Means, standard deviation, frequency and proportion were calculated with a combination of software applications:  Microsoft Excel and Statistical Analysis System. The result showed the level of consumption adequacy did not meet the recommended dietary allowances i.e. with the shortage of 10-15%, this is an indication that the street children should be aware of their daily food consumption. The most common diseases suffered by the respondents were acute respiratory infections (ARI) (47%). In addition, 22.7 % and 18.4 % of them suffered from diarrhoea and skin diseases, respectively. Blood haemoglobin status of street children shows that the incidence of anemia was 29.3%. Based on the classification of nutritional status, 42.7% and 80.4 % of street children were underweight and stunted, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.178-184

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

 

FOOD CONSUMPTION, NUTRITIONAL AND HEALTH STATUS AMONG FARMER HOUSEHOLDS IN SUBANG, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA

Nani Sufiani Suhanda, Leily Amalia, Khairunisa Khairunisa, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this study were : 1) to analyze the consumption of various types of foods (meat, milk, fish, fruit, and others) and the methods of getting the foods among farmer households, 2) To analyze the nutritional status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households, and 3) To analyze the health status (fathers, mothers and children) among farmer households. This research was of a retrospective and cross sectional design.This research was conducted in Subang Farming Regency, West Java. There are two types of population (farmer households), namely, those of horticultural region and those of rice field region. The sample size at each location was 261 households, so the total sample was 522 households.  The results of this research show that in general the frequency and quantity of food consumed by the non poor households are relatively better than those of the poor households. Further, as the centers of agricultural production, both regions (rice and horticulture) will produce certain foods in abundance and will affect the patterns of food consumption among the local community and households.  Children’s nutritional status is in general of good category (based on W/A and H/A). Husband’s and wives’ nutritional status is normal. The length of upper respiratory tract infection on wives and children is quite low (<4 days), but among the husbands (non poor households) is quite high (8 days) in the last two weeks. The duration of diarrhea is also low, i.e. only 0-0.2 days in the last two weeks.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.185-196

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

SIKAP AFEKTIF IBU TERHADAP IKAN LAUT NYATA MENINGKATKAN APRESIASI ANAK MENGONSUMSI IKAN LAUT

Waysima Waysima, Ujang Sumarwan, Ali Khomsan, Fransiska R Zakaria

 

 

Abstract

 

The relationship of mother’s attitude towards specific food consumption is known to influence children’s attitude and eating behavior. Fish consumption is critical towards children development, such as brain development and overall physical health. The objectives of this research were to elaborate the determinants of children’s appreciation for consuming fish or attitude towards consuming fish. This cross-sectional study was conducted in two different locations in Central Java in a coastal and in a non-coastal area. There are 248 students from the fifth and sixth grades of elementary schools participating as subjects, which is the same as that of their mothers. Observations and interviews were carried out using standardized questionnaires to describe the mother and children relationship that determined children’s appreciation for consuming fish by using path analysis. The results showed that location of residence namely coastal area, family collective eating pattern, mother’s affective attitude towards fish and mother’s higher education significantly improved children appreciation for consuming fish. However, cognitive attitude and conduct to make fish available in family menu did not contribute significantly to children appreciation for consuming fish. It can be concluded that even though mother understands the benefits of fish and makes fish available in family menu, when children unable to feel her preference towards fish, children will not appreciate to consume. Therefore, mother’s preference towards fish needs special considerations, since it positively influence children’s appreciation for consuming fish, which will contribute importantly to children’s well-being.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.197-204

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 5, Nomor 3, November 2010

 

AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN BEKATUL LEBIH TINGGI DARIPADA JUS TOMAT DAN PENURUNAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN SERUM SETELAH INTERVENSI MINUMAN KAYA ANTIOKSIDAN

Evy Damayanthi, Lilik Kustiyah, Mahani Khalid, Henry Farizal

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Recently, many foods were identified contain high antioxidant substances such as tomatoes and rice bran. The objectives of this research were to observe their total antioxidant activity values and the effect of intervention of high-antioxidant beverages (tomato juice and rice bran beverage) to total antioxidant activity on breast cyst women patient’s blood serum. Subject consumed each of the beverages for 14 days. Blood samples were taken before the intervention, at the end of tomato juice intervention period and at the end of rice bran beverage intervention period. Total antioxidant activity on serum was determined by DPPH method. The ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant capacity (AEAC) of rice bran greater than tomato juice is 28.74 mg/100g and 1.87 mg/100g respectively. The total antioxidant activity on serum was decreasing after tomato juice intervention (p>0.05) but the decreasing of it was significantly shown after rice bran intervention (p<0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.205-210

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

KARAKTERISTIK DADIH PROBIOTIK MENGGUNAKAN KOMBINASI LACTOBACILLUS CASEI, LACTOBACILLUS PLANTARUM, DAN BIFIDOBACTERIUM LONGUM SELAMA PENYIMPANAN

Sri Usmiati, Juniawati Juniawati

 

 

Abstract

 

Some test results hedonic by ordinary people who consume the dadih in West Sumatra in 2009 on dadih made from cow’s milk using Lactobacillus casei culture couldn’t be accepted because it was still too acidic than dadih from buffalo milk. One solution to reduce the sour taste is to combine the bacterial culture L. casei with other lactic acid bacteria that produce flavor relatively low acidity. The study aimed to determine the characteristics of probiotic dadih using a combination starter L. casei, L. plantarum and B. longum during storage at room temperature (ambient) and cold temperature. The study was designed using randomized block design with 6×3 factorial patterns of three groups as replication. Treatment A (combination of probiotic bacteria) that L. casei (A1), B. longum (A2), L. plantarum (A3), L. casei: L. plantarum 1:5 (A4), L. casei: B. longum 1:5 (A5) and L. casei: L. plantarum: B. longum 1:4:1 (A6), and factor B (storage conditions), namely: (B1) room temperature (27oC), and (B2) cold temperature (4-10oC). The results showed that viability and the total lactic acid bacteria in all formulas of cow’s milk dadih during storage at room temperature and cold temperature of more than 106 cfu/ml which could be categorized as a probiotic products. The combination of C1L5 (L.casei: B.longum 1: 5) has the lowest acidity value and excellence in character color, flavor, and was generally preferred by the panelists. In terms of flavor and texture characteristics of cow’s milk dadih with a combination of C1L5 had a level of hedonic as with other formulas.       Keywords: dadih, cows milk, probiotic, storage

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.1-12

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

KARAKTERISTIK ORGANOLEPTIK BAKASANG JEROAN CAKALANG (Katsuwonus pelamis, Lin) SEBAGAI PANGAN TRADISIONAL MALUKU UTARA

Sri Purwaningsih, Rahmatia Garwan, Joko Santoso

 

 

Abstract

 

Bakasang is one of the traditional products of North Maluku, this product has not been studied scientifically. The purpose of this research is to know the organoleptic characteristics of bakasang to be known and accepted by public. This research was fermented using 25% of salt with duration (0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 days), and storage with duration (0, 30, 60, and 90 days).Bakasang’s have organoleptic tested include: appearance, odor, taste and texture. Bakasang elected to compared with commercial bakasang are usually consumed by people in North Maluku.This research shown that: fermentation treatment 4 days at 0 days storage (F4P0) and fermentation bakasang 8 days at 0 days storage (F8P0) was chosen.Paired comparison test results show that bekasang tuna has the advantage of taste and smell unique because it is more preferred by panelist.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.13-17

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

SUBSTITUSI TEPUNG KEPALA IKAN LELE DUMBO (Clarias Gariepinus sp) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KANDUNGAN KALSIUM CRACKERS

Herviana Ferazuma, Sri Anna Marliyati, Leily Amalia

 

 

Abstract

 

The using of fish by-products has not been optimally developed in food processing. The objective of this research was to study the using of catfish’s head flour as a part of material in formulating crackers to increase its calsium content. The method for making this flour was based on thermal process using drum dryer. The physical and chemical properties were analysed. Crackers was formulated by using catfish’s head flour with trial and error method. The formulations were then F0 (0:100), F1 (7,5:92,5), F2 (12,5:87,5), F3 (17,5:82,5), and F4 (22,5:77,5). F1 and F2 crackers were chosen formulations based on organoleptic test. The result of chemical analysis were respectively: moisture 2,4-3,3% (wb), ash 3,7-4,97% (wb), protein 9,9-11,4% (wb), lipid 19,2-20,5% (wb), carbohydrate 63,9-69,6% (wb), and energy 480-484 kkal (wb). F1 crackers contained 0,3634% of calcium (wb) while F2 crackers contained 0,3147% of calcium (wb). The phospor’s content in F1 and F2 crackers were respectively: 0,2362% (wb) and 0,3147% (wb). The contribution of calcium content in crackers were calculated based on RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) for children, adolescents, and adults. F1 crackers fulfilled calcium’s RDA respectively : 25,8% for children; 15,5% for adolescents, and 19,3% for  adults. F2 crackers fulfilled calcium’s RDA respectively: 39,9% for children; 23,9% for adolescents, and 29,9% for adults. The amount of crackers that should be consumed was at least as much 44 gram/day. Key words: catfish’s head flour, crackers, calcium content

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.18-27

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK BERBAGAI PRODUK OLAHAN SUKUN (Artocarpus altilis)

Rakhmawati FKR, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Leily Amalia

 

 

Abstract

 

A new approach based on glycemic index was suggested in choosing foods as a source of carbohydrate. A study on glycemic index of selected Indonesian food has been conducted such as breadfruit which is a source of carbohydrate. The objective of this study was to analyze glycemic index value of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. These processing was choosen based on common method of breadfruit cooking in Indonesia. Breadfruits from Kudus were selected. That breadfruit had processed into four kinds of breadfruit products namely fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies. The foods were analyzed the nutrient composition of the four breadfruit products. Six healthy subjects (3 males and 3 females) with BMI between 18.5 and 22.9 kg/m2 were selected. GI value of four breadfruit products determined by standard method (Miller 1996). Measurement of GI was conducted after approval of the Ethics Committee (No. LB.03.04/KE/4914/2010) received. Proximate analysis showed that nutrient contents of the products were as follows : moisture content (wet based, wb) of breadfruit products such as fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 51.01%, 71.75%, 79.91%, and 4.24% respectively, protein content (dry based, db) were 1.22%, 2.11%, 3.2%, and 3.53% respectively, fat content (db) were 20.07%, 0.61%, 0.73, and 30.12% respectively, carbohydrate by difference content (db) were 73.36%, 90.30%, 90.78%, and 64.37% respectively, and total dietary fiber content (db) were 16.5%, 25.76%, 30.47%, and 4.36% respectively.  The result showed that glycemic index of fried breadfruit, steamed breadfruit, boiled breadfruit, and breadfruit cookies were 82, 89, 85, and 80 respectively. Those four products were classified as high GI category. Statistical analysis showed that treatment did not affect the GI value.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.28-35

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

 

NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK BEBERAPA JENIS PENGOLAHAN JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccharata Sturt)

Sri Nur Amalia, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Mira Dewi

 

 

Abstract

 

The implementation of glycemic index can be used as basis for selecting carbohydrate food source to enhance and or to maintain health.The objective the following study was to analyze the glycemic indices of sweet corn with three different cooking methods.  Glycemic index values of boiled, sauted and grilled sweet corn were 41.22, 31.08 and 55.31 respectively. Based on those results, grilled sweet corn was classified as food with medium glycemic index, whereas both of boiled and sauted sweet corn were classified as food with low glycemic index.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.36-41

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

KARAKTERISTIK REMAJA DENGAN RIWAYAT GIZI BURUK DAN PENDEK PADA USIA DINI

Arnelia Arnelia

 

 

Abstract

 

Severe malnutrition and linear growth retardation during early childhood were prevalent in developing countries. Objectives of this study was to study adolescent characteristics with the severe malnutrition and linear growth disorder history in early age. A followed-up study were caried out among 93 adolescents aged 10-17 years in Bogor. Subjects admitted to Nutrition Clinic Bogor at the age of below three years, suffered from severe malnutrition as well as stunted at first enrollment. Data collected including weight and height, socio economic status, parent’s weight and height, subject’s characteristicts and secondary data at first enrollment to the clinic from medical records including weight, height, diagnozed, parent’s characteristics. As many as 36.6% subjects were categorized as normal base on height for age (HFA), higher among males (45.3%) than females (32.3%). Higher proportion of normal HFA adolescent were found on farmer or driver father, house keeper mother and mother with junior high school education background. There was no relationship between aged at first enrollment to nutrition clinic as well as puberty status with HFA during adolescent. As many as 52% of adolescents achieve normal HFA whose mother’s height > 150 cm, in the opposite 73.8% of stunted teenage with mother’s height <150 cm. There is a linkage achieving linear growth among adolescent experienced severe malnutrition and linear growth disorders during early childhood with parental employment, maternal education and maternal height.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.42-50

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

POLA ASUH MAKAN PADA RUMAH TANGGA YANG TAHAN DAN TIDAK TAHAN PANGAN SERTA KAITANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA

Drajat Martianto, Hadi Riyadi, Rizma Ariefiani

 

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aimed to analyze the impacts of feeding practices on underfive children’s nutritional status in different level of household food security. The study design was a cross-sectional study. Data on feeding practices were collected through personal interviews used questionnaire and nutritional status was calculated by using WHO-NCHS z-score. The average scores of feeding practices among samples were categorized as low (54.4%) and children of group very food-insecure had the lowest score of feeding practices. There was a significantly difference among the groups in the scores of sample’s feeding practices. The study showed that about 86 percent of children were categorized as normal (BB/TB indicator), but there were 11.6 percent categorized as wasting, while 32.0 percent and 54.3 percent categorized as underweight and stunting, respectively. Statistical analyses showed significant difference in term of nutritional status. There was a significant correlation between child’s nutritional status (BB/U, TB/U and BB/TB) and household food security. The study showed that child’s nutritional status (BB/TB) was influenced by energy’s adequacy level.

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.51-58

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR SOSIAL EKONOMI DAN KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT KAITANNYA DENGAN MASALAH GIZI UNDERWEIGHT, STUNTED, DAN WASTED DI INDONESIA: PENDEKATAN EKOLOGI GIZI

Dian Hani Ulfani, Drajat Martianto, Yayuk Farida Baliwati

 

 

Abstract

 

Malnutrition is an ecological problem in the sense influenced by various aspects, as explained in the framework of UNICEF (1988). Indonesia as developing country at present still faced such a problem. Eco-nutrition is important to understand related factors affecting malnutrition in Indonesia to find out more effective programs. Eco-nutrition have three key areas : public health (access to quality water, sanitation and health services), socio economic (livelihood assets) and malnutrition. The purpose of this research was to study the linkages between socioeconomic and public health factors with the problem of underweight, stunted, and wasted in Indonesia.This research was conducted using cross-sectional study design, analyzed the 424 districts/cities in Indonesia. Data prevalence of underweight, stunted, wasted, level of education and public health factors (access to quality water, hygiene behavior, utilization of Posyandu, complete immunization coverage, incidence of diarrhea, and the incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) obtained from Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas ) 2007. Socio-economic data (level of poverty and GDP/capita) obtained from the Central Statistic Agency (BPS). Statistical test of Pearson correlation and stepwise linear regression method were implemented to understand factors affecting underweight, stunted, wasted and correlation among variables. The study shows that factors affecting underweight were educational level, poverty level, hygiene behavior and use of Posyandu. While factors affecting stunted were GDP/capita, education level, poverty level, hygiene behavior, and utilization of Posyandu. Factors affecting wasted were hygiene behavior, utilization of Posyandu and complete immunization.

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.59-65

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR

Hadi Riyadi, Drajat Martianto, Dwi Hastuti, Evy Damayanthi, Kukuh Murtilaksono

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aims to analyze underlying factors affecting child malnutrition at Timor Tengah Utara district, NTT. The design was a cross-sectional study. Sample of this study was household that have underfive years old children residing in the areas of Plan International. Data was collected by using structured questionnaire, focus group discussion and in-depth interview. Nutritional status was measured using anthropometric measurement with weight and height indicators and child consumption was recorded using 24 hours food’s recall. Result showed that in three villages prevalence of malnourished children was high, which were 6.0% classified as severe underweight, 15.3% severe stunting and 0.7% severe wasting. There was no significant difference in term of nutritional status. Child malnutrition was influenced by low access to nutrition and health information, low nutrition knowledge and practices, and low family income.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.66-73

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

FAKTOR RISIKO ANEMIA PADA SISWI PESERTA PROGRAM SUPLEMENTASI

Dodik Briawan, Ermita Arumsari, Pusporini Pusporini

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of study was to analized the risk factors of anemia among school girls participant of supplementation program. Design of this study wass cross-sectional covering  400 secondary and high school students (SMP and SMK) in Bekasi. The secondary data were analized from the baseline program of the Health Office of Bekasi. The prevalence of anemia among school girls was 38.3 percents. The significant risk factors of anemia among school girls were the age and nutritional status (IMT). The anemia risk was higher among school girls at age 13-15 years (OR = 2.73) and the thin girls (OR = 8.32).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.74-83

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

PENANGGULANGAN GIZI BURUK MELALUI ANALISIS SIKAP DAN KEBIASAAN IBU DALAM PENGATURAN MAKANAN KELUARGA

Elida Elida, Lucy Fridayati

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research is to analyze mother behavior and family food management to prevent malnutrition. The population of this research was mothers of malnourished children in Kuranji District of Padang City. Asmany as 65 mothers were taken using technique of random sampling. Results show that mother behavior and family food management were categorized as good and might not be responsible to the incidence of malnutrition.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.84-89

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN PETANI MENUJU KETAHANAN PANGAN KELUARGA

Ikeu Tanziha

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to analyze the model of farmer empowerment for household food security. Research design was cross sectional, it was conducted in Lebak District on March- November 2010. The data collected was household characteristics, consumption, level of farmer empowerment, and household food security. A systematic stratified random sampling was applied to select 95 farmer households. The path analysis was applied to analyze Model of Farmer Empowerment for Household Food Security. The results showed that 42.1% of farmer household are food insecure, and most of them (52.6%) have low level of empowerment. Model of farmer empowerment for food security can be started with the development and strengthening of megapolitan environment, followed by strengthening the means of production and capital.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.90-99

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 1, Maret 2011

 

KAITAN ANTARA PREVALENSI GIZI BURUK DENGAN PDRB PER KAPITA DAN TINGKAT KEMISKINAN SERTA ESTIMASI KERUGIAN EKONOMI AKIBAT GIZI BURUK PADA BALITA DI BERBAGAI KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PULAU JAWA DAN BALI

Narita Kusumawardhani, Drajat Martianto

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Malnutrition may decrease in human resources work capacity which is lead to regional economic lost. The study was aimed to find the relationship between severe underweight, GDRP and poverty level and to estimate economic lost due to severe Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) among underfive children in various districs/cities at Java and Bali Islands. A descriptive study designed was implemented and a set of secondary data was used in the study. The data uses are prevalence of PEM among underfive children from 2007 Riskesdas, Gross Domestic Regional Product (GDRP), population by sex and age group, and poverty level. Data processing and analysis were conducted in Bogor, from April to July 2010. The result showed that economic lost due to PEM was highest in Bekasi Regency, West Java and lowest in Kepulauan Seribu Regency, DKI Jakarta. Higher GDRP per capita means lower severe PEM prevalence and higher poverty level means higher severe PEM prevalence. Percentage of total economic lost due to severe PEM among under five children was ranged from 0,039% GDRP – 0,177% GDRP.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.100-108

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 3, November 2011

 

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO DAN PENDIDIKAN GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN GIZI, PEMENUHAN ZAT GIZI DAN STATUS BESI REMAJA PUTRI

Cesilia Meti Dwiriani, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Hadi Riyadi, Drajat Martianto

 

 

Abstract

 

This study was aimed to analyze the effect of multi-micronutrients (MMN) supplementation and nutrition education on nutrition knowledge, mean adequacy ratio (MAR) and iron status of young adolescent girls (YAG). The study was done in three purposively selected junior high schools (JHS) in rural Bogor by implementing a quasi experiment control trial for 112 YAG for 16 weeks: thirty five YAG in the first JHS as a MMN group (SG) were given three times of MMN tablets per week, forty two YAG in the second JHS were given MMN tablet plus nutrition education delivered by trained teacher fortnightly called SGP group and thirty five YAG in the third JHS as a control group. The result showed that the increment of nutrition knowledge score as well as MAR of SGP group were significantly higher than the other two groups. The decrement level of hemoglobin (Hb) in SG and SGP groups was significantly lower than in control group, but in the subset data of anemic group, both intervention groups had significantly increased level of Hb. This imply that nutrition education improved nutrition knowledge of YAG, but MMN tablet could not improve Hb level in general and only had effect on YAG suffering from anemia.
Key words: multi-micro nutrients, nutrition education, iron status, adolescent girls

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.171-177

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 3, November 2011

 

PENINGKATAN STATUS BESI DAN KEBUGARAN FISIK PEKERJA WANITA USIA SUBUR

Yaktiworo Indriani, Ali Khomsan, Dadang Sukandar, Hadi Riyadi, Reni Zuraida

 

 

Abstract

 

The study aims were to (1) assess the nutritional status, adequacy level, and physical fitness of the nonpregnant reproductive female workers, and (2) analyze the effect of micronutrients supplementation on their iron status and physical fitness. This research employed experimental design of double blind, completely randomized design by involving 338 households of female workers. The experimental unit consists of 39 female workers whose hemoglobin level were 80-125 g/L. However, five of them were drop out due to pregnancy or sickness. The treatments applied in the study were three capsules containing: (1) iron and folic acid (BF), (2) multi-vitamin and mineral (MVM), which contains of 15 different vitamins and minerals, and (3) placebo (P). The body mass index of the female workers were thin 12 percent, normal 70 percent and overweight 18 percent. Most of their nutritional intake of vitamin C, calcium and iron were deficient but they had a good to superior of physical fitness. After 10 weeks of three days per week supplementation, BF significantly increased the hemoglobin (p<0.05) as 8.6 g/L and ferritin as 10.1 μg/L; while MVM only increased the hemoglobin as 6.8 g/L. The micronutrient supplements of BF and MVM groups could improve the physical fitness (VO2max) of the anemia famale workers by 13 percent and 14 percent.
Key words: female workers, iron status, physical fitness, iron folic acid, multi-vitamin and mineral

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.178-185

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 3, November 2011

 

KEBIASAAN KONSUMSI MINUMAN DAN ASUPAN CAIRAN PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DI PERKOTAAN

Dodik Briawan, Paramitha Rachma, Kartika Annisa

 

 

Abstract

 

The study objectives were to analyze the food and beverages contribution to the total fluid intake, and the sign of mild dehydration of school age children. The cross-sectional study was applied to 78 boys and 78 girls of elementary school students in Bogor City. Two days food recall was applied to estimate fluid intake. The fluid intake was a summation of various food and beverages. The result showed beside of plain water, most of the school children used to consumed milk and tea (>70%) at home. The total fluid intake was 2283 mL for boys and 2024 mL for girls, and its contribution was 21 percent from food (430-490 mL) and 78 percent from beverages (1600-1800 mL). There are 67.4 percent boys and 62.8 percent girls suffered mild dehydration with minimum three physical signs of dehydration. There are still 18.6 percent boys and 3.5 percent girls that their fluid intake below 100% of the requirement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.186-191

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 3, November 2011

 

PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT (PHBS) SERTA PERILAKU GIZI SEIMBANG IBU KAITANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN BALITA DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO, JAWA TIMUR

Linda Dwi Jayanti, Yekti Hartati Effendi, Dadang Sukandar

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to determine nutritional knowledge, clean and healthy lifestyle behavior, and balanced diet on maternal behavior, as well as its relationship with nutritional and health status and children under 5 years health. The cros sectional study was conducted during March-April 2011. The population in this study consist of all the children under five living in Campurejo village, Bojonegoro districts East Java Province. The respondents were mothers of toddlers who were selected as samples. Total samples in this study were 55 toddlers. The results showed that maternal nutrition knowledge is positively correlated with clean and healthy lifestyle behavior (pKey words: e.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.192-199

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 3, November 2011

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KONSUMSI PANGAN SUMBER KARBOHIDRAT DI PERDESAAN DAN PERKOTAAN

Suci Apriani, Yayuk Farida Baliwati

 

 

Abstract

 

The aims of study were to analyze the ecological factors such as food availability, land capacity, population density, poverty, GDP, education; and their association to the consumption of carbohydrate food sources in some rural and urban areas of Indonesia. This ecological study was conducted by analysing the 62 districts in Indonesia. The data of food consumption was part of set Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas 2007). The data of food production, population density, poverty, GDP, and education collected from the Central Statistic Agency (BPS). The statistical test was pearson correlation and stepwise linear regression. The study shows that consumption of carbohydrate food sources in rural more than in urban area and dominated by rice. Energy contribution from carbohydrate food sources is a half of total energy contribution (55.9% in rural and 48.05% in urban). In rural area, consumption of rice, corn, cassava, and sweet potato per capita per year were 109 kg, 4.69 kg, 2.51 kg, and 0.66 kg. While in urban area, consumption of rice, corn, cassava, and sweet potato per capita per year were 95 kg, 1.24 kg, 3.51 kg, and 0.209 kg. The food availability was significantly affected to the consumption of carbohydrate food sources in rural and urban areas.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.200-207

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 3, November 2011

 

KETAHANAN PANGAN KELUARGA PESERTA PROGRAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DI PEDESAAN

Tin Herawati, Basita Ginting, Pang S. Asngari, Djoko Susanto, Herien Puspitawati

 

 

Abstract

 

The research objectives were to analyzed the family food security and its factors of the participants in the community empowerment program at rural area. The research design was crossectional study and the data collection technique used a survey method toward 300 families, and their specification were 140 families from the National Program of Community Empowerment (PNPM), 107 families from The Keluarga Harapan Program (PKH), 31 families from the Raksa Desa Program and 22 families from The Business Development Program of Rural Agribusiness (PUAP). The highest percentage (52.0%) of the family categorized into food vulnerable and as many as 37.3 percent was insecure category. It was found 10.7 percent families categorized into secure category. Base on the program, more than a half families of PKH group (50.5%) and PUAP (63.6%) are insecure category. Food vulnerable category is in PNPM group (60.0%) and Raksa Desa group (61.3%). The highest percentage (15.0%) thar categorized into secure category is in PNPM group. The factors which influence significantly toward the family food security are the income per capita, the family size and the asset.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.208-216

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 6, Nomor 3, November 2011

 

ISOLASI OLIGOSAKARIDA MADU LOKAL DAN ANALISIS AKTIVITAS PREBIOTIKNYA

Umul Karimah, Yogi Nur Anggowo, Syamsul Falah, Suryani Suryani

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to isolate oligosaccharides from local honey of Pulau Sumbawa and province of Kalimantan Timur and to analyze its prebiotic activity in vitro. Oligosaccharides were isolated with activated charcoal adsorption and ethanol treatment. Effectiveness of this method was evaluated by Thin Layer Chromatography and colorimetry. The isolates were then being a sample to prebiotic examination. Honey from Sumbawa forest has higher oligosaccharides content than honey from Kalimantan. Qualitative and quantitative assays showed that oligosaccharide isolation method was effective to concentrate the oligosaccharide with high degree of polymerization but ineffective for mono- and disaccharides removal. The highest percentages of hydrolysis of oligosaccharide from Sumbawa and Kalimantan by mimic gastric juice were 1.78% and 0.59 %. Whereas, the hydrolysis was higher with amylase, 11.87% for Sumbawa and 21.03% for Kalimantan honey oligosaccharides. Prebiotic activity was 0.32, and 0.09 for honey oligosaccharide from Sumbawa and Kalimantan respectively. Honey oligosaccharide from Sumbawa presented higher prebiotic activity than inulin as prebiotic reference (0.11). GC-MS chromatogram showed L. acidophilus cultured in media added with Sumbawa honey oligosaccharide produced lactic acid as the highest metabolite (48.01%).

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.217-224

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

 

KAJIAN BIOAKTIF DAN ZAT GIZI PROPOLIS INDONESIA DAN BRASIL

Eliza Halim, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Noorwati Sutandyo, Ahmad Sulaeman, Made Artika, Yahdiana Harahap

 

 

 

 

Abstract

 

Indonesia has a potency to produce its own propolis, however the propolis market in Indonesia is dominated by imported product, such as from Brazil. Currently, still there is no reasearch which evaluate bioactive compound and nutrient content of Indonesian Propolis (IP) compare with Brazilian Propolis (BP). The objectives of this study were to analyze bioactive compounds and nutrient contents of IP compared to BP. Bioactive compounds and nutrients content were analyzed by gas chromatography–mass spectrophotometry. The results
showed both IP and BP contain fenol, α-amyrin, cylolanost, and pyrimidines. Bioactive compounds which specifically found in IP were eudesmane compound, ethyl acridine, lupeol, friedooleanan; while β amyrin and cinnamic acid compound only found in BP. The nutrient contents of IP were higher than BP except for vitamin A. In conclusion, IP might have potential health benefit, similar to BP.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.1-7

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

 

PERUBAHAN MUTU DAN UMUR SIMPAN SUP DAUN TORBANGUN (Colues amboinicus Lour) DALAM KEMASAN

Endang Warsiki, M. Rizal Damanik

 

 

Abstract

 

Torbangun leaves soup is one of the traditional diets commonly consumed by lactating mothers among the Batak society. The soup is believed to increase breast milk production and helps recovery process after the mother giving birth. Unfortunately, until now the soup is only served directly after cooking thereby limits its usefulness. Given the potential of the soup is quite important, the preservation of the cooked soup needs to be done so that the soup can be consumed at anytimeany time. This study aims to determine the shelf life of torbangun soup in a variety of packaging and at various storage temperatures. The soup is stored at three different temperatures (3-5oC, 10-12oC and 27-30oC) and in 3 types of packaging namely polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene (PP) and cans. Changes in product quality during storage are analyzed and estimated the shelf life of products. The results show that the soup stored at the 3-5oC and 10-12oC has longer shelf life compared to 27-30oC (day 8 vs day 3). In addition, the cans are the best packing among other packaging materials.
Key words: torbangun leaf, Coleus amboinicus Lour, soup, shelf life
ABSTRAK
Sup daun Torbangun torbangun adalah salah satu makanan tradisional yang biasa dikonsumsi oleh ibu menyusui
di kalangan masyarakat Batak. Sup ini diyakini dapat meningkatkan produksi ASI dan membantu proses pemulihan setelah ibu melahirkan. Sayangnya, sampai saat ini sup daun torbangun hanya disajikan langsung setelah dimasak sehingga membatasi kegunaannya. Mengingat potensi sup ini cukup penting, penggunaan bahan pengawet pada sup matang perlu dilakukan agar sup ini dapat dikonsumsi kapan saja. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan umur simpan sup torbangun dalam berbagai kemasan dan pada berbagai suhu penyimpanan. Pada penelitian ini sup disimpan pada tiga suhu berbeda (3-5oC, 10-12oC dan 27-30oC) dan di simpan dalam tiga jenis kemasan yaitu polietilen tereftalat (PET), polypropylene (PP) dan kaleng. Perubahan kualitas produk selama penyimpanan dianalisis dan dilakukan perkiraan umur simpan produk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sup yang disimpan pada suhu 3-5oC dan 10-12oC memiliki umur simpan lebih lama diban- dingkan dengan sup yang disimpan pada suhu 27-30oC (8 hari vs 3 hari). Selain itu kaleng adalah kemasan terbaik di antara bahan kemasan lainnya.

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.8-11

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

 

SURVAI DASAR GIZI DAN KESEHATAN DI WILAYAH KERJA WORLD VISION INDONESIA DAN WAHANA VISI INDONESIA DI KABUPATEN MERAUKE

Lindawati Wibowo, Otte Santika, Markus Puthut Harmiko

 

Abstract

 

This survey was conducted to estimate levels of health and nutrition problems as well as the associated factors
among under-five children in the Area Development Program of World Vision Indonesia and Wahana Visi Indonesia in Merauke district. As many as 30 Posyandus were randomly selected as the cluster units where the information was collected among children U-5 and their mothers (n=542). From this survey we estimated the prevalence of underweight, stunted, wasted, and anemic children were 11.7%, 21.0%, 7.5%, and 73.7% respectively. It was assumed that these nutritional problems were associated with several factors such as: family income, mother’s literacy, knowledge and practices of mothers on health and nutrition, as well as the existing nutrition and health program implementation. This survey concluded that the nutrition problems in the study site were categorized as a public health concern. Thus, as the recommendations, two strategies to alleviate the local nutrition and health problems were proposed: direct and indirect. The direct approach is mainly focus on the improvement of existing nutrition and health programs (i.e. GMP, high dose vitamin A program, promotion of proper child feeding, etc.) implementation. Prior to that, a health system review must be carried out to identify the presence and functioning of the essential system components. Indirectly, a program need also to be carried out through multisectoral and community participation based on the government’s leadership for the sake of alleviating poverty and illiteracy as the major underlying factors of malnutrition.
Key words: malnutrition, children underfive years, anemia, quality of heath service, Merauke
ABSTRAK
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menilai besaran masalah gizi dan kesehatan serta faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya
di wilayah kerja World Vision Indonesia dan Wahana Visi Indonesia di Merauke. Sebanyak 30 posyandu dipilih acak sebagai unit klaster. Pengumpulan data dilakukan pada ibu balita (n=542) di unit klaster terpilih. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan estimasi prevalensi balita dengan berat badan kurang, pendek, kurus, serta menderita anemia berturut-turut adalah 11.7%, 21.0%, 7.5% dan 73.7%. Masalah ini diasumsikan terkait dengan beberapa faktor seperti: pendapatan keluarga, tingkat literasi pengasuh, pengetahuan dan praktik pengasuh yang berkaitan dengan gizi dan kesehatan, serta implementasi program gizi dan kesehatan. Penelitian
ini menyimpulkan bahwa kasus kurang gizi masih tergolong permasalahan kesehatan masyarakat. Sebagai rekomendasi, disarankan untuk menjalankan dua strategi secara paralel yaitu 1) dengan mengoptimalkan program-program yang sudah berjalan seperti pemantauan status gizi di posyandu, program suplementasi vitamin A, pencegahan dan pengendalian penyakit, dan promosi pemberian ASI dan MP ASI dengan didahului oleh review sistem kesehatan agar diketahui komponen sistem yang mana yang perlu penguatan, 2) melalui kerjasama lintas sektor dan melibatkan partisipasi masyarakat bersama-sama dengan pemerintah untuk mengentaskan
kemiskinan dan iliterasi yang menjadi akar permasalahan kasus kurang gizi.

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.12-19

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

DETERMINAN GIZI KURANG DAN STUNTING ANAK UMUR 0 – 36 BULAN BERDASARKAN DATA PROGRAM KELUARGA HARAPAN (PKH) 2007

Muhammad Aries, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Hendratno Tuhiman

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the determinant factors of nutritional status (weight/age and height/age) on children aged 0 – 36 month from the Conditional Cash Transfer Family Program (CCTFP) participants. This data was analised from the CFP survey at six provinces in 2007. The survey was conducted in six provinces in Indonesia (DKI Jakarta, West Java, East Java, North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and East Nusa Tenggara). Numbers of samples were 9221. The study showed the protective factors of underweight (W/A) on children aged 0 – 36 month were being female (OR = 0.75; CI 95%:068-083), family received cash transfer or BLT (OR = 0.80; CI 95%:0.70-0.91) and family received food aids or Raskin (OR = 0.74; CI 95%:0.63 -0.88). Protective factor of stunting and severe stunting (H/A) children were being female (OR = 0.75; CI 95%:0.69-0.81), family received BLT (OR = 0.86; CI 95%:0.77-0.95) and Raskin (OR = 0.85; CI 95%:0.75 – 0.96).
Key words: Conditional Family Program, underweight, stunting, children 0–36 months, protective factor
ABSTRAK
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis berbagai faktor determinan kejadian status gizi kurang (underweight)
dan pendek (stunting) pada batita (anak umur 0 – 36 bulan) yang berasal dari keluarga peserta Program
Keluarga Harapan/PKH. Data yang dianalisis dalam penelitian ini berasal dari survai PKH tahun 2007 yang dilaksanakan di enam propinsi (DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur, Sulawesi Utara, Gorontalo, dan Nusa Tenggara Timur) di Indonesia. Jumlah contoh dalam penelitian adalah sebanyak 9221 anak usia 0 – 36 bulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor protektif terhadap kejadian gizi kurang (underweight) pada anak usia 0 – 36 bulan adalah anak dengan jenis kelamin perempuan (OR = 0.75; CI 95%: 068-083), keluarga yang mendapatkan BLT (OR = 0.80; CI 95%: 0.70-0.91) dan yang mendapatkan Raskin (OR = 0.74; CI 95%:0.63-0.88). Faktor protektif untuk kejadian pendek dan sangat pendek (stunting) pada anak umur 0 – 36 bulan adalah jenis kelamin perempuan (OR = 0.75; CI 95%: 0.69-0.81), keluarga mendapatkan BLT (OR = 0.86; CI 95%: 0.77-0.95), dan mendapatkan Raskin (OR = 0.85; CI 95%: 0.75 -0.96).

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.20-27

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

 

DAMPAK MENU SEPINGGAN TERHADAP KONSUMSI DAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN ENERGI SERTA ZAT GIZI LAIN PADA SISWA SD

Tiurma Sinaga, Clara M. Kusharto, Budi Setiawan, Ahmad Sulaeman

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of one dish meal breakfast on dietary intake and adequacy level of energy and other nutrients of elementary school children. The study used pre-experimental
one-group pretest-posttest design and was conducted from March to May 2011 at Kebon Kopi 2 Public Elementary
School in Bogor City. The total number of sixty two elementary students were fully participated in this study, most of them were girls aged 11 years old. The Ethical Approval for this study was obtained from Komisi Etik Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan No. KE.01.05/EC/301/2011. The study showed that there was significant difference before and after giving one dish meal breakfast as school feeding among the elementary school children (pKey words: one dish meal, breakfast school, dietary intakes, nutrient adequacy, elementary school children

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.28-35

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

 

MINUMAN BERKALORI DAN KONTRIBUSINYA TERHADAP TOTAL ASUPAN ENERGI REMAJA DAN DEWASA

Ni Made Putria Sukma Febriyani, . Hardinsyah, Dodik Briawan

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to analyze energy intake from calorie beverages (EICB) and it’s contribution to the total energy intake of adolescents and adults. The research was carried out through analyzing a data set of THIRST (The Indonesian Regional Hydration Study) collected in 2008 and 2009 by applying a crossectional study design among 606 adolescents (male and female aged 15-18 yrs) and 594 adults (male and female aged 25-55 yrs) in North Jakarta, West Bandung, Surabaya, Malang, Makasar and Malino. Data processing and analysis were conducted in Bogor in April-June 2011. The results showed that the mean EICB among adolescents was 420 ± 406 kcal/day and among adults was 450 ± 382 kcal/day, which is 21.2% and 23.4% of the total energy intake (TEI) of adolescents and adults respectively. EICB was moderately associated with TEI of adolescents (r= 0.58)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.36-43

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

 

ANALISIS PROKSIMAT DAN TOKSISITAS AKUT EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH MERAH YANG BERPOTENSI SEBAGAI ANTIDIABETES

Mega Safithri, Farah Fahma, Paramitha Wirdani Ningsih Marlina

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this study was to explore the analysis proximate and toxicity of the decoctions of P. crocatum. Fresh leaves of P. crocatum were boiled in water in order to obtain decoction and were examined for its chemical compounds by using SNI 01-2891-1992 method for proximate analysis. Toxicity of decoction extract of P. crocatum was orally fed to rats (Sprague dawley). The results showed that P. crocatum leaves contains 9.27% water, 14.33% ash, 3.96% fat, 22.63% proteins, and 59.08% carbohydrates. Acute toxicity test showed that all rats were still alive after 7 days treatment with P. crocatum decoction for all dose groups (0, 5, 10, and 20 g/kg BB). LC50 value of P. crocatum decoction was 544.82 ppm, meaning that the decoction was relatively harmless and bioactive.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.43-49

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 7, Nomor 1, Maret 2012

 

 

FORMULASI PRODUK SUSU FERMENTASI KERING DENGAN PENAMBAHAN BAKTERI PROBIOTIK Lactobacillus casei DAN Bifidobacterium longum

Dida Hani Rahman, Ikeu Tanziha, Sri Usmiati

 

 

Abstract

 

Fermented milk is a healthy product that has many benefits especially for human digestive tract. Manufacturing of probiotic fermented milk products as a functional food with a viable long shelf life needs to be developed. The purpose of this study was to formulate a dried fermented milk product using probiotic bacterias. The experimental design study was a complete random design with 4 treatments using different lactic acid bacteria (LAB): A1 (Streptococcus lactis: 0.5%); A2 (Streptococcus lactis: 0.25% and Lactobacillus casei: 0.25%); A3 (Streptococcus lactis: 0.25%, Lactobacillus bulgaricus: 0.125%, Streptococcus thermophiles: 0.125%); and A4 (Streptococcus lactis: 0.25% and Bifidobacterium longum: 0.25%). The highest level of hardness was A2 product and the highest level of tenderness is A1 product. Results of proximate analysis showed that dried fermented milk products had high levels of the protein, calcium, and phosphorus. Microbiological test results showed that the amount of lactic acid bacteria (BAL) in dried fermented milk products were eligible based on CODEX: 243 (2003). Statictical analysis using ANOVA in the hedonic quality test showed that the treatments were significantly different (p 0.05) on the attributes of color, aroma, hardness, and flavor except texture.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.50-

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

 

Hubungan karakteristik pria dewasa dengan biomarker sindroma metabolic

Refdanita Refdanita, Evy Damayanthi, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani, Cece Sumantri, Adi Teruna Effendi

 

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation characteristics of adult men aged 35-60 years with metabolic syndrome biomarkers. Cross-sectional study with a purposive sampling involving 36 adult men who have the criteria for metabolic syndrome according to International Diabetes Federation (IDF) 2006 was applied. The data was collected through interview and questionnaire administration. Body weight data measured using bathroom scale accuracy 0.1 kg, waist circumference with centimeter tape accuracy 0.1 cm, height with microtoice accuracy 0.1 cm. Serum lipid profiles were then analyzed by DSI kits Number 60111321 and 60111509, while the blood glucose was analyzed by DSI kit Number 60108392. The results were interpreted by using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The results showed that most of subjects aged average 44.7±6.6 years, had BMI 30.3±4.2 kg/m2 and waist circumference 101.9±8.8 cm. Lipid profile of the subjects were serum triacylglycerol average 217.3 mg/dl, HDL-cholesterol 33.4 mg/dl, and fasting blood sugar  93.3 mg/dl. Body weight had a significant negative correlation with serum level of HDL (r=-0.34; p<0.05). A significant negative correlation also was found between age and triacylglycerol level (r=-0.44; p<0.01). Besides, a significantly positive correlation was found between age and serum level of HDL-cholesterol (r=0.33; p<0.05). There was no significant correlation on nutrient intake with metabolic syndrome biomarkers p≥0.05.  The research suggest the need to  regularly control weight and waist circumference to prevent metabolic syndrome.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.79-84

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Pemberian minyak ikan lele (Clarias gariepinus) terhadap bobot badan dan perubahan histopatologi hati, ginjal, dan otak tikus galur Sprague dawley yang diberi pakan hiperkolesterolemia

Hardi Firmansyah, Katrin Roosita, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Ekowati Handharyani

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze changes in body weight and cell morphology in liver, kidney and brain tissue of Sprague dawley rats administered  hypercholesterolemia diets for four weeks. Four diet treatments were applied in this study: control, catfish oil, catfish oil with the addition of omega 3 and catfish oil with the addition of omega 3 and vitamin E. Four weeks after the intervention, the rats were sacrificed and the internal organs (liver, brain, and kidney) were taken for histological preparations by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and immunohistochemistry test. The study showed that the catfish oil intervention tend to reduced weight gain of rats fed hypercholesterolemia diets. More lipid accumulation in liver of the control group was found than the intervention groups. However, there was no difference in the histopathology of the kidney and brain tissues between the control group and intervention groups. It is concluded that catfish oil study provides a positive effect in rat liver tissue, but no difference exists between the brain and kidney tissue. There is no defect found at hippocampus of rats by formed of amyloid plague.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.85-92

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Perbaikan profil lipid pada perempuan dewasa kelebihan berat badan setelah intervensi sari jeruk kalamansi (Citrus microcarpa)

Sutemy Surlitah, Budi Setiawan, Dodik Briawan

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to analyze the effect of calamansi juice intervention on lipid profiles of overweight adult women. The pre-post and randomized single-blinded clinical study were applied on 24 subjects who were randomly and alocated into two group, i.e group A (300 ml 100% pure calamansi juice) and group B (300 ml and 50% concentrante calamansi juice). The juice was given twice a day (each 150 ml) for 28 days and lipid profiles were analyzed before and after intervention. The result showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) after intervention in Triglyseride plasma (TG) level (-23.67±21.81 and -2.33±22.39 mg/dl), low density lipoprotein (LDL-c) -30.58±25.05 and 12.42±26.66 mg/d), total cholesterol (TC) 23.50±30.90 and 12.00±30.80 mg/dl and a significant increase (p<0.05) in high density lipoprotein (HDL-c) plasma level (10.25±11.91 and 0.33±8.57 mg/dl). Meanwhile, in group B there was no significant change in lipid profiles. The intervention of 300 ml pure calamansi juice improved the lipid profile of overweight women.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.93-100

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Efek intervensi minuman tempe terhadap tekanan darah penderita hipertensi dan hiperkolesterolemia

Alfia Ansarullah, Hardinsyah hardinsyah, Sri Anna Marliyati, Made Astawan

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of tempe drink intervention on blood pressure of hypertension and also hypercholesterolemia subjects. This study used a Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) design with 30 males and females subjects, who were divided into three treatment groups-tempe drink of A formulated from local sprouted soybean (TDA), tempe drink of B formulated from imported soybean (TDB), and control. The inclusion criterias were adults aged 25-55 years, not being menopause and pregnant, total cholesterol levels ≥200 mg/dl, systolic blood pressure level 121-139 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure level 81-89 mmHg and willing to partcipate in research by signing an informed consent. The tempe drink was given three glasses a day for four weeks continuously, contained at least 25 g of protein/day. The control group was not given the tempe drink. Blood pressure data were collected every week during intervention. The results showed that the effect of TDA and TDB compared to control subjects on systolic blood pressure was significantly different. Other ways the effect of TDA and TDB compared to control subjects on diastolic blood pressure was not significantly different, but the trend was decreasing.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.101-108

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Komponen gizi, aktivitas antioksidan dan karakteristik sensori bubuk fungsional labu kuning (Cucurbita moschata) dan tempe

Dini Junita, Budi Setiawan, Faisal Anwar, Tjahja Muhandri

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this research was to determine the nutrient content, antioxidant activity and the sensory characteristics of functional powder from pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) and tempeh. The formula was consists of 15% pumpkin flesh powder, 35% pumpkin seed powder, and 50% powder tempeh. The nutritional component was determined by proximate and spectrophotometric analysis, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhidrazyl) assay for antioxidant activity, and the sensory characteristics was analyzed by 39 semi-trained panelists using 3 types of beverage i.e water, orange juice and milk. The results showed that the functional powder contained 6.84±0.09% moisture, 3.18±0.02% ash, 35.15±0.07% fat, 30.15±0.35% protein, 20.85±0.35% carbohydrate, 3.86±0.02% crude fiber, 308.85±0.55 ppm total carotene, 515.00 ppb chromium, and 4.59% total sugar. Antioxidant activity of functional powder was 6765.88 ppm. According to the panelists, orange juice has the best sensory characteristics. This functional powder qualified for diabetic, futhermore investigate needed to improve the sensory characteristics and nutritional interactions.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.109-116

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Konsumsi minyak ikan lele (Clarias gariepinus) yang diperkaya omega 3 memperbaiki low density lipoprotein (LDL) dan kolesterol total pada lansia

Mia Srimiati, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto, Ikeu Tanziha, Sugeng Heri Suseno

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of catfish oil supplementation on the LDL and total cholesterol levels in the elderly. Experimental design with randomized controlled trial (RCT) was  used in this study. Subjects were divided into two groups, the first group (A1) was given catfish oil 1,000 mg per day, while the second group (A2) was not given the oil, it was called a control. The lipid profile measurement was performed before and after the intervention. Catfish oil consumed daily by treatment group for 60 days and then the effect on the lipid profile was evaluated. Total cholesterol and LDL in the two groups did not differ significantly. However, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol of the treatment group had lower scores than the control group. In addition, the LDL levels in the treatment group were below maximum level, or maybe normal. The LDL and total cholesterol in the control group increased significantly (p<0.05), while in the treatment group was not significant. It might be due to enhancement of the consumption of the subject for 60 days. Thus, catfish oil enriched with omega 3 could inhibit the rate of enhancement of the LDL and total cholesterol.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.117-122

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Minuman fungsional torbangun (Coleus amboinicus Lour) dapat menurunkan tingkat keluhan dan kadar prostaglandin pada remaja dengan sindrom pramenstruasi

Astri Ayu Novaria, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Muhammad Rizal Martua Damanik

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aimed to analyze the effect of torbangun functional drink on the premenstrual syndrom (PMS) symptoms and the levels of prostaglandin in adolescents. Amount of 12 adolescents in this study were devided into two groups through the inclusion and exclusion criterias. The result of Wilcoxon test showed the mean decreasion on the level of complaints of torbangun functional drink group (p<0.05), whereas the control group did not experience significant decreasing on the level of complaints. Meanwhile, the result of paired t-test of torbangun functional drink group experienced significant decline (p=0.01) of prostaglandin level (580.6±227.9) pg/dl while compared to the control group which did not show significant decline (p<0.05) of prostaglandin level (300.3±273.9)pg/dl. The result of the independent t-test test showed that the delta value of prostaglandin level were significantly different (p=0.01) before and after intervention between two groups. All in all, torbangun functional drink could be an alternative to reduce the symptoms of PMS and prostaglandin levels.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.123-128

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Pengembangan biskuit MOCAF-Garut dengan substitusi hati sebagai alternatif biskuit tinggi zat besi untuk balita

Friska Citra Agustia, Yovita Puri Subardjo, Hesti Permata Sari

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The aim of this study was to determine the best formula and character of biscuit made by mocaf-arrowroot substituted with liver (chicken and cow), we conducted a factorial randomized design experiment. Proportion of mocaf-arrowroot-liver substitution were 75:10:15 ; 70:10:20 and 65:10:25; and type of material substitution were chicken’s liver and cow’s liver. Analyzed variables were 1) chemical properties (water content, total fat, total protein, carbohydrate by difference, ash content, iron content and energy) and 2) sensory properties. Hedonic test were conducted to determine the level of consumer acceptance of 15 semi-trained panelists. Data were analyzed by F-test and Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The best treatment was from mocaf 75%: arrowroot 10% and chicken’s liver15% with water content 5.93% wet basis (bb), ash content 1.89% dry basis (bk ), protein content 5.83%bk,  fat content 13.55%bk, carbohydrate by difference 78.71%bk and iron content 14.05 mg/100g. 1 serving of biscuit (22,8) can reach the intake of  iron for 3.3 mg as 35.5-40% daily iron needs of children under five years.

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.129-138

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Keterkaitan densitas gizi, harga pangan, dan status gizi pada anak Sekolah Dasar Negeri (SDN) Pekayon 16 Pagi

Annisa Yuri Ekaningrum, Dadang Sukandar, Drajat Martianto

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between energy density and food price, the relationship between nutrient density and food price, and the relationship between nutrient intake density and nutritional status using Body Mass Index for Age (BMI/A). Study design was cross-sectional and subjects were selected using stratified random sampling with proportional allocation. Population were 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade students atPekayon 16 Pagi Elementary School with the total subjects 158 students. Nutrient density was measured by NRF (Nutrient Rich Food) 9.3 index method. The study found that most of the subjects had adequate protein and energy intake density but low calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin C intake density. Energy, vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron intake density were not correlated with BMI/A (p>0.05). Energy density was negatively correlated with  food price (r=-0.622). Nevertheless, nutrient density was positively correlated with  food price (r=0.614).

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.139-146

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume12, Nomor 2, 2017

 

Substitusi tepung kacang merah meningkatkan kandungan gizi, serat pangan, dan kapasitas antioksidan beras analog sorgum

A’immatul Fauziyah, Sri Anna Marliyati, Lilik Kustiyah

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this research were to determine the formula of sorgum artificial rice (SAR), analyze nutrient and fiber content, and antioxidant capacity of SAR each formula and find the best formula of SAR. The artificial rice was made of sorgum flour (substituted by red kidney bean flour (RKF) for 5% (F1), 10% (F2), and 15% (F3)), water, porang flour, GMS (gliserine monostearate), and soy protein isolate. Nutrient content and antioxidant capacity were analyzed using AOAC and spectrophotometry method. Based on the rank of nutrient, fiber content, and antioxidant capacity, the best formula was F3 which its moisture, ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, and energy content were 6.75%, 1.37%, 15.50%, 1.19%, 75.19%, and 373.52 kcal/100 g, respectively. Soluble and insoluble fiber content of F3 each was 4.88% and 7.26%. Antioxidant capacity of F3 were 113.93 mg vitamin C/100 g.  Substitution level of RKF on SAR significantly (p<0.05) increased content of ash, protein, fat, carbohydrate, energy, fiber, and antioxidant capacity of the SAR.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.2.147-152

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

FAKTOR RISIKO KEGEMUKAN PADA WANITA DEWASA INDONESIA

Rian Diana, Indah Yuliana, Ghaida Yasmin, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah

 

 

Abstract

 

This study was aimed to analyze risk factors of overweight women aged 19—55 years in Indonesia. This study used electronic files data of the National Basic Health Research 2010 from Ministry of Health, which was designed as a cross sectional survey. A total of 57,167 women aged 19—55 years were selected for the analysis. A logistic regression was applied to analyze risk factors of overweight. The result showed that 29.4% of subjects were overweight (including obese). The significant risk factors (p<0.05) of overweight among subjects were marital status (OR for married=2.712; 95%CI:2.559—2.875), household income (OR for high income=1.566; 95%CI:1.504—1.631), living settlement (OR for urban=1.358; 95%CI:1.304—1.413), physical activity (OR for sedentary=1.213; 95%CI:1.153—1.275), energy from carbohydrate (EAC) (OR for EAC≥55%=1.119; 95%CI:1.067—1.173), and energy from sugary sweetened foods (ESF) (OR for ESF≥10%=1.100; 95%CI:1.037—1.166). Education level (OR for higher education=0.817; 95%CI:0.782—0.853) was a protective factors for overweight. This implies the importance of promoting physical activity and healthy diet, especially with sugary sweetened foods and adequate energy from carbohydrate, for preventing and controlling overweight among Indonesian adults especially women.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.1-8

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

 

HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK DENGAN KADAR KOLESTEROL DARAH PRIA DAN WANITA DEWASA DI BOGOR

Tunggul Waloya, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Nuri Andarwulan

 

 

Abstract

 

The study was conducted to analyze the association between food consumption and physical activity with blood cholesterol level. The study design was cross sectional located in the District and the Municipality of Bogor. Subjects in this study were 64 adult men and women aged 25—60 years. Stepwise regression test results indicate that the intake of protein, carbohydrate and cholesterol did not significantly affected blood cholesterol levels. Physical activity level and gender significantly affected blood cholesterol levels (p<0.05). Dietary fiber intake and fat intake significantly affected blood cholesterol levels (p<0.10).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.9-16

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DAN TEKANAN DARAH DENGAN KADAR C-REACTIVE PROTEIN DARAH PADA SUBJEK DISLIPIDEMIA

Mira Dewi, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Agustino Agustino

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the association of nutritional status (Body Mass Index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and body fat mass) and blood pressure with inflammation status which was assessed by blood C-reactive protein level in dyslipidemic subjects. The study design was cross sectional survey involving 81 dyslipidemic subjects in Bogor. The study showed that there were significant correlations between BMI, waist-hip ratio, body fat mass, and diastolic blood pressure with blood CRP level (p<0.05). In conclusion, the higher percentage of over nutritional status, body fat mass, and diastolic blood pressure, the higher status of inflammation.
Keywords:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.17-24

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

ASUPAN KALSIUM, STATUS GIZI, TEKANAN DARAH DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KELUHAN SENDI LANSIA DI PANTI WERDHA BANDUNG

Nining Tyas Triatmaja, Ali Khomsan, Mira Dewi

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship of calcium intake, nutritional status, and blood pressure to joint pain among elderly in nursing homes in Bandung. The study design was cross-sectional study. Subjects were consisted of 12 elderly men and 69 elderly women from four nursing homes in Bandung. Most subjects had joint pain (59.3%), hypertension (30.9%), and were overweight (39.5%). There was no significant relationship between frequency of consumption of calcium food sources and nutritional status, blood pressure, joint pain, and the level of joint pain (p>0.05). There was no significant relationship between joint pain and the level of joint pain with blood pressure and nutritional status.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.25-32

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

ESTIMASI SISA NASI KONSUMEN DI BEBERAPA JENIS RUMAH MAKAN DI KOTA BOGOR

Dini Anriany, Drajat Martianto

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aimed to estimate waste of cooked rice not consumed by customer at various restaurants in Bogor. Cross sectional study design was implemented in this study. The number of subjects were 279 consumers from 32 restaurants. Food weighing method was used to measure cooked rice waste and the weight was then converted into rice weight using a conversion factor. The calculations show that rice loss from sunda restaurant was the highest with an average of 4.7 g/capita/day of rice equivalent, while the smallest in padang restaurant with the average of 2.5 g/capita/day of rice equivalent. For java and warung tenda restaurant were equal to 3.6 g/capita/day of rice equivalent and 4.2 g/capita/day of rice equivalent. Respectively loss of nutrients per meal from sunda restaurant was equal to 8.3 kcal/capita (0.4% of energy RDA), 0.1 g/capita (0.2% of the protein RDA). While the loss of nutrients from padang restaurant was as much as 4.5 kcal/capita (0.2% of energy RDA), 0.05 g/capita (0.1% of the protein RDA). Loss of nutrients from java restaurant was 6.3 kcal/capita (0.3% of energy RDA), 0.07 g/capita (0.1% of the protein RDA). For warung tenda, loss of nutrients was 7.5 kcal/capita (0.4% of energy RDA), 0.09 g/capita (0.2% of the protein RDA). It seems that the loss of the waste of the rice on sunda restaurant by serving in a bakul, has not been able to reduce of rice waste.

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.33-38

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

 

ANALISIS JENIS, JUMLAH, DAN MUTU GIZI KONSUMSI SARAPAN ANAK INDONESIA

Fachruddin Perdana, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze type, amount, and nutritional quality of breakfast among Indonesian children aged 3—12 years old. Data used for this study was secondary data of Basic Health Survey 2010 (Riskesdas 2010). Data was collected from June until August 2010 by applying a cross sectional design. This study covered 33 provinces of Indonesia, with total 40,437 children consisted of 20,659 boys and 19,778 girls. The results of this study showed that ten major type of foods consumed during breakfast were rice, swamp cabbage, egg, fish, tempe, instant noodles, tofu, bread, chicken and biscuits; and five major type of beverages consumed during breakfast were drinking water, tea, milk, coffee, and syrup. The food consumed on average of more than 5 g a day during breakfast were rice, swamp cabbage, egg, fish, tempe, instant noodles; and the beverages consumed on average of more than 15 mL a day were water, tea, and milk. Only 10.6% of children breakfast met energy intake>30% RDA.

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.39-46

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

EFEK SUPLEMENTASI MULTIVITAMIN MINERAL TERHADAP KADAR HEMOGLOBIN DAN HEMATOKRIT MAHASISWI TPB IPB

Angga Hardiansyah, Rimbawan Rimbawan, Ikeu Ekayanti

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze effect of multivitamin mineral supplementation to hemoglobin and hematocrit concentration of Bogor Agricultural University First Common Year female students. Design of this study was the quasi experimental, double blind, with number of subjects were 28 female students devided into two group. The intervention group consisted of 15 subjects, received supplement syrup 15 ml per day for eight weeks.The control group consisted of 13 subjects received placebo syrup. Data collected by interviewing subjects used questionnaire, physical examination, and blood biomarkers. The results of statistical test (paired sample t-test) showed that there were no significant increase in hemoglobin and hematocrit concentration respectively in both intervention and control groups (p>0.05). However, on a subset of subjects anemia, the hemoglobin and hematocrit in the intervention group tended to increase larger than the control group.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.47-54

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

ANALISIS DETERMINAN DAN PENGARUH STUNTING TERHADAP PRESTASI BELAJAR ANAK SEKOLAH DI KUPANG DAN SUMBA TIMUR, NTT

Intje Picauly, Sarci Magdalena Toy

 

 

Abstract

 

The research was conducted to find out determinant factors that can cause the incidence of stunting and how it may affect elementary school children performance. The research areas were selected based on the difference access of nutrition information. Kabupaten Sumba Timur and Kota Kupang were selected as research areas. Related primary data was taken covering anthropometric index namely body height for age (HFA); weight for age (WFA), and weight for height (WFH), and academic school performances before and after research treatment. Other data was collected by interview using questionnaires. Regression analysis was used to know determinant factors that may bring about stunting. The results showed that determinant factors of stunting were family income, mother’s nutrition knowledge, child care practices, the history of infection, immunization, protein intake, and mother education. While, stunted elementary school children had low academic performances. The higher level of stunting is the lower academic performance of elementary school children.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.55-62

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEPATUHAN IBU MENGONSUMSI TABLET BESI-FOLAT SELAMA KEHAMILAN

Luh Ade Ari Wiradnyani, Helda Khusun, Endang Laksminingsih Achadi

Abstract

ABSTRACT
This review aims at compiling and summarizing findings of published studies that assessed factors associated with compliance of women to take recommended iron tablets during pregnancy. The review is done in 10 published studies (8 are 2002—
2010 publications and 2 are 1993—1994 publications) indexed in Pubmed with the above objective. Low utilization of antenatal care/ANC services is found to be associated with low compliance as it prevents the women to receive recommended number of the iron tablets as well as decrease the opportunity of women to have encouragement from health staff to take the tablets. Supply of tablets becomes the issue since not all women receiving 30 tablets/ANC visits as recommended. Studies on influence of side-effects of taking the tablets to compliance show inconclusive findings. Some studies found the effect is very minimal, and can be managed appropriately especially among more educated women and among women with adequate counseling. Studies also indicated that support from family is important to reduce possibility of pregnant women forgot to take the tablets, the other major factor of the low compliance. Quality of counseling, e.g. clarity of the messages, is associated with compliance. In conclusion, improving support from ANC provider (such as sufficient tablet supply, clear message on the tablets benefits) and support from family may contribute to better compliance of women towards maternal iron supplementation.
Keywords: compliance, iron supplementation, pregnancy
ABSTRAK
Review ini bertujuan mengumpulkan temuan studi yang mengukur faktor yang berhubungan dengan kepatuhan ibu dalam mengonsumsi tablet besi selama kehamilan. Review dilakukan pada 10 studi (8 publikasi tahun 2002—2010, 2 publikasi tahun 1993—1994) yang terdaftar di Pubmed. Rendahnya partisipasi ibu hamil untuk memeriksakan kehamilannya/ANC berhubungan dengan rendahnya kepatuhan konsumsi tablet besi. Rendahnya kunjungan ANC membuat ibu tidak mendapat tablet dengan jumlah yang cukup dan mengurangi kesempatan ibu untuk mendapat dukungan dari petugas ANC untuk minum tablet besi sesuai anjuran. Suplai tablet juga menjadi penting karena tidak semua ibu mendapat 30 tablet pada setiap kunjungan ANC seperti seharusnya. Pengaruh efek samping konsumsi tablet besi terhadap kepatuhan ibu belum dapat disimpulkan. Pengaruh efek samping ditemukan sangat kecil dan dapat diatasi dengan baik terutama pada ibu dengan pendidikan yang lebih tinggi atau yang mendapat penyuluhan yang cukup. Studi juga menemukan bahwa dukungan keluarga sangat penting untuk membantu mengingatkan ibu untuk mengonsumsi tablet besi. Hal ini menjadi penting karena salah satu faktor utama rendahnya kepatuhan ibu adalah karena ibu lupa mengonsumsi tablet tersebut. Kualitas penyuluhan, misalnya kejelasan pesan dari petugas kesehatan, berhubungan dengan kepatuhan ibu. Sebagai kesimpulan, dukungan yang lebih baik pada ibu, baik dari petugas ANC (misalnya pemberian tablet besi dalam jumlah yang cukup, kejelasan pesan tentang manfaat tablet) maupun keluarga dapat berkontribusi pada kepatuhan yang lebih baik pada ibu hamil dalam mengonsumsi tablet besi.
Kata kunci: kehamilan, kepatuhan, suplementasi tablet besi

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.63-70

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

KUALITAS DIET DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN PENGETAHUAN GIZI, STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI, DAN STATUS GIZI

Nurul Muslihah, Sri Winarsih, Soemardini Soemardini, AS. Zakaria, Zainudiin Zainudiin

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of study was to assess the diet quality and its relation to nutrition knowledge, body mass index (BMI), and socio economic status (SES) among adults person. The cross sectional study was conducted with 100 adults aged ≥25 years old from Kedung Kandang sub district, Malang. Dietary quality was assessed using two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls and semi quantitative FFQ. Nutrition knowledge questionnaire was modified from Parmenter and Wardle. The most subjects were middle SES and the BMI were normal and overweight. The average of diet quality score was 7.14±1.96 with dietary diversity score 1.93±0.43; micronutrient adequacy score 2.3±1.4; prevention NCD score 2.87±0.92. Nutrition knowledge score was 43.3±24.6 with dietary recommendation 9.3±3.6; sources of nutrients 14±11.5; choosing foods 6.3±4.9; diet-disease relationships 13.7±8.6. Nutrition knowledge score was no correlation with BMI, dietary diversity, prevention NCD score, but positively associated with SES, quality diet, micronutrient adequacy score. SES was no associated with BMI and quality diet index. Dietary diversity score was associated with BMI. Diet quality score was associated with nutrition knowledge but no correlation with BMI and SES. The conclusion is diet quality and nutrition knowledge was still poor and not correlated with BMI and SES, but only nutrition knowledge score.

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.71-76

 

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 1, Maret 2013

 

PROFIL PROTEIN DAN ASAM AMINO KEONG IPONG-IPONG (Fasciolaria salmo) PADA PENGOLAHAN YANG BERBEDA

Sri Purwaningsih, Ella Salamah, Gian P Apriyana

 

 

Abstract

 

Ipong-Ipong (Fasciolaria salmo) snail is a mollusk from marine gastropod class in Cirebon, West Java which is consumed by public and believed to improve health, but no research on the protein and amino acid content. This study aimed to determine the proximate content, acid insoluble ash, amino acids (before and after treatment), and content of taurine on the best methods. The research was conducted in two parts. The first part covers sampling, identification, preparation, determination of size and weight, calculation of body recovery, processing, and organoleptic tests. The second part consists of processing treatments boiling (100ºC for 15 minutes), steaming (100ºC for 20 minutes), and boiling with the addition of 3% salt for 15 minutes. The results showed that the treatment gives a significant effect in fat, protein, water, ash and acid insoluble ash content (α=0.05). The highest content of essential amino acids in Ipong-ipong snail was arginine and non-essential amino acid was glutamic. The treatment method causes decreased in amino acid content. Steaming resulted in a decrease of taurine content of 164.17 mg/100 g to 149.62 mg/100 g.
 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.77-82

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

KAITAN ASUPAN VITAMIN A DENGAN PRODUKSI AIR SUSU IBU (ASI) PADA IBU NIFAS

Bibi Ahmad Chahyanto, Katrin Roosita

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aimed to analyze association between intake of vitamin A with breast milk production of postpartum mothers. A cross sectional study of 30 postpartum mothers was conducted in Ciherang, Sukawening, Dramaga, Sinarsari, and Neglasari Villages, Subdistrict of Dramaga, District of Bogor, during April to May 2013. Vitamin A intake of postpartum mothers from food source of vitamin A was 565±351.40 RE while sufficiency level of vitamin A was 66.50±41.30%. Most of postpartum mothers perceived that their breast milk production for infants were fulfilled (80%). The results showed that vitamin A intake was significantly associated with breast milk production (p<0.05). As intake of vitamin A in postpartum mothers increased, breast milk production for infants would be fulfilled.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.83-88

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

HUBUNGAN ANTARA SUPLEMENTASI VITAMIN A PADA IBU NIFAS DAN MORBIDITAS BAYI UMUR 0—6 BULAN DI KECAMATAN CIAMPEA, KABUPATEN BOGOR

Mei Rini Safitri, Dodik Briawan

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to analyze correlation between vitamin A supplementation among postpartum mothers and the morbidity of infant 0—6 month in Ciampea Sub-district. A cross sectional study of 56 subjects was conducted. The data collected in this study were breastfeeding practices, vitamin A supplementation, immunization and morbidity. The results showed that infants 0—6 months suffered from acute respiratory infection (ARI) 66.1%, fever (25.0%), diarrhea (14.3%), skin disease (7.1%), hepatitis B (3.6%), dengue fever (1.8%), and sprue (1.8%). There were a correlation between immunization and frequency/duration of hepatitis B; between the number of taking vitamin A supplement and incident of diseases as well as complementary feeding; complete immunization and duration of all illness (p<0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that there were significant effects of complete immunization with duration of all illness (OR=0.110; 95%CI:0.013—0.940), and between number of taking vitamin A supplement with incident of diseases (OR=0.103; 95%CI:0.015—0.715).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.89-94

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

FORMULASI BUBUR INSTAN MENGGUNAKAN KOMPOSIT TEPUNG KACANG MERAH DAN PATI GANYONG SEBAGAI MAKANAN SAPIHAN

Yustiyani Yustiyani, Budi Setiawan

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to formulate instant baby porridge as a source of protein weaning food based on red beans flour and canna starch composite. The design of this study was a complete randomized design with one factor which was the ratio of red beans flour and canna starch in composite composition as instant porridge ingredient (2:1, 3:1, and 4:1). Based on organoleptic test, F2 which used red bean flour and starch canna ratio by 3:1 was the best formula. The optimal time to brew the instant porridge was 62 seconds with amount of water used was 3 ml/g. The instant porridge bulk density was 0.61 g/ml and water absorption was 4.67g/g. This instant porridge contained 363 kcal/100 g, 16.57% protein, 1.48% fat, 70.84% total carbohydrate, 197.70 mg calcium, 8.17 mg zinc, and 16.48 mg iron. Protein digestibility of this porridge was 79.83%. As per 27 g serving size of this instant porridge can fulfill 22.25% protein, 55.25% iron, 27.63% zinc so that it can be claimed as food source of protein and zinc, and high iron.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.95-102

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

PENGARUH PEMBERIAN MAKANAN JAJANAN, PENDIDIKAN GIZI, DAN SUPLEMENTASI BESI TERHADAP STATUS GIZI, PENGETAHUAN GIZI, DAN STATUS ANEMIA PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR

Adhitya Aji Candra, Budi Setiawan, Rizal Damanik

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research were to analyze the effect of snack feeding, nutrition education, and iron supplementation to nutritional status, nutrition knowledge, and anemia status in elementary school students. The study was conducted in SDN Palasari 02 Kecamatan Cijeruk, Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat. The design of this study was pre-post intervention study. The number of subjects were 81 students. The result showed that snacking did not give significant improvement on nutritional status (p>0.05). Nutrition education was significant in improving nutrition knowledge (p<0.05), while iron supplementation intake gave a significant improvement on anemia status (p<0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.103-108

 

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

PERBEDAAN PENGGUNAAN MEDIA PENDIDIKAN TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP IBU DALAM SARAPAN ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

Ikeu Ekayanti, Dodik Briawan, Imas Destiara

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of the study was to analyze the differences of applying educational media to change mother’s knowledge and attitude on the breakfast of the elementary school children in Bogor District. The study was a quasy experimental study. Subjects in this research were 225 mothers of elementary school children in the nine villages in Bogor District. Nutrition education media used for this study were power point slides, flip charts, and combination of the power point slides and leaflets. Score of knowledge and attitude on breakfast increased significantly after the intervention. ANOVA analysis results on knowledge and attitude on the breakfast showed better improvement for the combination of power point slides and leaflets. The proportion of knowledge and attitude of the mothers increased after the intervention. The combination of the power point slides and leaflets was the type of educational media which could increase the rate of mother’s knowledge and attitude score compared to power point slides and flip chart.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.109-114

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

PENGARUH MEDIA KAMPANYE SARAPAN SEHAT TERHADAP PERUBAHAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN KEBIASAAN SARAPAN ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

Dodik Briawan, Ikeu Ekayanti, Ratu Diah Koerniawati

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of a healthy breakfast campaign on the changes in knowledge, attitudes, and breakfast habits among elementary school children in Bogor District. A quasy experimental study was applied to this study. Subjects in this study were 229 elementary school children in the nine villages in Bogor District. Nutrition education media used in this study were power point, puppets, picture cards, and drama. The school childrens knowledge and attitude showed that there was a significant difference between media intervention of power point, puppet, and drama to picture cards. The highest scores of knowledge (73.23±1.14) and attitude (91.84±1.09) was in picture cards. The percentage of subjects having a habit of breakfast before intervention was 78.2% and increased to 81.7% after intervention. Media intervention by picture cards gave highest change to increased breakfast knowledge, attitude, and habits for elementary school children.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.115-122

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

HUBUNGAN ANTARA POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK DENGAN KEJADIAN OSTEOPOROSIS PADA LANSIA DI PANTI WERDHA BOGOR

Avliya Quratul Marjan, Sri Anna Marliyati

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze relationship between food consumption and physical activity with incidence of osteoporosis in elderly at nursing home in Bogor. The design of this study was cross sectional. Subjects were taken purposively with certain criteria and the number of subjects obtained were 37 elderly. Results showed that the adequacy level of energy and protein were normal, phosphor was in adequate category and calcium was in deficient category. There was no significant relationship between nutritional status, the adequacy level of energy, protein and phosphor with risk of osteoporosis (p>0.05). However, there was a significant relationship between the adequacy level of calcium and physical activity level with risk of osteoporosis (p<0.05). The deficit adequacy level of calcium and physical activity was a risk factor for the risk of osteoporosis.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.123-128

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN, AKTIVITAS FISIK, RIWAYAT PENYAKIT, RIWAYAT DEMENSIA KELUARGA, DAN KEJADIAN DEMENSIA PADA LANSIA DI PANTI WERDHA TRESNA BOGOR

Chairunnisa Utami Pratiwi, Sri Anna Marliyati, Melly Latifah

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study were to analyze the patterns of food consumption, physical activity, history of disease, family history of dementia, and incidence of dementia in elderly in Werdha Tresna, nursing home, Bogor. Research design was cross sectional study with 42 elderly as subjects. The results showed that there were significant correlation between the level of education, adequacy of level vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C, history of diabetes and physical activity with incidence of dementia in elderly (p<0.05). There were no significant correlation between age, adequacy of level folic acid, history of hypertension, and family history of dementia with incidence of dementia in elderly (p>0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.129-136

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

FORMULASI FLAKES PATI GARUT DAN TEPUNG IKAN LELE DUMBO (Clarias gariepinus) SEBAGAI PANGAN KAYA ENERGI PROTEIN DAN MINERAL UNTUK LANSIA

Firda Amalia, Clara Meliyanti Kusharto

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to produce arrowroot starch flakes with dumbo catfish (Clarias gariepinus) flour, as a rich energy, protein, and mineral food for elderly. Design of this study was complete randomized design with four formulas and each combination was replicated two times. A selected formula was determined based on semi trained panelists preference. Acceptance of selected flakes formula was examined by elderly using hedonic test. Flakes by addition of 33.00% of dumbo catfish flour was the selected formula. The chemical properties for selected flakes were as follows 4.00% of water, 4.84% ash, 16.90% protein, 5.21% fat, 69.06% carbohydrate, 14.48% calcium, and 8.61% phosphor. The selected flakes contain 391 kcals energy per 100 g. The selected flakes had contributed more than 20.00% of energy, protein, calcium, and phosphor for elderly people so it can be claimed as a food product rich in energy, protein and minerals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.137-144

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK PRODUK OLAHAN GEMBILI (Dioscorea esculenta)

Rimbawan Rimbawan, Resita Nurbayani

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to analyze the glycemic index values of gembili products. The research consisted of three stages covered: (1) processing of gembili into three treatments (boiled, steamed, and fried), (2) analyzing of nutrient contents in gembili products, (3) measuring of glycemic index of three processed food. Moisture content (wet based/wb) in boiled, steamed and fried gembili were 68.09%, 62.11%, and 49.09% respectively. Ash content (dry based/db) in boiled, steamed and fried gembili were 1.62%, 2.15%, and 2.13% respectively. Fat content (dry based/db) were 0.63%, 0.37% and 7.75%, while protein content (dry based/db) were 3.71%, 2.99%, and 4.25%. Insoluble dietary fiber content (dry based/db) between 11.79% to 13.43%, while was higher than soluble dietary fiber content (dry based/db) between 5.84% to 10.88%. Total dietary fiber content (dry based/db) in boiled, steamed and fried gembili were 19.01%, 18.15%, and 24.30% respectively, while carbohydrate by difference content (dry based/db) were 91.05%, 93.33%, and 88.88% respectively. The results of this study indicated that all glycemic index values of gembili products were high (>70). Glycemic index values gembili boiled, steamed, and fried gembili were 85.56, 87.56, and 83.61 respectively. Analysis of variance test One Way ANOVA showed that those treatments did not significantly affect the glycemic index value (p> 0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.145-150

 

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 2, Juli 2013

 

PENYELENGGARAAN MAKANAN DAN TINGKAT KEPUASAN KONSUMEN DI KANTIN ZEA MAYS INSTITUT PERTANIAN BOGOR

Arnati Wulansari, Budi Setiawan, Tiurma Sinaga

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aimed was to know food service and level of customer satisfaction in the Zea Mays cafetaria at Bogor Agricultural University. Case study and descriptive analysis were applied in this study. Sampling method of purposive sampling was carried out and number of subjects used was 95 people. The food service in the Zea Mays cafetaria consists of planning, purchasing, receiving, storing, processing, and distributing. The result of analysis based on Importance Performance Analysis showed that the most important attribute was the security and hygiene product and the highest performance levels was the cleanliness of dining room. More than fifty percent subjects was concerned against nutrient content of the menu (50.5%). Based on the Customer Satisfaction Index the satisfaction value was 69.3 (satisfied). There was a correlation between job and education level with quality of the product and between income with nutrient content (p<0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.151-158

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN GIZI SERTA SKOR POLA PANGAN HARAPAN (PPH) PADA ANAK USIA 2—6 TAHUN DI INDONESIA

Teguh Jati Prasetyo, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Tiurma Sinaga

 

 

Abstract

 

This study aimed to assess food and nutrients intake, Nutrient Dietary Quality (NDQ), and Desirable Dietary Pattern (DDP) score of children aged 2—6 years.This study was carried out through analyzing a consumption data set of the National Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2010 were collected using 24 hour recall method. Total number 16 675 of children aged 2—6 years. The results showed that most children eat cereals (99.4%) and least eat oily seeds (1.6%). The children had deficiency of energy, fats, and water. They also had deficiency of calcium, vitamin A, vitamin B9, and vitamin C. The mean DDP score of the children was 67.1±12.9. The mean NDQ of the children was 62.4±17.1. Correlation between DDP score and each of NDQ was found 0.578—0.621 that showed moderate validity result.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.159-166

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

ALTERNATIF INDEKS GIZI SEIMBANG UNTUK PENILAIAN MUTU GIZI KONSUMSI PANGAN PRIA DEWASA INDONESIA

Atika Primadala Amrin, Hardinsyah Hardinsyah, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani

 

 

Abstract

 

The study was aimed to develop Balanced Diet Index (BDI) for Indonesian adult males. The spesific purposes of this study were to assess food consumption pattern of Indonesian adult males, to develop several alternatives of BDIs and to select the most appropriate BDI for Indonesian adult males. The design of the study was cross-sectional, using the food consumption data from Basic Health Research 2010 collected using 24-hours recall method. The data covered 64 448 subjects, and 61 129 of them were analyzed in this study. There were 10 alternatives of BDIs developed based on the food group and their intake, and also their scoring systems. The gold standard used to validate the BDI is the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) measured by mean nutrient adequacy of 16 nutrients. The result showed the pearson correlation coefficient of the BDI and MAR range from 0.46 to 0.64. The most appropriate BDI to determine MAR is BDI3-60 (r=0.64). BDI3-60 consists of six food and implementing 3-level of scoring system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.167-176

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

FAKTOR RISIKO STUNTING PADA BALITA (24—59 BULAN) DI SUMATERA

Zilda Oktarina, Trini Sudiarti

 

 

Abstract

 

This study was aimed to analyze risk factors of stunting in underfive children aged 24—59 months in Sumatera. A cross sectional study was conducted in 1 239 children at Aceh, North Sumatera, South Sumatera, and Lampung Provinces who have complete variable data of the National Basic Health Research 2010. The data were collected by questionnaires and anthropometric assessment. Chi square analysis and logistic regression were used to assess the association between risk factors and stunting in children. The result showed that prevalence of stunting among children were 44.1%. The significant risk factors of stunting among subjects (p<0.05) were mother’s height (OR=1.36), fat intake (OR=1.30), family size (OR=1.38), and drinking water resources (OR=1.36). The dominant factor that associated with stunting in children was family size (OR=1.38). Researcher suggest that family can control total children with family planning program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.177-180

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

HUBUNGAN KOMPOSISI TUBUH DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN PERKEMBANGAN SEKSUAL PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI PERKOTAAN DAN PERDESAAN

Mega Seasty Handayani, Cesilia Meti Dwiriani, Hadi Riyadi

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyzed the association of percent body fat and nutritional status on sexual development in adolescence girls in urban and rural areas. A cross sectional study involved 100 students of 8th grade junior high school. Age of menarche and breast growth used as sexual development indicators. Results showed that proportion of subjects with stunting and severe stunting was higher in rural area (34%) than urban area (14%). Subjects in urban area had earlier age of menarche (18%). Breast growth of subjects in urban and rural areas were in midpuberty phase. Statistical analysis showed a correlation between nutritional status (BMI/U) and percent body fat, nutritional status and sexual development, as well as percent body fat and sexual development (p<0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.181-186

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

PENGETAHUAN GIZI, KELUHAN KESEHATAN, KONDISI PSIKOLOGIS, DAN POLA PEMBERIAN ASI IBU POSTPARTUM

Armina Puji Utari, Katrin Roosita, M. Rizal M. Damanik

 

 

Abstract

 

This study was aimed to assess nutritional knowledge, health complaints, psychological conditions, and their association with breastfeeding pattern on postpartum mother. A cross sectional study with interview method was conducted in five villages in Dramaga Subdistrict, Bogor District, during the period of April to May 2013. Subjects included in this study were 30 postpartum mothers who met inclusion criteria. Subjects were mothers of 10—40 days old newborn baby and it was not the first childbirth, willing to be subject through informed consent agreement, and was able to communicate. The majority of postpartum mothers had fair nutritional knowledge (60.0%), low health complaints (66.7%), and depression (56.7%). The nutritional knowledge of exclusive breastfeeding tended to correlate with exclusive breastfeeding practice (r=0.126; p=0.508). Meanwhile, lower health complaints tended to correlate with better breastfeeding practices (r=0.063; p=0.74).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.187-194

 

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

HUBUNGAN ASUPAN SERAT DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN PROFIL LIPID DARAH PADA ORANG DEWASA DISLIPIDEMIA

Lilik Kustiyah, Maya Utami Widhianti, Mira Dewi

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this study was to analyze the association of fiber consumption with nutritional status and blood lipid profile in dyslipidemic adults. The design study was cross sectional survey involving 79 subjects. The results showed that there were significant correlations between energy intake with High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol, fat intake with BMI (Body Mass Index), and BMI with Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol (p<0.05). There was no significant correlation between consumption of fiber with nutritional status and blood lipid profile (p>0.05). In conclusion, most of the dyslipidemia subjects were obese. Dyslipidemia subjects should keep their intake of energy and fat in recommended ranges in order not to be obese and keep the BMI in normal range to avoid abnormalities of blood lipid profile.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.195-200

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

 

HUBUNGAN POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN AKTIVITAS FISIK DENGAN KEKUATAN DAN DAYA TAHAN TARUNA AKADEMI IMIGRASI DEPOK, JAWA BARAT

Meirisa Rahmawati, Hadi Riyadi

 

 

Abstract

 

This study was aimed to observe association between consumption pattern and physical activity with strength and endurance of taruna in Immigration Academy, Depok, West Java. A cross sectional study using 63 taruna as study participant was conducted. The results of study showed that there was significant correlation between nutritional status and strength of taruna (p<0.05). There was no significant correlation between adequacy levels of energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin C, physical activity with strength and endurance (p>0.05). There was no significant correlation between nutritional status with endurance of taruna (p>0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link:  http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.201-206

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

PENYELENGGARAAN MAKANAN, DAYA TERIMA MAKANAN, DAN TINGKAT ASUPAN SISWA ASRAMA KELAS UNGGULAN SMA 1 PEMALI BANGKA BELITUNG

Sutyawan Sutyawan, Budi Setiawan

 

 

Abstract

 

The objectives of this study were to assess food service management, food acceptance, and the consumption’s level of students boarding school dormitory SMA 1 Pemali Bangka Belitung. The research was conducted in May—July 2013 with a cross sectional design. Subjects were purposively chosen with the total of 71 students. As many as 51.0% of components of food service management system have already been applied consisted of planning, purchasing, storage, processing, serving, personal hygiene, and sanitation. Spearman correlation analysis showed that the preference level for taste of food was significantly associated with energy and protein sufficiency level (p<0.05). The preference level for temperature of food was significantly associated with sufficiency levels of phosphorus (p<0.05). Preference level for temperature of food was significantly associated with compliance level of energy and iron (p<0.05). The level of compliance was significantly associated with sufficiency level of energy, iron, phosphorus, and zinc (p<0.05). Energy, protein, fosfor, iron intake from dormitory was significantly negatively associated with intake from non dormitory (p<0.05).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.207-216

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH IKAN SIDAT INDONESIA (Anguilla bicolor) SEBAGAI TEPUNG PADA INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DI PALABUHANRATU, KABUPATEN SUKABUMI

RA Hangesti Emi Widyasari, Clara M Kusharto, Budy Wiryawan, Eko Sri Wiyono, Sugeng Heri Suseno

 

 

 

Abstract

 

This research aims to analyze the nutritive value of flour head, liver powder and bone meal as by product of Indonesian eel (Anguilla bicolor) processing. Eel waste flour was made by using a thermal process in the drum dryer fish flouring mill PT. Carmelitha Lestari in Bogor, whereas proximate analysis for chemical tests were performed in the laboratory of Integrated Chemical Laboratory, IPB and direct observation was conducted in PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Sukabumi district in October 2012—April 2013. The nutritive value based on proximate analysis showed that head flour, liver flour, and bone flour contained protein 61.78%, 53.92%, and 41.01%; fat 15.55%, 27.28%, 13.07%; carbohydrate 11.48%; 14.96%, 8.13%; water 5.44%, 8.48%, 3.01%; ash 12.95%, 3.62%, 37.49%, and crude fiber 1.33%, 0.04%, 1.11%, respectively.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Linkhttp://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.217-220

Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi, Volume 8, Nomor 3, November 2013

 

PENGARUH PENGOLAHAN DAN PENAMBAHAN Na2EDTA PADA TERIGU FORTIFIKASI TERHADAP KETERSEDIAAN BIOLOGIS SENG

Estu Nugroho, Ikeu Tanziha, Leily Amalia

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The objective of this research was to analyze changes in bioavailability of zinc (Zn) caused by addition of Na2EDTA and processing of fortified wheat flour. Bioavailability of zinc was tested by in vitro method as a simulation of human digestive track. The result showed that there was no significant difference in the bioavailability of zinc on wheat flour which is processed by frying (donuts), steaming (steamed bun), and baking (bread) (p>0.05). However, there was a tendency to increase the bioavailability of wheat flour processed by frying (donuts) and baking (bread) when compared to the raw dough. Raw dough had bioavailability of zinc 13.29%, after frying (donut) increase to 14.72%, and after baking (bread) increase to 17.06%. The addition of Na2EDTA also did not increase bioavailability of zinc significantly for the three types of processing (p>0.05), despite increased bioavailability of zinc on the donuts by 4.67%.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.221-228